Acts – Chapter 26

Verse 1 – Then Agrippa said to Paul, “You are permitted to speak for yourself.” So Paul stretched out his hand and answered for himself:

Verse 2 – “I think myself happy, King Agrippa, because today I shall answer for myself before you concerning all the things of which I am accused by the Jews,

Verse 3 – “especially because you are expert in all customs and questions which have to do with the Jews. Therefore I beg you to hear me patiently.

Paul flattered the king by telling him it was a privilege to stand before such an expert in Jewish customs. It’s always better to start with what you agree with on with the other person, before witnessing to them. People seem to perk up when kind words are spoken first.

Verse 4 – “My manner of life from my youth, which was spent from the beginning among my own nation at Jerusalem, all the Jews know.

Paul was born in Tarsus; but was sent to Jerusalem at an early age, for his education.

Verse 5 – “They knew me from the first, if they were willing to testify, that according to the strictest of our religion I lived a Pharisee.

Verse 6 – “And now I stand and am judged for the hope of the promise made by God to our fathers.

Paul is referring to what was written concerning the coming Messiah and the resurrection of the dead.

Verse 7 – “To this promise our twelve tribes, earnestly serving God night and day, hope to attain. For this hopes’ sake, King Agrippa, I am accused by the Jews.

Verse 8 – “Why should it be thought incredible by you that God raises the dead?

Paul was not only addressing King Agrippa, but Festus and those who stood in that great hall. This question could also be asked of us: Why should we regard it absurd that God, who has all power, who is the creator of all, is the author of humans, should again restore man to life for an eternal existence?

Verse 9 – Indeed, I myself thought I must do many things contrary to the name of Jesus of Nazareth.

Paul thought it had been his duty to oppose the claims of Jesus of Nazareth as the Messiah.

Verse 10 – “This I also did in Jerusalem, and many of the saints I shut up in prison, having received authority form the chief priests; and when they were put to death, I cast my vote against them.

These chief priests read the Scripture in the synagogues, time after time. How could they not know the coming of the Messiah – Jesus. It was as plain as day, even down to whom would come preach before Him – John the Baptist.

Now for today: How often do you hear a message on the Second Coming of Christ, which is clear as day all throughout the Bible? Even with all the historical evidence, some choose not to believe.

Verse 11 – “And I punished them often in every synagogue and compelled them to blaspheme; and being exceedingly enraged against them, I persecuted them even to foreign cities.

Verse 12 – “While thus occupied, as I journeyed to Damascus with authority and commission from chief priests,

Verse 13 – “at midday, O king, along the road I saw a light from heaven, brighter than the sun, shinning around me and those who journeyed with me.

Verse 14 – “And when we all had fallen to the ground, I heard a voice speaking to me and saying in the Hebrew language, ‘Saul, Saul, why are you persecuting Me? It is hard for you to kick against the goads.’

Verse 15 – “So I said, “Who are You, Lord?’ And He said, ‘I am Jesus, whom you are persecuting.

Verse 16 – ‘But rise and stand on your feet; for I have appeared to you for this purpose, to make you a minister and a witness both of the things which you have seen and of the things which I will yet reveal to you.

Verse 17 – ‘I will deliver you from the Jewish people, as well as from the Gentiles, to whom I now send you,

Verse 18 – ‘to open their eyes and to turn them from darkness to light, and from the power of Satan to God, that they may receive forgiveness of sins an inheritance among those who are sanctified by faith in Me.’

This reminded Paul’s audience that the Gentiles have an equal share in God’s inheritance. This inheritance is the promise and blessing of the covenant God made with Abraham.

Verse 19 – “Therefore, King Agrippa, I was not disobedient to the heavenly vision,

Verse 20 – “but declared first to those in Damascus and in Jerusalem, and throughout all the region of Judea, and then to the Gentiles, that they should repent, turn to God, and do works befitting repentance.

Verse 21 – “For these reasons the Jews seized me in the temple and tried to kill me.

Verse 22 – “Therefore, having obtained help from God, to this day I stand, witnessing both to small and great, saying no other things than those which the prophets and Moses said would come –

Verse 23 – “that the Christ would suffer, that He would be the first to rise from the dead, and would proclaim light to the Jewish people and to the Gentiles.”

Jesus rose to return to death no more! And He thus secured an ascendancy over death and the grave, and by the way of eminence, first among those raised from the dead.

Verse 24 – Now as he thus made his defense, Festus said with a loud voice, “Paul, you are beside yourself! Much learning is driving you mad!”

Isn’t that what those which don’t believe say about those of us who do?

Verse 25 – But he said, “I am not mad, most noble Festus, but speak the words of truth and reason.

Verse 26 – “For the king, before whom I also speak freely, knows these things; for I am convinced that none of these things escapes his attention, since this thing was not done in a corner.

Verse 27 – “King Agrippa, do you believe the prophets? I know that you do believe.”

King Agrippa was also a Jew and believed in the prophets. Paul loss no opportunity on pressing the truth on every class of people.

Verse 28 – Then Agrippa said to Paul, “You almost persuaded me to become a Christian.”

So many come so close, but don’t follow through. How sad. This king could have had a huge influence on those around him.

Verse 29 – And Paul said, “I would to God that not only you, but also all who hear me today, might become both almost and together such as I am, except for these chains.”

We as Christians, should have such a strong desire to see others come to Christ, that it overrides our own circumstances and desires!

Verse 30 – When he had said these things, the king stood up, as well as the governor and Bernice and those who sat with them;

Verse 31 – and when they had gone aside, they talked among themselves, saying, “This man is doing nothing worthy of death or chains.”

Verse 32 – Then Agrippa said to Festus, “This man might have been set free if he had not appealed to Caesar.”

But Paul had to appeal to Caesar or they would have just continued to hold him without ever  convicting him. And one other thing; God wanted Paul to go to Rome. So now Paul would have to be discharged by Caesar himself!



Acts – Chapter 25

Paul Is Tried Before Festus

Verse 1 – Now when Festus had come to the province, after three days he went up from Caesarea to Jerusalem.

Felix is out and Festus takes his place. Festus goes down to Jerusalem to make himself acquainted with the affairs of the nation.

Verse 2 – Then the high priest and the chief men of the Jews informed him against Paul; and they petitioned him,

Verse 3 – asking a favor against him, that he would summon him to Jerusalem – while they lay in ambush along the road to kill him.

Verse 4 – But Festus answered that Paul should be kept at Caesarea, and that he himself was going there shortly.

Verse 5 – “Therefore,” he said, “let those who have authority among you go down with me and accuse this man, to see if there is any fault in him.”

Verse 6 – And when he had remained among them more than ten days, he went down to Caesarea. And the next day, sitting on the judgment seat, he commanded Paul to be brought.

Paul has been kept for more than two years. He went through one trial with Felix and his accusers, and now it is going to start all over with Festus.

Verse 7 – When he had come, the Jews who had come down from Jerusalem stood about and laid many serious complaints against Paul, which they could not prove,

Verse 8 – while he answered for himself, “Neither against the law of the Jews, nor against the temple, nor against Caesar have I offended in anything at all.”

Verse 9 – But Festus, waiting to do the Jews a favor, answered Paul and said, “Are you willing to go to Jerusalem and there be judged before me concerning these things.?”

Verse 10 – Then Paul said, “I stand at Caesar’s judgment seat, where I ought to be judged. To the Jews I have done no wrong, as you very well know.

Verse 11 – “For if I am an offender, or have committed anything worthy of death, I do not object to dying; but if there is nothing in these things of which these men accuse me, no one can deliver me to them. I appeal to Caesar.”

These accusing Jews kept forgetting that Paul was a Roman citizen and would be treated as such. Paul knew after being tried by Felix and Festus, and finding he had done no wrong, that it would be impossible to get justice with the Jews in Jerusalem. And it was Paul’s right, as a Roman citizen, to appeal to Caesar.

Verse 12 – Then Festus, when he had conferred with the council, answered, “You have appealed to Caesar? To Caesar you shall go!”

Verse 13 – And after some days king Agrippa and Bernice came to Caesarea to greet Festus.

Verse 14 – When they had been there many days, Festus laid Paul’s case before the king, saying: “There is a certain man left a prisoner by Felix,

Verse 15 – “about whom the chief priests and the elders of the Jews informed me, when I was in Jerusalem, asking for a judgment against him.

Verse 16 – “To them I answered, ‘It is not the custom of the Romans to deliver any man to destruction before the accused meets the accusers face to face, and has opportunity to answer for himself concerning the charge against him.’

Verse 17 – “Therefore when they had come together, without any delay, the next day I sat on the judgment seat and commanded the man to be brought in.

Verse 18 – “When the accusers stood up, they brought no accusation against him of such things as I supposed,

Verse 19 – “but had some questions against him about their own religion and about one, Jesus, who had died, whom Paul affirmed to be alive.

Verse 20 – “And because I was certain of such questions, I asked whether he was willing to go to Jerusalem and there be judged concerning these matters.

Verse 21 – “But when Paul appealed to be reserved for the decision of Augustus, I commanded him to be kept till I could send him to Caesar.”

Verse 22 – Then Agrippa said to Festus, “I also would like to hear the man myself.” Tomorrow,” he said, “You shall hear him.”

Paul Is Tried Before Agrippa

Verse 23 – So the next day, when Agrippa and Bernice had come with great pomp, and had entered the auditorium with the commanders and the prominent men of the city, at Festus’ command Paul was brought in.

King Agrippa, accompanied with his sister Bernice, all the people of influence, civil officers, and military officers, were all gathered in the place where judges sat and trials were conducted.

Verse 24 – And Festus said, “King Agrippa and all the men who are here present with us, you see this man about whom the whole assembly of the Jews petitioned me, both at Jerusalem and here, crying out that he was not fit to live any longer.

Verse 25 – “But when I found that he had committed nothing worthy of death, and that he himself had appealed to Augustus (Caesar), I decided to send him.

Verse 26 – “I have nothing certain to write to my lord concerning him. Therefore I have brought him out before you, and especially before you, King Agrippa, so that after the examination has taken place I may have something to write.

Festus couldn’t just send Paul to Caesar without a letter of why he was sending him. He had to have some kind of formal charges that would explain why Festus, himself, wasn’t able to handle it. So perhaps after hearing Paul, himself, the king could think of something for which Festus could charge Paul with.

Verse 27 – “For it seems to me unreasonable to send a prisoner and not to specify the charges against him.”



Acts – Chapter 24

Verse 1 – Now after five days Ananias the high priest came down with the elders and a certain orator named Tertullus. These gave evidence to the governor against Paul.

So the high priest brings with him Tertullus, a Roman, who is probably a Jew also, to bring charges against Paul.

Verse 2 – And when he was called upon, Tertullus began his accusation, saying, “Seeing that through you we enjoy great peace, and prosperity is being brought to this nation by your foresight,

Verse 3 – “we accept it always and in all places, most noble Felix, with all thankfulness.

Verse 4 – “Nevertheless, not to be tedious to you any further, I beg you to hear, by your courtesy, a few words from us.

Verse 5 – “For we have found this man a plague, a creator of dissension among all the Jews throughout the world, and a ringleader of the sect of the Nazarene’s.

Nazarene was the name usually given to Christians by way of contempt. They called them this because Jesus was from Nazareth.

Verse 6 – “He even tried to profane the temple, and we seized him, and wanted to judge him according to our law.

Verse 7 – “But the commander Lysias came by and with great violence took him out of our hands,

Tertullus left out the part that they beat Paul and if not for the commander these men would have killed Paul on the spot.

Verse 8 – “commanding his accusers to come to you. By examining him yourself you may ascertain all these things of which we accuse him.”

He also left out the plot they had in which they would pretend to bring Paul back for more questioning, and then kill him.

Verse 9 – And the Jews also assented, maintaining that these things were so.

Verse 10 – Then Paul, after the governor had nodded to him to speak, answered: “Inasmuch as I know that you have been for many years a judge of this nation, I do the more cheerfully answer for myself,

Verse 11 – “because you may ascertain that it is no more than twelve days since I went up to Jerusalem to worship.

Verse 12 – “And they neither found me in the temple disputing with anyone nor inciting the crowd, either in the synagogues or in the city.

Verse 13 – “Nor can they prove the things of which they now accuse me.

Verse 14 – “But this I confess to you, that according to the Way which they call a sect, so I worship the God of my fathers, believing all things which are written in the Law and in the Prophets.

Verse 15 – “I have hope in God, which they themselves also accept, that there will be a resurrection of dead, both of the just and the unjust.

Verse 16 – “This being so, I myself always strive to have a conscience without offense toward God and men.

Verse 17 – “Now after many years I came to bring alms and offerings to my nation,

Verse 18 – “in the midst of which some Jews from Asia found me purified in the temple, neither with a multitude nor with tumult.

Verse 19 – “They ought to have been here before you to object if they had anything against me.

The witnesses that had been in the temple were not there to accuse Paul. Paul stated if he had caused “a multitude” to be in such a tumult, where were they now?

Verse 20 – “Or else let those who are here themselves say if they found any wrongdoing in me while I stood before the council,

Verse 21 – “unless it is for this one statement which I cried out, standing among them, ‘Concerning the resurrection of the dead I am being judged by you this day.’ ”

Paul justly demanded that the Sanhedrin representatives charge him with things that they had personally witnessed or heard him say, including talk about resurrection of the dead.

Verse 22 – But when Felix heard these things, having more accurate knowledge of the Way, he adjourned the proceedings and said, “When Lysias the commander comes down, I will make a decision on your case.”

Verse 23 – So he commanded the centurion to keep Paul and to let him have liberty, and told him not to forbid any of his friends to provide for or visit him.

Verse 24 – And after some days, when Felix came with his wife Drusilla, who was Jewish, he sent for Paul and heard him concerning the faith in Christ.

Verse 25 – Now as he reasoned about righteousness, self-control, and the judgment to come, Felix was afraid and answered, “Go away for now; when I have a convenient time I will call for you.”

Felix and Drusilla intended this to be a matter of entertainment or amusement. However, Paul took this as an opportunity to preach the gospel to them. Paul’s aim was for them to repent and be saved, by telling them the truth. Paul left nothing out of the consequences of the judgment to come of the just and the unjust, and Felix became afraid and told Paul to stop.

Have you ever been with a group of people who profess Christianity, but their behavior is nothing close to the fact, and become very uncomfortable when you start talking about Jesus Christ? They are fine if you only mention God in general, but don’t bring up the name of Jesus, or you will see a major change in their attitude. They want you to stop talking. That’s when the “rubber hits the road.” That’s because they have no personal relationship with the Savior.

Verse 26 – Meanwhile he (Felix) also hoped that money would be given to Paul, that he might release him. Therefore he sent for him more often and conversed with him.

Verse 27 – But after two years Porcius Festus succeeded Felix; and Felix, wanting to do the Jews a favor, left Paul bound.

Paul had proved his innocence and should have been released at once. However, Felix was waiting on a bribe.

When sinners have once grieved God’s Spirit, they often sit with unconcern under the same truth which once had alarmed them, and become entirely hardened and unconcerned. And that my friend, is very dangerous!



Acts – Chapter 23

Verse 1 – Then Paul looking earnestly at the council, said, “Men and brethren, I have lived in all good conscience before God until this day.”

Verse 2 – And the high priest Ananias, commanded those who stood by him to strike him on the mouth.

Verse 3 – Then Paul said to him, “God will strike you, you whitewashed wall! For you sit to judge me according to law, and do you command me to be struck contrary to the law?”

Paul had said that he had a clear conscience before God, and the high priest thought that was blasphemy against God. But Paul basically told him that he had been “whitewashed” on the outside, while still corrupt on the inside.

How we, as Christians, treat someone with a “checkered” past that becomes a believer, will say a lot about the accuser’s character. If God forgives and forgets our past sin, why is it so hard for us to do the same towards others? We don’t want others to constantly bring up our past actions, so we shouldn’t do that to others when you see they are a changed person.

Verse 4 – And those who stood by said, “Do you revile God’s high priest?”

Verse 5 – Then Paul said, “I did not know, brethren, that he was high priest; for it is written, ‘You shall not speak evil of the ruler of your people.’ ”

Paul didn’t recognize Ananias as high priest because Ananias was breaking the very law he was to uphold – accusing a Jew without a trial.

Verse 6 – But when Paul perceived that one part were Sadducees and the other Pharisees, he cried out in the council, “Men and brethren, I am a Pharisee, the son of a Pharisee; concerning the hope and resurrection of the dead I am being judged!”

Notice how wise Paul is: First, he uses his Roman citizenship to stop the centurion from beating him, and now he sees the council is made up of Sadducees, which don’t believe in the resurrection, and Pharisees, that do believe in the resurrection. He knew they wouldn’t be able to agree that Paul had done anything wrong.

Verse 7 – And when he had said this, a dissension arose between the Pharisees and the Sadducees: and the assembly was divided.

Verse 8 – For the Sadducees say that there is no resurrection – and no angel or spirit; but the Pharisees confess both.

Look at what Jesus said in Luke 12:11, 12 – “Now when they bring you to the synagogues and magistrates and authorities, do not worry about how or what you should answer, or what you should say. (Verse 12) “For the Holy Spirit will teach you in that very hour what you ought to say.” By what Paul said, he got the Pharisees to take his side!

Verse 9 – Then there arose a loud outcry. And the scribes who were of the Pharisees’ party arose and protested saying, “We find no evil to this man; but if a spirit or an angel has spoken to him, let us not fight against God.”

Verse 10 – And when there arose a great dissension, the commander, fearing lest Paul might be pulled to pieces by them, commanded the soldiers to go down and take him by force from among them, and bring him into the barracks.

Verse 11 – But the following night the Lord stood by him and said, “Be of good cheer, Paul; for as you have testified for Me in Jerusalem, so you must also bear witness at Rome.”

This verse did not say, “An angel of the Lord.” It says, “The Lord, stood by him” Paul was right on target for the will of God. Being led by the Holy Spirit will always keep you in the will of God, even when it doesn’t look like it to the naked eye!

Jews Plan to Kill Paul

Verse 12 – And when it was day, some of the Jews banded together and bound themselves under an oath, saying that they would neither eat nor drink till they had killed Paul.

Verse 13 – Now there were more than forty who had formed this conspiracy.

Verse 14 – They came to the chief priest and elders, and said, “We have bound ourselves under a great oath that we will eat nothing until we have killed Paul.

Verse 15 – “Now you, therefore, together with the council, suggest to the commander that he be brought down to you tomorrow, as though you were going to make further inquiries concerning him; but we are ready to kill him before he comes near.”

Verse 16 – And when Paul’s sister’s son heard of their ambush, he went and entered the barracks and told Paul.

Verse 17 – Then Paul called one of the centurions to him and said, “Take this young man to the commander, for he has something to tell him.”

This was not a coincidence that Paul’s nephew was standing within hearing distance of these forty men when they plotted to kill Paul. God can strategically place people where He wants them, to do His will.

Verse 18 – So he took him and brought him to the commander and said, “Paul the prisoner called me to him and asked me to bring this young man to you. He has something to say to you.”

Verse 19 – Then the commander took him by the hand, went aside and asked him in private, “What is it that you have to tell me?”

Verse 20 – And he said, “The Jews have agreed to ask that you bring Paul down to counsel tomorrow, as though they were going to inquire more fully about him.

Verse 21 – “But do not yield to them, for more than forty of them lie in wait for him, men who have bound themselves by an oath that they will neither eat nor drink till they have killed him; and now they are ready, waiting for the promise form you.”

Verse 22 – So the commander let the young man depart, and commanded him, “Tell no one that you have revealed these things to me.”

Verse 23 – And he called two centurions, saying, “Prepare two hundred soldiers, seventy horsemen, and two hundred spearmen to go to Caesarea at the third hour of the night;

Verse 24 – “and provide mounts to set Paul on, and bring him safely to Felix the governor.”

Caesarea was the headquarters of the Roman government under Felix. When God gets ready to deliver you, don’t be surprised if He uses your enemies to do it. His ways are like no other. These soldiers were going to take Paul out of Jerusalem at around nine o’ clock at night, when no one would be expecting such a huge battalion of soldiers moving through the streets. Caesarea was about 60 miles from Jerusalem.

Verse 25 – He wrote a letter in the following manner:

Verse 26 – Claudius Lysias, to the most excellent governor Felix; Greetings.

Verse 27 – This man was seized by the Jews and was about to be killed by them. Coming with troops I rescued him, having learned that he was a Roman.

Verse 28 – And when I wanted to know the reason they accused him, I brought him before the council.

Verse 29 – I found out that he was accused concerning questions of their law, but had nothing charged against him worthy of death or chains.

Verse 30 – And when it was told me that the Jews lay in wait for the man, I sent him immediately to you, and also commanded his accusers to state before you the charges against him. Farewell.

Verse 31 – Then the soldiers, as they were commanded, took Paul and brought him by night to Antipatris.

Verse 32 – The next day they left the horsemen to go on with him, and returned to the barracks. (The soldiers on foot returned to Jerusalem.)

Verse 33 – When they came to Caesarea and had delivered the letter to the governor, they also presented Paul to him.

Paul Is Tried Before Felix

Verse 34 – And when the governor had read it, he asked what province he was from. And when he understood that he was from Cilicia,

Verse 35 – he said, “I will hear you when your accusers also have come.” And he commanded him to be kept in Herod’s Praetorium.

Paul was kept in Herod’s palace. No doubt, by now, the Jews had heard that Paul had been secretly taken out by the soldiers, and were on their way to Caesarea to stand before Felix, and accuse Paul.

God says in His word that you are either for Him or against Him. There are no grey areas. When someone comes against a believer, they are actually against God. And that’s a dangerous position to take.







Acts – Chapter 22

Chapter 21 ended with Paul about to speak.

Verse 1 – “Men and brethren, and fathers, hear my defense before you now.”

Verse 2 – And when they heard that he spoke to them in the Hebrew language, they kept all the more silent. Then he said:

Verse 3 – “I am indeed a Jew, born in Tarsus of Cilicia, but brought up in this city at the feet of Gamaliel, taught according to the strictness of our father’s law, and was zealous toward God as you all are today.

Verse 4 – “I persecuted this Way to the death, binding and delivering into prison both men and women,

Verse 5 – “as also the high priest bears me witness, and all the council of the elders, from whom I also received letters to the brethren, and went to Damascus to bring in chains even those who were there to Jerusalem to be punished.

Verse 6 – “Now it happened, as I journeyed and came near Damascus at about noon, suddenly a great light from heaven shone around me.

Verse 7 – “And I fell to the ground and heard a voice saying to me, “Saul, Saul, why are you persecuting me?”

Verse 8 – “So I answered, ‘Who are You, Lord?’ And He said to me, ‘I am Jesus of Nazareth, whom you are persecuting.’

You know the easiest way to get someone to listen about the Lord is to start with similarities, and then tell them about your experience of how Jesus gripped your heart and saved you. The person just might be thinking, “If God could do that for them, then God just might think I’m worth saving too!” Your story may not be as dynamic as Paul’s, but it’s just as important.

Verse 9 – Now those who were with me indeed saw the light and were afraid but they did not hear the voice of Him who spoke to me.

Verse 10 – “So I said, ‘What shall I do, Lord?” And the Lord said to me, ‘Arise and go into Damascus, and there you will be told all things which are appointed for you to do.’

Verse 11 – “And since I could not see for the glory of that light, being led by the hand of those who were with me, I came into Damascus.

Here is what’s ironic about this: Paul was blinded from this extremely bright light of the Lord, but the men that were with him had not been blinded. You know that someone can be standing next to a person and not see what they see? It’s a matter of the heart. God showed Paul who He was that day, but yet the Scripture doesn’t mention the other men with him seeing anything but a bright light, but it did no harm to their eyes. Paul had been zealous for God concerning the law, even to the point of putting Christians to death. How much more would he be zealous in preaching Jesus Christ?

Verse 12 – “Then one, Ananias, a devout man according to the law, having a good testimony with all Jews who dwelt there,

Verse 13 – “came to me; and he stood and said to me, ‘Brother Saul, receive your sight.’ And at that same hour I looked up at him.

Verse 14 – “Then he said, “The God of our fathers has chosen you that you should know His will, and see the Just One, and hear the voice of His mouth.

Verse 15 – “For you will be His witness to all men of what you have seen and heard.

Verse 16 – ‘And now why are you waiting? Arise and be baptized, and wash away your sins, calling on the name of the Lord.’

“To wash away the sins” denotes the purifying of the soul from polluted influence. It is scriptural to be baptized as soon as possible after someone is saved.

Verse 17 – “Then it happened, when I returned to Jerusalem and was praying in the temple, that I was in a trance

Verse 18 – “and saw Him saying to me, ‘Make haste and get out of Jerusalem quickly, for they will not receive your testimony concerning Me.’

Verse 19 – “So I said,  “Lord, they know that in every synagogue I imprisoned and beat those who believed in You.

Verse 20 – ‘And when the blood of Your martyr Stephen was shed, I also was standing by consenting to his death, and guarding the clothes of those who were killing him.’

Verse 21 – “Then He said to me, ‘Depart, for I will send you far from here to the Gentiles.’

Did you notice when Paul was reminding the Lord of the things he had done in the past, that the Lord made no reference to it? Yes, we can and should tell the Lord, and admit when we have done wrong, but don’t keep bringing it up. Forgiven by God, is forgotten (Hebrews 8:12).

Verse 22 – And they listened to him unto this word, and then they raised their voices and said, “Away with such a fellow from the earth, for he is not fit to live!”

Verse 23 – Then as they cried out and tore off their clothes and threw dust in the air,

Verse 24 – the commander ordered him to be brought into the barracks, and said that he should be examined under scourging, so that he might know why they shouted so against him.

The commander wants to know why the crowd want to kill Paul, so he’s going to whip Paul while asking him questions. Sounds to me that the commander just wanted to beat somebody. If he wanted to know why the crowd was so angry, why not ask them?

Verse 25 – And as they bound him with thongs, Paul said to the centurion who stood by, “Is it lawful for you to scourge a man who is a Roman, and uncondemned?”

And there it is! It was unlawful to punish a Roman citizen before being found guilty of a crime. Paul was a Roman citizen by birth, unlike the commander which had bought his citizenship.

Verse 26 – When the centurion heard that, he went and told the commander, saying, “Take care what you do, for this man is a Roman.”

Verse 27 – Then the commander came and said to him, “Tell me, are you a Roman?” He said, “Yes.”

Verse 28 – And the commander answered, “With a large sum I obtained this citizenship.” And Paul said, “But I was born a citizen.”

Verse 29 – Then immediately those who were about to examine him withdrew from him; and the commander was also afraid after he found out that he was a Roman, and because he had bound him.

Stiff penalties could be handed down for mistreating a Roman citizen.

Verse 30 – The next day, because he wanted to know for certain why he was accused by the Jews, he released him from his bonds, and commanded the chief priests and all their council to appear, and brought Paul down and set him before them.

Paul used his times of persecution to witness. Even his enemies were creating a platform for him to address the Sanhedrin (Jewish Council). When we are sensitive to the Holy Spirit’s leading, we will see opportunities to share our faith, even in the face of opposition.




Acts – Chapter 21

Paul Is Warned About Jerusalem

Verse 1 – Now it came to pass, that when we had departed from them and set sail, running a straight course to Cos, the following day to Rhodes, and from there to Patara.

Verse 2 – And finding a ship sailing over to Phoenicia, we went aboard and set sail.

Verse 3 – When we had sighted Cyprus, we passed it on the left, sailed to Syria, and landed at Tyre; for there the ship was to unload her cargo.

Verse 4 – And finding disciples, we stayed there seven days. They told Paul through the Spirit not to go up to Jerusalem.

This is to be understood as an inspired prophetic warning, that if Paul went to Jerusalem, his life might be at stake. So, did Paul disobey the Holy Spirit? I don’t believe he did. The prompting to go was greater than the fear of danger. Paul had a duty to follow the will of God encountering whatever trials lay ahead.

Verse 5 – When we had come to the end of those days, we departed and went on our way; and they all accompanied us, with wines and children, till we were out of the city. And we knelt down on the shore and prayed.

Verse 6 – When we had taken our leave of one another, we boarded the ship, and they returned home.

Caesarea: Agabus’ Prediction

Verse 7 – And when we had finished our voyage from Tyre, we came to Ptolemies, greeted the brethren, and stayed with them one day.

Verse 8 – On the next day we who were Paul’s companions departed and came to Caesarea, and entered the house of Philip the evangelist, who was one of the seven, and stayed with him.

This is the same Philip that talked to eunuch and then was transported to Caesarea (Acts 8:40).

Verse 9 – Now this man had four virgin daughters who prophesied.

The gift of prophecy from the Holy Spirit was given to both men and women, and still is today. But I think it’s significant that Luke records Philip’s daughters as being virgins, meaning young and unmarried.

Verse 10 – And as we stayed there many days a certain prophet named Agabus came down from Judea.

Verse 11 – When he had come to us, he took Paul’s belt, bound his own hands and feet and said, “Thus says the Holy Spirit, ‘So shall the Jews at Jerusalem bind the man who owns this belt, and deliver him into the hands of the Gentiles.’ ”

Fifteen years earlier, Agabus had predicted the famine in Jerusalem (11:27-29).

Verse 12 – And when we heard these things, both we and those from that place pleaded with him not to go up to Jerusalem.

Verse 13 – Then Paul answered, “What do you mean by weeping and breaking my heart? For I am ready not only to be bound, but also to die at Jerusalem for the name of the Lord Jesus.”

Paul was willing to die in order to preach the Gospel of Christ. However, his friends couldn’t bear the thought of them never seeing him again. When doing the will of God, we need to support them and pray for their protection.

Verse 14 – So when he would not be persuaded, we ceased, saying, “The will of the Lord be done.”

Verse 15 – And after those days we packed and went up to Jerusalem.

Verse 16 – Also some of the disciples from Caesarea went with us and brought with them one, Mnason of Cyprus, an early disciple, with whom we were to lodge.

Evidently, this disciple named Mnason, had traveled to Caesarea, but had a house in Jerusalem, where the disciples would be staying.

Verse 17 – And when we had come to Jerusalem, the brethren received us gladly.

Verse 18 – On the following day Paul went in with us to James, and all the elders present.

James, Jesus’ brother, was the leader of the Jerusalem church. He was called an apostle even though he wasn’t one of the original 12.

Verse 19 – When he had greeted them, he told in detail those things which God had done among the Gentiles through his ministry.

Verse 20 – And when they heard it, they glorified the Lord. And they said to him, “You see, brother, how many myriads of Jews there are who have believed, and they are all zealous for the law;

The Jews that had become believers, continued to observe Moses law; circumcision, sacrifices, distinctions of meats, and days of festivals.

Verse 21 – “but they have been informed about you that you teach all Jews who are among the Gentiles to forsake Moses, saying that they ought not to circumcise their children nor to walk according to customs.

The Jewish believers had settled the issue of making Gentiles be circumcised, and this Paul had agreed to. Now, there was a rumor saying that Paul was teaching all Jews to forsake the laws of Moses, which was not true.

Verse 22 – “What then? The assembly must certainly meet, for they will hear that you have come.

Verse 23 – “Therefore do what we tell you: We have four men who have taken a vow.

Verse 24 – “Take them and be purified with them, and pay their expenses so that they may shave their heads, and that all may know that those things of which they were informed concerning you are nothing, but that you yourself also walk orderly and keep the law.

Paul was to join these men in observing the forms of purification prescribed by the law of Moses in the observance of the vow of the Nazarite. Paul submitted to this to keep peace in the Jewish church. These were minor traditions, and without Paul compromising the foundations of the Gospel. This does not in any way imply that one must obey the law of Moses for salvation.

Verse 25 – “But concerning the Gentiles who believe, we have written and decided that they should observe no such thing, except that they should keep themselves from things offered to idols, from blood, from things strangled, and from sexual immorality.”

Verse 26 – Then Paul took the men, and the next day, having been purified with them, entered the temple to announce the expiration of the days of purification, at which time an offering should be made for each one of them.

In 1 Corinthians 9:20, Paul states, he became as a Jew, that he might gain the Jews, to not offend them needlessly in customs, dress, language, etc. Paul did nothing more than this. He violated none of the dictates of honestly and truth. Then he plainly announce that the days of having to be purified to enter the temple, were over.

Paul’s Arrest

Verse 27 – And when the seven days were almost ended, the Jews from Asia, seeing him in the temple, stirred up the whole crowd and laid hands on him,

The seven days referred to here, was the seven days of the vow Paul took with the four other men. And there is no indication that the Jews from Asia were Christians.

Verse 28 – crying out, “Men of Israel, help! This is the man who teaches all men everywhere against the people, the law, and this place; and furthermore he also brought Greeks into the temple and has defiled this holy place.”

Verse 29 – (For they had previously seen Trophmus the Ephesian with him in the city, whom they supposed that Paul brought into the temple.)

And this is how false accusation against another get started. Because these men had seen the Ephesian in the city with Paul, they assumed that Paul had taken him into the temple, he had not. They never saw for themselves this man in the temple. Too many times people repeat what they assume someone has done without actually seeing it happen.

Verse 30 – And all the city was disturbed; and the people ran together, seized Paul, and dragged him out of the temple; and immediately the doors were shut.

Verse 31 – Now as they were seeking to kill him, news came to the commander of the garrison that all Jerusalem was in an uproar.

Verse 32 – He immediately took soldiers and centurions and ran down to them. And when they saw the commander and the soldiers, they stopped beating Paul.

These men thought Paul had defiled the temple by bringing in a Gentile, which he had not. Because Jerusalem was under Roman rule, the soldiers would stop any rioting in the streets.

Verse 33 – Then the commander came near and took him, and commanded him to be bound with two chains and he asked who he was and what he had done.

Verse 34 – And some among the multitude cried one thing and some another. and when he could not ascertain the truth because of the tumult, he commanded him to be taken to the barracks.

Verse 35 – And when he reached the stairs, he had to be carried by the soldiers because of the violence of the mob.

Verse 36 – For the multitude of the people followed after, crying out, “Away with him!”

Verse 37 – And as Paul was about to be led into the barracks, he said to the commander, “May I speak to you?” He replied, “Can you speak Greek?

Verse 38 – “Are you not the Egyptian who some time ago raised and insurrection and led the four thousand assassins out into the wilderness?”

Verse 39 – But Paul said, “I am a Jew from Tarsus, in Cilicia, a citizen of no mean city; and I implore you, permit me to speak to the people.”

Verse 40 – So when he had given him permission, Paul stood on the stairs and motioned with his hand to the people. And when there was great silence, he spoke to them in the Hebrew language, saying,

I have no idea why they would divide a chapter right here when Paul is about to speak, but they did. Paul continues in the next chapter.


Acts – Chapter 20

Verse 1 – After the uproar had ceased, Paul called the disciples to him, embraced them, and departed to go to Macedonia.

Verse 2 – Now when he had gone over that region and encouraged them with many words, he came to Greece

Verse 3 – and stayed three months. And when the Jews plotted against him as he was about to sail to Syria, he decided to return through Macedonia.

Verse 4 – And Sopater of Berea accompanied him to Asia – also Aristarchus and Secundus of the Thessalonians, and Gaius of Derbe, and Timothy, and Tychicus and Trophimus of Asia.

These men traveling with Paul , represented churches that Paul had started in Asia. Each man was carrying an offering from his home church to be given to the believers in Jerusalem.

Verse 5 – These men, going ahead, waited for us at Troas.

Eutychus Falls From the Loft

Verse 6 – But we sailed away from Philippi after the Days of Unleavened Bread, and in five days joined them at Troas, where we stayed seven days.

Verse 7 – Now on the first day of the week, when the disciples came together to break bread, Paul, ready to depart the next day, spoke to them and continued his message until midnight.

Verse 8 – There were many lamps in the upper room where they were gathered together.

Verse 9 – And in a window sat a certain young man named Eutychus, who was sinking into a deep sleep. He was overcome by sleep; and as Paul continued speaking, he fell down from the third story and was taken up dead.

Verse 10 – But Paul went down, fell on him, and embracing him said, “Do not trouble yourselves, for his life is in him.”

First of all, imagine listening to a preacher speak until well after midnight. It’s almost unheard of today. We sit in church maybe an hour, sometimes two, and we are ready to go. These Christians were devoted and this young man was probably between the age of eight and fourteen. When he fell out the window, they all knew he was dead. But Paul simply got up, went down to him, and no doubt prayed, and the young man had life again. Now that would have been a church service to have seen.

Verse 11 – Now when he had come up, had broken bread and eaten, and talked a long while, even till daybreak, he departed.

Verse 12 – And they brought the young man in alive, and they were not a little comforted.

Verse 13 – Then we went ahead to the ship and sailed to Assos, there intending to take Paul on board; for so he had given orders, intending himself to go on foot.

Verse 14 – And when he met us at Assos, we took him on board and came to Mitylene.

Paul chose to travel the 20 miles on foot, perhaps being able to preach along the way.

Verse 15 – We sailed from there, and the next day came opposite Chios; the following day we arrived at Samos and stayed at Trogyllium; the next day we came to Miletus.

Verse 16 – For Paul had decided to sail past Ephesus, so that he would not have to spend time in Asia; for he was hurrying to be at Jerusalem, if possible, on the Day of Pentecost.

Paul had missed Passover in Jerusalem, so he wanted to make the celebration of Pentecost, 50 days later. He also was bringing gifts to those believers.

Verse 17 – From Miletus he sent to Ephesus and called for the elders of he church.

Verse 18 – And when they had come to him, he said to them, “You know, from the first day that I came to Asia, in what manner I always lived among you,

Verse 19 – “serving the Lord with all humility, with many tears and trials which happened to me by the plotting of the Jews;

Verse 20 – “and how I kept back nothing that was helpful, but proclaimed it to you, and taught you publicly and from house to house,

Verse 21 – “testifying to Jews, and also to Greeks, repentance toward God and faith toward our Lord Jesus Christ.

Verse 22 – “And see, now I go bound in the spirit to Jerusalem, not knowing the things that will happen to me there,

Paul had a strong conviction, bound by duty, regardless of any danger. Paul was going to be obedient to the Spirit at the Spirit’s urging, no matter the cost.

Verse 23 – “except that the Holy Spirit testifies in every city, saying that chains and tribulations await me.

Paul had faced stoning, imprisonment, scourging, and persecution already, but God had delivered him to keep preaching and moving to the next city. He knew that when he got to Jerusalem where there was so much hatred of the preaching of Jesus Christ, he would face heavy persecution again. However, the urging and prompting was so strong from the Holy Spirit, he was going anyway.

Verse 24 – “But none of these things move me; nor do I count my life dear to myself, so that I may finish my race with joy, and the ministry which I receive from the Lord Jesus, to testify to the gospel of the grace of God.

Each Christian has a calling and a purpose on their life. Are we as determined as Paul to finish what we have been called by God to do? Not everyone is called to preach or teach, but we “all” are called to be a witness for Christ. Just make sure your actions and life-style line up with your speech. We need to live what we believe!

Verse 25 – “And indeed, now I know that you all, among whom I have gone preaching the kingdom of God, will see my face no more.

Verse 26 – Therefore I testify to you this day that I am innocent of the blood of all men.

Paul’s conscience was void of any offence. Paul would have no guilt if any of them were lost, the fault would be their own. He had warned and instructed all of them in the ways of God.

When we as Christians, witness of God’s grace and forgiveness of sin, we are not responsible in the choice that person makes, if they chose to reject it.

Verse 27 – “For I have not shunned to declare to you the whole counsel of God.

Verse 28 – “Therefore take heed to yourselves and to all the flock, among which the Holy Spirit has made you overseers, to shepherd the church of God which He purchased with His own blood.

That was a strong warning to the overseers or pastors for them to watch how they treated the people (flock). Pastors, leaders, and elders are held to a higher standard, according to God’s standards.

Verse 29 – “For I know this, that after my departure savage wolves will come in among you, not sparing the flock.

Savage wolves – the enemies of God, will come in with false teachings and divide them, seeking  to destroy the church.

Verse 30 – “Also from among yourselves men will rise up, speaking perverse things, to draw away disciples after themselves.

Verse 31 – “Therefore watch, and remember that for three years I did not cease to warn everyone night and day with tears.

Verse 32 – “And now, brethren, I commend you to God and to the word of His grace, which is able to build you up and give you an inheritance among all those who are Sanctified.

To those made holy through the blood of Christ.

Verse 33 – “I have coveted no one’s silver or gold or apparel.

Paul was never motivated by money to preach the gospel, as some are today. I’ll leave that right there. You decide who is motivated by the prosperity preaching.

Verse 34 – “Yes, you yourselves know that these hands have provided for my necessities, and for those who were with me.

In Corinth he had lived with Apollos and had provided for himself, working with leather, making tents. How much more influence such a man has than one who has been worldly-minded, who has sought to become rich, and the only legacy he leaves is that he “fleeced the flock.” And that he only gained riches, but not the souls of the people.

Verse 35 – “I have shown you in every way, by laboring like this, that you must support the weak. And remember the words the Lord Jesus, that He said, ‘It is more blessed to give than to receive.’ ”

There is pleasure in giving when it is done with right motives. Those who give with a pure motive will be blessed by God.

Verse 36 – And when he had said these things, he knelt down and prayed with them all.

Verse 37 – Then they all wept freely, and fell on Paul’s neck and kissed him,

Verse 38 – sorrowing most of all for the words which he spoke, that they would see his face no more. And they accompanied him to the ship.

Paul’s relationship with these believes is a beautiful example of Christian fellowship.