Exodus – Chapter 11

Moses in front of Pharaoh the last time

Tenth Plague: Death Announced

Verses 1-2 – The Hebrews basically were going to plunder the Egyptians. The Hebrews has been plundered for almost 400 years. But there was a greater purpose in asking for these articles from the Egyptians. God gave this favor to the Hebrews.

Verse 7 – Moses reminded Pharaoh that his God made a distinction between Egypt and Israel. The Hebrews only saw the distinction between slavery and freedom. Later on they would be taught laws, principles, and values that would make a difference in being God’s people. God sees us in terms of what we will become and not just what we are right now.

Verses 9, 10 – As we have read about all these plagues we may wonder how Pharaoh could be so stubborn. Pharaoh had made his mind up from the first plague. He couldn’t believe that anyone or anything could be greater than himself. This stubborn unbelief led to his hardened heart. We don’t want a great calamity to drive us to God, but must be open in our hearts and minds to His direction now and maybe we can avoid these calamities.


Exodus – Chapter 10


Eighth Plague: Locusts

Verses 1, 2 – What you tell your children about God and what He has done in your life will be the foundation on which causes your children to believe. Throughout your life there will be times when God made a way when there seemed to be no way. Tell them those things.

Verse 3 – A spirit of pride was on Pharaoh. He would not humble himself to God’s request.

Verse 4 – Swarms of locusts are still dreaded in Africa. They consume all vegetation in sight. This was going to be the worst swarms of locusts Egypt had ever had.

Verse 7 – These officials blamed Moses for their trouble. They also knew if Pharaoh didn’t let them go there would be more trouble to come.

Verses 8-11 – Pharaoh had Moses and Aaron brought back in to prolong the plague by arguing with them. Didn’t work.

Verses 16-20 – Pharaoh didn’t waist any time calling Moses and Aaron back this time. He knew that what the hail had not destroyed the locusts would. Then here he goes again with his fake repentance.

Ninth Plague: Darkness

Verses 21-23 – The Israelite’s had asked for a 3 day journey to go worship. It seems appropriate that the Egyptians should be in darkness for 3 days. But not the Hebrews. They had plenty of light. Pharaoh was said to be the son of the Egyptian sun-god, “Amon-Re.” The Egyptians saw that their gods were no match for a living God of the Hebrews. There’s a great lesson we as Christians can learn from reading about these plagues in the Old Testament. God wants us to know that there is a distinction between those who follow Christ and those who don’t. Our faith and trust belong to the One who controls everything.

Verse 24 – Pharaoh wanted to remain in control. He knew if he kept the livestock that the Hebrews would have to return, but he had forgotten; the Hebrews needed their livestock for sacrifices.

Verses 27-29 – The Hebrews had become free labor for Pharaoh. This was too great an asset for him to just let go. At this point, Pharaoh was done bargaining. Moses and Aaron did see Pharaoh again but secretly (Exodus 12:31).

Exodus – Chapter 9


Fifth Plague: Disease on the Beast

Verse 1 – By this time, Moses may have grown tired of going before Pharaoh, but he continued to obey God. Don’t give up when difficult circumstances arise in your life. There will be times when we have to face the same thing again and again, but you will discover, that persistence is rewarded.

Verse 4 – Here again, God made a difference between His people and the Egyptians. Nothing would come on the livestock of the Hebrew. Do you know that when you are God’s child that you are shielded from the things of this world? It may not look like it sometimes, but as Christians, we don’t walk through this life by sight! What we see sometimes is in contradiction to what God says about us. We walk by faith in believing God will make it right.

Sixth Plague: Boils on Man and Beast

Verses 10, 11 – Notice that Moses and Aaron stood before Pharaoh, but the magicians could not stand before Moses. The magicians were finished and are not mentioned again in Exodus.

Verse 12 – God gave Pharaoh many opportunities to heed Moses warnings. Warnings from God should be taken very seriously. When something (as in Pharaohs heart) becomes hard, things have an impossibility of penetrating it. God did not override Pharaohs free will. Pharaoh chose to resist God. Sometimes people use the excuse that they are waiting for the right time to turn to God, but the longer they resist His calling, the harder their hearts become and they don’t know it. This is a very scary place to be. If you continue to do so there will come a time when you won’t hear His voice at all any more.

Seventh Plague: Hail

Verses 13-19 – God could have easily just wiped out the Egyptians, but God wanted to show them “there is none like Me!”

Verses 20, 21 – All of the previous plagues must not have wiped out all the livestock. Maybe it stopped before all was destroyed.

Verses 27-34 – Pharaoh did not truly repent. Neither do we, when our actions don’t follow what our words have said. Sometimes people are only sorry at that moment for the way their life is going but within a very short time they have returned to their own way of doing things. True repentance is a total and complete turn-around of doing and thinking.

Verses 31-35 – Now their food source is struck. Pharaoh is a goner by now. No turning back. He is willing to let this Mighty God of Israel come against everything just so he can say that he is in charge.

Exodus – Chapter 8

Plauge of frogs

Second Plague: Frogs

Verses 1-14 – I can’t find where the water was changed back, so maybe it was still blood when the frogs came up out of it. The frogs covered the land, meaning in their houses also, and they stank. Everything is stinking now, blood and the frogs.

Verse 15 – Because of Pharaoh’s stubbornness, his people were suffering. We see this in today’s society also. Leaders live in lavishness of wealth while the people who pay their salaries live in poverty. While persistence is good, stubbornness is usually self-centered. Stubbornness towards God is always disobedience. Watch out because the consequences from this can spill onto others. It’s not just about you.

Third Plague: Lice

Verses 16, 17 – God made all the dust in the land turn into lice. Some Bible scholars say these lice could have been gnats, fleas, mosquitoes, or ticks. I believe they were exactly what God said they were-lice.

Verses 18, 19 – The unintelligent magicians tried to duplicate this act of God, but could not. Why would they want to? They realized this must be “the finger of God.” Too many people today say “If I could just see a miracle, then I will believe God.” This concept blinds them to the exact miracle they are asking for; a life changed by faith in Jesus Christ.

Fourth Plague: Flies

Verse 20 – The water must have been cleared up at some point because God told Moses to meet Pharaoh at the water the next morning where He knew Pharaoh would be.

Verses 22, 23 – Starting with the fourth plague (flies) and all that follow, God would distinguish His people from Pharaoh’s people in order to give knowledge of His sovereign presence. Goshen was in the northeastern part of Egypt. This land was excellent pasture for Israel’s live stock.

Verses 25-29 – Pharaoh thinks he is still in charge by saying, “I’ll let you go sacrifice to your God, but don’t go very far.” When it comes to obeying God, halfheartedness won’t work. The Hebrews had to go far enough away where the Egyptians wouldn’t see them sacrifice animals that they held sacred. Moses was concerned about this.

Verse 32 – Have you or have you known others who as soon as they get what they want or have prayed for, put God on the back burner? They forget where their blessing came from. They forget to continue in faith. They believe the blessing came because of their good performance. They will come to God again at another time, but they forget to give honor where honor is due. Moses got rid of the fleas, so Pharaoh reneged on his part.

Exodus – Chapter 7

Aarons snake swallows others

Verse 1 – Pharaoh thought of himself as a god to Egypt so when God told Moses “See, I have made you as god to Pharaoh” He was making Moses one of Pharaoh’s peers. But Pharaoh did not feel inferior to Moses.

Verses 3-5 – Pharaoh had made life for the Israelite’s difficult or hard so in return God made Pharaoh’s heart “hard.” By this, the Israelite’s and the Egyptians would know that it was not Moses who persuaded Pharaoh to let them go. They would know it was “Yahweh.”

Aaron’s Staff swallows Pharaoh’s Rods

Verses 8-13 – Since the Egyptians worshiped other gods; this included the underworld-the occult. Although miracles can help some believe it is dangerous to rely on them alone. Satan is an imitator of God’s work and can lead God’s people astray. Pharaoh missed the message and focused on the act. We as Christians can avoid this error by knowing Gods word based on faith. No miracle from God will be contrary to His word.

First Plague: Blood

Verses 14-19 – God told Moses to meet Pharaoh in the morning. Pharaoh’s nightmare is just beginning. When our God has a purpose, He accomplishes it completely. All the water in Egypt was turned to blood. No drinking water for animals; plants or people. You can’t survive without water. Evan in their vessels that they used to carry water that they had stored became blood. Anything that lived in the water died and began to stink. The fish was a major food source.

Verse 20 – The Nile River was a major source for the population of Egypt. It stretched 3,000 miles a long land that was mostly desert. Without the Niles water sources Egypt would fail to exist. How far will our God go to get His people free? When you have been wronged, how many people do you think God will go through to bring justice to you?

Verses 22-25 – Then Pharaoh’s magicians did the same thing with their enchantments. I don’t think intelligence was one of the problems these men had. If they were so powerful, why didn’t they turn the blood back to water? Because they couldn’t. So what did this great Pharaoh, the people’s leader do for his people, he went into his house. No one hears from him for 7 days.

Exodus – Chapter 6

Moses speaks to the people

God reassured Moses

Verse 1 – Notice God not scolding Moses for doubting Him? He only encouraged him by telling him what He intended to do. In other words keep doing what I’ve told you to do and believe I will do what I say and keep trusting me and it will happen.

Verses 6-8 – We have the confidence we need to fix small problems. But when big problems come, this gives God the opportunity to show His power, doing what only He can do. He gets the credit and glory. As in the Hebrews situation, big problems put us in a perfect position to watch God give big answers. God’s promises were fulfilled to the letter when the Hebrew’s were delivered out of Egypt. God freed them from slavery, became their God, and accepted them as His people. Sound familiar? When God redeems us from being a slave to sin, He then accepts us and becomes our God. Then He leads us into a new life which becomes our promised land. Wow! And you may have wondered why we need to study the Old Testament? Because God’s plan of salvation is all through it.

Verses 9-12 – When Moses told the Hebrews what God had just said, they were too discouraged to listen. Sometimes a clear message from God is followed by no immediate change in your situation. During these times, others may not want to hear anything encouraging about God. Don’t give up. Remember how hard it must have been for Moses to go back to Pharaoh when his own people had trouble believing him. Anybody can obey God when the task is easy and success seems slim, but only those with persistent faith will obey when the task seems impossible!

Verses 14-25 – Genealogy or family trees were used to establish credentials and authority as well as outlining the history of a family. This genealogy was placed here to identify Moses and Aaron.

Verse 26 – According to their armies meant according to their tribes, clans, or family groups.

Exodus – Chapter 5

Moses goes before Pharoah

Pharaoh Rejects Moses

Verses 1, 2 – Egypt had many gods, but Pharaoh had never heard of this God of Israel. Pharaoh wasn’t the least bit worried of who their God was nor did he intend to obey Him.

Verses 4-9 – Evidently the Hebrews knew that Moses and Aaron were going before the Pharaoh in their behalf so they were not working. They were waiting for an answer. Pharaoh had no respect for their God because he didn’t know Him. The result was more hardship for the Hebrews. Sometimes we do suffer for doing the right thing. Obeying God is not always easy. We have to remember, we live in an evil world and there really are people who hate God’s people and His ways. Straw with mud made the bricks stronger, but now Pharaoh withheld the straw; made them find their own and still wanted the same quota as well.

Israel Rejects Moses

Verses 15-21 – The foremen were caught in the middle. First they tried to get the Hebrews to work harder by beating them, and then they went before Pharaoh who gave no compassion. Last they turned on Moses and Aaron. When pressure surrounds you from all sides, go to God. He has all the answers and has a divine purpose in every situation.

Verses 22, 23 – This may be hard to swallow as a Christian, but sometimes we are not delivered immediately. James 1:2-4, tells us to be encouraged when difficulties come. Why? Because your faith is going to be tested. The testing of your faith produces patience. Patience for what? (1) Patience to trust God for the best for you,(2) Patience to still honor God while in that situation, (3)Patience to remember God has not abandon you, (4)Patience in believing the end result will be God’s best for you. James says let patience have its perfect work, that you, (we) will be perfect and complete, lacking in nothing! Do you realize what James was saying? After you have been tested; testing of your faith can mean, things go from bad to worse; it will produce patience on waiting (without complaining) on God to complete His purpose and when this patience has been perfected, you will be lacking in nothing. In these last two verses of chapter 5, Moses goes before God and complains again. Oh but wait; did God not tell him before hand that Pharaoh was not going to just let his people go on the first request?