Exodus – Chapter 40

Last pic of Exodus

The Israelite’s had left Egypt at the middle of the first month of the year; the tabernacle was erected two weeks before the first anniversary of their exodus. At the start of the month, they marked the beginning of their second year of freedom and nine months after their arrival at Mount Sinai.

Verses 34, 35 – The Lord was revealing Himself to His redeemed people at this meeting place. When Jesus was crucified, God’s glory left the temple because God no longer needed to have a physical building after Jesus rose from the dead. God’s temple now is His church, the body of believers.

Verse 38 – Exodus begins in gloom and ends in glory. This parallels our progress through the Christian life. We begin as slaves to sin, are redeemed by God, and end our journey living with Jesus forever. These lessons the Israelite’s learned along the way, we too can learn.

I hope you have enjoyed the Book of Exodus as much as I have. Please don’t skip the books that follow. God gives us wonderful insight as to what to expect from Him, for He is an awesome God. What He has done for others, He will do for you. We only have to believe!

Exodus – Chapter 39

It is finished

Verses 30, 31 – This final headdress served as a kind of finishing label for everything they had made, all marked as belonging to the Lord.

Verse 32 – I’ve heard people, even pastors say, “Don’t worry about the details.” I have to differ with that statement when it pertains to the things of God. If you have read all these verses and realized every detail that God instructed then you will know that God cares very much about details. Look what He does when He gives an assignment; He gives the gifts and abilities to people; and He gives more than enough supply for it to be accomplished. God is interested in the small things going on in our lives. Don’t ever think something is too small or that you are bothering God with it. It can be these small details that will accomplish the big things for God when they all come together. Look at Matthew 10:30, who but a loving God would know the number of hairs on your head?

Verse 42 – Moses had learned his management lesson well. He gave important responsibilities to others and then trusted them to do the job. Great leaders like Moses give plans and directions while letting others participate as a team.

Verse 43 – Moses inspected the finished work and saw that it was done the way God wanted. A good leader will follow-up by telling those who worked that they are appreciated. Moses did this by blessing the people for their good work.

Exodus – Chapter 38

insid building tabernacle

Verse 8 – Little is known about these women who served at the entrance of the tabernacle. I would assume they did whatever the priest told them to do.

Verse 21 – In building the tabernacle, Moses laid out the steps but Ithamar supervised. God didn’t ask Moses to build the tabernacle but to motivate the experts. We all have areas where God has gifted us and He will give us opportunities to allow God to use those gifts.

Exodus – Chapter 37

The tabernacale

 

Again everything is repeated. We see a pattern here of our God’s patience with His people. Such a Mighty God taking the time to repeat Himself. How many times has God had to repeat Himself to us before we do what He asks? The Israelite’s had angered God the first time around but instead of getting by with just not doing it, they are getting a second chance to get it right. When God gives us an assignment sometimes we mess up out of ignorance; sometimes we don’t do it, out of rebellion; sometimes we tell God that we will after we do something else. Our God will and does give more chances. When we completely refuse and go into total rebellion, He will accomplish it anyway but through someone else.

Exodus – Chapter 36

the curtains

Verses 7-9 – The Lord begins to repeat exactly how to build the tabernacle and what to place in it, again. Because the Israelite’s had plundered the Egyptians, they had more than enough to accomplish that task. The effort involved in making enough cloth for the curtains and priest clothing was staggering. This never would have been accomplished without a community involvement.

Verse 8-40:33 – The Lord repeats the instructions and emphasizes the people’s commitment to making everything according to the Lord’s specifications. This time it gets done.

Exodus – Chapter 35

The people bring the stuff

God wanted theses offerings to be given from a generous heart. God loves cheerful givers (2 Corinthians 9:7). Our giving should be from love and generosity, not from a guilty conscience.

Verses 10-19 –Now they’re going to get their tabernacle. Moses asked people with various abilities to help.

Verses 20-24 – Generous people aren’t necessarily faithful to God, but faithful people are always generous. The gold, silver, jewels, linen, skins, and valuables were taken from the Egyptians when they left Egypt.

Verse 26 – The workers who spun the cloth made a beautiful contribution to the tabernacle. Whatever your vocation is, you should reflect the creative abilities God has given you.

Exodus – Chapter 34

Moses face shines

Verses 1-4 – Now God tells Moses to cut 2 tablets so He can write the words that were on the first two, “that you broke.” No one is going up the mountain this time but Moses.

Verses 6, 7 – What is God’s glory? It is His character, His nature, His way of relating to us. Notice that God did not give Moses a vision of His power and majesty, but rather His love. God’s glory is revealed in His mercy, grace, compassion, faithfulness, forgiveness, and justice. We benefit from all this, so why not respond with our characters reflecting His? Even though we are under grace now, children still suffer for the sins of the parents. Let me explain; consider abuse or alcoholism or drug abuse. While these are obvious, selfishness, and greed can be passed along at will. These things may cause you little pain now, but it could sting in a more tender area later on with your children and grandchildren.

Verses 12-14 – If the Israelite’s failed to destroy the idols and pagan worship practices of the land they would enter, they would regret it later. The pagan worship would not be tolerated with worshiping a Holy God. Ashen poles were wooden poles that stood by Baal’s altar (see Judges 6:25). Asherah was the goddess who was the consort (wife) of Baal. She represented good luck in agriculture and fertility.

Verses 15, 16 – If the Israelite’s didn’t destroy the idols that the Lord told them to then God knew they would intermarry with them and their influence would consume them.

Verses 28-35 – Our faces may not light up with brightness like Moses face did, but when you have spent time in prayer, reading the word, and meditating, the effect on your life will be seen by others.

Exodus – Chapter 33

God Passed By

Verses 1-5 – This amounted to saying that there would be no use for the tabernacle to be built, since it was intended as the dwelling of the Lord among His people. This ban on ornaments was not a permanent ban on all jewelry. It was a temporary sign of repentance and mourning.

Verses 7-11 – Moses took his tent, moved it outside the camp, and used it for the tabernacle of meeting. In this tent is where the Lord met Moses. A cloud of smoke would stay at the entrance door when God would meet Moses. However, Joshua went into the tent and stayed there. Maybe it was to protect it or maybe he was recording all the things God had told Moses, or both.

Verse 12 – I believe Moses was really asking the Lord if He was going to go with hem.

Verse 13 – These conversations between the Lord and Moses had to be recorded or we wouldn’t be reading them. Remember Joshua was there. Yes the first five books of the Bible are accredited to Moses, but I believe Joshua wrote a good portion of them. Moses desire to know the Lord was in contrast with Pharaoh’s boast about not knowing the Lord and not listening to Him.

Verse 14 – The statement “I will give you rest,” may have meant security from their enemies.

Verses 15, 16 – Moses knew that just by entering the land of Canaan would not distinguish the Israelite’s from the other nations. All the other nations had land, but they did not have the covenant relationship with the Lord that Israel had. Only if Yahweh went with them would the Israelite’s have a distinct identity as His special people.

Verse 17 – Moses was interceding for the Israelite’s on the basis of grace rather than on their behavior.

Verses 18-23 – Moses prayer was to see the manifest glory of God. Moses really wanted to know that God’s presence was with him. To see God’s back means we can only see where God has been. We have a hard time comprehending God as He really is apart from Jesus Christ (John 14:9). Jesus also said, “If you’ve seen me, you’ve seen the Father.” Jesus promised to show Himself to those who believe (John 14:21). God hid Moses in the cleft of the rock, covered it with His hand, and passed by, showing all His compassion and graciousness.

Exodus – Chapter 32

the golden calf

Verse 1 – Here’s where we have to remember that Moses had been gone for 40 days. Aaron and the elders had been half-way up the mountain, but had returned to the people. (Have you ever thought God wasn’t going to show up)? By the way the people spoke about Moses; they were showing their ungrateful and disrespectful attitude. “This Moses, the man who brought us up from Egypt” was just about as disrespectful as you could get. They go to Aaron and demand he make them idols (gods) that they can see and depend on. Do you go back to your old way of thinking when God doesn’t answer you in your timing? They did.

Verse 2-4 – Here’s the sad part; Aaron didn’t even argue with them. Here is the man who is going to be anointed that God has personally chosen to be High Priest. He simply tells them to bring me your gold. This calf was a sign of strength and fertility in Egypt and Canaan. (This was so messed up). They made this calf their god.

Verses 4-6 – There were two popular Egyptian gods; Hapi (Apis and Hathor-which was a bull and a heifer). Even if we don’t make idols, some like to make God in their image. When people do this, the make God into whom they want Him to be. Aaron even built an altar before this calf. That must have taken some time. But the Bible says they then sat down and rose up the next day to eat, drink and play. They were having a throw –down party around this golden calf. How many of you can remember a time when you waited longer than 40 days for a prayer to be answered or even years? It’s important to know that our loving God is lining everything up to give us His best. Wait upon the Lord. I’ve found that works best.

Verse 7 – Maybe I shouldn’t laugh, but I see something in what God told Moses, funny. He said “the people YOU brought out of the land of Egypt.” It sounds like the people’s behavior is now Moses fault. But God had totally put the responsibility on Moses. So they were his people. The word “corrupt” describes something irrevocably spoiled in such a way that it is no longer of any use.

Verses 9-14 – When the Lord told Moses about the situation going on below, it left the door open for Moses to intervene. Earlier the Lord had to persuade Moses to accept His plans; now Moses uses the Lords own words to persuade Him to have mercy on His chosen people. When God relented from destroying His people, He acted totally in a way that is constant with His character of mercy and forgiveness. “Stiff-necked”-stubborn and rebellious.” This is just how we were before we came to Christ.

Verse 17 – Moses is going down the mountain carrying the tablets that God wrote. He comes to Joshua, which had not been with Moses on the very top. Joshua had waited on Moses and had no idea what was going on below. He said all the noise sounded like war, so it must have been pretty loud (parties are loud).

Verses 19,20 – I imagine Moses and Joshua running down the mountain and when Moses sees what’s going on is full of more than anger-more like rage. When we are justifiably angry at sin, be careful not to do anything you might regret later. They had to build a fire hot enough to melt that golden calf. After he ground it up he put it in their water and made them drink it. Ever have your mouth washed out with soap? I think this was worse. So now the very tablets that God wrote with His finger are broken and this would later become regret to Moses.

Verses 21-24 – These verses remind me o when Adam told God “it was the woman who YOU gave me.” This attempt to place the blame on the people showed that Aaron knew he was wrong. He describes the calf coming out of the flames a surprise. This is laughable. Aaron’s excuses showed the spiritual decline in his leadership to the people. Those who function as spokespersons and assistants need to make sure their theology and morality line up with God so they will not be influenced by pressure from people.

Verses 25-29 – I want my readers to remember something here. Moses had been gone receiving the law from God. Before the law was given, no one died from disease, complaining, or foolishness. From Abraham to Moses the people were under grace and did not realize it. Now the law had been given; they sinned; 3,000 died that day at the base of Mount Sinai. Now fast-forward to the Book of Acts; on the day of Pentecost, Peter preached Jesus Christ and 3,000 was saved. Jesus Christ fulfilled the letter of the law so we are under grace now (Acts 2:41).

Verses 30-33 – By requesting to die, if the people died, Moses identified himself with the people and refused the start of a “great nation” to replace them.

Verses 34, 35 – This angel was first mentioned in 3:2. The people had not become sick or any plagues put on them before this. Now there was sickness and death among them. Sometimes the consequences of our sin lasts a lot longer than the pleasure we had when we were doing it.

Exodus – Chapter31

God writting the cammanments

Verses 1-6 – God regards all the skills of His people, not just the ones with theological or ministerial abilities. According to which Bible you have, the names of who Moses was to use for building the furnishing are spelled different. All of my spellings for these names are from the King James Version. God gave Bezaleel and Aholiab spirit-filled abilities in artistic craftsmanship. God gave them wisdom and understanding to build these items just as He instructed. I believe this was so they wouldn’t get carried away and put their own spin on them.

Verses 12-17 – The Israelite’s were to have a unique identity, distinct from other nations and closely associated with the Lord. Anyone who profaned the Sabbath was in willful rebellion against the Lord. The Israelite’s were to keep the Sabbath down through the generations as a reminder that the Lord had provided, protected, and made them a new nation.

Verse 18 – Please don’t stop reading now. These two tablets are written by God’s own finger. Wow! They were to be placed in the Ark in the Most Holy Place. All law rested on God’s authority.