Exodus – Chapter 33

God Passed By

Verses 1-5 – This amounted to saying that there would be no use for the tabernacle to be built, since it was intended as the dwelling of the Lord among His people. This ban on ornaments was not a permanent ban on all jewelry. It was a temporary sign of repentance and mourning.

Verses 7-11 – Moses took his tent, moved it outside the camp, and used it for the tabernacle of meeting. In this tent is where the Lord met Moses. A cloud of smoke would stay at the entrance door when God would meet Moses. However, Joshua went into the tent and stayed there. Maybe it was to protect it or maybe he was recording all the things God had told Moses, or both.

Verse 12 – I believe Moses was really asking the Lord if He was going to go with hem.

Verse 13 – These conversations between the Lord and Moses had to be recorded or we wouldn’t be reading them. Remember Joshua was there. Yes the first five books of the Bible are accredited to Moses, but I believe Joshua wrote a good portion of them. Moses desire to know the Lord was in contrast with Pharaoh’s boast about not knowing the Lord and not listening to Him.

Verse 14 – The statement “I will give you rest,” may have meant security from their enemies.

Verses 15, 16 – Moses knew that just by entering the land of Canaan would not distinguish the Israelite’s from the other nations. All the other nations had land, but they did not have the covenant relationship with the Lord that Israel had. Only if Yahweh went with them would the Israelite’s have a distinct identity as His special people.

Verse 17 – Moses was interceding for the Israelite’s on the basis of grace rather than on their behavior.

Verses 18-23 – Moses prayer was to see the manifest glory of God. Moses really wanted to know that God’s presence was with him. To see God’s back means we can only see where God has been. We have a hard time comprehending God as He really is apart from Jesus Christ (John 14:9). Jesus also said, “If you’ve seen me, you’ve seen the Father.” Jesus promised to show Himself to those who believe (John 14:21). God hid Moses in the cleft of the rock, covered it with His hand, and passed by, showing all His compassion and graciousness.

Exodus – Chapter 32

the golden calf

Verse 1 – Here’s where we have to remember that Moses had been gone for 40 days. Aaron and the elders had been half-way up the mountain, but had returned to the people. (Have you ever thought God wasn’t going to show up)? By the way the people spoke about Moses; they were showing their ungrateful and disrespectful attitude. “This Moses, the man who brought us up from Egypt” was just about as disrespectful as you could get. They go to Aaron and demand he make them idols (gods) that they can see and depend on. Do you go back to your old way of thinking when God doesn’t answer you in your timing? They did.

Verse 2-4 – Here’s the sad part; Aaron didn’t even argue with them. Here is the man who is going to be anointed that God has personally chosen to be High Priest. He simply tells them to bring me your gold. This calf was a sign of strength and fertility in Egypt and Canaan. (This was so messed up). They made this calf their god.

Verses 4-6 – There were two popular Egyptian gods; Hapi (Apis and Hathor-which was a bull and a heifer). Even if we don’t make idols, some like to make God in their image. When people do this, the make God into whom they want Him to be. Aaron even built an altar before this calf. That must have taken some time. But the Bible says they then sat down and rose up the next day to eat, drink and play. They were having a throw –down party around this golden calf. How many of you can remember a time when you waited longer than 40 days for a prayer to be answered or even years? It’s important to know that our loving God is lining everything up to give us His best. Wait upon the Lord. I’ve found that works best.

Verse 7 – Maybe I shouldn’t laugh, but I see something in what God told Moses, funny. He said “the people YOU brought out of the land of Egypt.” It sounds like the people’s behavior is now Moses fault. But God had totally put the responsibility on Moses. So they were his people. The word “corrupt” describes something irrevocably spoiled in such a way that it is no longer of any use.

Verses 9-14 – When the Lord told Moses about the situation going on below, it left the door open for Moses to intervene. Earlier the Lord had to persuade Moses to accept His plans; now Moses uses the Lords own words to persuade Him to have mercy on His chosen people. When God relented from destroying His people, He acted totally in a way that is constant with His character of mercy and forgiveness. “Stiff-necked”-stubborn and rebellious.” This is just how we were before we came to Christ.

Verse 17 – Moses is going down the mountain carrying the tablets that God wrote. He comes to Joshua, which had not been with Moses on the very top. Joshua had waited on Moses and had no idea what was going on below. He said all the noise sounded like war, so it must have been pretty loud (parties are loud).

Verses 19,20 – I imagine Moses and Joshua running down the mountain and when Moses sees what’s going on is full of more than anger-more like rage. When we are justifiably angry at sin, be careful not to do anything you might regret later. They had to build a fire hot enough to melt that golden calf. After he ground it up he put it in their water and made them drink it. Ever have your mouth washed out with soap? I think this was worse. So now the very tablets that God wrote with His finger are broken and this would later become regret to Moses.

Verses 21-24 – These verses remind me o when Adam told God “it was the woman who YOU gave me.” This attempt to place the blame on the people showed that Aaron knew he was wrong. He describes the calf coming out of the flames a surprise. This is laughable. Aaron’s excuses showed the spiritual decline in his leadership to the people. Those who function as spokespersons and assistants need to make sure their theology and morality line up with God so they will not be influenced by pressure from people.

Verses 25-29 – I want my readers to remember something here. Moses had been gone receiving the law from God. Before the law was given, no one died from disease, complaining, or foolishness. From Abraham to Moses the people were under grace and did not realize it. Now the law had been given; they sinned; 3,000 died that day at the base of Mount Sinai. Now fast-forward to the Book of Acts; on the day of Pentecost, Peter preached Jesus Christ and 3,000 was saved. Jesus Christ fulfilled the letter of the law so we are under grace now (Acts 2:41).

Verses 30-33 – By requesting to die, if the people died, Moses identified himself with the people and refused the start of a “great nation” to replace them.

Verses 34, 35 – This angel was first mentioned in 3:2. The people had not become sick or any plagues put on them before this. Now there was sickness and death among them. Sometimes the consequences of our sin lasts a lot longer than the pleasure we had when we were doing it.

Exodus – Chapter31

God writting the cammanments

Verses 1-6 – God regards all the skills of His people, not just the ones with theological or ministerial abilities. According to which Bible you have, the names of who Moses was to use for building the furnishing are spelled different. All of my spellings for these names are from the King James Version. God gave Bezaleel and Aholiab spirit-filled abilities in artistic craftsmanship. God gave them wisdom and understanding to build these items just as He instructed. I believe this was so they wouldn’t get carried away and put their own spin on them.

Verses 12-17 – The Israelite’s were to have a unique identity, distinct from other nations and closely associated with the Lord. Anyone who profaned the Sabbath was in willful rebellion against the Lord. The Israelite’s were to keep the Sabbath down through the generations as a reminder that the Lord had provided, protected, and made them a new nation.

Verse 18 – Please don’t stop reading now. These two tablets are written by God’s own finger. Wow! They were to be placed in the Ark in the Most Holy Place. All law rested on God’s authority.

Exodus – Chapter 30

taking the census

Verse 10 – This once a year-Day of Atonement- the only time the high priest entered the Most Holy Place was where he asked God to forgive the people. The Day of Atonement was a reminder that their daily sacrifices were only temporary.

Verses 11-16 – This census was taken for military purpose which they would need later on. This half-shekel was to be an offering for the service of the tabernacle. This half-shekel was about 64.00 in today’s money. God said the poor and rich were to pay the same amount. No favoritism because of anyone wanting to give more. No plague would come on the people if they did this.

Verses 22-33 – The oil they were to make was very expensive, but it was to be Holy. Myrrh-a sap from a tree found in Arabia and Ethiopia. Cinnamon; this came from the bark of a tree grown in Ceylon and Malaysia. Cassia may have come from a type of tree bark; and then a liquid measure of (hin) olive oil. No one but the priest was to make this anointing oil. It was to be used to anoint the things in the tabernacle, Aaron and his sons only.

Verses 34-38 – The Israelite’s often burned incense, but not with this recipe. God told Moses that no one could make this for themselves or they would be cut off. This sweet-smelling incense was burned in shallow dishes called censers and was used to show honor and reverence to God.

Exodus – Chapter 29

Priest give sacrifices

The Consecration of the Priest

Verse 1 – God’s original intention was for His chosen people to be a “Kingdom of priest.” As a nation and individually they would be able to deal directly with God. Always remember God’s intention is to give us His best. But instead God had to appoint individual priest from the tribe of Levi to set up a system of sacrifices to help the people approach Him. He promised to forgive the people’s sin if they would offer certain sacrifices through these priests and their work. God was preparing the people for the coming of Jesus Christ, who would be able to have a relationship with them through His son Jesus. But for now, before Christ, priests were the ones representing them before God. Through this Old Testament system we can better understand the great significance of what Christ did for us (see Hebrews 10:1-14).

Verse 10 – Some may wonder why God was so detailed in giving these instructions. God’s chosen people were about to go into the promise land Canaan and God didn’t want them bringing these Canaanite pagan religious practices when they worshiped the One true God. This also showed the Hebrews how serious God was with His relationship with them. By God instructing Aaron and his sons to place their hands on the bull, it transferred the people’s sin onto the bull.

Verses 12, 13 – While the blood represented life, the fat symbolized abundance and was characteristic of an animal that had been well fed and cared for; it was considered the best part. The kidneys were associated with the inner life along with the heart.

Verse 14 – This offering was sometimes called a “purification offering,” its purpose was to atone for sin or ceremonial uncleanness in order to restore communion with God. Most of the animal had to be burned outside the camp (Hebrews 13:11, 12).

Verse 18 – The first ram was given as a burnt offering. It went up in its entirety as a tribute to God that would make a pleasing aroma signifying God’s acceptance of the offering and the worshiper (Leviticus 1).

Verse 20, 21 – No reason is given for placing blood on the right ear, thumb on right hand, and on the big toe of their right foot. But here’s what comes to mind for me when I read this. After Christ ascension, He sat down at the right hand of the Father. Honor and life everlasting are two of the promises in the Fathers right hand. Maybe by placing the blood on the right ear it would be an opening for the priest to hear better from God. Most people are right-handed, so maybe this right thumb represented that the hand would do no harm. When we walk, we are guided and keep balance by our big toes. If they (priest) heard right, did right by their hands, then maybe they would walk upright. I’m not saying this was God’s intention for sure, but this is what I received out of these verses.

Verses 22-25 – The sacrifice of the second ram is the one of the fellowship sacrifices. This included a shared meal.

Verses 26-28 – Now remember, God has been talking to Moses, God told him the breast of the ram would be his portion because he was the officiating priest. Later on it would go to Aaron and his sons (Leviticus 7:34-36).

Verse 37 – Notice the overwhelming emphasis on the holiness of God. The priest, the cloths, the tabernacle, and the sacrifice had to be clean and consecrated, prepared to meet God. This is in contrast to how some today treat a time of worship. We worship the All Mighty Creator and sustain-er of the universe. We need to remember who He is with reverence (not like a funeral though; our God is alive and so should we act like it).

Verses 38-42 – After the instructions for the seventh-day consecration of Aaron and his sons and altar in verses 1-37, instructions for regular sacrifices to be offered on normal days were given.

Verses 43-46 – Do you see now that God’s desire was to protect and provide for His chosen people? Throughout the Bible God showed that He was not absent. How sad that some people chose to exclude God from their entire life because they think they know better. But all this that God has just spoken to Moses will become jeopardized by the Israelite’s actions in chapter 32.

Exodus – Chapter 28

highpriest cloths

The Command to Make the Priest Cloths

Verses 1-3 – These tailors who made Aaron’s garments were given wisdom by God in order to complete their task. God gives each one of us special gifts and talents to be used for His Glory. Don’t let yours go to waste.

Verses 6-13 – The ephod was a kind of apron elaborately embroidered with two pieces, back and front, joined at the shoulder with a band at the waist. On each shoulder strap was a stone with 6 of the 12 tribes of Israel engraved on it. The priest symbolically carried the burden of the whole nation on his shoulders as he represented them to God.

Verse 16 – The breast piece was folded double, it seems to create a pocket or pouch for storing the Urim and Thummim (these may have been flat objects taken out of the pouch, tossed, to give replies to prayerful questions).

Verse 29 – “As a memorial,” is a reminder to Israel of their dependence, faith and prayer to God.

Verse 30 – The use of the Urim and Thummim would give direction for the priest from God to the people on certain matters.

Verses 33,34 – When the High Priest was in the tabernacle working (Holy Place) the sound of these bells could be heard, if they stopped making sound, that would mean that the priest had died, then the others would have to pull him out.

Verses 36, 37 – “Holy to the Lord” indicated ownership –“belonging to”. The priest was marked as someone devoted to the Lord’s service, representing the Israelite’s.

Verse 38 – By representing the Israelite’s, Aaron would bear the guilt or suffer the consequences associated with failure to observe the requirements of holiness.

Verse 41 – Ceremonial anointing, involved pouring oil on a person .Among those anointed were priest, kings and prophets.

Exodus – Chapter 27

view of tabernacle


Verse 1 – The altar would sit outside the sanctuary or tabernacle in the middle of the courtyard square in front of the Holy place. This is the first thing the Israelite’s would see when they entered the courtyard. This is where the burnt sacrifices were to take place. It constantly reminded the people that they could only come to God through sacrifice. It was the only way sins could be forgiven and taken away. In Hebrews 10: 1-18, Jesus Christ is portrayed as the ultimate sacrifice. The priest performed the daily sacrifices, maintained the tabernacle, and counseled the people on how to follow God. Jesus is now our High Priest (Hebrews 8). Sacrifices are no longer required because Christ was our perfect sacrifice for all our sin-past, present, and future. You have to understand this or you will never understand what took place when our Lord offered Himself in our place. Please, don’t skip this.

Verse 8 – This altar was hollow which made it easy to transport. (remember, they  are moving toward the Promise Land). It could be filled with earth and stones each time it was rebuilt.

The Court

Verses 9-18 – This courtyard would be enclosed by a fence-seven and a half feet high, made with linen cloth hung from posts at seven-and-a-half foot intervals. It would open to the east.

The Oil for the Lamp

Verses 20, 21 – This variety of pure oil from crushed olives would give bright light with very little smoke. The tabernacle is also called “the tent of meeting;” the intention was for the Lord to meet them their.