The Weekly Sabbath
Verses 1-3 – God established the Sabbath for man. They were to rest on the 7th day from the work they did the other six days. The animals and the servants had a day of rest also. Jesus made it clear though that rest on the Sabbath did not keep them from doing good on the Sabbath. This was not a day for them to deprive themselves of joyful activity. It was to be spent in thanksgiving and worship in God.
Verses 4, 5 – God established several holidays each year for celebration, fellowship, and worship. You can learn a lot about someone’s values by the way they celebrate certain traditions.
Verses 6-8 – The Feast of Unleavened Bread reminded the Israelite’s of their escape from Egypt. This unleavened bread was a symbol of; their uniqueness as a nation; the yeast was a symbol of sin, so without the yeast it represented moral purity; it reminded them to be quick to obey.
Verses 9-14 – During this feast the Israelite’s were to show gratitude to God for His provision. The Israelite’s could not eat the food of their harvest until they had made this offering. They gave the first and best of what made their income. The prophetic element of this feast was fulfilled in the risen Jesus Christ, who is the first fruits of those believers who have died ( 1 Corinthians 15:20).
Verses 15 “Pentecost” comes from the Greek word meaning “fiftieth” and it concluded the end of the period of seven weeks that began during Passover. In Acts 2, the Jews were celebrating this feast when the Holy Spirit came upon those who were gathered in Jerusalem.
Verses 23-25 – What later became known as the Feast of Trumpets was observed in the seventh month of Tishri, when the Israelite’s celebrated the end of the harvest. This day became the Jewish New Year (Rosh Hashanah). Trumpet blasts are important in the end times when events surrounding Christ’s second coming will be preceded by angels blowing trumpets (Revelation 8:7, 8, 10,12;9:1, 13-14; 10:7; 11:15).
Day of Atonement
Verses 25-32 – This was a day to express remorse over personal and corporate sin.
Verses 33-44 – The Feast of Tabernacles was also called the Feast of In-gathering which involved the entire family. This was a time of renewed commitment to God. This was a time of reflection of God’s goodness.