Verses 1-4 – The issue seems to be that marriage to a second husband was a form of adultery. This restriction was to prevent casual remarriage after a frivolous separation. The intention was to make people think twice before divorcing.
Verse 5 – The purpose of the newly married man not having the burden of going to war or any excessive business, was to allow the new couple to build their relationship. Just as a seed is planted in a pot, let it take root, and then plant it in a garden.
Verse 6 – No security could be taken that pertained to mans livelihood.
Verses 14, 15 – All through the Old Testament God told His people to treat the poor with justice. God did not permit the Israelite’s to insist on profits or quick payment from those who were less fortunate. None of us is completely isolated from the poor. God wants us to treat them fairly and do our part to see that their needs are met.
Verses 19-21 – Time and again God shows us through His word that “He is the provider.” God provided a way for the widows and foreigners to glean in the fields of the wealthy. Ruth obtained food for her and Naomi by gleaning behind the reapers in Boaz’s field (Ruth 2:2). Because this law was being obeyed years later, Ruth, a woman in Christ’s lineage didn’t parish of starvation (Ruth 2:15-18).
Law of Acceptance into the Congregation
Verses 1-8 – Because Israel was to be pure, undefiled people, certain types of people could not enter the Lord’s assembly. However, look at verse 3 where God mentions the Moabites. Ruth was a Moabite woman. She was Naomi’s daughter-in-law. She was part of David’s family tree, all the way to Christ (maybe 10 generations had passed from the time of Moses to Ruth). In verse 8, though the children of the 3rd generation from the Edomites and the Egyptians could enter into the Assembly of God.
Verses 17, 18 – Why was prostitution strictly forbidden among God’s people? Prostitution makes a mockery of God’s original idea for sex, treating sex as an isolated physical act rather than an act of commitment to another. Outside of marriage, sex destroys relationships. The Canaanites practiced cult prostitution – fertility temple rites. This practice was taboo to Israel as was payment of even an ordinary prostitute’s wages to fulfill a vow made to God.
Verse 21-23 – It was totally voluntary whether you make a vow or not, however once it was uttered from your lips – one better keep it.
Verses 24, 25 – A person could cross through a neighbors vineyard or field and eat what they could hold in their hand, but they could not take advantage of their neighbors by putting it in baskets or cutting it down with a sickle. This way no one need go hungry.
Law of the Brother’s Property
Verses 1-4 – You can see from verse 2 Moses is not talking about a relative brother. He is talking about our neighbors – close or distant. Today’s society likes to use the phrase “Finders Keepers.” This should not be. God’s intention was for us to help those who have lost property or take care with it until an owner can be found.
Verse 5 – This verse, surely will offend some in today’s society. The principal is not so much about clothing. It’s about men and women switching their sexual roles. God forbid it. It violates the principal of separation that God has built into the creative order. God had a purpose in making us uniquely male and female.
Verse 6, 7 – God didn’t want them to take the mother because that would stop her from generating new life.
Verse 8 – Since people built houses with flat roofs, they were to put a guard rail around it (parapel).
Verse 9 – By planting two different crops side by side, one would not survive. One might grow taller than the other grows, and block the sunlight and take most of the vital nutrients from the soil.
Verse 10 – God thought of everything for them to have success. He didn’t want them to use the ox and the donkey at the same time to plow because one is stronger than the other is, and they won’t pull evenly.
Verse 11 – There were several reasons for not mixing wool and linen; linen keeps you cool; wool keeps you warm; two different kinds of thread would wear unevenly; combining them reduces the life of the garment; and they wash differently. The thing that always comes to mind when I hear of wool and linen being mixed is a mixture of law and grace. Not good for New Testament believers. These laws were not made just to restrict but also to protect.
Law of Marriage
Verse 19 – One hundred shekels was a considerable amount of money, indicating that damage to the reputation of the girl and her family by false accusations was not to be taken lightly.
Verses 21, 22 – This sounds like a pretty harsh punishment, but every member of Israel’s community had a responsibility to maintain a holy standard.
Verses 23-29 – Even in the Old Testament, the penalty for rape was death. My personal opinion is; I think we have been way too lenient on those who rape. They spend a little time in jail and they are out to do it again. The death penalty was supposed to be as a deterrent for crime, but not if the accused gets to wait it out for 12 to 15 years and then it turns into life in prison. Where is the deterrent for taking a life in that? Again just an opinion as to how far society has gone from a penalty for a crime to just letting someone sit in a cell.
Verses 1-9 – The city closest to the site will be assumed to have harbored the criminal. The likelihood of the perpetrator being from the closest city in that day of difficult travel was very high.
Verses 15-17 – The present law mandated that a firstborn son of an unloved wife must receive a double portion of the inheritance according to what appears to be long-standing custom (Genesis 25:31-34; 48:8-22). Verses 18-21 – In God’s structure of sovereignty, parents represented His authority and therefore showing disobedience to ones parents was showing disobedience of the Lord. There is no Biblical or archaeological evidence that this punishment was ever carried out.