Verses 1-9 – The city closest to the site will be assumed to have harbored the criminal. The likelihood of the perpetrator being from the closest city in that day of difficult travel was very high.
Verses 15-17 – The present law mandated that a firstborn son of an unloved wife must receive a double portion of the inheritance according to what appears to be long-standing custom (Genesis 25:31-34; 48:8-22). Verses 18-21 – In God’s structure of sovereignty, parents represented His authority and therefore showing disobedience to ones parents was showing disobedience of the Lord. There is no Biblical or archaeological evidence that this punishment was ever carried out.