Verse 2 – David’s control over these men again shows his resourcefulness and ability to lead and motivate others. This group eventually formed the core of David’s military leadership and produced several “mighty men” (2 Samuel 23:8).
Verses 7, 8 – Saul and his key officers were from the tribe of Benjamin. David was from the tribe of Judah. Saul was appealing to tribal loyalty to maintain his hold on the throne.
Verse 13 – Saul’s question assumed Ahimelech was guilty of conspiracy. The king did not attempt to investigate the matter thoroughly.
Verses 14, 15 – Ahimelech implied no one was as faithful as David, which Saul had already heard from Jonathan and didn’t want to hear it again. Ahimelech claimed he had no idea of the real reason for David’s visit, which was true.
Verses 16, 17 – Saul ignoring Ahimelech’s words only proved more of Saul’s obsession to kill David. Even Saul’s most trusted soldiers weren’t willing to execute the priest because they weren’t sure whether they were guilty or not.
Verses 18, 19 – Saul’s action showed his mental and emotional instability and how far he had strayed from God. The total destruction of Nob was only supposed to be done under God’s command because of total rebellion against God. But it was Saul, not the priest or town people, who had rebelled against God.
Verse 20 – Abiathar escaped to David with an ephod (23:6). The Urim and Thummim were the two objects needed to consult God that were kept in the ephod. Saul destroyed Israel’s priesthood, but when David became king, he installed Abiathar as the new high priest Abiathar remained in that position during David’s entire reign.