2 Samuel – Chapter 10

2samuel chapter 10

Verses 1-6 – Have you ever tried to do something nice for someone and only got ridicule from them instead? This is what happened to David. He had no ulterior motive towards Hanun. However, Hanun listened to the advice of wicked counsel. The Israelites beards were a sign of maturity and authority to their culture, so when they were half shaved off it made them ashamed, not to mention their clothing cut out on the backside exposing their behinds. Instead of Hanun admitting he had been wrong, he decided to prepare for war against the Israelites.

Verse 12 – Although Joab said, “Let us fight bravely,” he also said, “The Lord will do what is good in his sight.” There should be a balance between our actions and our faith in God. We use our minds and our resources to obey God, while at the same time trusting God for the outcome.

Verses 15-19 – The people of Ammon weren’t as brave as they had thought. They hadn’t considered the consequences of war for the actions they had taken. The Syrians knew they were defeated also. They gathered together with the Syrians who were gathered beyond the River Jordan. David killed seven hundred charioteers and forty thousand horsemen of the Syrians. What was left of the Syrians, fled. When all the kings who were servants to Hadadezer saw they were defeated, they made peace with Israel. The Syrians were afraid to ever help the people of Ammon anymore.

2 Samuel – Chapter 9

2samuel chapter 9

Most kings in David’s day tried to wipe out the family of their rivals in order to prevent any descendants from seeking the throne. David showed kindness to Mephibosheth, whose father was Jonathan and whose grandfather was King Saul. David showed kindness; to Gods previously anointed king; political reasons-to unite Judah and Israel; and to keep his vow he made to show kindness to all of Jonathan’s descendants (Samuel 20:14-17).

Verse 3 – How Mephibosheth became crippled is recorded in 4:4. Mephibosheth was five years old when Saul and Jonathan died.

Verses 5, 6 – When God graciously offers us forgiveness of sin and a place in heaven, we may feel unworthy, but we will receive these gifts if we accept them. None of us deserves this gift, but trusting in and through Jesus Christ, we receive this promise (Ephesians 2:8, 9).

Verse 7 – David shows integrity when he was kind to Mephibosheth. His generous provision for Jonathan’s son goes beyond any political benefit he might have received. Each time we show compassion, our character is strengthened.

2 Samuel – Chapter 8

2samuel chapter 8

Verses 1-8 – Part of God’s covenant with David included the promise that the Israelites’ enemies would be defeated and would no longer oppressed them. God fulfilled this promise by helping David defeat these opposing nations: (1) The Moabites, descendants from Lot. (2) King Hadadezer of Zobah. (3) The Edomites, descendants of Esau.

Verse 6 – 6 – The tribute was the tax levied on conquered nations. The tax helped to support Israel’s’ government and demonstrated that the conquered nation was under Israel’s control.

Verse 15 – David pleased the people not because he tried to please them, but because he pleased God. Don’t waste time striving to be accepted in the public’s eye, instead do what is right and pleasing to God and you will have the favor with people.

2 Samuel – Chapter 7

2 Samuel chapter 7

David is Forbidden to Build God a House

This chapter records the covenant God made with David, promising to carry on David’s line forever. This promise would be fully realized in the birth of Jesus Christ. Although the word covenant is not specifically stated here, it is used elsewhere to describe this occasion (23:5; Psalm 89: 3, 4, 28, 34-37).

Verse 2 – This is the first time Nathan the prophet is mentioned. God made sure that a prophet was living during the reign of each of the kings of Israel. However, most of the kings rejected the prophets God sent. In earlier years, judges and priests had the role of prophets. Samuel served as judge, priest, and prophet, bridging the gap between the judges and the monarchy.

Verse 5 – In this message from Nathan, God told David that his job was to unify and lead Israel and destroy its enemies. This huge task would require David to shed a great deal of blood. In 1 Chronicles 28:3, we learn that God did not want His temple built by a warrior. Therefore, David made plans and collected the materials so that his son Solomon could begin work on the temple as soon as he became king (1Kings 5-7). Sometimes God says no to the plans we have made. When He does, we should utilize the other opportunities He gives us.

Verses 8-16 – God’s answer of no to David in him building His temple, was not a rejection of David. In fact, God was planning to do something even greater in David’s life than allowing him the prestige of building the temple. Although God turned down David’s request, he promised to continue the house (or dynasty) of David forever. When there is a “no,” from God in our plans, sometimes God is directing us to a greater purpose. His ways are better; His ways are perfect.

Verses 18-23 – These verses record David’s gratefulness and his humble acceptance that these blessings were not only for him but also for his descendants in order that Israel might benefit from them. Through the nation of Israel, the whole world would be blessed (Genesis 12:1-3).

2 Samuel – Chapter 6

2 Samuel chapter 6

Incorrect Transportation of the Ark

Verse 3 – The ark of God was Israel’s national treasure and was ordinarily kept in the tabernacle. When the ark was returned to Israel after a brief Philistine captivity (1 Samuel 4:1-7:2), it was kept in Abinadab’s home for 20 years. David wanted to bring the ark to Jerusalem to ensure God’s blessing on the entire nation.

Verses 6, 7 – Uzzah was only trying to protect the ark, so was God’s anger just? According to Numbers 4:5-15, the ark was to be moved only by the Levites They were to never touch the ark. To touch it was a capital offense under Hebrew law. God’s action was directed at both David and Uzzah. Uzzah, though sincere in his desire to protect the ark, had to face the consequences of the sin of touching it. In addition, Uzzah may not have been a Levite. The next time David tried to bring the ark to Jerusalem, he was careful to handle it correctly (1 Chronicles 15:1-15).

Verses 8-12 – David became angry because a well-meaning man had been killed and a joyous return of the ark had been spoiled. However, he knew that the fault was his for transporting the ark carelessly. After cooling down, he had the ark put into temporary storage while he waited to see if the Lord would allow him to bring it to Jerusalem. The fact that God blessed the home of Obed-Edom was a sign to David that he could try once again to move the ark to Jerusalem.

Correct Transportation of the Ark

Verses 16, 17 – Michal was David’s first wife, but here she is called daughter of Saul, possibly to show how similar her attitude was to her fathers. Maybe she thought this display of emotion by David was not fitting for a King. Burnt offerings marked a dedication to God, while fellowship offerings were sacrificed meals shared by priests and worshipers.

Verse 20 – As a daughter of a king herself, Michal may have wanted King David to be more aloof from the common people.

Verse 21 – David responded sharply. David’s mention of whole family was a subtle jab at Michal as well.

Verse 22 – Michal apparently did not think David should humble himself by celebrating as he did, but David insisted that he had acted appropriately and would continue to do so.

Verse 23 – Some suggest Michal’s childlessness was the result of God’s direct judgment but the text is not clear about this. Her childlessness may have been due to the tension she placed on her and David’s marriage.

2 Samuel – Chapter 5

2 Samuel chapter 5

David is Anointed Over Israel

Verses 3, 4 – This was the third time David was anointed king; first, privately by Samuel (1 Samuel 16:13); then anointed king over Judah 92:4), finally he was crowned over all Israel. Although the kingdom would be divided again in less than 75 years, David’s dynasty would reign over Judah, the southern kingdom, for over 400 years.

Verses 4, 5 – David did not become king over all Israel until he was 37 years old. Even though God had promised him to be king many years before, he had to wait patiently for the fulfillment of God’s promise. We all have promises and dreams that our God has promised us, but God will build your character while you wait on His timing. Preparation to handle the task God has given us is everything.

Verse 6 – Jerusalem was located on a high ridge near the center of the united Israelite kingdom. It stood on the border of the territory of the tribes of Benjamin and Judah. It was still occupied by the Jebusites, a Canaanite expelled from the land (Judges 1:21).

Verses 6, 8 – The Jebusites boasted of their security behind the walls of Jerusalem also called Zion. But David caught them by surprise by entering the city through the water tunnel. Real security only comes in a true relationship with God and cannot be taken away.

Verse 12 – David knew that his greatness came only from God. Although David was famous, successful, and well liked, he gave God first place in his life and served the people according to God’s purposes. Do you seek greatness from God or from people?

Verse 17 – “The stronghold” is the mountain stronghold in the Desert of Judah that David used when defending himself against Saul (23:14 and 1 Chronicles 12:8). The oppression by the Philistines began in the days of Sampson (Judges 13-16). Because the Philistines occupied much of Israel’s northern territory, they apparently did not bother David while he was king of Judah to the south. But when they learned that David was planning to unite all Israel, they tried to stop him.

Verses 19-25 – David fought his battles the way God instructed him. In each instance, he (1) asked if he should fight or not, (2) followed instructions carefully, and (3) gave God glory. After David became king, his first order of business was to subdue his enemies-a task the nation had failed to complete when they first entered the land (judges 2:1-4).

2 Samuel – Chapter 4

2 Samuel chapter 4

Verse 1 – Ish-Bosheth had no courage of his own-rather it was Abner who had the courage. When Abner died, Ish-Bosheth was left with nothing except fear. Fear can paralyze us, but faith and trust in Jesus Christ can overcome fear (2 Timothy 1:6-8; Hebrews 13:6). If God is on your side, whom can you fear?

Verse 4 – The rest of Mephibosheth’s story is told in chapter 9; 16:1-4 and 19:24-30.

Verse 11 – David called Ish-Bosheth an “innocent man.” Being Saul’s son, Ish-Bosheth knew he should be king but his only downfall was weakness. David knew God had promised the kingdom to him and he knew that God would fulfill His promise. When David learned of the murder of Ish-Bosheth, he was angry. He wanted to unite all of Israel not drive a wedge between the supporters of those who favored Ish-Bosheth. In order to show this, he had the murders executed and gave Ish-Bosheth a proper burial.

2 Samuel – Chapter 3

2 Samuel Chapter 3

Verses 1-5 – David suffered much heartache because of many wives. Polygamy was socially acceptable practice for kings at this time, even though God specifically warned against it (Deuteronomy 17:14-17). These sons that David had with these different wives caused him great trouble. Rape (13:14), murder (13:28), rebellion (15:13), and greed (1 Kings 1:5, 6) all resulted from the jealous rivalries among the half brothers. Solomon, one of David’s sons and his successor to the throne also took many wives who eventually turned him away from God (1 Kings 11:3, 4).

Verses 6, 7 – To sleep with any of the king’s wives or concubines was to make a claim to the throne, and it was considered treason. Because Ish-Bosheth was a weak ruler, Abner was running the country. Ish-Bosheth may have been right to speak out against Abner’s behavior, but he didn’t have the moral strength to maintain his authority (3:11). The lack of a moral backbone became the root of Israel’s troubles over the next four centuries. Only 4 of the next 40 kings of Israel were called “good.” When you believe something is wrong, do not let someone talk you out of your position.

Verse 8 – By saying, “Am I a dog’s head?” Abner was angry that Ish-Bosheth had admonished him because Abner had put Ish-Bosheth on the throne in the first place. Prior to this conversation, Abner realized that he could not keep David from eventually taking over Israel. Because he was angry at Ish-Bosheth, Abner devised a plan to turn over the kingdom of Israel to David.

Verses 13, 14 – Michal had been married to David. She was Saul’s daughter and had been given to David but in a fit of jealousy, Saul had taken her and given her to Paltiel (1 Samuel 25:44). Now David wanted his wife back before he would negotiate peace with northern tribes. Paltiel was the unfortunate victim caught in the web of Saul’s jealousy.

Verse 19 – Saul, Ish-Bosheth, and Abner were all from the tribe of Benjamin so the elders of that tribe meant that Abner was serious about his offer.

Verses 26-29 – Joab took revenge for the death of his brother instead of leaving justice to God. Abner had killed Joab’s brother Asahel in self-defense. People who killed in self-defense were to be safe in cities of refuge; Hebron was such a city (Joshua 20:7). Joab showed his disrespect for God’s laws by killing Abner in this city called Hebron.]

Verse 29 – David was saying that Joab’s descendants would be unclean, unhealthy, and in want.

Verse 39 – Joab and Abishai were the sons of Zeruiah David mentioned. David had especially a hard time controlling Joab because; although he was intensely loyal, he was strong willed, and preferred to do things his own way. While David opposed the murder, he allowed it to remain unpunished.

2 Samuel – Chapter 2

2 Samuel chapter 2

David is anointed as King over Judah

Verse 1 – Although David knew he would become king, David still asked God if he should move back to Judah, the home territory of his tribe. Before moving ahead with what seems obvious, first bring the matter to God, who alone knows the best timing. God told David to return to Hebron, where he would soon be crowned king of Judah. David made Hebron the capital city.

Verse 4 – The men of Judah publicly anointed David as their king even though he had been anointed earlier by Samuel (1 Samuel 16:13), but that ceremony had taken place in private. The rest of Israel, however, didn’t accept David’s kingship for seven and half years (2:10, 11).

Verse 8 – Abner was Saul’s relative and general and had survived the battle. Ish-Bosheth was probably the oldest surviving son of Saul.

Verse 9 – All of Israel means everything but Judah.

Verses 10, 11 – David ruled over Judah for seven and a half years, while Ish-Bosheth reigned in Israel for only two years. The five-year gap may have been due to Ish-Bosheth not assuming the throne immediately after Saul’s death. In addition, the Philistines still dominated the area, and Ish-Bosheth was intimidated by Abner (3:11).

Verse 12 – With Israel divided, there was constant tension between north and south. David’s true rival in the north, however, was not Ish-Bosheth but Abner. In this incident, Abner suggested a “dagger match” between the champions of both armies. Neither side won nor anything was accomplished because 12 men died from each side so the civil war continued.

Verses 21-23 – Persistence is a good trait if it is for a worthy cause. But if the goal is only personal honor or gain persistence may be no more than stubbornness. Asahel’s stubbornness not only cost him his life but it spurred disunity in David’s army for years to come.

Verse 28 – This battle ended with a victory for Joab’s troops (2:17), but war in the divided nation continued until David was finally crowned king over all Israel (5:1-5).

2 Samuel – Chapter 1

2 Samuel Chapter 1

2 Samuel

The story of David begins in First Samuel 16 and ends in First Kings 2. Second Samuel records the major events of David’s forty-year rule. His reign in Hebron begins in 1011 B.C. and ends in 1004 B.C. (5:5). His thirty-three year reign over the united Judah and Israel lasts from 1004 B.C. to 971 B.C.

In spite of David’s sins, he remains a man after God’s own heart because of his responsive and faithful attitude toward God. David becomes the standard by which all subsequent kings are measured. Unlike most kings who succeeded him, he never allows idolatry to become a problem during his reign. He is a true servant of Yahweh, obedient to His law.

2 Samuel Chapter 1

Verses 1-12 – When Saul died, David and his men were still living in Ziklag where Saul had driven him. David and his men were visible shaken over Saul’s death. Their actions showed their genuine sorrow over the loss of their king. They were not ashamed to grieve.

Verse 13 – This man that shows up identified himself as an Amalekite from Saul’s camp (1:2). More than likely, he was a battlefield scavenger. This man was lying both about his identity and about what happened on the battlefield. Because he had Saul’s crown with him, something the Philistines wouldn’t have left behind, we can believe that he found Saul dead on the battle field before the Philistines arrived (1 Samuel 31:8). The man had lied to gain some personal reward for killing David’s rival, but he misread David’s character. David had the messenger killed. Lying can bring disaster upon the liar, even for something he or she has not done, but only lied about.

The Amalekites were nomads and conducted frequent surprise raids on Canaanite villages. They had been Israelites enemies since Moses time. David had just destroyed an Amalekites band of raiders who had burned his city and kidnapped its women and children (1 Samuel 30:1-20).

Verses 15, 16 – Why did David consider it a crime to kill the king, even though Saul was his enemy? David believed and knew that God anointed Saul and only God could remove him from office. It was God’s job, not David’s to judge Saul’s sins (Leviticus 19:18).

Verses 17, 18 – Music played an important part in Israel’s’ history. David was a talented musician. He played the harp, he brought music into the worship services of the temple (1 Chronicles 25), and he wrote many of the Psalms. Here we are told he wrote a lament in memory of Saul and his son Jonathan, David’s closest friend.

Verses 17-27 – David had every reason to hate Saul, but he chose not to. Instead, he chose to look at the good Saul had done and to ignore the times when Saul had attacked him.

Verse 26 – This statement that David made, “More wonderful than that of a woman,” was simply restating the deep brotherhood and faithful friendship he had with Jonathan.