David is Anointed Over Israel
Verses 3, 4 – This was the third time David was anointed king; first, privately by Samuel (1 Samuel 16:13); then anointed king over Judah 92:4), finally he was crowned over all Israel. Although the kingdom would be divided again in less than 75 years, David’s dynasty would reign over Judah, the southern kingdom, for over 400 years.
Verses 4, 5 – David did not become king over all Israel until he was 37 years old. Even though God had promised him to be king many years before, he had to wait patiently for the fulfillment of God’s promise. We all have promises and dreams that our God has promised us, but God will build your character while you wait on His timing. Preparation to handle the task God has given us is everything.
Verse 6 – Jerusalem was located on a high ridge near the center of the united Israelite kingdom. It stood on the border of the territory of the tribes of Benjamin and Judah. It was still occupied by the Jebusites, a Canaanite expelled from the land (Judges 1:21).
Verses 6, 8 – The Jebusites boasted of their security behind the walls of Jerusalem also called Zion. But David caught them by surprise by entering the city through the water tunnel. Real security only comes in a true relationship with God and cannot be taken away.
Verse 12 – David knew that his greatness came only from God. Although David was famous, successful, and well liked, he gave God first place in his life and served the people according to God’s purposes. Do you seek greatness from God or from people?
Verse 17 – “The stronghold” is the mountain stronghold in the Desert of Judah that David used when defending himself against Saul (23:14 and 1 Chronicles 12:8). The oppression by the Philistines began in the days of Sampson (Judges 13-16). Because the Philistines occupied much of Israel’s northern territory, they apparently did not bother David while he was king of Judah to the south. But when they learned that David was planning to unite all Israel, they tried to stop him.
Verses 19-25 – David fought his battles the way God instructed him. In each instance, he (1) asked if he should fight or not, (2) followed instructions carefully, and (3) gave God glory. After David became king, his first order of business was to subdue his enemies-a task the nation had failed to complete when they first entered the land (judges 2:1-4).