1 Chronicles – Chapter 15

1 Chronicles chapter 15

Verses 1-3 – Three months had gone by since David had tried to move the ark of the covenant. Now, he was going to move it according to God’s instructions. Numbers 4:15 states that the ark should be carried only by Levites, and only by two long poles inserted through rings in the ark. These poles had to rest on the shoulders of the transporting Levites.

Verse 12 – To consecrate literally means to separate, to set apart for sacred purposes , and to purify. We actually do the same today by the washing of God’s Word. By reading God’s Word, we are preparing our hearts to participate in worship.

Verse 13 – David is referring to the incident recorded in 13:8-11 and 2 Samuel 6:1-11. If David had been allowed to handle the ark of God carelessly, what would that have said to the people about their faith? It is far better to obey God first, and then discover the reasons. We are never free to disobey God just because we don’t understand.

Verses 16-22 – David also put the Levites in charge of the music. Among the secondary musicians were Obed-edom, the last host of the ark, who would soon become one of the official gatekeepers.

Verses 27-29 – David was willing to look foolish in the eyes of some people in order to express his thankfulness to God fully and honestly. When Michal, David’s first wife, saw the king dancing before the ark in public, she despised him in her heart. Result: Michal never bore David any children.

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1 Chronicles – Chapter 14

1 Chronicles chapter 14

David Builds a House

Verse 1 – King Hiram also sent lumber and craftsmen to help Solomon build the temple (2 Chronicles 2:1).

Verse 2 – God gave David honor and success but not simply for David’s personal gain. God was prospering David for God’s people. Too many think that God has prospered them for their good only. God has placed us where we are and given us what we have so that we may encourage others and give to those in need.

Verse 3 – Accumulating wives and concubines in a harem was the custom of the day among Middle Eastern royalty, but it was not God’s idea (Genesis 2:24).

Verse 9 – The Valley of Rephaim was south of Jerusalem and was a natural path up to the capital, but it was also an easy place for an army to get locked in.

Verse 10 – David knew from watching what happened to Saul when he didn’t inquire of God first so David made sure it was God’s will to battle the Philistines.

Verse 12 – Often soldiers wanted to keep souvenirs from the battle, but David ordered them to burn the idols. Most of David’s successors failed to destroy idols, and this led to unbelievable moral corruption in Israel.

1 Chronicles – Chapter 13

1 chronicles chapter 13

Verse 1 – David consulted with all his leaders, but not the Levites, who could have kept him from the mistake he was about to make.

Verse 3 – The ark of God is also called the ark of the covenant. It was the most sacred object of the Hebrew faith. It was a large box containing the stone tablets on which God had written the Ten Commandments (Exodus 25:10-22) The ark of God had been in Kiriath Jearim for many years. The neglect of the ark symbolized Israel’s neglect of God. Neglecting the things of God–the Bible, the church,  contact with Christians, and prayer, will cause us to neglect God. God has to be the center of our lives.

Verses 6-8 – The ark had been in Kiriath Jearim for several decades after it had been returned by the Philistines. Seventy men of Beth-shemesh had been killed when they looked inside (1 Samuel 6:19). Since that time the ark had been mostly ignored. David’s exuberance as he worshiped God with dancing and music is approved in scripture.

Verse 10 – God had given specific instructions about how the ark was to be moved and carried (Numbers 4:5-15) and those instructions were neglected. The Levites were supposed to be responsible to move the ark (there’s no record that Uzzah was a Levite) and it was to be carried on their shoulders with poles through rings (Numbers 7:9). Sadly, David is reminded that obedience to this law was more important than his enthusiasm.

Verses 11, 12 – David’s anger turned to fear. Then he was afraid that he was not worth to move the ark. Along with God’s blessings comes responsibility.

Verses 13, 14 – At this point in the story David parked the ark at Obed-edoms house. Obed’s house enjoyed special blessings while hosting the ark.

 

1 Charonicles chapter 12

1 Chronicles chapter 12

Verses 1-7 – Ziklag was the city where David escaped to while hiding from Saul. Achish, the ruler there, was so delighted to have David there, he gave the city Ziklag to him, his family, and his army. It was clear to these warriors from the tribe of Benjamin, that David was to be king of Israel.

Verse 8 – The men from the tribe of Benjamin were experts archers and sling-shots while the men from Gad were experts with the shield and spear. Large shields were carried by an armor-bearer, whose main task was to protect the warrior.

Verse 18 – In Old Testament times the Holy Spirit came upon whom ever God chose. In this instance, David was ready to just trust anyone so God gave him conformation that these men were for him.

Verse 22 – Men were drawn to David by the reputation of his great warriors. The news of their victories and their desire to see God’s will done in making David king spread across the land.

Verses 26-29 – In Numbers 1:47-50, God had said the Levites were to be exempt from Military service. But here in scripture, we see four thousand six hundred sided with David in support of him becoming king.

Verse 32 – When the Bible says these men from Issachar “understood the times, ” their knowledge and judgment provided needed help in making decisions for the nation. Like wise with leaders today, they should understand the times in order to make God’s message relevant to people’s lives.

Verse 40 – These men celebrated with David three days because they had suffered under Saul’s leadership and disobedience to God. God is the author of joy, and He will join us in our celebration.

1 Chronicles – Chapter 11

1 Chronicles chapter 11

The Anointing of David as King

Verses 1, 2 – The details of how David came to power are given in 2 Samuel. God used the efforts of many people, even some of Saul’s own family. God is sovereign over history, directing events to accomplish His will. No matter what happens or who tries to stop God’s will for our lives, God has went before us to prepare a blessing that is just for you!

Verses 3, 4 – David was king over Judah for seven and a half years before he captured Jerusalem. When David was finally anointed king over Israel, 20 years had passed since Samuel had anointed him (1 Samuel 16:1-13). God is faithful to His promises. They are worth waiting for, even when His timetable doesn’t match our expectations.

Verse 4 – David chose Jerusalem as his capital for both political and military reasons. Jerusalem sat on a high ridge, making it difficult to attack and it rested on a tribal border which was neutral territory.

Verse 9 – David’s power increased as a result of his consistent trust in God. In contrast, Saul’s power decreased because he wanted all the credit and recognition for himself and ignored God. We as Christians should seek things God’s way, which is righteousness, honesty, and excellence, and leave the results to God. They will always be good!

Verses 12-14 – In any struggle, fear can keep us from taking a stand for God and from participating in God’s victories. Eleazar’s action changed the course of a battle. When everyone around him ran, he held his ground and was saved by the Lord.

Verses 15-19 – These three men risked their lives just to serve and please David. David recognized that their devotion to him was inspired by their devotion to God so he poured out the drink offering, demonstrating that only God is worthy of such devotion. When we serve others, we are also serving God.

1 Chronicles – Chapter 10

1 Chronicles chapter 10

The first 9 chapters of 1 Chronicles covers Israels history from creation to the exile in Babylon (586 B.C.). Without going into any of the details leading up to this event the Chronicler takes us right to the death of Saul and his sons.

Verse 1 – The Philistines had come upon Saul’s army from the north, trapping Saul’s men on Mount Giboa and killing those who could not escape.

Verse 3 – The archers were able to stand in the middle of the battle because the Philistines were winning. Thus they were able to deal Saul a mortal blow.

Verses 4, 5 – Saul knew the Philistines would torture him if they found him alive, so he asked his armor-bearer to kill him. When he refused, Saul fell on his own sword.

Verse 6 – Not every member of Saul’s house died at that time but in a sense Saul’s dynasty (his whole house) came to a halt.

Verse 7 – Having a sense of false security, the Philistines moved into the abandon houses of the nearby villages. They didn’t realize David and his followers were already on their way.

Verse 10 – Dagon, was the most important god of the Philistines that the Philistines had in the grain-producing land of Canaan. The Philistines took Saul’s armor and decorated their temple, but a special place was reserved for Saul’s skull.

Verse 11, 12 – The inhabitants of Jabesh-gilead owed their lives to Saul (1 Samuel 11). Now they risked their lives to protect Saul’s body from further desecration.

Verses 13, 14 – Saul’s unfaithfulness was both active and passive; he not only did wrong, but he also failed to do right. Obedience, too, is both passive and active. It’s not enough just to avoid what’s wrong, we need to actively pursue what is right. Saul sought God only when it suited him. God rejected him for his constant stubbornness and rebellion.

Verse 14 – Why does this verse say that the Lord put Saul to death when Saul actually killed himself? God arranged a defeat in battle so that Saul would die and his kingdom would be taken from his family. If Saul had not taken his own life, the Philistines soldiers would have killed him.

The Test by Christina Harrison

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