1 Chronicles – Chapter 25

1 Chronicles chapter 25

Verses 1-7 – Music was a huge and important part of worship as it is today. David took it to an organized higher level. This involved many ways to contribute to the worship in the tabernacle. Some prophesied (25:1), some led in thanksgiving and praise (25:3), and others played instruments (25:6, 7). God wants all to participate in worship.

Verses 9-31 – The musicians were divided into 24 groups to match the 24  Levites (24:7-25). This division of labor gave order to the planning of temple work.

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1 Chronicles – Chapter 24

1 Chronicles chapter 24

Verse 1 – The temple service was highly structured. Among all the divisions established at this time. The most important one was for priests, who were divided into 24 segments. These 24 groupings were based on Aaron’s two surviving sons, Eleazar and Ithamar.

Verse 2 – The scripture only mentions that Nadad and Abihu were dead and had no descendents, but avoided sharing the details of them dieing prematurely because they defiled the temple.

Verse 3 – Zadok served the tabernacle at Gibeon and Abiathar was in charge of the ark in Jerusalem.

Verse 4 – Since Eleazar’s descendants outnumbered those of Ithamar by a ratio of two to one, it made sense that of the 24 divisions, Eleazar should get 16 shifts, and Ithamar only eight.

Verses 7-19 – Each of these 24 groups of priests served two-week shifts each year at the temple. The rest of the time they served in their hometowns. This system was still in place in Jesus day (Luke 1:5-9). Zachariah was a member of the Abijah division. During this shift at the temple an angel appeared to him and predicted that he would have a son, John.

1 Chronicles – Chapter 23

1 Chronicles chapter 23

Verse 1 – While David was still living, he made Solomon king over Israel. I believe David knew he was about to die. Therefore, he organized everything, including the priests, to be in place when he did pass. Most of the kings of other nations were either killed in battle or were murdered and another was then crowned after the fact. God always warns or tells his own what is about to happen. However there was a major dispute over David making Solomon king (1 Kings 1-2).

Verse 3 – This time when David took a census, it was only for the Levites, those set apart for serving God in the temple. This census was not based on pride or self-sufficiency as was the previous census of fighting men. With a total of 38,000 men, everyone would be able to lead a normal life at home for most of the year and only spend a short time in Jerusalem pursuing temple duties.

Verse 12 – Kohath’s clan included the priestly line of Aaron. Other members of this clan challenged Aaron’s exclusive right to the priesthood only to find themselves swallowed up by the earth as God’s punishment (Numbers 16).

Verse 14 – Basically all that is stated about Moses is that he was “the man of God.” A man or woman of God is one whose life reflects God’s presence, priorities, and power.

Verses 21, 22 – The line of Eleazar continued by virtue of his daughters and the sons of Kish marrying one another.

Verse 25 – David declared that rest had come to Israel because there would now be a permanent place for the ark and for worship.

Verses 28-32 – Both priests and Levites came from the tribe of Levi, but priests also had to be descendants of Aaron.

1 Chronicles – Chapter 22

1 Chronicles chapter 22

Verse 1 – Since the threshing floor of Ornan had become the place where David worshiped the Lord, he declared that on this exact site the temple would be built.

Verses 2-4 – David had the foreigners living in the land to work as slaves to do the heavy labor of cutting stones for the temple and the foundation walls.

Verse 5 – This is the first time we learn that Solomon would succeed David and build the temple.

Verses 6-10 – The name Solomon means “man of peace.” David was making the preparations for Solomon to build God’s house. David had graciously accepted the “no” from God. Parents soon realize that if they have not taught their children right from wrong and brought them up to make good decisions, they soon will have a life of bad choices.

Verses 18, 19 – David emphasized that after all the wars he had fought, there would now be a period of rest and peace in the land. This was God’s perfect timing to build the temple. David instructs the leaders to set their heart and soul towards seeking God. Would that not be great to seek God in every decision we make in life? If more born again believers would do this, we wouldn’t have so much division in the church. We all need to get “self” out of the way and seek the “One” who’s decisions are always perfect.

1 Chronicles – Chapter 21

1 Chronicles chapter 21

Verse 1 – The census itself was not an infraction of God’s law (Numbers 1:2; 26:2). David succumbed to the sin of pride. The law stipulated that each man who was counted had to donate a half-shekel to the temple treasury (Exodus 30:11-16). God had decreed that a census taken without these provisions would be punished by a plague.

There is a fine line between feeling confident because you rely on God’s power and becoming proud because you have been used by God for a great purpose. Evan Joab realized the census was wrong. Often our motives, not the action itself, contain the sin.

Verse 6 – Joab refused to include the tribes of Levi and Benjamin. Perhaps he did not want God’s judgment to fall on the tribe of priest or the tribe in whose territory the tabernacle stood.

Verse 8 – Evan before the effects of the punishment were apparent, David realized he had done wrong; he pleaded with God to forgive him.

Verses 9-13 – Gad and Nathan were the two prophets associated with David. Both of them had the unpleasant duty of announcing divine punishment on the king they served (2 Samuel 12:7). Gad presented David with three options for punishment: (1) three years of famine, (2) three months of devastation by his enemies, or (3) three days of…plague on the land. David chose the plague.

Verses 13, 14 – Sin has a domino effect; once a sin is committed, a series of consequences follows. (The consequences of that sin have already been set in motion.) David plead for mercy and God responded by stopping the angel before his mission of death was complete.

David had wanted to know how many men he had at his disposal. By divine retribution he wound up with 70,000 fewer than he had before the census was taken.

Verses 15-17 – This angel was fully visible, hovering above the threshing floor of Ornan. David and the elders of Israel saw the angel floating in a menacing posture with his sword…stretched out.

Verses 20-24 – Ornan and his four sons received two shocks: they saw the hovering angel, and the king himself showed up on their property. David asked Ornan to sell him this location at full price because he was afraid the Lord wouldn’t stop the plague if he didn’t pay the full price.

Verses 26, 27 – The angel apparently continued to hover over while the sacrifice was being prepared. God sent fire from heaven to show acceptance. Then the angel stopped threatening Jerusalem.

1 Chronicles – Chapter 20

1 Chronicles chapter 20

Verse 1 – Kings went out to war following the spring harvest. David’s adultery occurred at this time, while he remained in Jerusalem. This story may have been excluded from 1 Chronicles because the book was written to focus on God’s long-term interest in Israel and on the temple as a symbol of God’s presence among them.

David stayed home and sent Joab out to lead the army. We should be aware of temptation so that it doesn’t get a foothold in our inactivity.

Verses 4, 5 – The first giant mentioned was Sippai, referred to as a descendant of the giants. The Hebrew word is “rephaim,” which refers to a race of giants, of whom we know nothing more than that they were larger than normal men. Apparently the rephaim had left a genetic heritage, even though the last pure member of their race was Og, King of Basham. He had a bed 13 feet long and 6 feet wide (Deuteronomy 3:11). Goliath had a brother named Lahmi, who may have been as tall as Goliath (1 Samuel 17:4). He was killed by Elhanan son of Jair, who is not mentioned anywhere else in the Bible.

Verses 6, 7 – Another giant, whose name is not given, copied Goliath by taunting Israel. He also had an extra finger and toe on each hand and foot. David’s nephew Jonathan took care of him.

Verse 8 – The elimination of giants is an important aspect of how David finally took possession of the entire promised land. In Numbers 13:33-14:9 the giants that the spies had seen were Anakites. Those giants were descendants from the Nephilim who were destroyed in Noah’s flood (Genesis 6:4) but whose genes must have been carried recessivley by Noah’s son Ham or his wife.

About 40 years after the aborted invasion of the promised land, Caleb had the opportunity to demonstrate his faith in God by eliminating the Anakites who lived around his new hometown of Hebron (Judges 1:20). The defeat of these giants was a sign that the land had finally been completely conquered.

1 Chronicles – Chapter 19

1 chronicles chapter 19

Verse 1 – The land of Ammon bordered Israel to the east. The nation’s founding ancestor, Ben-Ammi, was conceived through incest between Lot and his daughters (Genesis 19:30-38).

Verses 2, 3 – The Bible does not disclose the details of the occasion when Nahash had treated David kindly, but when Nahash died, David sent a delegation to the new King Hanun to express his condolences. Hanun misread David’s intention. Because he was overly suspicious, he brought disaster upon himself.

Verses 3-5 – Hanun’s advisers persuaded him that David’s ambassadors were spies looking for a way to conquer the Ammonites. Israelite men always wore beards. To be forcibly shaven was embarrassing. To add to their disgrace, the back of their garments were cut to expose their backsides. This was not only humiliation to these men but it was an insult to Israel.

Verses 6, 7 – The men did not return to David. Instead they hid in shame in Jericho were David told them to stay until their beards grew back. Rather than admit his mistake and seek forgiveness and reconciliation, Hanun spent an enormous amount of money to cover up his error. It often costs more to cover up an error (or a lie) than to admit you were wrong. Just depends on how mature you are.