Abijah Becomes King
The writer of Chronicles only chose to highlight the good that Abijah did in order to show that he was still under God’s covenant promise to David. But go back and read 1 Kings 15:3 where it says Abijah committed many sins.
Verses 1-3 – Abijah was the second king of Judah. Jeroboam was still ruler over the northern kingdom. Despite all the shortcomings of many of the kings of Judah, the line of David continued on the throne until the exile. In contrast, the northern kingdom saw no dynasty longer than five kings and in many cases there were no succession at all.
Verse 5 – A covenant of salt refers to a binding promise that cannot be broken (Numbers 18:19).
Verse 8 – Jeroboam’s army was cursed because of the golden calves the army carried with them. It was as though they put their sin into a physical form so they could haul it around with the. We are to let go of anything that interferes with our relationship with God.
Verse 9 – Abijah criticized Jeroboam’s low standard in appointing priests. Anyone can be qualified to represent a god that is worthless. According to 2 Timothy 3, those appointed to positions of responsibility should not be selected merely because they volunteer, are influential, or are highly educated. Instead they should demonstrate sound doctrine; their dedication to the Lord; and have strong spiritual character.
Verses 13-18 – While Abijah was attempting to persuade the northern army to abandon the fight, his enemies sent soldiers into the rear of his army to close the trap. The army of Judah cried out to God, fought with desperation, and God took it from there. The Chronicler makes it clear that it was the Lord who was responsible for the victory.
Verses 19-21 – Abijah and his army captured the town of Bethal, the southern sanctuary for Jeroboam’s golden calves. For Jeroboam, this was the beginning of the end. God judged him severely, and afterwards he died. His son Nadab was assassinated after only two years on the throne (1 Kings 13-14; 15:25-28).