Summery of Chapter 11
Jerusalem was underpopulated and consisted largely of the leaders. The solution to the problem was to have a tenth of the population to move and live inside the walls of Jerusalem. Evidently Nehemiah couldn’t get enough volunteers so he cast lots. Not wanting to move into the city could have been because: (1) non-Jews attached a stigma to Jerusalem residents, often excluding them from trade because of their religious beliefs; (2) moving into the city meant rebuilding their homes and reestablishing their business; (3) living within the walls required stricter obedience to God’s Word.