Verses 1-4 – The initial incident that sparked the conflict was Mordecais’s refusal to bow to Haman. Haman was a descendant of Agag (1 Samuel 15:8-33), the leader of the Amalekities, ancient enemies of the Jews. Israel had been commanded by God to “blot out the memory of Amalek from under heaven.” (Deuteronomy 25:17-19). Mordecai was not about to bow to a man who acknowledged himself a god. When people demand loyalties or duties from you that don’t honor God, you need to take a stand for righteousness.
Verses 5, 6 – Haman loved his power and authority and the reverence shown him. He not only hated Mordecai but all Jews. He let this hatred consume him. Haman couldn’t stand that the Jews only gave reverence to the only true authority–God.
Verse 7 – Little did Haman know that he was playing into God’s hand when he cast lots to determine the best day to carry out his decree. It was set for almost a year away, giving Esther time to discover the plot and to plea with the king to save her people.
Verse 9 – Haman thought he could give this large sum of money because he would plunder the homes and possessions of the Jews he intended to kill through this decree. Again, little did he know his plan would backfire. Those who plot against God’s people, will pay a heavy price.
Verses 10-15 – The instructions were clear–all people, young, old, women, and children were to be annihilated! The king didn’t know at this point that his beautiful Queen was a Jew also, but he’s about to find out.