Zophar the Naamathite Answers Job
Verses 1-3 – Zophar is the third of Job’s friends and the least courteous. Zophar takes the same position as the other two, but with far more arrogance, Job had sinned. He also makes it clear that Job deserves much more punishment than he is getting. (Not a very sympathetic friend)
Verse 4 – Job had not claimed that he was sinless, only blameless and upright.
Verses 5, 6 – Zophar states that wisdom has two sides; the known and the unknown; the seen and the unseen. Only God understands true wisdom and could view both sides from all perspectives. If only Job could see both sides, he would realize God’s case against him, was just. Zophar declared that God had only punished him for part of his sin.
Verses 10, 11 – By calling Job “deceitful,” Zophar was accusing Job of hiding secret faults and sins. Job fully understood that one couldn’t hide anything from God, but it didn’t apply to his current dilemma.
Verses 15, 16 – Zophar believed that confessed sin and a change of lifestyle would restore Job’s honor and his position with God and man. Although Job had gone through deep waters, these would pass and be only a distant memory.
Verse 19 – Zophar assured Job that with restoration his fame and reputation would return.
Verse 20 – Zophar concluded his speech with a dire warning. Unlike the blessings offered to a repentant sinner today. Repent is to change one’s mind. The concept is that of a complete alteration of the basic motivation and direction of one’s life. You do this by reading God’s Word and being submissive to the Holy Spirit.
Verses 1-3 – Job begins to wallow in self-pity. This is more than just complaining to God. We do the same thing. We try to get God to feel sorry for us when bad things start to happen. We tell God it’s not fair. Then we might list all the things that we do right, expecting God to take pity on us and deliver instantly. We point out how others that don’t follow God are winning. However, refined and molding is part of learning when we go through trials. There is always a bigger purpose, with God.
Verses 4-7 – Job basically says that he knows God knows that he is not wicked and for God to search him for any sin.
Verses 8-12 – Job reminds God that He created him, so why would He now destroy him.
Verses 13, 14 – Now Job accuses God of being a relentless prosecutor and unjust judge. Job had come to a false conclusion that God was out to get him. He didn’t have all the facts. We should all tread lightly when we think we’ve figured everything out. Always remember, “God is not out to harm us.” He’s a good God, all the time and His ways of getting us to our fullest potential are far beyond our own thinking. This took me years to learn and yet I still forget sometimes.
Verses 20-22 – Job just wanted God to leave him alone for his remaining days. Then he descries the dead going to a joyless dark place.
Job Argues His Case
Verses 1-4 – Job was confused, as we are when bad things start to happen. Job felt any argument that he could present was futile before an omniscient and omnipotent God. Job needed a mediator to arbitrate his case. We as believers today have just that–Jesus Christ!
Verse 9 – The Bear, Orion, and Pleiades are constellations.
Verses 10-12 – Job knows that God almighty does things that we as humans don’t even notice. The wonders He does can’t be numbered, so how could he question a God that is far beyond Job’s comprehension? How silly we must all sound when we ask, “God, what are you doing?”
Verses 15, 16 – Job felt like that if he did summon God to court, he wouldn’t be able to answer Him, only ask for mercy.
Verses 20, 21 – Job said even if he was innocent, his own mouth would condemn him. Although Job remained loyal to God, he became frustrated and impatient. Sound familiar? I have been there and done that. We ask, “God why won’t you hurry up and fix this?”
Verses 21-24 Job felt hopeless. Although he was certain of his innocence, he spoke as if God was a tyrant. His thinking now, God does not distinguish between the blameless and the wicked.
Bildad the Shuhite Speaks
Verses 1-9 – Bildad was upset that Job was still claiming his innocence. By implication, Bildad suggested that Job had sinned in some way and was living in God’s judgment. God was just and could not be unjust in His judgment, therefore Job must be unjust. Bildad believed there is no exception.
Like Eliphaz, Bildad wrongly assumed that people suffer only as a result of their sins. Bildad also acted as if God was asleep and would awake if only Job would admit what he had done (verse 6).
Verses 14, 15 – Bildad wrongly assumed Job was trusting in something other than God for his security.
Verses 20-22 – Bildad summed up his case: If Job was truly righteous, God would sustain him.
Job Questions God’s Continuing Trials
Verses 1, 2 – Job starts complaining that God treats humans like a harsh master.
Verse 9 – In the Old Testament Sheol is used both for the grave and for the final state of the wicked. At times it reflects a commonly held ancient view of a dismal underworld into which all people passed after death.
Verse 11 – Job felt deep anguish and bitterness, and he spoke openly and honestly to God. Sometimes, it’s better to let God know our frustrations instead of taking them out on others.
Verse 12 – Job stopped talking to Eiphaz and spoke directly to God. He also got very close to saying that living a righteous life didn’t matter to God. By doing this he also got close to saying God didn’t care about him. Isn’t that how we feel sometimes when our life comes crashing down ? Watch out what you say when going through a crises. This is how Satan can get you to forsake all that you know about God being a good God.
verses 20, 21 – Job gets a little sarcastic here. He refers to God as the observer or watcher of humanity; someone who mercilessly is watching him squirm in his misery. God does watch over us, but with mercy and compassion. Job just didn’t see the whole picture. God’s eyes are eyes of love.
Verse 4 – Job felt as though he was under God’s personal attack. God is often portrayed as the divine warrior whose arrows shatter the enemy. Job felt as if he was becoming God’s enemy.
Verses 6, 7 – Job said Eliphaz’s advice was like eating the tasteless white of an egg. We should be slow to give advice to those who are hurting. They often need compassion more than advice.
Verses 8, 9 – Job wanted to give in and die. However, God didn’t grant Job’s request. Our tendency, like Job, is to give up and quit, but God had a greater plan. To trust God in only the good times never exercises our faith in Him. Remember Romans 8:28–“And we know that all things work together for good to those who love God to those who are called according to His purpose.”
Verse 19 – The oasis of Tema served as a trade center in northwestern Arabia.
Verse 21 – Seeing how severe Job’s condition was, his friends were afraid to get too close for fear of God’s judgment coming on them.
Verses 24-26 – The Hebrew word behind “what I did wrong” is “shagah.” It speaks of unintentional sin. Job’s friends had not yet disproved his claim of innocence, they had only dismissed it.
Verse 27 – Job compared his friends to merciless creditors who would take an orphan or sell a friend into slavery in payment for a debt.
Verses 29, 30 – Job referred to his own integrity, not because he was sinless, but because he had a right relationship with God. He was not guilty of the sins his friends accused him of.
Eliphaz Calls Job Foolish (He should have quit a while ago.)
Verses 2-7 – Now Eliphaz tells Job he shouldn’t be angry over what has happened, it’s a cycle of life.
Verse 8 – All three of Job’s friends make the assumption that Job has committed some great sin. None of them knew the conversation that had taken place between God and Satan. As Christians, we should all stop making assumptions that the crises, hardships, or deaths, are because “that person” sinned. God does not allow His children to suffer, “JUST BECAUSE!”
Verse 13 – This verse is quoted by Paul in 1 Corinthians 3:19 in he New Testament. We have to be familiar with the entire Bible to have a proper understanding, so that we don’t take verses out of context to beat someone up.
Verse 17 – This is a correct statement meaning–those whom the Lord loves and belong to Him, He chastens (Hebrews 12:5, 6). However, we know from the beginning of Job, Job was not being chastened for his sin.
Verses 17-26 – Pain can help us grow closer to God, especially when we don’t understand why “this ” is happening. However, we can’t make the mistake, as Eliphaz did in assuming that God will eliminate all hardships when we follow Him. He does promise, though, to deliver us out of all our trouble, in His timing, of course.
Verses 1-6 – Eliphaz claims to have been given a revelation about Job’s troubles (4:12-16). He basically tells Job that the innocent do not suffer. He argues that suffering is a direct result of sin and sees it as punishment from God. Although some of what Eliphaz said was true, he made three wrong assumptions: (1) a good and innocent person never suffers; (2) those who are suffering are being punished for past sin; (3) because Job was suffering, he must have done something wrong in God’s eyes.
Verses 6-9 – It is true though, that those who continually live a lifestyle of sin will be punished, but it’s not true that anyone who is good and innocent will not suffer. Eliphaz’s advice was meant to encourage Job, but puts the blame on Job’s family when they were wiped out. Eliphaz comments made false assumptions about others based on his own experience.
Verses 12, 13 – Although, Eliphaz claimed his vision was from God, its doubtful because later on God criticized him for misrepresenting Him. Well meaning friends can start off their advise with God’s truth, but watch out when they start into how God sees the situation. This is what Eliphaz did. We shouldn’t limit God to our on perspective understanding.
Verses 18, 19 – Eliphaz is talking about “God’s servants,” meaning His angels. The word “error” was translated from the original text, so the meaning is unclear. Eliphaz was right about God’s greatness, but he didn’t understand God’s greater purpose concerning suffering.
Verse 1 – Job’s response to the second test–physical affliction, is a great contrast to the first test. Job still did not curse God, but he cursed the day he was born. Scripture says he was almost not recognizable, so we know he looked bad. Job was suffering emotionally, physically, and spiritually. He felt that God had abandon him. When we go through sufferings we must watch what we say. That will be the true test.Are you going to say what God has written about you or what Satan has whispered to you?
Verse 11 – Job had two choices: He could let what was happening to him shatter his perception of God or: he could continue to trust God and draw strength from Him, knowing God is a good God.
Verses 23-26 – Here Job complains about: all the principles of right living. Everything he had believed in had crumbled. He knew he was a righteous man because he worshiped and feared God. He didn’t understand why this was happening.
Job’s purpose in God’s scheme of things, did not change.Though we see the wicked prosper, for a time, and we wonder is it worth it for us to do the right things, we can’t forget: God’s ways and thoughts are higher than ours.His purpose is always to do good in our lives. The evil that comes our way, “Will turn out for our good!”
Verses 3-6 – It wasn’t enough that Satan was allowed to wipe out Job’s family, sheep, and oxen, he wanted to show God if he could destroy Job outwardly then Job would curse God. That didn’t happen, so Satan plots again. He goes to God yet again and asks if he can afflict Job physically.
Can Satan persuade God? Satan cannot persuade God to go against His character: God is completely and eternally good. Then why did God go along with Satan’s plan? Because God always knows the outcome! Perhaps God used Job as an example for all of us who would go through some pretty heavy trials in our lives to show how magnificent our God is.
Verse 9 – Isn’t there always one person around that will either blame you or God for the trouble we are in? Why was Job’s wife the only one left?
Verse 10 – Through adversity, Satan’s ultimate strategy is to get us to doubt God’s ability and that He really loves us. If we always know the “why” of the things that happen, we would never grow in our confidence and faith in God.
Verse 11 – Job’s 3 friends found out about his troubles and went to him. When someone is in need, go to them, but be sensitive in how you comfort them.
Verse 13 – Why did these 3 show up but yet not speak? According to Jewish tradition people who come to comfort someone in mourning should not speak until the one mourning speaks.