Job is perhaps one of the earliest books in the Bible written. It’s also one of the most amazing books ever written. The author is unknown. Some suggest that Moses wrote it because Uz is adjacent to Midian, where Moses lived for forty years.
When reading Job, some will ask, “Why do the righteous suffer if God is all-loving and all-powerful?” It’s not about the “why” it’s about “what we learn during the suffering.
The conclusion at the whirlwind is that God is sovereign and worthy of worship in whatever He chooses to do. Job had to learn to trust in the goodness and power of God, as we all do.
Job has to come to the end of his own resources, humble himself, and acknowledge the greatest and majesty of the Lord.
Job makes three basic complaints: (1) God does not hear me; (2) God is punishing me; and (3) God allows the wicked to prosper. In the process of defending his innocence Job becomes guilty of self-righteousness.
In our perspective, like Job, we see all the “right” we do and don’t understand why crises and hardships come against us. This book will open your eyes to God’s perspective. Job catches a glimpse of the divine perspective; and when Job acknowledges God’s sovereignty over his life, his worldly goods are restored twofold.
As you read this amazing book notice that when God begins to speak He makes no reference to Job’s personal sufferings and hardly touches on the real issue of debate.
Thus, Satan’s challenge becomes God’s opportunity to build up Job’s life!
Verse 1 – Job’s devotion to God was wholehearted. He had perfect integrity-blameless and upright. This indicates that Job had a consistent spiritual walk, not that he was sinless.
Verse 5 – Although it is not known for sure, Job probably lived during the time of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. During, Job’s day, the father was the family’s religious leader. Because there were no priests ordained as of yet, Job made the sacrifices and offerings to God for forgiveness, for himself and his family. Fearful that his family might have sinned unknowingly, he made these sacrifices.
Verse 6 – Sons of God, refers to angels. The Bible speaks of heavenly council where the angles are to give an account of themselves. Because God is their creator, He has power and authority over them all.
Verses 6, 7 – Satan became corrupt through his own pride. He has been evil since his rebellion against God (1 John 3:8). However, Satan can only do what he is permitted. Satan is called the enemy because he actively looks for people he can attack with temptation (1 Peter 5:8, 9) and because he wants to make people hate God. He does this through lies and deception (Genesis 3:1-6). Job, who had been greatly blessed by God became a perfect target. Any person who is fully committed to God can expect attacks from Satan because he hates God’s people.
Verses 6-12 – Here’s what we learn about Satan from these verses: (1) He and all angelic beings, good and bad, are accountable to God; (2) Satan can only be at one place at a time (1:6). He has demons that help him in his destructive activities, but are also limited; (3) Satan cannot see into our minds or tell our future (1:9-11); (4) Satan can do nothing without God’s permission. Therefore God’s children can overcome his attacks through God’s power (1:12); (5) God puts limits on what Satan is allowed to do (1:12, 2:6).
Verse 9 – Satan wanted to prove to God that Job only served God because of what God had blessed Job with. Do you serve God only when all your life’s circumstances are good? Adversity will destroy superficial faith. Ask yourself: How deep does your faith in God go? Are you willing to stay committed through the storm?
Verse 12 – Even though God may allow us to suffer for a while, He will and does exalt us in due time. God is not surprised and is fully aware of our circumstances.
Verses 15-17 – The Sabeans were from southwest Arabia, while the Chaldeans were from the region north of the Persian Gulf.
Verses 20-22 – Satan loses this first round when Job worships God after Job loses his family (all but that hateful wife). Job proved that he could love God for who He is and not for what God can give.