Verses 1-5 – It’s far too easy to point out someone else’s sins or faults. Job’s friends had accused him of sin to make him feel guilty instead of correcting or encouraging him. Rather than being helpful, Job’s friends words had added to his grief. If we feel we must admonish someone, we should be sure we are confronting that person because we love them, not because we are annoyed, inconvenienced, or seeking to blame.
Verse 6 – Job felt that God was treating him as an enemy, when in fact, God was his friend and thought highly of him. Job was pointing at the wrong person. Most Israelite’s believed that both good and evil came from God. They also thought that people were responsible for their own destinies. But the evil power loose in this world is responsible for much of the suffering we experience.
Verse 18 – For children to mock an old man was a serious violation of Israelite social custom.
Verses 21, 22 – Job’s plea for his friends understanding and compassion was based on his belief that he was innocent. God had simply attacked him. With their continued fault-finding, they joined God in His persecution.
Verse 25 – In ancient Israel a redeemer was a family member who bought a slave’s way back to freedom or who took care of a widow (Ruth 3:12). Even though Job thought that God had brought all of this suffering, he knew he would still see God after death. And although Job struggled with the idea God was presently against him, he firmly believed that in the end God would be on his side. This belief was so strong that Job was one of the first to believe in the resurrection of the body.
Verses 26, 27 – Job’s confidence started to build in this verse. He said, “… in my flesh I will see God.” This was Job’s faith; even after his body lay in the grave and decay, in his flesh, he would see God. Job knew somehow God would perform a miracle. Job once again entertained the hope of a relationship with God and life after death.
Verses 28, 29 – Job tells his friends, for them to falsely accuse him, they have put themselves in front of the sword–God’s judgment.
Bildad rejected Job’s side of the story because it did not fit in with his outlook on life.
Verse 4 – Bildad attempted to correct Job’s perspective. It was not an angry God who was tearing at Job, but Job’s own anger at God. Bildad, in other words said; God was not obligated to empty the earth or move a rock just to satisfy Job’s self-serving demands.
Verse 7 – Bildad thought that the proof of a successful life is to walk without hindrance or stumbling. The wicked person may appear to be walking well, but his own schemes will be his undoing.
Verses 11-13 – Bildad saw signs that the fate of the wicked lay before Job.
Verse 14 – The “king of terrors” is a figure of speech referring to death. Bildad viewed death as the great devour, but the Bible teaches that God has the power to devour even death (Psalm 49:15; Isaiah 25:8; 1 Corinthians 15:54-56).
Verses 17-20 – The wicked person’s family will also disappear, leaving no memory of him. Bildad built upon Job’s own language in describing public reaction to his condition.
Verses 1-10 – Job’s three friends had a reputation for being wise, but Job couldn’t find wisdom in anything they said. These friends assumed that because they were prosperous and successful God must be pleased with the way they were living and thinking. People do that today. They assume because they got by with something, then it must be ok with God. Job however, told them they were wrong because earthly prosperity and success are not proof of faith in God or that God approves. Likewise, trouble and affliction do not prove faithlessness.
Verses 13-16 – Job pictured the grave as his future home. Job was giving up hope of any future restoration of wealth and family. The rewards his friends described were all related to this present life. They were silent about the possibility of life after death.
Job Calls His Friend’s Miserable Comforters
Job’s friends were supposed to be comforting him but instead were condemning him for causing his own trouble. Job’s words reveal several ways to become a better comforter to those suffering: (1) don’t talk just for the sake of talking; (2) don’t sermonize by quoting scriptures; (3) don’t accuse or criticize; (4) do put yourself in the other persons place; and (5) offer help and encouragement.
Verse 6 – Job observed that whether he spoke or remained silent, his pain remained.
Verses 7, 8 – Job addresses God as if He was present in the discussion (He was, only He hadn’t spoken yet).
Verses 16, 17 – Job viewed himself as if he were dead. He felt he had done nothing wrong to merit this treatment of God’s attack.
Verse 19 – Job felt as we all do when suffering seems to never end. We feel as though God has abandon us. However, because we have Jesus promise to never leave us, we know that in our time of trouble, He intercedes for us. Sometimes the suffering is so huge and overwhelming, we forget that God’s Word is always more true and more powerful than anything that can come against us in this world! Stand on His Word and we will overcome, in due time.
After Job is finished speaking, Eliphaz has his say. Eliphaz assumed that his words were as true as God’s. He began by saying that Job’s words were empty and useless. According to Eliphaz, the experience and wisdom of their ancestors were more valuable than Job’s individual thoughts. This time Eliphaz was more rude, more intense and more arrogant, but he said nothing new.
If I’d had been Job, I would have told “Old, Eliphaz,” that it was time for him to go and not come back!
Sickness, loneliness, disappointment, and death cause Job to say that life is not fair. However, God’s solution to believers who live in an unfair world is to guarantee life with Him forever.
Verse 2 – Job compares life to a flower that is soon gone or like a fleeing shadow.
Verses 3, 4 – Job wondered why God would spend so much time on a powerless, short-lived, mankind.
Verses 5, 6 – Job basically urges God to stop His surveillance on mankind that He set the limit on how long tat they lived, in the first place.
Verse 12 – Job expresses the concept that there is no life after death. The Old Testament doesn’t speak much about the resurrection of the dead. However, we know today that because Christ rose from the grave, we as believers will rise again, based on Christ’s promise in John 14:19.
Verse 13 – Job goes through heavy stages of believing that we were just put here on earth to suffer and then we are gone. Now he switches to thinking maybe when God’s anger has passed, He will remember Job favorably. This implies maybe Job will have an existence beyond the grave.
Verses 7-22 – Job releases a profound truth in these verses. Truth untested by life’s experiences may become stagnant. Suffering can bring a dynamic quality to our lives. Just as drought drives the roots of a tree deeper to find water, suffering can drive us beyond superficial acceptance of truth to dependence on God for hope and life!
Verses 1, 2 – Job made it clear that Zophar’s remarks about uninformed or stupid men did not apply to him.
Verses 4, 5 – Now Job compares his three friends to physicians who have misdiagnosed his symptoms; that they were eye surgeons trying to perform open-heart surgery. Then he tells them that their best display of wisdom would be for them to be silent-shut-up. They had taken true principles, but applied them wrongly to Jobs situation.
Verses 9, 10 – The way Jobs friends had applied their misguided traditional wisdom to Job’s case by saying Job was being punished for his sin, was going to backfire if God examined them instead.
Verse 14 – By using the phrase, “I take my flesh in my teeth,” Job knew he was putting his life at risk by speaking plainly to God.
Verse 15 – “Though He slay me, yet will I trust Him,” is a clear indication how Job truly felt about God. Job’s hope and trust was still in the One just and True God.
Verse 16 – If the Lord allowed Job to appear before Him, it would be proof of his uprightness.
Verse 2 – Job longed for renewed fellowship with God either at God’s invitation or Job’s petition.
Verse 23 – Job remained confident that he was suffering innocently.
Verse 26 – Job believed that he should not still be paying for the petty iniquities of his youth.