Author: Acts 4:25, 26 Attributes This Psalm to David
Verse 1 – Why do the nations rage, and the people plot a vain thing?
Because this Psalm describes the rebellion of nations, it may have been written during a conspiracy against Israel by some of the pagan nations.
Verse 2 – The kings of the earth set themselves and the rulers take counsel together, against the Lord and against His anointed, saying,
The kings and rulers are not just two specific groups but they represent all governing authorities and dignitaries on the earth (Judges 5:3; Habakkuk 1:10). Anointed translated into Greek is “Christos,” and it refers to God’s choice and establishment of His King.
Verse 3 – Let us break their bonds in pieces and cast away their cords from us.
This is the terms God used to break His people free from the bondage of slavery.
Verse 4 – He who sits in the heavens shall laugh; the Lord shall hold them in derision.
Derision–to scoff–to speak unintelligibly. All Mighty God who sits in the heavens laughs at the plans and schemes of rulers who think they are smarter than He is.
Verse 5 – Then He shall speak to them in His wrath, and distress them in His deep displeasure:
Although God laughs at their plots in the previous verse, He speaks in anger here.
Verse 6 – “Yet I have set My King On My holy hill of Zion.”
God, Himself, has consecrated whom He has already established to be king on His Holy mountain.
Verse 7 – “I will declare the decree: The Lord has said to Me, ‘You are My Son, today I have begotten You.”
This term is used to indicate royal protocol in order to validate the right to rule. The idea of the Davidic ruler being identified as God’s Son was made clear in the covenant God made with David (2 Samuel 7:14).
Verse 8 – Ask of Me, and I will give You the nations for Your inheritance, and the ends of the earth for Your possession.
The right of son-ship includes the right to inheritance and possession of what belongs to the Father. In this case, it is not limited but extends to the ends of the earth. Are you starting to get the picture of whom else has the same inheritance as David?
Verse 9 – “You shall break them with a rod of iron; you shall dash them in pieces like a potters vessel.”
Smashing nations like pottery represents the effortless way in which something is annihilated (Isaiah 30:14).
Verse 10 – Now therefore, be wise, O Kings; be instructed, you judges of the earth.
Verse 11 – Serve the Lord with fear, and rejoice with trembling.
This is a pretty heavy warning for all rulers from the Lord. Using the wisdom from God and judging according to His ways would make this world a much better place. God has already said if they choose not to follow My ways, then these nations will be annihilated.
Verse 12 – Kiss the Son, lest He be angry, and you perish in the way, when His wrath is kindled but a little , blessed are those who put their trust in Him.
To kiss the Son means to surrender fully and submit to Him. Christ is not only God’s chosen king, He is also the rightful king of our hearts and lives. This Psalm ends where Psalm 1 began–with the word blessed. The contrast is that those who follow Yahweh see His dominion as a place of refuge rather than slavery.