Author: Asaph, or one of his descendants.
Verse 1 – Do not keep silent, O God! Do not hold your peace, and do not be still, O God!
Verse 2 – For behold, Your enemies make tumult; and those who hate You have lifted up their head.
Because the enemy of God’s people is not struck down immediately, the enemy thinks he has gotten by with his actions. If there is no immediate action on God’s part, we might also think the enemy has won. But we know, as children of the Most High, we are always victorious for those who are in Christ!
Verse 3 – They have taken crafty counsel against Your people, and consulted together against Your sheltered ones.
Verse 4 – They have said, “Come, and let us cut them off from being a nation, that the name of Israel may be remembered no more.”
This is still going on today. Down through history, Israel is surrounded by nations that want them to be annihilated. But God says in Zechariah 12:9 – “It shall be in that day that I will seek to destroy all the nations that come against Jerusalem.”
Verse 5 – For they have consulted together with one counsel; they form a confederacy against You:
Verse 6 – The tents of Edom and the Ishmaelites; Moab and the Hagarites;
Verse 7 – Gebal, Ammon, and Amalek; Philistia with the inhabitants of Tyre;
Verse 8 – Assyria also has joined with them; they have helped the children of Lot. Selah
The combination of these verses were not only lists of nations against Israel then, it is a prophetic message of the future of the Arab – Muslim nations that will try again in the last days to wipe Israel off the map, but fail.
Verse 9 – Deal with them as with Midian, as with Sisera, as with Jabin at the brook of Kishon,
Verse 10 – Who perished at En Dor, who became as refuse on the earth.
Verse 11 – Make their nobles like Oreb and like Zeeb, yes, all their princes like Zebah and Zalmunna,
Verse 12 – Who said, “Let us take for ourselves the pastures of God fora possession.”
Sisera and Jabin were defeated by Debra and Barak (Judges 4-5). The nation of Midian, including Oreb…Zebah and Zalmunna, was defeated by Gideon (Judges 6:1-8:21).
Verse 13 – O my God, make them like the whirling dust, like the chaff before the wind!
Verse 14 – As the fire burns the woods, and as the flame sets the mountains on fire,
Verse 15 – So pursue them with Your tempest, and frightened them with Your storm.
Verse 16 – Fill their faces with shame, that they may seek Your name, O Lord.
Verse 17 – Let them be confounded and dismayed forever; yes, let them be put to shame and perish,
Verse 18 – That men may know that You, whose name alone is the Lord, are the Most High over all the earth.
Asaph wanted the nations that surrounded Judah to be blown away like chaff. Chaff is the outer shell (or husk) that must be removed to get at the valuable kernels of grain inside. In other words; Asaph wanted these enemies, that were no good for nothing, to be blown away by God.