Verse 1 – The words of Agur the son of Jakeh. This man declared to Ithiel and Ucal his utterance.
Verse 2 – Surely I am more stupid than any man, and do not have the understanding of a man.
Nothing is known about Agur, except he was a wise teacher. Although this chapter was written to two individuals, its application can apply to many.
Verse 3 – I neither learned wisdom nor have knowledge of the Holy One.
Verse 4 – Who has ascended into heaven, or descended? Who has gathered the wind in His fist? Who has bound the waters in a garment? Who has established all the ends of the earth? What is His name, and what is His Son’s name, if you know?
Because God is infinite, certain aspects of His nature will always remain a mystery. The Son referred to is the Son of God, the preincarnate being the Messiah who, before the foundation of the earth, participated in the creation. Colossians 1:16, 17 teaches that through Christ the world was created.
Verse 5 – Every word of God is pure; He is a shield to those who put their trust in Him.
Verse 6 – Do not add to His words, lest He reprove you, and you be found a liar.
We put our trust in God’s Words, not man’s. When people speculate about what they “think” God meant, sometimes they are proven to be a liar. So don’t twist or change what God has written.
Verse 7 – Two things I request of You (deprive me not before I die):
Verse 8 – Remove falsehood and lies far from me; give me neither poverty nor riches – feed me with the food You prescribe for me;
Verse 9 – Lest I be full and deny You, and say, “Who is the Lord?” Or lest I be poor and steal and profane the name of my God.
Why do you think the writer wanted neither to be rich or poor? Some people pray for riches or houses or cars, material things and when they receive them, they forget who gave it to them. I’ve seen this happen. However, if you are always in lack, people have a tendency to lose hope of ever having enough.
The balance is: No matter what state you are in learn to be content with what God gives you. Stay in prayer believing that He will bring you out of whatever situation you are in, to take you into a higher and better place. He says over and over in scripture – the Lord delivers us out of all our trouble!
Verse 10 – Do not malign a servant to his master, lest he curse you, and you be found guilty.
Verse 11 – There is a generation that curses its father, and does not bless its mother.
Verse 12 – There is a generation that is pure in its own eyes, yet is not washed from its filthiness.
Verses 12, refers to those who have “religion” – self-righteousness, by their own works and rituals they do.
Verse 13 – There is a generation – oh how lofty are their eyes! And their eyelids are lifted up.
These are people who think highly of themselves while looking down on others – lofty.
Verse 14 – There is a generation whose teeth are like swords, and whose fangs are like knives, to devour the poor among men.
Verse 15 – The leech has two daughters crying, “Give! Give! – There are three things that are never satisfied, four things never say, “It is enough”:
These verses kind of reminds me, of what I see protesting in the streets. They have been given the same opportunities and freedoms as everyone else, but they still want more. They take what they want through violence. They have fee education, free housing and so on, but yet it’s not free to those who work and pay taxes. “Give me, give me!”
Verse 16 – The grave, the barren womb, the earth that is not satisfied with water, and the fire that never says, “It is enough.’
Verse 17 – The eye that mocks his father, and scorns obedience to his mother, the ravens of the valley will pick it out and the young eagles will eat it.
Verse 18 – There are three things which are too wonderful to me, yes, four which I do not understand:
Verse 19 – The way of an eagle in the air, the way of a serpent on a rock, the way of a ship in the midst of the sea, and the way of man with a virgin.
Maybe the point of verse 19 is that love is marvelous and mysterious as the motion of the other three.
Verse 20 – This is the way of an adulterous woman: She eats and wipes her mouth, and says, “I have done no wickedness.”
Verse 21 – For three things the earth is perturbed, yes, for four it cannot bear up:
Verse 22 – For a servant when he reigns, a fool when he is filled with food,
Verse 23 – A hateful woman when she is married, and a maidservant who succeeds her mistress.
Verse 24 – There are four things which are little on the earth, but they are exceedingly wise:
Verse 25 – The ants are a people not strong, yet they prepare their food in the summer;
Verse 26 – The rock badgers are a feeble folk, yet they make their homes in the crags (cavities among the rocks);
Verse 27 – The locusts have no king, yet they all advance in ranks;
Verse 28 – The spider skillfully grasps with its hands, and it is in king’s palaces.
Ants can teach us about preparation; badgers about building; locusts about order; and spiders about fearlessness.
Verse 29 – There are three things which are majestic in pace, yes, four which are stately in walk:
Verse 30 – A lion, which is mighty among beasts and does not turn away from any;
Verse 31 – A greyhound, a male goat also, and a king whose troops are with him.
Verse 32 – If you have been foolish in exalting yourself, or if you have devised evil, put your hand over your mouth.
Verse 33 – For as the churning of milk produces butter, and as wringing the nose produces blood, so the forcing of wrath produces strife.
Churning, twisting, and stirring up are all the same word in Hebrew, which has to do with force or pressure and twisting or wringing. The scheming social climber is cautioned that his maneuverings will inevitable bring violence against him.