Israel Blossoms in the Kingdom
Verse 1 – In that day the Lord with His severe sword, great and strong, will punish Leviathan the fleeing serpent, Leviathan that twisted serpent; and He will slay the reptile that is in the sea.
In”that day” when all evil, God’s enemies, are completely destroyed God uses the Leviathan a well-known ancient Canaanite mythology sea monster. The Leviathan represents chaos and evil.
Verse 2 – In that day sing to her, “A Vineyard of red wine!
Verse 3 – I, the Lord, keep it, I water it every moment; lest any hurt it, I keep it night and day.
Verse 4 – Fury is not in Me. Who would set briers and thorns against Me in battle? I would go through them, I would burn them together.
Verse 5 – Or let him take hold of My strength, that he may make peace with Me; and he shall make peace with Me.”
Verse 6 – Those who come He shall cause to take root in Jacob; Israel shall blossom and bud, and fill the face of the world with fruit.
These verses are referring to the New Jerusalem, Israel and the church. The trampled vineyard of chapter 5 will be restored in God’s new earth. God will protect and care for the vineyard, His people. Gentiles will come to know God through Israel.
Verse 7 – Has He struck Israel as He struck those who struck him? Or has He been slain according to the slaughter of those who were slain by Him?
God did not deal with His people the way He dealt with the Assyrian ad Babylonians because a remnant was left of Israel, but the Assyrians and Babylonians He destroyed.
Verse 8 – In measure, by sending it away, You contended with it. He removes it by His rough wind in the day of the east wind.
Verse 9 – Therefore by this the iniquity of Jacob will be covered; and this is all the fruit of taking away his sin; when he makes all the stones of the altar like chalk-stones that are beaten to dust, when wooden images and incense altars do not stand up.
God’s punishment of His people will be a cleansing (purging), a renewing; not complete destruction. Their idolatrous practices will be removed.
Verse 10 – Yet the fortified city will be desolate, the habitations forsaken and left like a wilderness; there the calf will feed and there it will lie down and consume its branches.
Verse 11 – When its boughs are withered, they will be broken off; the women come and set them on fire. For it is a people of no understanding; therefore He who made them will not have mercy on them, and He who formed them will show them no favor.
Isaiah compares the state of Israel’s spiritual life with dry twigs that are broken off to make fires. Trees in scripture often represent spiritual life. The trunk and the roots represent God’s strength and the branches are the people who serve Him. When the branches dry up, from internally, and break off, they aren’t good for anything except fire wood. Keep in mind: when we stay connected, God is the One who keeps us watered and protected to bare “much fruit!”
Verse 12 – And it shall come to pass in that day that the Lord will thresh, from the channel of the River to the Brook of Egypt; and you will be gathered one by one, O you children of Israel.
Verse 13 – So it shall be in that day that the great trumpet will be blown; they will come, who are about to perish in the land of Assyria, and they who are outcasts in the land of Egypt, and shall worship the Lord in the holy mount at Jerusalem.
The temple will be rebuilt, their city will be restored, they shall again worship the living God. This gave hope to the Israelites while they were in captivity and it was fulfilled under the decree of Cyrus.