In a vision, Isaiah beholds the Messiah returning in triumph from the conquest of His enemies (Revelation 14:19; 19:13). This day of vengeance is determined. This covers verses 1-6 in this chapter. The remaining chapter and the next, seem to express the prayers of the Jews confessing their wickedness and hardness of heart.
Verse 1 – Who is this who comes form Edom, with dyed garments from Bozrah, this One who is glorious in His apparel, traveling in greatness of His strength? – “I who speak in righteousness, mighty to save.”
Verse 2 – Why is Your apparel red (Rev. 19:13, 15) and Your garments like one who treads in the wine-press?
This image is picked up by the book of Revelation to describe Jesus as warrior at the final battle.
Verse 3 – “I have trodden the wine-press alone, and from the peoples no one was with Me. For I have trodden them in My anger, and trampled them in My fury; their blood is sprinkled upon My garments, and I have stained all My robes.
Verse 4 – For the day of vengeance is in My heart, and the year of My redeemed has come.
There is a day set in the future when Christ says, “No more will My people be trampled!” The enemies of God will be destroyed.
Verse 5 – I looked, but there was no one to help, and I wondered that there was no one to uphold; therefore My own arm brought salvation for Me; and My own fury, it sustained Me.
Verse 6 – I have trodden down the peoples in My anger, made them drink in My fury, and brought down their strength to the earth.”
Verse 7 – I will mention the lovingkindness of the Lord and the praises of the Lord, according to all that the Lord has bestowed on us, and the great goodness toward the house of Israel, which He has bestowed on them according to His mercies, according to the multitude of His lovingkindness.
They are starting to acknowledge how great God’s mercies and favor are.
Verse 8 – For He said, “Surely they are My people, children who will not lie.” so He became their Savior.
Verse 9 – In all their affliction He was afflicted, and the Angel of His Presence saved them; in His love and in His pity He redeemed them, and He bore them and carried them all the days of old.
Verse 10 – But they rebelled and grieved His Holy Spirit. So He turned Himself against them as an enemy, and He fought against them.
We too can grieve the Holy Spirit by willful rebellion. So how do we grieve the Holy Spirit? Ephesians 4:28-32 tells us. One is to continue in that same life-style of lying, cheating, deceiving, and stealing. Second, corrupt communication. We are to speak encouragement to one another because it will impart grace to the hearers. Let all bitterness, wrath, anger, clamor, and evil speaking, be put away. We are to be kind to one another, tender-hearted, forgiving because Christ has forgiven us!
Verse 11 – Then he remembered the days of old, Moses and his people, saying: “Where is He who brought them up out of the sea with the shepherd of His flock? Where is He who put His Holy Spirit within them,
Verse 12 – who led them by the right hand of Moses, with His glorious arm, dividing the water before them to make for Himself an everlasting name,
Verse 13 – who led them through the deep, as a horse in the wilderness, that they might not stumble?”
Verse 14 – As a beast goes down into the valley, and the Spirit of the Lord causes him to rest, so You lead Your people, to make Yourself a glorious name.
These verses contemplate another exodus where God again will deliver. Keep your eyes on Him and He will keep you at peace in your soul – emotions.
Verse 15 – Look down from heaven, and see from Your habitation, holy and glorious. Where are Your zeal and Your strength, the yearning of Your heart and Your mercies toward me? Are they restrained?
Verse 16 – Doubtless You are our Father, though Abraham was ignorant of us, and Israel does not acknowledge us. You, O Lord, are our Father; our Redeemer from Everlasting is Your name.
On behalf the faithful remnant, Isaiah asks God to show tenderness and compassion to them and punish their enemies.
Verse 17 – O Lord, why have You made us stray from Your ways, and hardened our heart from Your fear? Return for Your servants’ sake, the tribes of Your inheritance.
Verse 18 – Your holy people have possessed it but a little while; our adversaries have trodden down Your sanctuary.
Verse 19 – We have become like those of old, over whom You never ruled, those who were called by Your name.
Spiritual judgments are more dreaded than any other calamities and we should greatly avoid those sins that provoke rebuke. The Lord will hear the prayers of those who belong to Him, and deliver them from those not called by His name!