Jeremiah – Chapter 49

jeremiah-chapter-49

Prophecies Against Ammon

Verse 1 – Against the Ammonites. Thus says the Lord: “Has Israel no sons? Has he no heir? Why then does Milcom inherit Gad, and his people dwell in its cities?

The Ammonites were descendants of Lot through an incestuous relationship with one of his daughters, as were the Moabites (Genesis 19:30-38). They were condemned for stealing land from God’s people and for worshiping the idol Molech, to whom they made child sacrifices.

During the reign of the Judean King Zedekiah, the Ammonites participated with Judah in a revolt against Babylon, and continued their revolt beyond the fall of Jerusalem in 587 B.C.

Verse 2 – Therefore behold, the days are coming,” says the Lord, “That I will cause to be heard an alarm of war in Rabbah of the Ammonites; it shall be a desolate mound, and her villages shall be burned with fire. Then Israel shall take possession of his inheritance,” says the Lord.

Rabbah was the capital city of the Ammonites.

Verse 3 – “Wail, O Heshbon, for Ai is plundered! Cry, you daughters of Rabbah, gird yourselves with sackcloth! Lament and run to and fro by the walls; for Milcom shall go into captivity with his priests and his princes together.

The Ai here, is not the same Ai in Israel, but another town with the same name. The people will run to and fro in confusion – seeking safety and finding none.

Verse 4 – Why do you glory in the valleys, your flowing valley, O backsliding daughter? Who trusted in her treasures, saying, ‘Who will come against us?’

Verse 5 – Behold, I will bring fear upon you,” says the Lord God of hosts, “From all those who are around you; you shall be driven out, everyone headlong, and no one will gather those who wander off.

Verse 6 – But afterward I will bring back the captives of the people of Ammon,” says the Lord.

The Ammonites are supposed to have returned with the Moabites and Israelites, on permission given by Cyrus.

Prophecies Against Edom

Verse 7 – Against Edom, thus says the Lord of hosts: “Is Edom no more in Teman? Has counsel perished from the prudent? Has their wisdom vanished?

The Israelites descended from Jacob and the Edomites from his twin brother, Esau. There was constant conflict between these two nations, and Edom rejoiced when Jerusalem fell (Obadiah).

Verse 8 – Flee, turn back, dwell in the depths, O inhabitants of Dedan! For I will bring the calamity of Esau upon him, the time that I will punish him.

Dedan was a flourishing city that supported caravan travel. God was telling the inhabitants to flee to the caves or they would be destroyed.

Verse 9 – If grape-gatherers came to you, would they not leave some gleaning grapes? If thieves by night, would they not destroy until they have enough?

Verse 10 – But I have made Esau bare; I have uncovered his secret places, and shall not be able to hide himself. His descendants are plundered, his brethren and his neighbors, and he is no more.

Verse 11 – Leave your fatherless children, I will preserve them alive; and let your windows trust in Me.”

Verse 12 – For thus says the Lord: “Behold, those whose judgment was not to drink of the cup have assuredly drunk. And are you the one who will altogether go unpunished? You shall not go unpunished, but you shall surely drink of it.

Israel had not escaped God’s judgment, so why should the Edomites expect to?

Verse 13 – “For I have sworn by Myself,” says the Lord, “that Bozrah shall become a desolation, a reproach, a waste, and a curse. and all its cities shall be perpetual wastes.”

Bozrah was the capital and chief city of Edom in Jerusalem’s time.

Verse 14 – I have heard a message from the Lord, and an ambassador has been sent to the nations: Gather together, come against her, and rise up to battle!

Verse 15 – “For indeed, I will make you small among nations, despised among men.

Verse 16 – Your fierceness has deceived you, the pride of your heart, O you who dwell in the clefts of the rock, who hold the height of the hill! Though you make your nest as high as the eagle, I will bring you down from there,” says the Lord.

Edom was located in a rock fortress and they thought they were unconquerable. Today this area is known as Petra, in southern Jordan. Edom was destroyed because of her pride.

Verse 17 – “Edom also shall be an astonishment; everyone who goes by it will be astonished and will hiss at all its plagues.

Verse 18 – As in overthrow of Sodom and Gomorrah and their neighboring cities,” says the Lord, “No one shall abide there, nor shall a son of man dwell in it.

From 536 a. d. onward, Petra suddenly vanishes from the pages of history: Only in the present century was its real site discovered. I believe Petra has a significant role to play in the end times. This is speculation: The Jews will escape the Battle of Armageddon and find refuge in the clefts of Petra where God will protect them. Some even speculate that this area can hold 144,000 people, the number of Israelite evangelists listed in Revelation 7 and 14. Petra though is not the name used in the Bible, Sela or Selah, is, both words mean rock.

Verse 19 – “Behold, he shall come up like a lion from the flooding of the Jordan against the habitation of the strong; but I will suddenly make him run away from her. And who is a chosen man that I may appoint over her? For who is like Me? Who will arraign Me? And who is that shepherd who will withstand Me?”

The Edomites shall come up against Nebuchadnezzar, but will suddenly flee. No one can win when coming against God.

Verse 20 – Therefore hear the counsel of the Lord that He has taken against Edom, and His purposes that He has proposed against the inhabitants of Teman: Surely the least of the flock shall draw them out; surely He shall make their habitations desolate with them.

Verse 21 – The earth shakes at the noise of their fall; at the cry its noise is heard at the Red Sea.

Verse 22 – Behold, He shall come up and fly like the eagle, and spread His wings over Bozrah; the heart of the mighty men of Edom in that day shall be like the heart of a woman in birth pangs.

Prophecies Against Damascus

Verse 23 – Against Damascus. Hamath and Arpad are shamed, for they have heard bad news. They are fainthearted; there is trouble on the sea; it cannot be quiet.

Verse 24 – Damascus has grown feeble and turns to flee, and fear has seized her. Anguish and sorrows have taken her like a woman in labor.

Verse 25 – Why is the city of praise not deserted, the city of My joy?

Verse 26 – Therefore her young men shall fall in her streets, and all the men of war shall be cut off in that day,” says the Lord of hosts.

Verse 27 – “I will kindle a fire in the wall of Damascus, and it shall consume the palaces of Ben-Hadad.”

Damascus was the capital of Aram, north of Israel. This city was defeated by both Assyria and Babylon. Nebuchadnezzar attacked and defeated Damascus in 605 B.C. Ben-Hadad was the common name of the king of Syria.

Prophecies Against Kedar and Hazor

Verse 28 – Against Kedar and against the kingdoms of Hazor, which Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon shall strike. Thus says the Lord: “Arise, go up to Kedar, and devastate the men of the East!

Verse 29 – Their tents and their flocks they shall take away. They shall take for themselves their curtains, all their vessels and their camels; and they shall cry out to them, ‘Fear is on every side!’

Verse 30 – “Flee, get away! Dwell in the depths, O inhabitants of Hazor!”says the Lord. “For Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon has taken counsel against you, and has convinced a plan against you.

Verse 31 – “Arise, go up to the wealthy nation that dwells securely,” says the Lord, “Which has neither gates nor bars, dwelling alone.

Verse 32 – Their camels shall be for booty, and the multitude of their cattle for plunder. I will scatter to all the winds those in the farthest corners, and I will bring calamity from all sides,” says the Lord.

Verse 33 – “Hazor shall be a dwelling for jackals, a desolation forever; no one shall reside there, nor son of man dwell in it.”

Kadar and Hazor were nomadic tribes east of Israel and south of Aram, in the desert. In 599 B.C. Nebuchadnezzar completely destroyed them.

Prophecies Against Elam

Verse 34 – The word of the Lord that came to Jeremiah the prophet against Elam, in the beginning reign of Zedekiah king of Judah, saying,

Elam lay east of Babylon and was attacked by Nebuchadnezzar in 597 B.C. Latter Elam became the nucleus of the Persian empire (Daniel 8:2) and the residence of Darius.

Verse 35 – “Thus says the Lord of hosts: ‘Behold, I will break the bow of Elam, the foremost of their might.

Elamites were known for their skill in archery, but the LOrd would take that away. When Elam was absorbed into the Persian Empire, landowners were required to furnish the Persian king with a bow-man.

Verse 36 – Against Elam I will bring the four winds from the four quarters of heaven, and scatter them towards all those winds; there shall be no nations where the outcasts of Elam will not go.

Verse 37 – For I will cause Elam to be dismayed before their enemies and before those who seek their life. I will bring disaster upon them, My fierce anger,’ says the Lord; ‘And I will send the sword after them until I have consumed them.

Verse 38 – I will set My throne in Elam, and will destroy from there the king and the princes,’ say the Lord.

Verse 39 – ‘But it shall come to pass in the latter days: I will bring back the captives of Elam,’ says the Lord.”

The throne represents God’s judgment and sovereignty. God would preside over Elam’s destruction. He is King over all kings.

 

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Jeremiah – Chapter 48

jeremiah-chapter-48

Prophecies Against Moab

Verse 1 – Against Moab. Thus says the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel: Woe to Nebo! For it is plundered, Kiyathaim is shamed and taken; the high stronghold is shamed and dismayed –

The Moabites were descendants from Lot through an incestuous relationship with one of his daughters (Genesis 19:30-37). They led the Israelites into idolatry (Numbers 25:1-3) and joined the band of raiders Nebuchadnezzar sent into Judah in 602 B.C. They eventually were conquered and as a nation disappeared.

Verse 2 – No more praise of Moab. In Heshbon they have devised evil against her: ‘Come, and let us cut her off as a nation.’ You also shall cut down, O Madmen! The sword shall pursue you; (Heshbon was a principal city of the Moabites.)

Verse 3 – A voice of crying shall be from Horonaim: ‘Plundering and great destruction!’

Verse 4 – “Moab is destroyed; her little ones have caused a cry to be heard;

Verse 5 – for in the Ascent of Luhith they ascend with continual weeping; for the descent of Horonaim the enemies have heard a cry of destruction.

Verse 6 – “Flee, save your lives! and be like the juniper in the wilderness.

Verse 7 – For because you have trusted in your works and your treasures, you also shall be taken. And Chemosh shall go forth into captivity, his priests and his princes together.

Chemosh was the main god of the nation of Moab (Numbers 21:29), and child sacrifices was a major part in their worship (2 Kings 3:26, 27).

Verse 8 – And the plunder shall come against every city; no one shall escape. The valley also shall perish, and the plain shall be destroyed, as the Lord has spoken.

Verse 9 – “Give wings to Moab, that she may flee and get away; for her cities shall be desolate, without any to dwell in them.

Verse 10 – Cursed is he who does the work of the Lord deceitfully, and cursed is he who keeps back his sword from blood.

Being deceitful, usually has a hidden agenda. People shouldn’t try to convince themselves that they are doing the Lord’s work when they know good and well they are not being truthful with others. God always sees the true motive behind our actions.

Verse 11 – “Moab has been at ease from his youth; he has settled on his dregs, and has not been emptied from vessel to vessel, nor has he gone into captivity. Therefore his taste remained in him, and his scent has not changed.

Verse 12 – “Therefore behold, the days are coming,” says the Lord, “That I shall send him wine-workers who will tip him over and empty his vessels and break the bottles.

The Moabites had always been a quiet people. They had never been invaded or carried off into captivity. However, Jeremiah tells them because of their complacency towards their sins and refusal to do God’s work, Moab would be totally destroyed.

Do we honestly think that as a nation, America can commit the same atrocities as this nation did with the thousands of child sacrifices, and not go unpunished? The Moabites sacrificed their children to a pagan god. They were complacent about the entire ritual. Here in America, babies are murdered in the womb for the convenience of “not having a child.” It is not a “woman’s health issue!” It’s murder plain and simple. God hasn’t changed His mind about child sacrifice which is murder.

Verse 13 – Moab shall be ashamed of Chemosh as the house of Israel was ashamed of Bethel, their confidence.

After Israel divided into northern and southern kingdoms, the northern kingdom set up golden calf-idols in Bethel and Dan to keep the people from going to Jerusalem to worship in the southern kingdom (1 Kings 12:25-29).

Verse 14 – “How can you say, ‘We are mighty and strong men of war’?

Verse 15 – Moab is plundered and gone up from her cities; her chosen young men have gone down to the slaughter,” says the King, whose name is the Lord of hosts.

Verse 16 – “The calamity of Moab is near at hand, and his affliction comes quickly.

Verse 17 – Bemoan him , all you who are around him; and all you who know his name, say, ‘How the strong staff is broken, the beautiful rod!’ (Moab lost her independence around 580 B.C. forever.)

Verse 18 – “O daughter inhabiting Dibon, come down from your glory, and sit in thirst; for the plunder of Moab has come against you, he has destroyed your strongholds.

Verse 19 – O inhabitant of Aroer, stand by the way and watch; ask him who flees and her who escapes; say, ‘What has happened?’

Verse 20 – Moab is shamed, for he is broken down. Wail and cry! Tell it in Aron, that Moab is plundered.

Verse 21 – “And judgment has come on the plain country: On Holon and Jahzah and Mephaath,

Verse 22 – on Dibon and Nebo and Beth Diblathaim,

Verse 23 – on Kirjathaim and Beth Gamul and Beth Meon,

Verse 24 – on Kerioth and Bozrah, on all cities of the land of Moab, far or near.

Verse 25 – The horn of Moab is cut off, and his arm is broken,” says the LORD.

The horn and arm are Old Testament metaphors fro strength and military might.

Verse 26 – “Make him drunk, for he magnified himself against the Lord. Moab shall wallow in his vomit, and he shall also be in derision.

Moab had a wine-producing industry and this metaphor is used to say they have drunk from the cup of God’s wrath.

Verse 27 – For was not Israel a derision to you? Was he found among thieves? For whenever you speak of him, you shake your head in scorn.

Verse 28 – You who dwell in Moab, leave the cities and dwell in the rock, and be like the dove which makes her nest in the sides of the cave’s mouth.

Verse 29 – “We have heard the pride of Moab he is exceedingly proud. Of his loftiness and arrogance and pride, and of the haughtiness of his heart.”

Moab’s people had a spirit of pride on it. They thought because they were a quiet people, that they did nothing wrong. It is what kept them from worshiping God with a humble heart.

Verse 30 – “I know his wrath,” says the Lord, “But it is not right; his lies have made nothing right.

Verse 31 – Therefore I will wail for Moab, and I will cry out for all Moab; I will mourn for the men of Kir Heres.

Kir Heres was a stronghold city in Moab.

Verse 32 – O vine of Sibmah I will weep for you with weeping of Jazer. Your plants have gone over the sea, they reach to the sea of Jazer. The plunder has fallen on your summer fruit and your vintage.

Sibmah was famous in those days for vines. Jazar was first taken and carried into captivity.

Verse 33 – Joy and gladness are taken from the plentiful field and from the land of Moab; I have caused wine to fail from the wine-press; no one will tread with joyous shoutings – not joyous shouting!

Verse 34 – “From the cry of Heshbon to Elealeh and to Jahaz they have uttered their voice, from Zoar to Horonaim, like a three-year-old heifer; for the waters of Nimrim also shall be desolate.

Verse 35 – “Moreover,” says the Lord, “I will cause to cease in Moab the one who offers sacrifices in the high places and burns incense to his gods.

Verse 36 – Therefore My heart shall wail like flutes for Moab, and like flutes My heart shall wail for men of Kir Heres. Therefor the riches they have acquired have perished.

Try to imagine: You live in one of these cities; you have known about God, but chose to worship pagan idols in the high places; and along comes this prophet of the One True God, pronounces death and destruction on every living thing, but you chose to ignore him because your pride won’t let you surrender to His loving Kindness.

Verse 37 – “For every head shall be bald, and every beard clipped; on all the hands shall be cuts, and on the loins sackcloth –

Verse 38 – A general lamentation on all the housetops of Moab, and in the streets; for I have broken Moab like a vessel in which is no pleasure,” says the Lord.

Verse 39 – “They shall wail: ‘How she is broken down! How Moab has turned her back with shame!’ So Moab shall be a derision and a dismay to all those about her.”

They were ashamed of what was happening to them, not the sins they had committed. There is a difference. People can feel ashamed because of how others see them, but yet never realize it was their own actions that caused the hardship and shame to come upon them. That’s what Moab did.

Verse 40 – For thus says the Lord: “Behold, one shall fly like an eagle, and spread his wings over Moab.

Verse 41 – Kerioth is taken, and the strongholds are surprised; the mighty men’s hearts in Moab on that day shall be like the heart of a woman in birth pangs.

Verse 42 – And Moab shall be destroyed as a people, because he has magnified himself against the Lord.

Proverbs 16:18 – Pride goes before destruction, and a haughty spirit before a fall. This is why Moab was destroyed and their people were no more. Pride and a haughty spirit is what keeps people from surrendering to Christ. A haughty spirit is rebellion against the things of God.

Verse 43 – Fear and the pit and the snare shall be upon you, O inhabitant of Moab,” says the Lord.

Verse 44 – “He who flees from the fear shall fall into the pit, and he who gets out of the pit shall be caught in the snare. For upon Moab, upon it I will bring the year of their punishment,” says the Lord.

Verse 45 – “Those who fled stood under the shadow of Heshbon because of exhaustion. But fire shall come out of Heshbon, a flame from the midst of Sihon, and shall devour the bow of Moab, the crown of the head of the sons of tumult.

Verse 46 – Woe to you, O Moab! The people of Chemosh perish; for your sons have been taken captive, and your daughters captive.

Verse 47 – “Yet I will bring back the captives of Moab in the latter days,” says the Lord. Thus far is the judgment of Moab.

Some of the Moabites might have returned when King Cyrus let the Jews go back to their land, but they were never again a national distinction. Perhaps the restoration spoken here, which was to take place in latter-day, may mean the conversion of these people in the existing remnants, to the faith of the Gospel.

 

 

 

 

Jeremiah – Chapter 47

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Prophecies Against Philistia

Verse 1 – The word of the Lord that came to Jeremiah the prophet, against the Philistines, before Pharaoh attacked Gaza.

Verse 2 – Thus says the Lord. “Behold, waters rise out of the north, and shall be an overflowing flood; they shall overflow the land and all that is in it, the city and those who dwell within it; then the men shall cry, and all the inhabitants of the land shall wail.

The rising waters is referring to the Babylonians. Isaiah used the same figure of speech for the Assyrians.

Verse 3 – At the noise of the stamping hooves of his strong horses, at the rushing of his chariots, at the rumbling of his wheels, the fathers will not look back for their children, lacking courage,

So powerful will the attack be against the Philistines, that the fathers won’t turn back for their children.

Verse 4 – Because of the day that comes to plunder all the Philistines, to cut off from Tyre and Sidon every helper who remains; for the Lord shall plunder the Philistines, the remnant of the country of Caphtor.

Tyre and Sidon were neighbors to the Philistines and so were often called to their help. The Philistines and Caphtorim were both the sons of Mizriam the son of Ham, one of the sons of Noah.

Verse 5 – Baldness has come to Gaza, Ashkelon is cut off with the remnant of their valley. How long will you cut yourself?

There were three signs of mourning; shaving the head, being silent, and inflicting gashes on oneself. Anakim, which links the people of Gaza and Ashkelon with the race of giants that were in the land before the Israelites invaded it. Joshua 11:22 notes remnants of the race still lived in Gaza, Gath, and Ashdod.

Verse 6 – “O you sword of the Lord, how long until you are quiet? Put yourself up into your scabbard, rest and be still!

Verse 7 – Now can it be quiet, seeing the Lord has given it a charge against Ashkelon and against the seashore? There He has appointed it.”

Attempts to quiet the Lord’s sword would be futile. What had been decreed by the Lord was finished when Nebuchadnezzar overran Ashkelon after a siege in 604-603 B.C. The attack against Ashkelon prompted King Jehoiakim to proclaim a fast in Jerusalem (chapter 36). This fast gave Baruch the opportunity to read Jeremiah’s scroll.

Jeremiah – Chapter 46

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Prophecies Against Egypt

Verse 1 – The word of the Lord which came to Jeremiah the prophet against the nations.

In this chapter, we will gain insights about God and His plan for the world: (1) Although God chose Israel for a special purpose, He loves all people and wants all to come to Him. (2) Our God is holy and can not tolerate sin. (3) God does not delight in judgement, but in salvation. (4) God’s standards are not prejudice, they are the same for everyone.

Verse 2 – Against Egypt, concerning the army of Pharaoh Necho, king of Egypt, which was by the River Euphrates in Carchemish, and which Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon defeated in the fourth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah, king of Judah:

Verse 3 – “Order the buckler and shield, and draw near to battle!

Verse 4 – Harness the horses, and mount up, you horsemen! Stand forth with your helmets, polish the spears, put on the armor!

Verse 5 – Why have I seen them dismayed and turned back? Their mighty ones are beaten down; they have speedily fled, and did not look back, for fear was all around,” says the Lord.

Verse 6 – “Do not let the swift flee away, nor the mighty man escape; they will stumble and fall toward the north, by the River Euphrates.

This king, Necho, is the one who killed King Josiah of Judah at Megiddo in 609 B.C. Necho placed Johoahaz on the throne for 3 months and then removed him and put him in prison. He then put Jehoiakim in his place. The Babylonians defeated Egypt in the battle at Carchemish by surprise which passed leadership to Babylon. So, with Egypt’s power declining, it was wrong for Judah to form alliance with Egypt.

Verse 7 – “Who is this coming up like a flood, whose waters move like rivers?

Verse 8 – Egypt rises up like a flood, and its waters move like the rivers; and he says, ‘I will go up and cover the earth, I will destroy the city and its inhabitants.’

Verse 9 – Come up, O horses, and rage, O chariots! and let the mighty men come forth: The Ethiopians and the Libyans who handle the shield, and the Lydians who handle and bend the bow.

The soldiers from Cush and Put were from eastern and northern Africa. The men of Lydia may have been from Greece. Apparently these were mercenary troops that followed the Egyptian army to Cush or Ethiopia.

Verse 10 – For this is the day of the Lord God of hosts, a day of vengeance, that he may avenge Himself on His adversaries. The sword shall devour; it shall be satiated and made drunk with your blood; for the country by the River Euphrates.

The day of vengeance is much broader than God’s vengeance on Egypt for killing King Josiah. Egypt’s defeat is viewed as a sacrifice to the Lord.

Verse 11 – “Go up to Gilead and take balm, O virgin, the daughter of Egypt; in vain you will use many medicines; you shall be cured.

Verse 12 – The nations have heard of your shame, and your cry has filled the land; for the mighty man has stumbled against the mighty; they both have fallen together.”

One mighty man against another. The champions hired to fight Egypt’s battle get in one another’s way and are slaughtered together.

Verse 13 – The word that the Lord spoke to Jeremiah the prophet, how Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon would come and strike the land of Egypt.

Verse 14 – “Declare to Egypt, and proclaim in Migdol; proclaim in Noph and in Tahpanhes; say, ‘Stand fast and prepare yourselves, for the sword devours all around you.’

Verse 15 – Why are your valiant men swept away? They did not stand because the Lord drove them away.

Verse 16 – He made many fall; yes, one fell upon another. And they said, ‘Arise! Let us go back to our own people and to the land of our nativity from the oppressing sword.’ (These were the foreign mercenaries supporting Egypt who were talking.)

Verse 17 – They cried there, ‘Pharaoh, king of Egypt is but a noise. He has passed by the appointed time!’

The Pharaoh had promised to come to Jerusalem’s aide, but had been all talk and no action. Oh, he started out to march against the Babylonians, but when the Babylonian army resisted and stood against him, the Egyptians retreated.

Verse 18 – “As I live,” says the king, whose name is the Lord of host, “Surely as Tabor is among the mountains and as Carmet by the sea, so he shall come.

Verse 19 – O you daughter dwelling in Egypt, prepare yourself to go into captivity! For Noph shall be waste and be desolate, without inhabitant.

Verse 20 – “Egypt is like a very pretty heifer, but destruction comes, it comes from the north.

Verse 21 – Also her mercenaries are in her midst like fat bulls, for they also turned back, they have fled away together. They did not stand, for the day of their calamity had come upon them, the time of their punishment.

Verse 22 – Her noise shall go like a serpent, for they shall march with an army and come against her axes, like those who chop wood.

Verse 23 – “They shall cut down her forest,” says the Lord, “Though it cannot be searched, because they are innumerable, and more numerous than grasshoppers.

Verse 24 – The daughter of Egypt shall be ashamed; she shall be delivered into the hand of the people of the north.”

Verse 25 – The Lord of hosts, the God of Israel, says: “Behold, I will bring punishment on Amon of No, and Pharaoh and Egypt, with their gods and their kings-Pharaoh and those who trust in him.

Despite the Egyptians hiding in the forest, they would laterally be cut down by the Babylonian army.

The multitude of No – Rather Amon of No, Amon of Jupiter-Amon was the deity invisible, whose name signifies “the concealed.” No-Amon is the city of Thebes, the capital of Upper Egypt.

Verse 26 – “And I will deliver them into the hand of those who seek their lives, into the hand of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon and the hand of his servants. Afterward it shall be inhabited as in the days of old,” says the Lord.

Later the god of Amon was merged with Re to become Amon-Re, the sun-god and the god of rulers of Egypt. However, after Thebes is punished, there is a promise of restoration, which is repeated for other nations as well.

Verse 27 – “But do not fear, O My servant Jacob, and do not be dismayed, O Israel! For behold, I will save you from afar, and your offspring from the land of their captivity; Jacob shall return, have rest and be at ease; no one shall make him afraid.

Verse 28 – Do not fear, O Jacob My servant,” says the Lord, “For I am with you; for I will make a complete end of all nations to which I have driven you, but I will not make a complete end of you. I will rightly correct you, for I will leave you wholly unpunished.”

These verses are the same as what was written in 30:10 and 11. God would bring destruction on all the nations that He had banished His people to. Discipline fell on Judah, but God saved a remnant.

 

Jeremiah – Chapter 45

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Message to Baruch

Verse 1 – The word that Jeremiah the prophet spoke to Baruch the son of Neriah, when he had written these words in a book at the instruction of Jeremiah, in the fourth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah, king of Judah, saying,

The event relating to this chapter is recorded in chapter 36:1-8. This chapter was written in 605-604 B.C. “These words” is usually linked with the scroll that King Zedekiah burned in chapter 36, but Zedekiah was not king yet when it was written. So then, why not put chapter 42 back closer to chapter 36? Confusing.

Verse 2 – “Thus says the Lord, the God of Israel, to you, O Baruch:

Verse 3 – ‘You said, “Woe is me now! For the Lord has added grief to my sorrow. I fainted in my sighing, and I find no rest.” ‘

Verse 4 – “Thus you shall say to him, ‘Thus says the Lord, “Behold, what I have built I will break down, and what I have planted I will pluck up, that is, this whole land.

Verse 5 – “And do you seek great things for yourself? Do not seek them; for behold, I will bring adversity on all flesh,” says the Lord. “But I will give your life to you as a prize in all places, wherever you go.” ‘ ”

Baruch was from a notable family and was the grandson of Mahseiah, governor of Jerusalem. It’s not clear what great thing he was seeking for himself, but he knew he wouldn’t get much recognition from being Jeremiah’s scribe who only wrote doom and gloom on Judah.

How easy it is to lose sight of the bigger picture, when we take our eyes off the Lord. The serving of a bigger purpose can become a burden when we do this. God told him to take his focus off himself and He would spare his life, and that was the reward.

Jeremiah – Chapter 44

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This chapter contains Jeremiah’s last recorded public words. It is not known where he died. One tradition says he was murdered in Egypt by his fellow citizens of Judah – God knows.

Verse 1 – The word that came to Jeremiah concerning all the Jews who dwell in the land of Egypt, who dwell at Migdol, at Tahpanhes, at Noph, and in the country of Pathros, saying,

Verse 2 – “Thus says the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel: ‘You have seen all the calamity that I have brought to Jerusalem and on all the cities of Judah; and behold, this day they are a desolation, and no one dwells in them,

Verse 3 – ‘because of their wickedness which they have committed to provoke Me to anger, in that they went to burn incense and to serve other gods whom they did not know, they nor you nor your fathers.

Verse 4 – ‘However I have sent to you all My servants the prophets, rising early and sending them, saying, “Oh, do not do this abominable thing that I hate!”

Rising early, means – time and time again, God had sent His prophets to steer the people towards God. However, they had chosen instead to burn incense and burnt offerings to idols.

Verse 5 – ‘But they did not listen or incline their ear to turn from their wickedness, to burn no incense to other gods.

Verse 6 – ‘So My fury and My anger were poured out and kindled in the cities of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem; and they are wasted and desolate, as it is this day.’

Verse 7 – “Now therefore, thus says the Lord, the God of hosts, the God of Israel: ‘Why do you commit this great evil against yourselves, to cut off from you man  and woman, child and infant, out of Judah, leaving none to remain,

Verse 8 – ‘in that you provoke Me to wrath with the works of your hands, burning incense to other gods in the land of Egypt where you have gone to dwell, that you may cut yourselves off and be a curse and a reproach among all the nations of the earth?

Verse 9 – ‘Have you forgotten the wickedness of your fathers, the wickedness of the kings of Judah, the wickedness of their wives, which they committed in the land of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem?

Verse 10 – ‘They have not been humbled, to this day, nor have they feared; they have not walked in My law or in My statutes that I set before you and your fathers.’

How many of us have made the same mistake more than once? If we forget, we seem to repeat those same mistakes. The people of Judah struggled with remembering their past sins and the same sins their forefathers committed that brought God’s wrath. When we fail to learn from failures, it is to assure future failures. Our past is our school of experience. When we start to do things according to God’s word, we are assured victory.

Verse 11 – “Therefore thus says the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel: ‘Behold, I will set My face against you for catastrophe and for cutting off all Judah.

Verse 12 – ‘And I will take the remnant of Judah who have set their faces to go into the land of Egypt to sojourn there, and they shall all be consumed and fall in the land of Egypt. They shall be consumed by the sword and by famine. They shall die, from the least to the greatest, by the sword and by famine; and they shall be an oath and an astonishment and a curse and a reproach!

Here they are back in a land they were once delivered from, hearing Jeremiah pronounce God’s word, again, and they had to have been terrified because this time, every one of them was going to die. Has God ever delivered you from something, and you went back to it? Whatever God wipes out , leave it alone! If you go back to it, it just might destroy you.

Verse 13 – ‘For I will punish Jerusalem, by the sword, by famine, and by pestilence,

Verse 14 – ‘so that none of the remnant of Judah who have gone into the land of Egypt to sojourn there shall escape or survive, least they return to the land of Judah, to which they desire to return and dwell. For none shall return except those who escape.’ ”

Verse 15 – Then all the men who knew that their wives had burned incense to other gods, with all women who stood by, a great multitude, and all the people who dwell in the land of Egypt, in Pathros, answered Jeremiah, saying,

Verse 16 – “As for the word that you have spoken to us in the name of the Lord, we will not listen to you!

Verse 17 – “But we will certainly do whatever has gone out of our own mouths, to burn incense to the queen of heaven and pour out drink offerings to her, as we have done, we and our cities of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem. For then we had plenty of food, were well-off, and saw no trouble.

Verse 18 – “But since we stopped burning incense to the queen of heaven and pouring out drink offerings to her, we have lacked everything and have been consumed by the sword and by famine.”

The farther you drift from God and His ways, the more confused you will become. I have heard people say, “Before I became a Christian, I had plenty of friends and money, but none of my problems started until I started living the Christian way.” Here’s the truth with the people who think that way, now, and in Jeremiah’s time: It may have seemed that everything was going their way while they were without God, but the trouble and hard times were going to come, anyway. Judah’s trouble had come because of their idol worship, not because of them not burning incense to the queen of heaven. And the difference between hard times and troubles coming to a believer and non-believer, God promises to deliver His, out of “All” their trouble. Once you hear the truth and know, you then are responsible for that truth to live by it and believe that God only wants the best for His children.

Verse 19 – The women also said, “And when we burned incense to the queen of heaven and poured out drink offerings to her, did we make cakes for her, to worship her, and pour out drink offerings to her without our husband’s permission?”

The queen of heaven was the Assyrian-Babylonian goddess Ishtar, which was introduced to the people by Manasseh after King Josiah’s death.

Verse 20 – Then Jeremiah spoke to all the people-the men, the women, and all the people who had given him that answer – saying:

Verse 21 – “The incense that you burn in the cities of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem, you and your fathers, your kings and your princes, and the people of the land, did not the Lord remember them, and did it not come into His mind? (Consequences of our actions don’t always come right away.)

Verse 22 – “So the Lord could no longer bear it, because of the evil of your doings and because of the abominations which you committed. Therefore your land is a desolation, an astonishment, a curse, and without an inhabitant, as it is this day.

Long before this generation had started worshiping idols, God had watched their fathers before them do it. His patience had run out.

Verse 23 – “Because you have burned incense and because you have sinned against the Lord, and have not obeyed the voice of the Lord or walked in His law, in His statutes or in His testimonies, therefore this calamity has happened to you, as at this day.”

All of their actions were a breach of the covenant.

Verse 24 – Moreover Jeremiah said to all the people and to all the women, “Hear the word of the Lord, all Judah who are in the land of Egypt!

Verse 25 – “Thus says the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel, saying: ‘You and your wives have spoken with your mouths and fulfilled with your hands saying, “We will surely perform our vows that we made, to burn incense to the queen of heaven and pour out drink offerings to her.” You will surely fulfill your vows and perform your vows!’

This was a sarcastic statement Jeremiah had made to them; if they couldn’t keep their vows to God, how then would they keep their vows to this idol?

Verse 26 – “Therefore hear the word of the Lord, all Judah who dwell in the land of Egypt: ‘Behold, I have sworn by My great name,’ says the Lord, ‘that My name shall no more be named in the mouth of any man of Judah in all the land of Egypt, saying, “The Lord God lives.”

Verse 27 – ‘Behold, I will watch over them for adversity and not for good. And all the men of Judah who are in the land of Egypt shall be consumed by the sword and by famine, until there is and end to them.

The people had rejected God watching over them to protect and keep them from harm. Now harm would come and God would just watch.

Verse 28 – ‘Yet a small number who escape the sword shall return from the land of Egypt to the land of Judah; and all the remnant of Judah, who have gone to the land of Egypt to sojourn there, shall know whose words will stand, Mine or theirs.

Verse 29 – ‘And this shall be a sign to you,’ says the Lord, ‘that I will punish you in this place, that you may know that My words will surely stand against you for adversity.’

Verse 30 – “Thus says the Lord: ‘Behold, I will give Pharaoh Hophra king of Egypt into the hand of his enemies and into the hand of those who seek his life, as I gave Zedekiah king of Judah into the hand of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, his enemy who sought his life.’ ”

Just as Jeremiah had predicted, Zedekiah fell into the hands of Nebuchadnezzar, so would Pharaoh Hophra was assassinated by Amasis, who became Pharaoh in 570 B.C. just before the Babylonians invaded Egypt.

Jeremiah – Chapter 43

jeremiah-chapter-43

Verse 1 – Now it happened, when Jeremiah had stopped speaking to all the people all the words of the Lord their God, for which these words,

Verse 2 – that Azariah the son of Hoshaiah, Johanan the son of Kareah, and  all the proud men spoke, saying to Jeremiah, “You speak falsely! The Lord God has not sent you to say, ‘Do not go to Egypt to sojourn there.’

Verse 3 – “But Baruch the son of Neriah has set you against us, to deliver us into the hand of the Chaldeans, that they may put us to death or carry us away captive to Babylon.

They said Jeremiah was not speaking for God, because they couldn’t possibly stay where they were and be safe. It made no sense to them. And why bring Baruch into this, he was just a scribe?

When we got o God with “our plans and desires” expecting God to bless them, why is it we get mad and blame God when things start to go wrong? God doesn’t promise to bless “our plans.” He blesses His plans for our lives. He knows the out-come and knows the direction we need to take. I learned a long time ago to take “Thy will be done,” seriously.

Verse 4 – So Johanan the son of Kareah, all the captains of the forces, and all the people would not obey the voice of the Lord, to remain in the land of Judah.

Verse 5 – But Johanan the  son of Kareah and all the captains of the forces took all the remnant of Judah who had returned to dwell in the land of Judah, from all the nations where they had been driven –

Verse 6 – men, women, children, the kings daughters, and every person whom Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard had left with Gedaliah the son of Ahikam, the son of Shaphan, and Jeremiah the prophet and Baruch son of Neriah.

Verse 7 – So they went to the land of Egypt, for they did not obey the voice of the Lord. and they went as far as Tahpanhes.

How ironic that the Jews returned to Egypt, which they had been delivered from 900 years earlier. They forced Jeremiah and Baruch to go with them. Tahpanhes was in Egypt where Pharaoh had one of his palaces.

Verse 8 – Then the word of the Lord came to Jeremiah in Tahpanhes, saying,

Verse 9 – “Take large stones in your hand, and hide them in the sight of the men in Judah, in the clay in the brick courtyard which is at the entrance to Pharaoh’s house in Tahpanhes;

Verse 10 – “and say to them, ‘Thus says the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel: “Behold, I will send and bring Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon, My servant, and will set his throne above these stones that I have hidden. And he will spread his royal pavilion over them.

Verse 11 – “When he comes, he shall strike the land of Egypt and deliver to death those appointed to death, and to captivity those appointed to captivity, and to the sword those appointed for the sword.

Nebuchadnezzar did invade Egypt in 568-567 B.C., as Jeremiah predicted.

Verse 12 – “I will kindle a fire in the houses of the gods of Egypt, and he shall burn them and carry them away captive. And he shall array himself with the land of Egypt, as a shepherd puts on a garment, and he shall go out from these in peace.

Verse 13 – “He shall also break the sacred pillars of Beth Shemesh that are in the land of Egypt; he shall burn with fire.

Beth Shemesh is the name of a city, which had its name from a famous temple of the sun. How sad for the people of Judah to have escaped death of fighting in Judah and then being kidnapped to be drug off by Ishmael and then recaptured by Johanan and then marched right back to Egypt. And now was going to be invaded by the Babylonian army – all over again.

This is a perfect example of what can happen when we don’t follow the Lords leading. Every bit of this could have been avoided if they only would have listened to Jeremiah.

Moral: “Pray, listen, and wait.”