Chapters 25-32, are God’s judgments on nations that failed to acknowledge the One True God and failed to fulfill the good purpose God had for them. The Ammonites were judged because of their joy over the destruction of the temple; the Moabites because they found pleasure in Judah’s wickedness; the Edomites because of their racial hatred of the Jews; and the Philistines because they sought revenge against Judah for defeating them in battle.
Verse 1 – The word of the Lord came to me, saying,
Verse 2 – “Son of man, set your face against the Ammonites, and prophesy against them.
Verse 3 – “Say to the Ammonites, ‘Hear the word of the Lord God! Thus says the Lord God: “Because you said, ‘Aha!’ against My sanctuary when it was profaned, and against the land of Israel when it was desolate, and against the house of Judah when they went into captivity,
The Ammonites were descendants of Abraham’s nephew, Lot. They were known for their idolatry.
Verse 4 – “indeed, therefore, I will deliver you as a possession to the men of the East, and they shall set their encampments among you and make their dwellings among you; they shall eat your fruit, and they shall drink your milk.
Verse 5 – “And I will make Rabbah a stable for camels and Ammon a resting place for flocks. Then you shall know that I am the Lord.” (Rabbah was the capital city of the Ammonites.)
Verse 6 – ‘For thus says the Lord God: “Because you clapped your hands, stamped your feet, and rejoiced in heart with all your disdain for the land of Israel,
Verse 7 – “indeed, therefore, I will stretch out My hand against you, and give you as plunder to the nations; I will cut you off from the peoples, and I will cause you to perish from the countries; I will destroy you, and you shall know that I am the Lord.”
What is it that makes people want to enjoy other people’s calamities? When I see this happen, I can only think of one word, contempt. They have contempt in their hearts for their fellow-man, all the while sinning themselves.
Judgment of Moab
Verse 8 – ‘Thus says the Lord God: “Because Moab and Seir say, ‘Look! The house of Judah is like all the nations,’
Verse 9 – “therefore, behold, I will clear the territory of Moab of cities, of the cities on its frontier, the glory of the country, Beth Jeshimoth, Baal Meon, and Kiryathaim.
Like the Ammonites, the people of Moab were descendants of Lot and one of his daughters. After the Israelites came out of Egypt, the Moabites introduced them to Baal worship. Moabite troops joined forces with Nebuchadnezzar and attacked King Jehoiakim of Jerusalem. Then when Judah was defeated the Moabites responded with delight.
Verse 10 – “To the men of the East I will give it as a possession, together with the Ammonites, that the Ammonites may not be remembered among the nations.
Verse 11 – ‘And I will execute judgments upon Moab, and they shall know that I am the Lord.”
Judgment on Edom
Verse 12 – ‘Thus says the Lord God: “Because of what Edom did against the house of Judah by taking vengeance, and has greatly offended by avenging itself on them,”
Verse 13 – ‘therefore thus says the Lord God: “I will also stretch out My hand against Edom, cut off man and beast from it, and make it desolate from Teman; Dedan shall fall by the sword.
The Edomites were blood brothers of the Jews, both nations were descendants of Isaac (Genesis 25:19-26). Edom shared its northern border with Israel, and the two nations were always in conflict.
Verse 14 – “I will lay My vengeance on Edom by the hand of My people Israel, that they may do in Edom according to My anger and according to My fury; and they shall know My vengeance,” says the Lord God.
Judgment on Philistia
Verse 15 – ‘Thus says the Lord God: “Because the Philistine dealt vengefully and took vengeance with a spiteful heart, to destroy because of old hatred,”
Verse 16 – ‘therefore thus says the Lord God: “I will stretch out My hand against the Philistines, and I will cut off Cherethites and destroy the remnant of the seacoast.
Verse 17 – “I will execute great vengeance on them with furious rebukes; and they shall know that I am the Lord, when I lay My vengeance upon them.” ‘ ”
The Philistines migrated to the coast of Palestine from the Greek coasts and islands of the Aegean Sea. As early as the time of Judges they were constant adversaries of Israel.