Verse 1 – And it came to pass in the twelfth year, in the twelfth month, on the first day of the month, that the word of the Lord came to me, saying,
Verse 2 – “Son of man, take up a lamentation for Pharaoh king of Egypt, and say to him: ‘You are like a young lion among the nations, and you are like a monster in the seas, bursting forth in your rivers, troubling the waters with your feet, and fouling their rivers.’
Though Pharaoh thought of himself as a strong lion, in God’s eyes, he was nothing but a monster (crocodile).
Verse 3 – “Thus says the Lord God: ‘I will therefore spread My net over you with a company of many people, and they will draw you up in My net.
Casting a net over a lion or a crocodile is how hunters capture their prey, and that’s what God intends to do.
Verse 4 – Then I will leave you on land; I will cast you out on the open fields, and cause to settle on you all the birds of the heavens. And with you I will fill the beasts of the whole earth.
Verse 5 – I will lay your flesh on the mountains, and fill the valleys with your carcass.
Verse 6 – ‘I will also water the land with the flow of your blood, even to the mountains; and the riverbeds will be full of you.
Verse 7 – When I put out your light, I will cover the heavens, and make its stars dark; I will cover the sun with a cloud, and the moon shall not give her light.
I will cover the heavens – destroy the empire. Make the stars dark – overwhelm all the dependent states. I will cover the sun – the king himself.
Verse 8 – All the bright lights of the heavens I will make dark over you, and bring darkness upon your land,’ says the Lord God.
The darkness in this verse recalls the exodus plague of darkness against Egypt as well as the darkness that will accompany the Day of the Lord.
Verse 9 – ‘I will also trouble the hearts of many peoples, when I bring your destruction among the nations, into the countries which you have not known.
The fall of Pharaoh represents the fall of world power before the sovereignty of God.
Verse 10 – ‘Yes, I will make many peoples astonished at you, and their kings shall be horribly afraid of you when I brandish My sword before them; and they shall tremble every moment every man for his own life, in the day of your fall.’
Verse 11 – “For thus says the Lord God: ‘The sword of the king of Babylon shall come upon you.
Verse 12 – ‘By the swords of the mighty warriors, all of them the most terrible of the nations, I will cause your multitude to fall. They shall plunder the pomp of Egypt, and all its multitude shall be destroyed.
On this coming judgment on Egypt, all people and animals will be destroyed. They should remember their history when God slayed the firstborn of all those who didn’t have the blood of the lamb on their door posts (Exodus 12:29).
Verse 13 – Also I will destroy all the beasts from beside its great waters; the foot of man shall muddy them no more, nor shall hooves of beasts muddy them.
Verse 14 – The I will make their waters clear, and make their rivers run like oil,’ says the Lord God.
There will be so few man and beast left that they won’t muddy the waters with any activity. There will be significant sadness and heaviness in all the land.
Verse 15 – When I make the land of Egypt desolate, and the country is destitute of all that once filled it, when I strike all who dwell in it, then they will know that I am the Lord.
Verse 16 – ‘This is the lamentation with which they shall lament her; the daughters of the nations shall lament her; they shall lament for her, for Egypt, and for all her multitude,’ says the Lord God.”
Egypt in Sheol
Verse 17 – It came to pass also in the twelfth year, on the fifteenth day of the month, that the word of the Lord came to me, saying:
Verse 18 – “Son of man, wail over the multitude of Egypt, and cast them down to the depths of the earth, her and the daughters of the famous nations, with those who go down to the Pit:
And here, God reminds Egypt that yes, there is an after-life, but not the one they believed for.
Verse 19 – ‘Whom do you surpass in beauty? Go down, be placed with the uncircumcised.
The reference to the uncircumcised is referring to uncleanness and vileness. A reminder to Pharaoh that his death will be one of shame and defeat.
Verse 20 – “They shall fall in the midst of those slain by the sword; she is delivered to the sword, drawing her and all her multitudes.
Verse 21 – The strong among the mighty shall speak to him out of the midst of hell with those who help him: ‘They have gone down, they lie with the uncircumcised, slain by the sword.’
Did you notice that the ones already in hell speak? A lot could be debated about that one statement, but just think about it for a moment.
Verse 22 – “Assyria is there (hell) and all her company, with their graves all around her, all of them slain, fallen by the sword.
Verse 23 – Her graves are set in the recesses of grave, all of them slain, fallen by the sword, who caused terror in the land of the living.
In the grave, all of God’s enemies are condemned in judgment; they experience the fate they so quickly imposed on others.
Verse 24 – “There is Elam and all her multitude, all around her grave, all of them slain, fallen by the sword, who have gone down uncircumcised to the lower parts of the earth, who caused their terror in the land of the living; now they bear their shame with those who go down to the Pit.
Elam was a nation of fierce warriors from the region east of Assyria. They were conquered by Nebuchadnezzar and eventually rebuilt themselves and became part of Persia.
Verse 25 – They have set her bed in the midst of the slain, with all her multitude, with her graves all around it, all of them uncircumcised, slain by the sword; though their terror was caused in the land of the living, yet they bear their shame with those who go down to the Pit; it was put in the mist of the slain.
The Persians had their coffins, which the dead were kept with balms and spices, in the midst of places provided for them. King Elam was placed with the slaughtered captains.
Verse 26 – “There are Meshech and Tubal and all their multitudes, with all their graves around it, all of them uncircumcised, slain by the sword, though they caused their terror in the land of the living.
Meshech and Tubal were territories located in the eastern region of Asia Minor, now eastern and central Turkey.
Verse 27 – They do not lie with the mighty who are fallen of the uncircumcised, who have gone down to hell with their weapons of war; they have laid their swords under their heads, but their iniquities will be on their bones, because of the terror of the mighty in the land of the living.
Verse 28 – Yes, you shall be broken in the midst of the uncircumcised, and lie with those slain by the sword.
Verse 29 – “There is Edom, her kings and all her princes, who despite their might are laid beside those who are slain by the sword; they shall lie with the uncircumcised, with those who go down to the Pit.
Verse 30 – There are the princes of the north, all of them, and all the Sidonians, who have gone down with the slain in shame at the terror which they caused by their might; they lie uncircumcised with those slain by the sword, and bear their shame with those who go down to the Pit.
Verse 31 – “Pharaoh will see them and be comforted over all his multitude, Pharaoh and all his army, slain by the swords, ” says the Lord God.
Verse 32 – “For I have caused My terror in the land of the living; and he shall be placed in the midst of the uncircumcised with those slain by the sword, Pharaoh and all his multitude,: says the Lord God.
Those that are uncircumcised in the heart, are slain by the sword of Divine justice. Their iniquity is upon them, and they bear their shame for ever.