Verse 1 – “Moreover, when you divide the land by lot into inheritance, you shall set apart a district for the Lord, a holy portion of the land; its length shall be twenty-five thousand cubits, and the width ten thousand. It shall be holy throughout its territory all around.
Verse 2 – “Of this there shall be a square plot for the sanctuary, five hundred by five hundred rods, with fifty cubits around it for an open space.
Verse 3 – “So this is the district you shall measure: twenty-five thousand cubits long and ten thousand wide; in it shall be the sanctuary, the Most Holy Place.
Verse 4 – “It shall be a holy portion of the land, belonging to the priests, the ministers of the sanctuary, who come near to minister to the Lord; it shall be a place for their houses and a holy place for the sanctuary.
Verse 5 – “An area twenty-five thousand cubits long and ten thousand wide shall belong to the Levites, the ministers of the temple; they shall have twenty chambers as a possession.
The centralization of the priests in this new arrangement contrasts with the rest of Old Testament history when priests and Levites were scattered throughout the land.
This is similar to today where churches provide a house for their pastor and his family to live.
Verse 6 – “You shall appoint as the property of the city an area five thousand cubits wide and twenty-five thousand long, adjacent to the district of the holy portion; it shall belong to the whole house of Israel.
Verse 7 – “The prince (or governor) shall have a portion on one side and the other of the holy district and the city’s property; and bordering on the holy district and the city’s property, extending westward on the west side and eastward on the east side, the length shall be side by side with one of the tribal portions, from the west border to the east border.
After the Jews returned to the land, there were neither princes nor kings, but they did have a chief magistrate, or governor. The length of the princes territory was spelled out so that they couldn’t take advantage and take what they weren’t allotted.
Verse 8 – “The land shall be his possession in Israel; and My princes shall no more oppress My people, but they shall give the rest of the land to the house of Israel, according to their tribes.”
Verse 9 – ‘Thus says the Lord God: “Enough, O princes of Israel! Remove violence and plundering, execute justice and righteousness, and stop dispossession My people,” says the Lord God.
Verse 10 – “You shall have just balances, a just ephah, and a just bath. (bath – a liquid measure)
Verse 11 – “The ephah (to surround; compass) and the bath shall be of the same measure, so that the bath contains one-tenth of a homer (the homer seems to have contained about 75 gallons); their measure shall be according to the homer.
Verse 12 – “The shekel shall be twenty gerahs; twenty shekels, twenty-five shekels, and fifteen shekels shall be your mina.
God commanded that the people be just in all their business dealings. This law warned against cheating with false weights and measures.
Verse 13 – “This is the offering which you shall offer: you shall give one-sixth of an ephah from a homer of wheat, and one-sixth of an ephah from a homer of barley.
Verse 14 – “The ordinance concerning oil, the bath of oil, is one-tenth of a bath from a kor. A kor is a homer or ten baths, for ten baths are a homer.
Verse 15 – “And one lamb shall be given from a flock of two hundred, from the rich pastures of Israel. These shall be for grain offerings, burnt offerings, and peace offerings, to make atonement for them,’ says the Lord God.
Verse 16 – “All the people of the land shall give this offering for the prince in Israel.
The people handed the gift to the prince and then the prince handed it to the priests, whose part it was to sacrifice and offer. He was a sort of mediator of this new covenant.
Verse 17 – “Then it shall be the prince’s part to give burnt offerings, grain offerings, and drink offerings, at the feast, the New Moons, the Sabbaths, and at the appointed seasons of the house of Israel. He shall prepare the sin offering, the grain offering, the burnt offering, and the peace-offering to make atonement for the house of Israel.”
Verse 18 – ‘Thus says the Lord God: “In the first month, on the first day of the month, you shall take a young bull without blemish and cleanse in the sanctuary.
Verse 19 – “The priest shall take some of the blood of the sin offering and put it on the door posts of the temple, on the four corners of the ledge of the altar, and on the gateposts of the gate of the inner court.
Verse 20 – “And so you shall do on the seventh day of the month for everyone who has sinned unintentionally or in ignorance. Thus you shall make atonement for the temple.
Do you see why it was so important for the leaders and priests to know and do God’s ordinances? If they didn’t teach the people the people would be continually sinning against God in ignorance. Once they knew and learned what was right, the sin they committed was no longer unintentional or in ignorance.
Verse 21 – “In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month, you shall observe the Passover, a feast of seven days; unleavened bread shall be eaten.
The Passover begins on the 15th day of the month of Nisan, which typically falls in March or April. On the 15th day of Nisan typically begins on the night of a full moon after the northern equinox. Passover is an annual seven-day feast instituted by God so that His people would remember when He brought them out of slavery from Egypt. On the first Passover night, the destroyer passed over the homes that were marked by lamb’s blood.
Verse 22 – “And on that day the prince shall prepare for himself and for all the people of the land a bull for a sin offering.
The fact that the prince will make a sin offering for himself shows that he was not the promised Messiah, in case you were wondering.
Verse 23 – “On the seven days of the feast he shall prepare a burnt offering to the Lord, seven bulls and seven rams without blemish, daily for seven days, and a kid of the goats for a sin offering.
Verse 24 – “And he shall prepare a grain offering of one ephah for each bull and one ephah for each ram, together with a hin of oil for each ephah.
Verse 25 – “In the seventh month, on the fifteenth day of the month, at the feast, he shall do likewise for seven days, according to the sin offering, the burnt offering, the grain offering, and the oil.”
The annual feast celebrated in October is called the Feast of Tabernacles. It commemorates God’s protection of His people as they traveled through the desert from Egypt to the promised land (Leviticus 23:33-43; Deuteronomy 16:13-17).