Verse 1 – In the first year of Darius the son of Ahasuerus, of the lineage of the Medes, who was made king over the realm of the Chaldeans –
The vision of chapter 9 takes place during the same time as chapter 6. Daniel is about 81 years old.
Verse 2 – in the first year of his reign I, Daniel, understood by the books the number of the years specified by the word of the Lord, given through Jeremiah the prophet, that He would accomplish seventy-years in the desolation’s of Jerusalem.
Daniel was studying the writings of Jeremiah and realized that the 70 years of their captivity was almost up. He also knew that it would be under the Medes and the Persians that they would be allowed to return to Jerusalem.
Verse 3 – Then I set my face toward the Lord God to make request by prayer and supplications, with fasting, sackcloth, and ashes.
Verse 4 – And I prayed to the Lord my God, and made confession, and said, “O Lord, great and awesome God, who keeps His covenant and mercy with those who love Him, and with those who keep His commandments,
Verse 5 – we have sinned and committed iniquity, we have done wickedly and rebelled, even by departing from Your precepts and Your judgments.
Verse 6 – “Neither have we heeded Your servants the prophets, who spoke in Your name to our kings and our princes, to our fathers and all the people of the land.
As Daniel read through Jeremiah’s writings, he saw how many times God had tried to bring His people back to Him through the prophets. God still speaks today through His word, pastors, and other Christians, but some still ignore. Sometimes the truth hurts, and its easier to think it doesn’t apply to us. Daniel included himself in this confession.
Verse 7 – “O Lord, righteousness belongs to You, but to us shame of face, as it is this day – to the men of Judah, to the inhabitants of Jerusalem and all Israel, those near and those far off in all countries to which You have driven them, because of unfaithfulness which they have committed against You.
Verse 8 – “O Lord, to us belongs shame of face, to our kings, our princes, and our fathers, because we have sinned against You.
Verse 9 – “To the Lord our God belong mercy and forgiveness, though we have rebelled against Him.
Verse 10 – “We have not obeyed the voice of the Lord our God, to walk in His laws, which He set before us by His servants the prophets.
Verse 11 – “Yes, all Israel has transgressed Your law, and has departed so as not to obey Your voice, therefore the curse and the oath written in the Law of Moses the servant of God have been poured out on us, because we have sinned against Him.
The Law of Moses that Daniel was referring to is found in Leviticus 26:27-33 and Deuteronomy 29:63-68. God plainly states: Blessed will you be if you… and cursed you will be if you…
Verse 12 – “And He has confirmed His words, which He spoke against us and against our judges who judged us, by bringing upon us a great disaster; for under the whole heaven such never has been done as what has been done to Jerusalem.
Verse 13 – “As it is written in the Law of Moses, all this disaster has come upon us; yet we have not made our prayer before the Lord our God, that we might turn from our iniquities and understand Your truth.
Daniel mentions the curses in Deuteronomy 28. Israel was disciplined harshly because they were God’s chosen to show the rest of the world who He is. The bigger the position, the bigger the responsibility. When we call ourselves a Christian, child of the Most High, then we are to act like it! We adopt His will for our lives through His precepts and principles. Israel failed to do that, so they were judged.
Verse 14 – “Therefore the Lord has kept the disaster in mind, and brought it upon us; for the Lord our God is righteous in all the works which He does, though we have not obeyed His voice.
God still uses circumstances, other people, and His word to bring people back to Him. Some will have to hit rock bottom before they cry out and return to God.
Verse 15 – “And now, O Lord our God, who brought Your people out of the land of Egypt with a mighty hand, and made Yourself a name, as it is this day – we have sinned, we have done wickedly!
Verse 16 – “O Lord, according to all Your righteousness I pray, let Your anger and Your fury be turned away from Your city Jerusalem, Your holy mountain; because for our sins, and for the iniquities of our fathers, Jerusalem and Your people have become a reproach to all who are around us.
Verse 17 – “Now therefore, our God, hear the prayer of Your servant, and his supplications, and for the Lord’s sake cause Your face to shine on Your sanctuary, which is desolate.
Verse 18 – “O my God, incline Your ear and hear; open Your eyes and see our desolation’s, and the city which is called by Your name; for we do not present our supplications before You because of our righteous deeds, but because of Your great mercies.
Verse 19 – “O Lord, hear! O Lord forgive! O Lord, listen and act! Do not delay for Your own sake, my God, for Your city and Your people are called by Your name.”
Wonder what would happen to our own nation if we prayed as Daniel did for Israel? He prayed with such passion for himself and God’s people as a whole. So many times our own prayers are self-centered and selfish. I’m guilty of not praying enough for my country too. Do we take the time with the same compassion to pray for even the lost?
Verse 20 – Now while I was speaking, praying, and confessing sin and the sin of my people Israel, and presenting my supplication before the Lord God for the holy mountain of my God,
Verse 21 – yes, while I was speaking in prayer, the man Gabriel, whom I had seen in the vision at the beginning, being caused to fly swiftly, reached me about he time of the evening offering.
Verse 22 – And he informed me, and talked with me, and said, “O Daniel, I have now come forth to give you skill to understand.
Had the temple still been standing, the evening offering would have made it around 3:00 or 4:00.
Verse 23 – “At the beginning of your supplications the command went out, and I have come to tell you, for you are greatly beloved; therefore consider the matter, and understand the vision:
Notice what Gabriel said: “At the beginning of your supplications!” Before Daniel even finished praying, an order was given to come to him with understanding. Wow! James 5:16 – Confess your trespasses to one another, and pray for one another, that you may be healed. The effective, fervent prayer of a righteous man avails much. Don’t ever doubt that God is not listening to your prayers, because He is!
Now what vision is Gabriel talking about that he has come to give Daniel understanding for? There is no vision in this chapter so we go back to chapter 8. The only part of the vision that Daniel said he didn’t understand was the cleansing of the sanctuary with the 2300 days, he neither understood it nor was given the interpretation. The cleansing of the sanctuary refers to the judgment.
Verse 24 – “Seventy weeks are determined for your people and for your holy city, to finish the transgression, to make an end of sins, to make reconciliation for iniquity, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal up vision and prophecy, and to anoint the Most Holy.
Seventy weeks – 70 periods of 7 years, or 490 years. Christ’s death came at the end of the 69 weeks (483 years later). One interpretation places the 70th week as the seven years of the great tribulation, still in the future.
Verse 25 – “Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the command to restore and build Jerusalem until Messiah the Prince there shall be seven weeks and sixty-two weeks; the street shall be built again and the wall, even in troublesome times.
There will be a period of 49 years followed by 62 weeks (434 years), making a total of 69 weeks from the decree to the coming of the Messiah the Prince.
Verse 26 – “And after the sixty-two weeks Messiah shall be cut off, but not for Himself; and the people of the prince who is to come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary, the end of it shall be with a flood, and till the end of the war desolation’s are determined.
The book of Daniel, written in the sixth century B.C., predicted not only the precise date of the Messiah’s coming, but that the Messiah would be put to death sometime before the destruction of Jerusalem in A.D. 70, which was done by the Romans. There appears to be a time gap from the end of the sixty-ninth week to the beginning of the seventieth week. Almost as if the clock of time stops for a good while.
Verse 27 – Then he shall confirm a covenant with many for one week; but in the middle of this week he shall bring an end to sacrifice and offering. And on the wing of abomination, shall be one who makes desolate, even until the consummation, which is determined, is poured out on the desolate.”
The final seven-year period, or the seventieth week, will begin when the ( coming prince) will make a peace treaty with Israel. This prince is the Antichrist, who will desecrate the future temple and put a stop to worship. After the first 3 and one-half years, the Antichrist will break this covenant with Israel, leading to a time of great persecution of he Jewish people and followers of Jesus. This will last for another 3 and one-half years. This Antichrist will declare himself to be God. 2 Thessalonians 2:4 and Revelation 13:5-7 states that he will exalt himself to be God and speak great blasphemies. Daniel’s description was perfect. Whether you believe this or not, it will come to pass!