Verse 1 – The burden of the word of the LORD against the land of Hadrach, and Damascus its resting place for the eyes of men and all the tribes of Israel are on the LORD;
Verse 2 – Also against Hamath, which borders on it, and against Tyre and Sidon, though they are very wise.
Verse 3 – For Tyre built herself a tower, heaped up silver like the dust, and gold like the mire of the streets.
Verse 4 – Behold, the LORD will cast her out; He will destroy her power in the sea, and she will be devoured by fire.
Verse 5 – Ashkelon shall see it and fear; Gaza also shall be very sorrowful; and Ekron, for He dried up her expectation. The king shall perish from Gaza, and Ashkelon shall not be inhabited.
Zechariah mentions four key cities in Philistia. Ashkelon, Gaza, and Ekron would be destroyed, and Ashdod would be overtaken by foreigners. This would happen because of their great evil and idolatry. Tyre was well-known as a naval and commercial power, which was a fortified island, one-half mile off the Mediterranean coast. Alexander the Great spent several months building a causeway to the island. He took the island, slew with the sword about eight thousand, enslaved thirteen thousand, crucified two thousand, and set fire to the city as it was foretold.
Verse 6 – “A mixed race shall settle in Ashdod, and I will cut off the pride of the Philistines.
Verse 7 – I will take away the blood from his mouth, and the abomination from between his teeth. But he who remains, even he shall be for God, and shall be like a leader in Judah, and Ekron like a Jebusite.
Abominations – things sacrificed to idols and then partaken of by the worshipers. Ekron as a Jebusite, were the original inhabitants of Jerusalem, who when subjugated by King David, were incorporated with the Jews and enjoyed their privileges, but in a subordinate position.
Verse 8 – I will camp around My house because of the army, because of him who passes by and him who returns. No more shall an oppressor pass through them, for now I have seen with My eyes.
Several centuries after Zechariah’s day, Antiochus IV Ephananes would invade Israel, and in A.D. 70, Titus, a Roan general, would completely destroy the temple. The prophet passes from the immediate future to the final deliverance to come (Isaiah 60:18; Ezekiel 28:24).
First Coming of the Messiah
Verse 9 – “Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion! Shout, O daughter of Jerusalem! Behold, your King is coming to you; He is just and having salvation, lowly and riding on a donkey, a colt, the foal of a donkey.
The Triumphal Entry of Jesus riding into Jerusalem was predicted here more than 500 years before it happened. His riding on a donkey signified humility.
Second Coming of the Messiah
Verse 10 – I will cut off the chariot from Ephraim and the horse from Jerusalem; the battle bow shall be cut off. He shall speak peace to he nations; His dominion shall be from sea to sea, and from River to the ends of the earth.’
The “River,” is the Euphrates. Jerusalem and the Holy Land, extended to the limits promised to Abraham, are to be the center of His future dominion, whence it will extend to the remotest parts of the earth.
Verse 11 – “As for you also, because of the blood of your covenant, I will set your prisoners free from the waterless pit.
Covenants were ratified by blood sacrifices, pointing ahead to the sacrifice and blood shed by Christ on Calvary. Because of God’s covenant with His people, He delivered them from the “waterless pit,” the cistern – like the prison of exile.
Verse 12 – Return to the stronghold, you prisoners of hope. Even today I declare that I will restore double to you.
Verse 13 – For I have bent Judah, My bow, fitted the bow with Ephraim, and raised up your sons, O Zion, against your sons, O Greece, and made you like the sword of a mighty man.”
God addresses Zion and Greece; showing that He rules all nations and people.
Verse 14 – Then the LORD will be seen over them, and His arrow will go forth like lightning, the LORD GOD will blow the trumpet, and go with whirlwinds from the south.
Verse 15 – The LORD of hosts will defend them; they shall devour and subdue with sling stones. They shall drink and roar as if with wine; they shall be filled with blood like basins, like the corners of the altar.
Verse 16 – The LORD their God will save them in that day, as the flock of His people. For they shall be like the jewels of a crown, lifted like a banner over His land –
Verse 17 – For how great is their goodness and how great their beauty! Grain shall make the young men thrive, and new wine the young women.
This prophecy says that all of Israel, north and south, will be united again. Corn and wine indicate peace and plenty.