Introduction: The word, “Gospel” means “Good News,” or “A joyful message.” Matthew is the gospel written by a Jew to the Jews. Also keep in mind, that the Law of Moses is still in effect. Matthew’s message of baptism and miracles recordings, all point to the same inescapable conclusion: Christ is King, even in His death and Resurrection. His message echoes: The King of the Jews lives.
Matthew, the son of Alphaeus (Mark 2:14), occupied the unpopular post of collecting taxes for the Roman government. He was chosen as one of the twelve apostles, and the last appearance of his name in the Bible is in Acts 1:13. Like all the gospels, Matthew is not easy to date: suggestions range from A.C. 40 to 140, but everything points to before the destruction of Jerusalem in A.D. 70.
Genealogy of Christ
Verse 1 – The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the Son of David, the Son of Abraham:
The Hebrew people put a lot of emphasis on whom a person’s father was, so since the Book of Matthew was written to the Jews, he traces Jesus back to Abraham.
Verse 2 – Abraham begot Isaac, Isaac begot Jacob and Jacob begot Judah and his brothers.
Verse 3 – Judah begot Perez and Zerah by Tamar, Perez begot Hezron and Hezron begot Ram.
Verse 4 – Ram begot Amminadab, Amminadab begot Nashshon and Nashshon begot Solomon.
Verse 5 – Solomon beget Boaz by Rahab, Boaz begot Obed by Ruth, Obed begot Jesse,
Verse 6 – and Jesse begot David the King. David the King begot Solomon by her who had been with the wife of Uriah.
Isn’t it odd that Matthew wouldn’t mention “Bathsheba’s” name? He called her the wife of Uriah. Maybe because David had committed adultery and murder because of her.
Verse 7 – Solomon begot Rehoboam, Rehoboam begot Abijah and Abijah begot Asa.
Rehoboam had 18 wins and 60 concubines, 28 sons and 60 daughters. He loved Maachah more than the rest and she was the mother of Abijah who begot Asa. Asa started out following the Lord, even destroyed the pagan idols. But later on, Asa began oppressing the people. Eventually he contracted a foot disease, but still would not turn back to God.
Verse 8 – Asa begot Jehoshaphat, Jehoshaphat begot Joram and Joram begot Uzziah.
Jehoshaphat was a good King of Judah. He instructed the people to follow God.
Verse 9 – Uzziah begot Jotham, Jotham begot Ahaz and Ahaz begot Hezekiah.
According to the Hebrew Bible, King Hezekiah enacted sweeping religious reforms, including a strict mandate for the sole worship of God.
Verse 10 – Hezekiah begot Manasseh, Manasseh begot Amon and Amon begot Josiah.
King Josiah (King of Judah), became King at the age of 8. He is described as a very righteous King who “walked in the way of David and his father and turned not aside to the right or the left.” (2 Kings 22:2)
Verse 11 – Josiah begot Jeconiah and his brothers about the time they were carried away to Babylon.
Verse 12 – And after they were brought to Babylon, Jeconiah begot Shealtiel and Shealtiel begot Zerubbabel.
If you read and studied and along with me through the Old Testament, you will recognize some of these very prominent people. Zerubbabel was the governor over Jerusalem and God had placed him in charge of getting the people to rebuild their temple.
Verse 13 – Zerubbabel begot Abiud, Abiud begot Eliakim and Eliakim begot Azor.
Verse 14 – Azor begot Zadok, Zadok begot Achim and Achim begot Eliud.
Verse 15 – Eliud begot Eleazar, Eleazar begot Matthan and Matthan begot Jacob.
Eleazar is the great-grandfather of Joseph, husband of Mary.
Verse 16 – And Jacob begot Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus who is called Christ.
Verse 17 – So all the generations from Abraham to David are fourteen generations, from David until the captivity in Babylon are fourteen generations and from the captivity in Babylon until Christ are fourteen generations.
The number 7 is perfection and complete in the Bible. So the number 14 implies a double measure of spiritual perfection.
Birth of Christ
Verse 18 – Now the birth of Jesus Christ was as follows: After His mother Mary was betrothed to Joseph, before they came together, she was found with child of the Holy Spirit.
Very plain language: Before they were married, they were engaged, Mary was with child of the Holy Spirit. Unlike all other pregnancies, Mary was a virgin but yet pregnant. Why did Christ need to be born of a virgin? In order to escape the sinful nature passed on by all human beings by Adam. Jesus was born without any traces of sin! He was born fully human and fully divine.
Verse 19 – Then Joseph her husband, being a just man and not wanting to make her a public example, was minded to put her away secretly.
Joseph thought he only had two choices: to either divorce her quietly or have her stoned, as was the custom. However, God often, through His divine wisdom, shows us a third choice as He did to Joseph.
Verse 20 – But while he thought about these things, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream, saying, “Joseph, son of David, do not be afraid to take to Mary your wife, for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Spirit.”
Verse 21 – “And she will bring forth a Son, and you shall call His name Jesus, for He will save His people from their sins.”
Angel of the Lord – God’s messenger. And what he said to Joseph is the foundation of the Gospel of Jesus Christ. He was born to take away the sin of the world.
Verse 22 – Now all this was done that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the Lord through the prophet saying”
Verse 23 – “Behold, a virgin shall be with child and bear a Son and they shall call His name Immanuel,” which is translated “God with us”.
Verse 24 – Then Joseph, being aroused from sleep, did as the angel of the Lord commanded him and took to him his wife,
Verse 25 – and did not know her till she had brought forth her firstborn Son. And he called his name JESUS.
Sometimes people will avoid doing what is right because of what others might think. However, Joseph was fully convinced that Mary had not been unfaithful to him, so he made her his wife and did not have intimacy with her until after the birth of Jesus.