Parable of the Marriage Feast
Verse 1 – And Jesus answered and spoke to them again by parable and said:
Verse 2 – “The kingdom of heaven is like a certain king who arranged a marriage for his son,
This parable deals with the rejection by the Jews. The king represents God providing salvation through His Son, to the world.
Verse 3 – “and sent out servants to call those who were invited to the wedding and they were not willing to come.
All the difficulty that sinners ever labor under in regard to salvation, is a matter of will. It is a fixed determination not to come and be saved.
Verse 4 – “Again, he sent out other servants, saying, ‘Tell those who are invited, “See I have prepared my dinner, my oxen and fatted cattle are killed, and all things are ready. Come to the wedding.” ‘
God repeats His message to sinners when they reject it.
Verse 5 – “But they made light of it and went their ways, one to his own farm, another to his business.
They treated the invitation with contempt. This is the conduct of sinners with no regard for the gospel.
Verse 6 – “And the rest seized his servants, treated them spitefully, and killed them.
Some people will simply neglect anything to do with Jesus, but others will object with open violence and bitter malice.
Verse 7 – “But when the king heard about it, he was furious. And he sent out his armies, destroyed those murderers, and burned up their city.
This happened in 70 A.D., when the Romans destroyed Jerusalem.
Verse 8 – “Then he said to the servants, ‘The wedding is ready, but those who were invited were not worthy.
This invitation was sent to the Jew first.
Verse 9 – ‘Therefore go into the highways, and as many as you can find, invite to the wedding.
The gospel was then offered to the Gentiles.
Verse 10 – “So those servants went out into the highways and gathered together all whom they found, both bad and good. And the wedding hall was filled with guests.
Go bring in all descriptions of people, none good by nature, some worse that others.
Verse 11 – “But when the king came in to see the guests, he saw a man there who did not have on a wedding garment.
This man represents the “faker,” the hypocrite in the church, those who choose their own righteousness, refusing to be saved by what is provided in the gospel, Christ’ righteousness.
Verse 12 – “So he said to him, ‘Friend how did you come in here without a wedding garment?’ And he was speechless.
He had no excuse, since the garments, salvation, was provided for by the King, but he chose not to put it on.
Verse 13 – “Then the king said to the servants, ‘Bind him hand and foot, take him away, and cast him in outer darkness; there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.
Verse 14 – “For many are called, but few are chosen.”
This invitation is for those who are willing to accept what “The King’s Son” has done for all. They then, put on the garment of righteousness which is provided through mercy and grace in Jesus Christ.
Conflict with Pharisees and Herodians
Verse 15 – Then the Pharisees went and plotted how they might entangle Him in His talk.
Verse 16 – And they sent to Him their disciples with the Herodians, saying, “Teacher, we know that You are true, and teach the way of God in truth; nor do you care about anyone, for You do not regard the person of men.
Verse 17 – “Tell us therefore, what do You think? Is it lawful to pay taxes to Caesar, or not?”
The Herodians were a Jewish political party who joined with the Pharisees to entangle Jesus in a question. What they wanted to know was did Jesus pay taxes to the Roman government. This particular Caesar was Tiberius.
Verse 18 – But Jesus perceived their wickedness, and said, “Why do you test Me, you hypocrites?
Verse 19 – “Show Me the tax money.” So they brought Him a denarius.
The temple tax was paid with a shekel, which was a Roman coin. Because they had that coin with them, that was proof that they themselves held it lawful to pay tribute to Caesar, so they pretended not to know the answer which made them hypocrites.
Verse 20 – And He said to them, “Whose image and inscription is this?”
Verse 21 – They said to Him, “Caesar’s.” And He said to them, “Render therefore to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s , and to God the things that are God’s.”
Since the image on the coin held Caesar’s image, give it back to him. And since God’s people held His image and likeness, give all to God. He side-stepped their trap, once again.
Verse 22 – When they had heard these words, they marveled, and left Him and went their way.
Conflict With Sadducees
Verse 23 – The same day the Sadducees, who say there is no resurrection, came to Him and asked Him,
Verse 24 – saying: “Teacher, Moses said that if a man dies, having no children, his brother shall marry his wife and raise up offspring for his brother.
This law was given by Moses in order to keep the families and tribes of Israel distinct.
Verse 25 – “Now there were with us seven brothers. The first one died after he married, and having no offspring, left his wife to his brother.
Verse 26 – “Likewise the second also, and the third, even to the seventh.
Verse 27 – “And last of all the woman died also.
Verse 28 – “Therefore, in the resurrection, whose wife of these seven will she be? For they all had her.”
First of all, the Sadducees didn’t even believe in a resurrection, and then they created an impossible scenario that would make Jesus look stupid if He couldn’t answer it.
Verse 29 – Jesus answered and said to them, “You are mistaken, not knowing the Scriptures nor the power of God.
Meaning: They didn’t know the Old Testament and they had added their absurd doctrine to it that people would live the same in heaven as they did on earth. They also didn’t believe that God had the power to take the dust from the grave of a person, and make them live again.
Verse 30 – “For in the resurrection they neither marry nor are given in marriage, but are like angels of God in haven.
Resurrected people will not marry because they will be eternal and have no need to procreate.
Verse 31 – “But concerning the resurrection of the dead, have you not read what was spoken to you by God, saying,
Verse 32 – “I am the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob’? God is not the God of the dead, but of the living.”
Verse 33 – And when the multitude heard this, they were astonished at His teaching.
Verse 34 – But when the Pharisees heard that He had silenced the Sadducees, they gathered together.
Verse 35 – Then one of them, a lawyer, asked Him a question, testing Him, and saying,
Verse 36 – “Teacher, which is the great commandment in the law?”
Verse 37 – Jesus said to him, ‘You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your mind.’
Verse 38 – “This is the first and greatest commandment.
Verse 39 – “And the second is like it: “You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’
Jesus quoted from Deuteronomy 6:5 and Leviticus 19:18. By fulfilling these two commandments, a person will keep all the others – think about it. The Pharisees had added over 600 laws to what was given by God. If we love God with all our hearts, then we will love our neighbor. We won’t steal, covet, lust, lie to one another, murder, envy, be jealous, or do no harm. We don’t want any of these things done to us, so why would we do them to another?
Verse 40 – “On these two commandments hang all the Law and the Prophets.”
Verse 41 – While the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them,
Verse 42 – saying, “What do you think about the Christ? Whose Son is He? they said to Him, “The son of David.”
Verse 43 – He said to them, “How then does David in the Spirit call Him ‘Lord,’ saying:
Verse 44 – ‘The Lord said to my Lord, “Sit at My right hand , till I make your enemies Your footstool” ‘ ?
Verse 45 – “If David then calls Him ‘Lord,’ how is He his son?”
Verse 46 – And no one was able to answer Him a word, nor from that day on did anyone dare question Him anymore.
The Pharisees, Herodians, and Sadducees had asked their question, thinking again to trap Jesus. The Pharisees knew that the Messiah would be a descendant of David, but they did not understand that He would be God Himself. They couldn’t comprehend that the Messiah would be divine and yet human.
Psalm 110:1-4, describes Yahweh’s command to David’s Lord. Lord was a title given to those in authority and deity which portrayed the Messiah as David’s divine superior, not just his descendants. And that answer that Jesus gave, shut all the Pharisees, Herodians, and Sadducees, up. However, it didn’t stop them from plotting to take His life.