Luke – Chapter 4

The Temptations of Christ

Verse 1 – Then Jesus, being filled with the Holy spirit, returned from the Jordan and was led by the Spirit into the wilderness,

Verse 2 – being tempted for forty days by the devil. And in those days He ate nothing, and afterward, when they had ended, He was hungry.

Verse 3 – And the devil said to Him, “If You are the Son of God, command this stone to become bread.”

Imagine being tempted 40 days, not eating anything, and resisting every single temptation. This is what the Bible says we are to know when we are being tempted: Hebrews 4:15 – For we don not have a High Priest who cannot sympathize with our weaknesses, but was in all points tempted as we are, yet without sin. Any and all temptations given by the devil were all in every area, given to Christ. So don’t think He doesn’t understand.

But also know 1 Corinthians 10:13, says that God wont’ allow us to be tempted above what we can stand, and He will provide a way of escape.

Verse 4 – But Jesus answered him saying, “It is written, ‘Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word of God.’ ”

Deuteronomy 8:3 – So He humbled you, allowed you to hunger, and fed you with manna which you did not know nor did your fathers know, that man shall not live by bread alone; but man lives by every word that proceeds from the mouth of the Lord. Food for the stomach is not what is going to sustain a person in order to live a righteous life, only the Word of God is going to do that!

Verse 5 – Then the devil, taking Him up on a high mountain, showed Him all the kingdoms of the world in a moment of time.

Verse 6 – And the devil said to Him, “All this authority I will give You, and their glory; for this has been delivered to me, and I give it to whomever I wish.

Verse 7 – “Therefore, if You will worship before me, all will be Yours.”

Jesus didn’t argue with the devil about who owns the world. Jesus knew that He would redeem the world through giving His life on the cross, not through making an alliance with a corrupt angel.

Verse 8 – And Jesus answered and said to him, “Get behind Me Satan! For it is written, ‘You shall worship the LORD your GOD, and Him only shall you serve.’ ” (Deuteronomy 6:13;10:20)

John 12:31, says that the ruler of this world will be cast out. However, his claim that the world was given to him and he can give it to anyone he wants is a lie. Satan is a liar and murder and has been from the beginning, John 8:44.

Verse 9 – Then he brought Him to Jerusalem, set Him on the pinnacle of the temple, and said to Him, “If You are the Son of God, throw Yourself down from here.

This is no different from what people tell God today. “Show Yourself, God, and I’ll believe in You.” They want proof, over and over, as if our God is going to perform tricks to prove Himself.

Verse 10 – “For it is written: ‘He shall give His angels charge over You, to keep You,’

Verse 11 – “and, ‘In their hands they shall bear You up, lest You dash Your foot against a stone.’ ”

Now Satan is quoting scripture. Psalm 91:11, 12, claiming the angels would rush to Jesus’ rescue if He was to jump.

Verse 12 – And Jesus answered and said to him, “It has been said, ‘You shall not tempt the LORD your God.’ ”

Jesus recalls the time when the Israelites were in the wilderness and were complaining and testing God. Deuteronomy 6:16, – “You shall not tempt the LORD your God as you tempted Him in Massah,…”

After being delivered from slavery out of Egypt, Israel had rejected the promise land by their lack of faith. Eventually they stopped at a place that there was no water for them to drink. They started arguing with Moses and complaining against God. Moses then says to them, “Why do you put the LORD to the test?” The word “Massah” means testing.

God is not at our beck and call to perform for us and give us anything we want. We are here to do His will, and do it with a humble heart.

Verse 13 – Now when the devil had ended every temptation, he departed Him until an opportune time.

Throughout Jesus ministry, Jesus would confront Satan in many forms. Satan will not just tempt us once and be done. That’s why we have to be on guard at all times. How do you prepare to ward off these temptations? How did Jesus do it? By the Word of God!.

Jesus is Accepted Throughout Galilee

Verse 14 – Then Jesus returned in the power of the Spirit to Galilee, and news of Him went out through all the surrounding region.

Verse 15 – And He taught in their synagogues, being glorified by all.

Jesus was abundantly strengthened after His success of defeating the devil of every temptation. He taught with authority by the Holy Spirit and with miracles.

Verse 16 – So He came to Nazareth, where He had been brought up. And as His custom was, He went into the synagogue on the Sabbath day, and stood up to read.

Verse 17 – And He was handed the book of the prophet Isaiah. And when He had opened the book, He found the place where it was written:

Verse 18 – “The Spirit of the LORD is upon Me, because He has anointed Me to preach the gospel to the poor. He has sent Me to heal the brokenhearted. To preach deliverance to the captives and recovery of sight to the blind, to set at liberty those who are oppressed.

Verse 19 – To preach to the acceptable year of the LORD.”

These verses are the gospel’s good news. God hath commissioned Him to preach the glad tidings of salvation to the poor, those without hope and by doing this, heal the brokenhearted, relieving their guilt caused by sin, and fear of future punishment.

To preach deliverance to the captives – to proclaim to those captivated by sin from Satan, on the terms of repentance toward God, and faith in the Messiah.

Recovering sight to the blind – to open the understanding to all who would hear the gospel and accept it, through the Spirit with revelation and wisdom.

To preach the acceptable year of the LORD – to proclaim that happy period of the divine dispensations toward mankind, in which a full and free remission of all their offences was to be offered them.

Verse 20 – Then He closed the book, and gave it back to the attendant and sat down. And the eyes of all who were in the synagogue were fixed on Him.

They had all been standing when the scripture was read, showing reverence. Now they sat and waited for Jesus to explain what He had just read.

Verse 21 – And He began to say to them, “Today this Scripture is fulfilled in your hearing.”

In other words, Jesus told them,”The salvation of mankind from ignorance and error, sinfulness and guilt, depravity and misery from sin is brought to you this day by the Messiah, and the Messiah was He, standing before them.

Verse 22 – So all bore witness to Him, and marveled at the gracious words which proceeded out of His mouth. And they said, “Is this not Joseph’s son?”

They marveled because they knew He had not had a formal education. But at the same time, however, their carnal and worldly spirit thought, how could He be the Messiah? Is He not Joseph’s son, an ordinary man? How would the son of a carpenter teach with such authority? Doubt entered in.

Verse 23 – And He said to them, “You will surely say this proverb to Me, ‘Physician, heal yourself! Whatever we have heard done in Capernaum, do also here in Your country.’ ”

Verse 24 – Then He said, “Assuredly, I say to you, no prophet is accepted in his own country,

These same people will soon ask, “Why did He not perform the same miracles here in Nazareth, as He did in Capernaum?” It is because of their unbelief.

It generally holds true, that a teacher or preacher sent from God is not accepted by their own neighbors and family, as they are to strangers. The spitefulness and meanness of one’s family causes contempt for that person. They can’t accept that the person is of superior character.

Verse 25 – “But I tell you truly, many widows were in Israel in the days of Elijah, when the heaven was shut up three years and six months, and there was a great famine throughout the land;

Verse 26 – “but to none of them was Elijah sent except to Zerephath, in the region of Sidon, to a woman who was a widow.

Verse 27 – “And many lepers were in Israel in the time of Elisha, the prophet, and none of them were cleansed except Naaman in Syrian.”

These verses tell us a lot about miracles. There were plenty of widows in the time of the drought – 3 years and 6 month, which caused a famine, but God chose one widow in the Gentile town of Zerephath, to feed. And in the time of Elisha, there were plenty of people who were lepers and one named Naaman was cleansed.

Because these people of Nazareth did not believe He was the Messiah that was foretold in Scripture, He would not do many miracles there. Do you see the point He is trying to make about your healing and deliverance? “Unbelief!”

Verse 28 – Then all those in the synagogue, when they heard these things, were filled with wrath,

Verse 29 – and rose up and thrust Him out of the city, and they led Him to the brow of the hill on which the city was built, that they might throw Him down over the cliff.

Verse 30 – Then passing through the midst of them, He went His way.

These people were angry because Jesus’ examples implied God’s acceptance of Gentiles and His rejection of Israel. They were taking Jesus to a cliff to throw Him off but He miraculously passed right through the midst of them.

Be careful what you say about another ministry. You have no idea whether they are chosen by God or not! Pay attention to your own actions and words and let God be God.

Demons Are Cast Out

Verse 31 – Then He went down to Capernaum, a city of Galilee, and was teaching them on the Sabbaths.

Verse 32 – And they were astonished at His teaching, for His word was with authority.

Verse 33 – Now in the synagogue there was a man who had a spirit of an unclean demon. And he cried out with a loud voice,

Verse 34 – saying, “Let us alone! What have we to do with You, Jesus of Nazareth? Did you come to destroy us? I know You, who You are the Holy One of God!”

Verse 35 – But Jesus rebuked him saying, “Be quiet, and come out of him!” And when the demon had thrown him in their midst, it came out of him and did not hurt him.

Verse 36 – So they were all amazed and spoke among themselves, saying, “What a word this is! For with authority and power He commands the unclean spirits, and they come out.”

Verse 37 – And the report about Him went out into every place in the surrounding region.

I imagine that was something to see! There are all kinds of evil spirits and demons present today, living and leading people to do horrible acts. Only in the authority and name of Jesus Christ can they be cast out.

Peter’s Mother-in-Law Is Healed

Verse 38 – Now He arose from the synagogue and entered Simon’s house. But Simon’s wife’s mother was sick with a high fever, and they made request of Him concerning her.

Yes this is Simon Peter, but Jesus hasn’t called him to be a disciple as of yet. He simply knew Peter before hand.

Verse 39 – So He stood over her and rebuked the fever, and it left her. And immediately she arose and served them.

Verse 40 – Now when the sun was setting, all those who had anyone sick with various diseases brought them to Him; and He laid His hands on every one of them and healed them.

Matthew states it was Peter’s house, Matthew 8:14-17; and Mark says Andrew, James, and John were with Him when He went to Peter’s house. So now I don’t think it strange that when He called them to be His disciples, they went immediately. Jesus was no stranger to them. They had seen His miraculous healing’s. This is another example why we need to study all four gospels – we get the full picture.

Verse 41 – And demons also came out of many, crying out and saying, “You are the Christ, the Son of God!” And He, rebuking them did not allow them to speak for they knew that He was the Christ.

These verses give a strong impression that some diseases were caused by demons. He forbade them to speak after they called out who He was, because they were attempting to assert control over Him by revealing who He was before the appointed time.

Verse 42 – Now when it was day, He departed and went into a deserted place. And the crowd sought Him and came to Him, and tried to keep Him from leaving them;

Verse 43 – but He said to them, “I must preach the kingdom of God to the other cities also, because for this purpose I have been sent.”

Verse 44 – And He was preaching in the synagogues of Galilee.


This entry was posted in Luke.

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