Jesus Works On the Sabbath
Verse 1 – Now it happened on the second Sabbath after the first that He went through the grainfields. And His disciples plucked the heads of grain and ate them, rubbing them in their hands.
Verse 2 – And some of the Pharisees said to them, “Why are you doing what is not lawful to do on the Sabbath?”
The only law the disciples were breaking, was the law the Pharisees had made. The disciples were merely plucking the heads of corn, no one had a sickle in which to harvest (Deuteronomy 23:25).
Verse 3 – But Jesus answering them said, “Have you not read this, what David did when he was hungry, he and those who were with him:
Verse 4 – “how he went into the house of God, took and ate the showbread, and also gave some to those who were with him, which is not lawful for any but the priests to eat?”
Jesus simply told them: “There are exceptions even to important religious standards.” The need of them being hungry was more important than their ceremonial regulations. Jesus says, “If you condemn Me, then you must condemn David,” which they would never do.
Verse 5 – And He said to them, “The Son of Man is also Lord of the Sabbath.”
They didn’t understand nor would they admit, Jesus created the Sabbath and the Creator is always greater than the creation.
Verse 6 – Now it happened on another Sabbath, also, that He entered the Synagogue and taught. And a man was there whose right hand was withered.
Verse 7 – And the scribes and Pharisees watched Him closely, whether He would heal on the Sabbath, that they might find an accusation against Him.
How ridiculous! They weren’t even concentrating on the fact that a Man such as Jesus could heal instantly, but instead on the day that He did it. It was more important for them to keep the law than a man be healed of a withered hand.
Verse 8 – But He knew their thoughts, and said to the man who had the withered hand, “Arise and stand here.” And he arose and stood.
Verse 9 – Then Jesus said to them, “I will ask you one thing: Is it lawful on the Sabbath to do good or to do evil, to save life or to destroy life?”
Verse 10 – And looking around at them all, He said to the man, “Stretch out your hand.” And he did so, and his hand was restored as whole as the other.
Verse 11 – But they were filled with rage, and discussed with one another what they might do to Jesus.
It was ironic that it was their hatred, combined with their zeal for the law, that drove them to plot murder, which was against the law. People’s hearts haven’t changed today either. A Christian doing good still infuriates some, enough to want to kill them.
Verse 12 – Now it came to pass in those days that He went out to the mountain to pray, and continued all night in prayer to God.
Verse 13 – And when it was day, He called His disciples to Him; and from them He chose twelve whom He also named apostles;
Apostle – one who is sent out on missions of preaching and teaching the Gospel of Jesus Christ. Disciple – a follower of Jesus Christ, learning from Him in order to make other disciples.
Verse 14 – Simon, whom He also named Peter, and Andrew his brother; James and John; Philip and Bartholomew;
Verse 15 – Matthew and Thomas; James the son of Alphaeus, and Simon called the Zealot;
Verse 16 – Judas the son of James, and Judas Iscariot who also became a traitor.
Sometimes the disciples are called by different names: Peter was often called Simon or Cephas; Matthew is also known as Levi; Bartholomew is thought to be the same person as Nathanael (John 1:45). Judas the son of James is also called Thaddeus.
Verse 17 – And He came down with them and stood on a level place with a crowd of His disciples and a great multitude of people from all Judea and Jerusalem, and from the seacoast of Tyre and Sidon, who came to hear Him and be healed of their diseases,
Verse 18 – as well as those who were tormented with unclean spirits. And they were healed.
Verse 19 – And the whole multitude sought to touch Him, for power went out from Him and healed them all.
Sometimes healing has to come before you can teach, because the pain might be too extreme for the person to concentrate. And other times you may need to feed someone before you tell them about the Lord. Teaching isn’t always first, sometimes it’s trust that has to come first.
Verse 20 – Then He lifted up His eyes toward His disciple, and said: “Blessed are you poor, for yours is the kingdom of God.
Matthew adds, “in spirit.” Blessed are you with humble hearts who love and show mercy. Not placing yourself above others because of your possessions.
Verse 21 – Blessed are you who hunger now, for you shall be filled. Blessed are you who weep now, for you shall laugh.
Matthew makes this more clear: Blessed are you who hunger after righteousness,” for you shall be filled. And those who weep now, you shall be comforted.
Verse 22 – Blessed are you when men hate you, and when they exclude you, and revile you, and cast out your name as evil, for the Son of Man’s sake.
If you are a true Christian, you will be persecuted for Christ’s sake.
Verse 23 – Rejoice in that day and leap for joy! For indeed your reward is great in heaven, for in like manner their fathers did to the prophets.
Verse 24 – “But woe to you who are rich, for you have received your consolation.
If you are trying to find fulfillment through riches, wealth, and possessions, that may be the only reward you receive. Jesus tells us in Matthew 6:33 to “Seek ye first the kingdom of God and all these other things will be added unto you.”
Verse 25 – Woe to you who are full, for you shall hunger. Woe to you who laugh now, for you shall mourn and weep.
He’s not talking about food. This is speaking about those living their lives in sin to the fullest, thinking “this is great,” but always feeling empty inside. There will come a day of reckoning.
Verse 26 – Woe to you when all men speak well of you, for so did their fathers to the false prophets.
The friends of this world are enemies of God.
Verse 27 – “But I say to you who hear: Love your enemies, do good to those who hate you,
Verse 28 – “Bless those who curse you, and pray for those who spitefully use you.
Those two verses are probably the hardest for us to actually do.
Verse 29 – “To him who strikes you on the one cheek offer the other also. And from him who takes your cloak, do not withhold your tunic either.
Christians are to love those who hate them and pray for those who use them. The striking us on one cheek and turning the other cheek also, means we don’t seek revenge when people are mean to us.
Verse 30 – “Give to everyone who asks of you. And from him who takes away your goods do not ask them back.
Lending or giving not expecting anything in return. This doesn’t mean allowing people to come in your house and rob you.
Verse 31 – “And just as you want men to do to you, you also do to them likewise.
Treat people how you want to be treated.
Verse 32 – “But if you love those who love you, what credit is that to you? For even sinners love those who love them.
Our standards and principles must rise above the ordinary level of habit, custom, which prevail in the world.
Verse 33 – “And if you do good to those who do good to you, what credit is that to you? For even sinners do the same.
Christians are to practice a deeper selfless love.
Verse 34 – “And if you lend to those from whom you hope to receive back, what credit is that to you? For even sinners lend to sinners to receive as much back.
Verse 35 – “But love your enemies, do good, and lend, hoping for nothing in return; and your reward will be great, and you will be sons of the Highest. For He is kind to the unthankful and evil.
People can be ungrateful when you help them, but Jesus wants us to know, “Our reward does not come from them; it comes from Him!” He also wants us to know that it is His goodness to those who are ungrateful and evil, that will turn their hearts towards Him.
Verse 36 – “Therefore be merciful, just as your Father also is merciful.
Verse 37 – “Judge not, and you shall not be judged. Condemn not, and you shall not be condemned. Forgive and you will be forgiven.
Verse 38 – “Give, and it will be given to you; good measure, pressed down, shaken together, and running over will be put into your bosom. For with the same measure that you use, it will be measured back to you.”
Nowhere is this verse talking about money! So when you hear this to get you to give or pay your tithes, “Please stop!” A loving spirit, demonstrates that a person has received God’s forgiveness. Measuring involves weighing and judging. Be fair to others, because the measure you use will return to you. If you are generous, generosity will be given back to you in full measure. If you are stingy and uncharitable person, such will be the standards by which you are judged.
Has God been merciful to you; has He forgiven you much; has He blessed your life over and over? Then treat others the same way God has treated you. Your reward is from Him!
Parable of the Blind Leading the Blind
Verse 39 – And He spoke a parable to them: “Can the blind lead the blind? Will they not both fall in a ditch?
Verse 40 – “A disciple is not above his teacher, but everyone who is perfectly trained will be like his teacher.
Spiritual teachers that are blind to the truth will lead others astray. A person will go no further spiritually than the teacher.
Verse 41 – “And why do you look at the speck in your brother’s eye, but do not perceive the plank in your own eye?
This is a person that harshly criticizes a small weakness (speck) in another person, while overlooking a huge fault with themselves – hypocrite.
Verse 42 – “Or how can you say to your brother, ‘Brother, let me remove the speck that is in your eye; when you yourself do not see the plank that is in your own eye? Hypocrite! First remove the plank from your own eye, and then you will see clearly to remove the speck that is in your brother’s eye.
Verse 43 – “For a good tree does not bear bad fruit, nor does a bad tree bear good fruit.
Verse 44 – “For every tree is known by its own fruit. For men do not gather figs from thorns, nor do they gather grapes from a bramble bush.
Verse 45 – “A good man out of the good treasure of his heart brings forth good; and an evil man out of the evil treasure of his heart brings forth evil. For out of the abundance of the heart his mouth speaks.
What kind of fruit is determined from what kind of tree it comes from. A person’s actions and words show what kind of heart they have, good or evil.
Parable of Two Foundations
Verse 46 – “But why do you call Me ‘Lord, Lord; and do not do the things which I say?
Verse 47 – “Whoever comes to Me, and hears My sayings and does them, I will show you whom he is like:
Verse 48 – “He is like a man building a house, who dug deep and laid the foundation on the rock. and when the flood arose, the stream beat vehemently against that house, and could not shake it, for it was founded on the rock.
Verse 49 – “But he who heard and did nothing is like a man who built a house on the earth without a foundation, against which the stream beat vehemently; and immediately it fell. And the ruin of that house was great.”
Do you ever wonder why some Christians can go through horrific tragedies or hardships, and come out of them stronger than ever?These are those who are consistent in their belief in Jesus Christ. The difference between a life that can withstand the storms of life and one that cannot, is whether one comes to Christ and hears His words and also acts on His teachings.