Luke – Chapter 22

Judas Agrees to Betray Christ

Verse 1 – Now the Feast of Unleavened Bread drew near, which is called Passover.

This feast lasted seven days, which was a commemoration of the haste in which the Israelites left Egypt, so no leaven was put in the dough, because there was not time for it to rise. The Lord passed over the houses that were marked with lambs blood, then the death angel slew all the firstborn of Egypt.

Verse 2 – And the chief priests and the scribes sought how they might kill Him, for they feared people.

Verse 3 – Then Satan entered Judas, surnamed Iscariot, who was numbered among the twelve.

Satan’s part in the betrayal of Jesus does not remove any of the responsibility from Judas, he still had a choice. Whatever Judas thought, Satan assumed that Jesus death would end Jesus’ mission and destroy God’s plan for mankind. This is another proof through scripture that Satan can not tell our future of our lives in God’s design.

Verse 4 – So he went his way and conferred with the chief priests and captains, how he might betray him.

Judas had no idea that what he was about to do was all part of God’s plan and purpose.

Verse 5 – And they were glad, and agreed to give him money.

Verse 6 – Then he promised and sought opportunity to betray Him to them in the absence of the multitude.

Verse 7 – Then came the Day of Unleavened Bread, when the Passover must be killed.

All leaven and yeast, was to be removed from households at the beginning of the week of Passover . The day that the Passover lamb was sacrificed, was called the Day of the Unleavened Bread. The lamb was sacrificed from mid afternoon to late afternoon on Thursday.

Verse 8 – And He sent Peter and John, saying, “Go and prepare the Passover for us, that we may eat,”

Verse 9 – So they said to Him, “Where do You want us to prepare?”

Verse 10 – And He said to them, “Behold, when you have entered the city, a man will meet you carrying a pitcher of water; follow him into the house which he enters.

Ordinarily women, not men, went to the well to get water, so this man stood out in a crowd.

Verse 11 – “Then you shall say to the master of the house, ‘The Teacher says to you, “Where is the guest room in which I may eat the Passover with My disciples?”

Verse 12 – “Then he will show you a large, furnished upper room; there make ready.”

Verse 13 – So they went and found it as He had said to them, and they prepared the Passover.

Verse 14 – And when the hour had come, He sat down, and the twelve apostles with Him.

Verse 15 – Then He said to them, “With fervent desire I have desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer;

Verse 16 – “for I say to you, I will no longer eat of it until it is fulfilled in the Kingdom of God.”

This verse signifies: This ceremonial meal will not be necessary ever again. Jesus was the sacrificial lamb that was slain, for the penalty of death for all mankind’s sin. 1 Corinthians 5:7 – Therefore purge out the old leaven, that you may be a new lump, since you truly are unleavened. For indeed Christ, our Passover was sacrificed for us.

Verse 17 – Then He took the cup, and gave thanks, and said, “Take this and divide it among yourselves;

In verses 17 and 20, Luke mentions two cups of wine, while Matthew and Mark mention only one. In the tradition of the traditional Passover meal, the wine is served four times. Christ spoke the words about His body and His blood when He offered the fourth and final cup.

Verse 18 – “For I say to you, I will not drink of the fruit of the vine until the Kingdom of God comes.”

Verse 19 – And He took the bread, gave thanks and broke it, and gave it to them, saying, “This is My body which is given for you; do this in remembrance of Me.”

Verse 20 – Likewise He also took the cup after supper, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in My blood, which is shed for you.

All Christians agree that the Lord’s Supper commemorates Christ’s death on the cross for our sins and points to the coming of His Kingdom in glory. When we partake of it, we show our deep gratitude for Christ’s work on our behalf.

The new covenant refers to the sacrifice of Christ that would never have to be repeated ever again (Hebrews 9:23-28). The prophets looked forward to this new covenant that would fulfill the old sacrificial agreement (Jeremiah 31:31-34). John the Baptist called Jesus “The Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world (John 1:29).”

Christ Predicts His Betrayal

Verse 21 – “But behold, the hand of My betrayer is with Me on the table.

Verse 22 – “And truly the Son of Man goes as it has been determined, but woe to that man by whom He is betrayed!”

Yes, all of this was in God’s plan from the beginning. There had to be a perfect sacrifice for the sins of the world. Jesus was that sacrifice, so no matter how or whom the betrayal came, it had to happen. However, Judas was a willing participant and that choice he made would cost him dearly.

Verse 23 – Then they began to question among themselves, which of them it was who would do this thing.

Verse 24 – But there was also rivalry among them, as to which of them should be considered the greatest.

Jesus just got finished telling them about His suffering, betrayal, and death, and these disciples argue about which one of them are the greatest!

Verse 25 – And He said to them, “The kings of the Gentiles exorcise lordship over them, and those who exercise authority over them are called benefactors.’

Verse 26 – “But not so among you; on the contrary, he who is greatest among you, let him be as the younger, and he who governs as he who serves.

The world’s system of leadership is very different from the leadership of God’s kingdom. Worldly leaders are often selfish and arrogant as they claw their way to the top. Christians leaders are to serve others, having a servants-heart.

Verse 27 – “For who is greater, he who sits at the table, or he who serves? Is it not he who sits at the table? Yet I am among you as the One who serves.

Verse 28 – “But you are those who have continued with Me in My trials.

Verse 29 – “And I bestow upon you a kingdom, just as My Father bestowed one upon Me,

Verse 30 – “that you may eat and drink at My table in My kingdom, and sit on thrones judging the twelve tribes of Israel.

Jesus just told them in the Kingdom to come, all 12 will be great. 1 Samuel 2:8 – He raises the poor from the dust and lifts the beggar from the ash heap, to set them among princes and make them inherit the throne of glory. “For the pillars of the earth are the LORD’S, and He has set the world upon them.”

Verse 31 – And the Lord said, “Simon, Simon! Indeed, Satan has asked for you, that he may sift you as wheat.

Satan can do nothing without God’s permission. He is the accuser of the brethren, the wicked one, the tempter, for he goes about seeking whom he may devour. This is where our testings and trials come into play in a Christians life. However, God does not allow him to simply have his way with us to watch us be destroyed. God always has a purpose and a victorious outcome in each trial or test we go through. We see this in numerous lives throughout scripture, Peter and Job, just to name two.

Verse 32 – “But I have prayed for you, that your faith should not fail; and when you have returned to Me, strengthen your brethren.

This verse can apply to anyone who has “backslidden” temporally. Satan comes against God’s people – continuously. However, when we fail, don’t be discouraged. Get back up, renew your faith, then help others that may have been discouraged also.

Verse 33 – But he said to Him, “Lord, I am ready to go with You, both to prison and to death.”

Verse 34 – Then He said, “I tell you, Peter, the rooster will not crow this day before you will deny three times that you know Me.”

Betrayal and denial are both bad, but with Judas betrayal and Peter’s denial, they had different outcomes. One repented the other did not.

Verse 35 – And He said to them, “When I sent you without money bag, sack, and sandals, did you lack anything?” So they said, “Nothing.”

Verse 36 – Then He said to them, “But now, he who has a money bag, let him take it, and likewise, a sack; and he who has no sword, let him sell his garment and buy one.

Verse 37 – “For I say to you that this which is written must still be accomplished in Me: ‘And He was numbered with the transgressors.’ For the things concerning Me have an end.”

Verse 38 – Then they said, “Lord, look, here are two swords.” And He said to them, “It is enough.”

The disciples would face hatred and persecutions and would need to be prepared. Today, we don’t carry literal swords, but the Word of God, being our sword, used as a weapon. Ephesians 6:10-20 – (Verse 17) – and take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God’

Verse 39 – And coming out, He went to the Mount of Olives, as He was accustomed, and His disciples also followed Him.

Verse 40 – When He came to the place, He said to them, “Pray that you may not enter into temptation.”

The Mount of Olives was located just east of Jerusalem. Jesus went to an olive grove called Gethsemane, which means “olive press.” The strongest temptation that the disciples would soon face, was not to believe that they had been deceived when Jesus is killed. That’s a good reason for us all to pray that we enter not into temptation, because in this day and time, there are some very convincing evils out there in the world.

Verse 41 – And He was withdrawn from them about a stone’s throw, and He knelt down and prayed,

Verse 42 – saying, “Father, if it be Your will, remove this cup from Me; nevertheless not My will, but Yours be done.”

Jesus was fully aware of the pain and suffering He was about to endure. It was no small thing to be crucified, but to have the sins of the entire world placed on Him, we can’t imagine. Just as an olive is pressed to retract the precious oil, our Savior was punished and crushed for “all our sins!”

Verse 43 – Then an angel appeared to Him from heaven, strengthening Him.

Verse 44 – And being in agony, He prayed more earnestly. And His sweat became like great drops of blood falling down to the ground.

Although God the Father could not allow Jesus to bypass the suffering, He sent an angel to give Him strength to endure it. When Jesus began to sweat “great drops of blood,” some believe that this condition is called hematidrasis, in which sweat and blood are mingled in extreme cases of anxiety.

Verse 45 – When He rose up from prayer, and had come to His disciples, He found them sleeping from sorrow.

They had cried themselves to sleep. Human physical weakness, can lead to spiritual weakness and temptation.

Verse 46 – Then He said to them, “Why do you sleep? Rise and pray, lest you enter into temptation.”

Judas Betrays Jesus

Verse 47 – And while He was still speaking, behold, a multitude; and he who was called Judas, one of the twelve, went before them and drew near to Jesus to kiss Him.

Verse 48 – But Jesus said to him, “Judas, are you betraying the Son of Man with a kiss?”

A kiss on the cheek was a common greeting between friends and family, but this was the signal of betrayal that was set up before-hand with the chief priests.

Verse 49 – When those around Him saw what was going to happen, they said to Him, “Lord, shall we strike with the sword?”

Verse 50 – And one of them ( Peter – John 18:10) stuck the servant of the high priest and cut off his right ear.

Verse 51 – But Jesus answered and said, “Permit even this.” And He touched his ear and healed him.

What does this show us? Right in the middle of the ones coming against Jesus, He chooses to “do good to His enemies!” You would think that his miracle would have caused those standing around to realize this was the “divine Messiah.” Nope! Can’t see the truth when your blinded by darkness and hatred.

Verse 52 – Then Jesus said to the chief priests, captains of the temple, and the elders who had come to Him, “Have you come out, as against a robber, with swords and clubs?

Verse 53 – “When I was with you daily in the temple, you did not try to seize Me. But his is your hour, and the power of darkness.”

The religious leaders hadn’t done anything in daylight, but instead came secretly at night, under the influence of the prince of darkness.

Verse 54 – Then, having arrested Him, they led Him and brought Him into the high priest’s house. And Peter followed at a distance.

That which is done in darkness, will soon be exposed to light!

Verse 55 – Now when they had kindled a fire in the midst of the courtyard and sat down together, Peter sat among them.

Verse 56 – And a certain servant girl, seeing him as he sat by the fire, looked intently at him and said, “This man was also with Him.”

Verse 58 – And after a little while another saw him and said, “You also are of them.” But Peter said, “Man, I am not!”

Verse 59 – Then after about an hour passed, another confidently affirmed, saying, “Surely this fellow also was with Him, for he is a Galilean.”

Verse 60 – But Peter said, “Man, I do not know what you are saying!” And immediately, while he was still speaking, the rooster crowed.

Verse 61 – And the Lord turned and looked at Peter. And Peter remembered the word of the Lord, how He had said to him, “Before the rooster crows, you will deny Me three times.”

Peter’s experience that night changed his life. Just as it can change our lives with one experience with Jesus. We can deny Jesus, but then shame and guilt of the way we have lived comes rushing in. With repentance Christ was able to use Peter to build the church! True repentance in our own lives can cause us too to be used in a mighty way for the Kingdom of God!

Verse 62 – Then Peter went out and wept bitterly.

From our own repentance and regret, God can use it to bring another to Him.

Verse 63 – Now the men who held Jesus mocked Him and beat Him.

Verse 64 – And having blindfolded Him, they struck Him on the face and asked Him, saying, “Prophesy! Who is it that struck You?”

Verse 65 – And many other things they blasphemously spoke against Him.

Verse 66 – As soon as it was day, the elders of the people, both chief priests and scribes, came together and led Him into their council saying,

Verse 67 – “If You are the Christ, tell us.” But He said to them, “If I tell you, you will by no means believe.

Verse 68 – “And if I also ask you, you will by no means answer Me or let Me go.

Verse 69 – “Hereafter the Son of Man will sit on the right hand of the power of God.”

Verse 70 – Then they all said, “Are You then the Son of God?” And He said to them, “You rightly say that I am.”

Verse 71 – And they said, “What further testimony do we need? For we have heard it ourselves from His mouth.”

This was the testimony that they had been waiting on, for Jesus to say He is the Son of God. They considered this claim blasphemy, and was all the evidence they needed to put Him to death.

Do you ever wonder what happened to those who were directly involved in crucifying Jesus? I do, and can tell you, those who accepted Christ as the True Messiah were saved, but those who didn’t, are forever in hell, probably remembering Jesus words, over and over.

 

 

 

 

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