Luke – Chapter 23

Pilate Tries Christ

Verse 1 – Then the whole multitude of them arose and led Him to Pilate.

Verse 2 – And they began to accuse Him, saying, “We found this fellow perverting the nation and forbidding to pay taxes to Caesar, saying that He Himself is Christ, a King.”

Verse 3 – So Pilate asked Him, saying, “Are You the King of the Jews?” And He answered him and said, “It is as you say.”

The three charges the Jews brought against Jesus were fabrications. The claim that He was opposing payments of taxes to Caesar, was an out right lie. And at no time did Jesus attempt to overthrow the Roman government.

Verse 4 – Then Pilate said to the chief priests and the crowd, “I find no fault in this Man.”

Verse 5 – But they were the more fierce, saying, “He stirs up the people, teaching throughout all Judea, beginning from Galilee to this place.”

Verse 6 – When Pilate heard of Galilee, he asked if the Man were a Galilean.

Verse 7 – And as soon as he knew that He belonged to Herod’s jurisdiction, he sent Him to Herod, who was also in Jerusalem at that time.

Like Pilate, Herod Antipas was in Jerusalem for the feasts of Passover and Unleavened Bread. Herod was over Galilee, so Pilate sent Jesus to him. This is the same Herod who had put John the Baptist to death.

Verse 8 – Now when Herod saw Jesus, he was exceedingly glad; for he had desired for a long time to see Him, because he heard many things about Him, and he hoped to see some miracle done by Him.

Herod wanted to be entertained, like a child at a magic show.

Verse 9 – Then he questioned Him with many words, but He answered him nothing.

Verse 10 – And the chief priests and scribes stood and vehemently accused Him.

Verse 11 – Then Herod, with his men of war, treated Him with contempt and mocked Him, arrayed Him in a gorgeous robe, and sent Him back to Pilate.

Verse 12 – That very day Pilate and Herod became friends with each other for before that they had been at enmity with each other.

This is what evil does, joins forces with others that have no conscience. Herod had the authority to stop this entire charade, but instead chose to mock and ridicule. He decided to just turn Jesus back over to Pilate to decide His fate.

Putting the responsibility to do what is right off on someone else, is still sin. James 4:17 – Therefore, to him who knows to do good and does not do it, to him it is sin.

Verse 13 – Then Pilate, when he had called together the chief priests, the rulers, and the people,

Verse 14 – said to them, “You have brought this Man to me, as one who misleads the people. And indeed, having examined Him in your presence, I have found no fault in this Man concerning those things of which you accuse Him;

Verse 15 – “no, neither did Herod, for I sent you back to him; and indeed nothing worthy of death has been done by Him.

Even today, no one can find fault with Jesus, but just as the religious leaders back then, some today still refuse to acknowledge Christ as Lord.

Verse 16 – “I will therefore chastise Him and release Him.

Verse 17 – (for it was necessary for him to release one to them at the feast).

Verse 18 – And they all cried out at once saying, “Away with this Man, and release to us Barabbas” –

Verse 19 – who had been thrown into prison for a certain insurrection made in the city, and for murder.

Barabbas had took part in a rebellion against the Roman government (Mark 15:7). How ironic it is that Barabbas was guilty of the very same thing Jesus was accused of, but yet innocent.

Barabbas deserved to die for his crimes, but Christ took his place, and Barabbas was set free. And so it is with us!

Verse 20 – Pilate, therefore, wishing to release Jesus, again called out to them.

Verse 21 – But they shouted, “Crucify Him, crucify Him!”

Verse 22 – And he said to them the third time, “Why, what evil has He done? I have found no reason for death in Him. I will therefore chastise Him and let Him go.”

Verse 23 – But they were insistent, demanding with loud voices that He be crucified. And the voices of these men and of the chief priests prevailed.

During this time, Jesus was severely flogged! He was slapped repeatedly, struck with fists, mocked and a crown of thorns was placed on His head, and was beat with a stick, before being placed on a cross. Pilate could have left all of that out, knowing He was going to be crucified anyway, but those beatings and stripes placed on Him was all for “you and me.” Our transgressions did this to an innocent “Lamb of God.” (Isaiah 53:4-6).

Verse 24 – So Pilate gave sentence that it should be as they requested.

Historical records indicate that Pilate had already been warned by Roman authorities about tensions in this region. The last thing he needed was a riot in Jerusalem during Passover. So he turned Jesus over to the mob!

Verse 25 – And he released to them the one they requested, who for insurrection and murder had been thrown in prison; but he delivered Jesus to their will.

Christ Is Crucified

Verse 26 – Now as they led Him away, they laid hold of a certain man, Simon a Cyrenian, who was coming from the country, and on him they laid the cross that he might bear it after Jesus.

Verse 27 – And a great multitude of the people followed Him, and women who also mourned and lamented Him.

Verse 28 – But Jesus, turning to them, said, ‘Daughters of Jerusalem, do not weep for Me, but weep for yourselves and for your children.

Verse 29 – “For indeed the days are coming in which they will say, ‘Blessed are the barren, the wombs that never bore, and the breasts which never nursed!’

Luke alone mentions the tears of the Jewish women while Jesus is going through he streets to His execution. He knew that only about 40 years from then Jerusalem and the temple would be destroyed by the Romans.

Verse 30 – “Then they will begin to say to the mountains, “Fall on us!” and to the hills, “Cover us!” ‘

Verse 31 – “For if they do these things in the green wood, what will be done in the dry?”

This is a common proverb with the Jews – “two dry sticks, and one green, the dry burn up the green.” A few righteous persons among the wicked men suffer with them, but if righteous men suffer, how much more the wicked?

Verse 32 – There were also two others, criminals, led with Him to be put to death.

Verse 33 – And when they had come to the place called Calvary, there they crucified Him, and the criminals, one on the right hand and the other on the left.

This was on a hill outside of Jerusalem, also called, “the skull, or Golgotha.” The skull is Aramaic, the name is Golgotha, the Latin equivalent is Calvary.

Verse 34 – Then Jesus said, “Father, forgive them, for they know not what they do. “And they divided His garments and cast lots.

Verse 35 – And the people stood looking on. But even the rulers with them sneered, saying, “He saved others, let Him save Himself if He is the Christ, the chosen of God.”

Verse 36 – And the soldiers also mocked Him, coming and offering Him sour wine,

Verse 37 – and saying, “If You are the King of the Jews, save Yourself.”

Verse 38 – And an inscription also was written over Him in letters of Greek, Latin, and Hebrew: THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS.

The people reading that sign had no idea how true it was. Jesus, who turns the world’s wisdom upside down, was just coming into His kingdom. His death and resurrection would strike a death-blow to Satan’s rule and would establish Christ’s eternal authority over the earth.

Verse 39 – Then one of the criminals who were hanged blasphemed Him, saying, “If You are the Christ, save Yourself and us.”

Verse 40 – But the other, answering rebuked him, saying, “Do you not even fear God, seeing you are under the same condemnation?

Verse 41 – “And we indeed justly, for we receive the due reward of our deeds; but this Man has done nothing wrong.”

Verse 42 – Then he said to Jesus, “Lord, remember me when You come into Your kingdom.”

Verse 43 – And Jesus said to him, “Assuredly, I say to you, today you will be with Me in Paradise.”

Revelation 2:7 – “He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches. To him who overcomes I will give to eat from the tree of life, which is in the midst of the Paradise of God.” ‘

Verse 44 – And it was about the sixth hour, and there was darkness over all the earth until the ninth hour.

The three hours of darkness, from noon until about 3 o’clock, was a sign of divine judgment against sin and the sinners who unjustly executed the Son of God.

Verse 45 – Then the sun was darkened, and the veil of the temple was torn in two.

The curtain in the temple, between the holy place and the holy of holies, was caused by a great earthquake. This symbolized open access to God made possible through the death of Christ!

Verse 46 – And when Jesus had cried out with a loud voice, He said, “Father, ‘into Your hands I commend My spirit.’ ” And having said this, He breathed His last.

Verse 47 – Now when the centurion saw what had happened, he glorified God, saying, “Certainly this was a righteous Man!”

In Matthew and Mark, the centurion acknowledged that Jesus was the Son of God.

Verse 48 – And the whole crowd who came together to that sight, seeing what had been done, beat their breasts and returned.

Verse 49 – But all His acquaintances, and the women who followed Him from Galilee, stood at a distance, watching these things.

Christ Is Buried

Verse 50 – And behold, there was a man named Joseph, a council member, a good and just man.

Verse 51 – He had not consented to their counsel and deed. He was from Arimathea, a city of the Jews, who himself was also waiting for the kingdom of God.

Verse 52 – This man went to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus.

Verse 53 – Then he took it down, wrapped it in linen, and laid it in a tomb that was hewn out of rock, where no one had ever lain before.

Even though Joseph of Arimathea was a member of the Sanhedrin, he had disagreed with the rest of them to crucify Jesus. He was a good and righteous man, and also a secret disciple of Jesus.

Verse 54 – That day was the Preparation, and the Sabbath drew near.

Verse 55 – And the women who had come with Him from Galilee followed after, and they observed the tomb and how His body was laid.

These women followed Joseph to the tomb so they could return with spices to anoint Jesus body after the Sabbath had passed.

Verse 56 – Then they returned and prepared spices and fragrant oils. And they rested on the Sabbath according to the commandment.

 

 

 

 

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This entry was posted in Luke.

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