John – Chapter 2

Christ Changes Water to Wine

Verse 1 – On the third day there was a wedding in Cana of Galilee, and the mother of Jesus was there.

Weddings in Jesus day were a week-long celebration, so on the third day of the wedding they still had a way to go.

Verse 2 – Now both Jesus and His disciples were invited to the wedding.

Verse 3 – And when they ran out of wine, the mother of Jesus said to Him, “They have no wine.”

To run out of wine would have been an embarrassment. Why do you think Jesus mother went to Him with this problem? She must have known only He could fix the problem. Wouldn’t you like to know what all she had seen while Jesus was growing up?

Verse 4 – Jesus said to her, “Woman, what does your concern have to do with Me? My hour has not yet come.”

Now to us, someone calling their mother “woman,” would be disrespectful, but not here. This was the normal way of speaking, which showed great tenderness, and strong affection. He told her His time had not yet come, perhaps He hadn’t intended to start His showing of miracles yet and reveal Himself.

Verse 5 – His mother said to the servants, “Whatever He says to you, do it.”

Mary trusted Jesus enough that she didn’t even reply to Him. She knew He would take care of whatever she needed. Shouldn’t we do the same when going to Christ when we need help? We ask, we trust, and we wait for Him. He doesn’t ignore those who belong to Him.

Verse 6 – Now there were set there six waterpots of stone, according to the manner of purification of Jews, containing twenty or thirty gallons apiece.

Verse 7 – Jesus said to them, “Fill the waterpots with water.” And they filled them up to the brim.

Verse 8 – And He said to them, “Draw some out now, and take it to the master of the feast.”

Verse 9 – When the master of the feast had tasted the water that was made wine, and did not know where it came from (but the servants who had drawn the water knew), the master of the feast called the bridegroom.

Verse 10 – And he said to him, “Every man at the beginning sets out the good wine, and when the guest have drunk, then that which is inferior, but you have kept the good wine until now.”

Let me say this first: Only the servants, the disciples, and Jesus’ mother knew He had changed the water into wine. Jesus nor anyone else ran around saying, “Look what Jesus did!” Neither should we go about bragging about what we do for others, drawing attention to ourselves as if to say, “Look how good I am!”

The second thing I need to address is to the ones who use this as an excuse to drink, “Jesus turned water into wine”, so there must be nothing wrong with me drinking it!” Poppy-cock! Did any of you read where Jesus participated in the drinking of it? Ya, me neither. I don’t know one person who drinks that has never gotten drunk at one time or another. Drunkenness is wrong and its as plain as the nose on your face all through the Bible.

The Disciples Believe

Verse 11 – This beginning of signs Jesus did in Cana of Galilee, and manifested His glory, and His disciples believed in Him.

Miracles are not just supernatural events, but events that demonstrate the power of God. However, many have to see a miracle before they will believe.

Verse 12 – After this He went down to Capernaum. He, His mother, His brothers, and His disciples; and they did not stay there many days.

Verse 13 – Now the Passover of the Jews was at hand, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem.

Jesus would have attended four Passover’s during His ministry. So this was the first Passover; the second, John 5:1; the third, John 6:4; and the fourth and last, John 18:28. John is the only writer that gives an account of all four Passovers after Jesus started His ministry, about 3 and one half years. Keep in mind, Jesus only had five disciples at this time.

Verse 14 – And He found in the temple those who sold oxen and sheep and doves, and the moneychangers doing business.

The temple area was always crowded during Passover with thousands of out-of-town visitors. The temple tax had to be paid with local currency. Merchants and moneychangers were set up everywhere. There was not much time or room for worship, the true point of going to the temple.

John records the first temple cleansing. A second cleansing occurs at the end of Jesus’ ministry, about three years later in Matthew and Mark.

Verse 15 – When He had made a whip of cords, He drove them all out of the temple, with the sheep and the oxen, and poured out the changers money and overturned the tables.

Verse 16 – And He said to those who sold doves, “Take these things away! Do not make My Father’s house a house of merchandise!”

This kind of makes me think of all the “coffee machines” that are set up out in the lobby of churches now. No, they are not selling it, but people come in late to the worship service, interrupt others, and have this attitude of carelessness of why they are there in the first place. This stinks to high heaven. Can’t they drink their coffee at home and wait and socialize after church? How about coming into God’s house with one agenda, to WORSHIP GOD, hear God’s word, and see the lost come to Christ!

Verse 17 – Then His disciples remembered that it was written, “Zeal for Your house has eaten Me up.”

Jesus was filled with righteous anger because they had shown such flagrant disrespect for God. Same goes for the coffee drinkers.

Verse 18 – So the Jews answered and said to Him, “What sign do You show to us, since You do these things?”

In other words: “By whose authority do you do these things?”

Verse 19 – Jesus answered and said to them, “Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.”

Verse 20 – Then the Jews said, “It has taken forty-six years to build this temple, and will You raise it up in three days?”

Verse 21 – But He was speaking of the temple of His body.

Verse 22 – Therefore, when He had risen from the dead, His disciples remembered that He had said this to them; and they believed the Scripture and the word which Jesus had said.

I think John gives the disciples much more credit and thoughts of their understanding much more plainly, than the other Gospels.

Verse 23 – Now when He was in Jerusalem at the Passover, during the feast, many believed in His name when they saw the signs which He did.

Verse 24 – But Jesus did not commit Himself to them, because He knew men,

Verse 25 – and had no need that anyone should testify of man, for He knew what was in man.

Jesus was discerning, and He knew that the faith of some followers was superficial. Some of these same people who claimed to believe in Him now, would later be the ones that would yell “crucify Him!” It’s easy to believe when it’s exciting and everyone else are around believers also. But Christians have to keep their faith even when it’s not popular to follow Christ!





This entry was posted in John.

One comment on “John – Chapter 2

  1. Kimberly says:

    So well thought out! Love your interpretation.


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