John – Chapter 20

The Resurrection of Christ

Verse 1 – On the first day of the week Mary Magdalene came to the tomb early, while it was still dark, and saw that the stone had been taken away from the tomb.

Verse 2 – Then she ran and came to Simon Peter, and to the other disciple, whom Jesus loved, and said to them, “They have taken away the Lord out of the tomb, and we do not know where they have laid Him.

From reading the other Gospels, we know there were two other women with Mary Magdalene that went to the tomb that Sunday morning. Matthew records that these women encountered an angel sitting on the stone to the entrance that told them He is risen. Mark records there was an angel inside that also told them that He had risen. No contradiction, just different views of what took place.

Verse 3 – Peter therefore went out, and the other disciple, and were going to the tomb.

Verse 4 – So they both ran together, and the other disciple outran Peter and came to the tomb first (John).

Verse 5 – And he stooping down and looking in, saw the linen clothes lying there; yet he did not go in.

Verse 6 – Then Simon Peter came, following him, and went into the tomb; and he saw the linen clothes lying there,

Verse 7 – and the handkerchief that had been around His head, not lying with the linen clothes, but folded together in a place by itself.

The grave-clothes were left as though Jesus passed right through them. By the cloth that was used to wrap Jesus’ head being folded, proved that grave robbers had not taken His body, because they would not have stopped and folded the cloth.

Verse 8 – Then the other disciple, who came to the tomb first went in also; and he saw and believed.

Verse 9 – For as yet they did not know the Scripture, that He must rise again from the dead.

Not until they saw with their own eyes, did they believe Jesus had risen. Jesus had told them many times, but the Holy Spirit had not come upon them as yet for them to have understanding. Now they knew.

Verse 10 – Then the disciples went away to their own homes.

Verse 11 – But Mary stood outside by the tomb weeping, and as she wept she stooped down and looked in the tomb.

Verse 12 – And she saw two angels in white sitting, one at the head and the other at the feet, where the body of Jesus had lain.

Peter and John had looked in the tomb and only saw the clothes, but no angels. Mary Magdalene looks in and sees two angels sitting where Jesus had laid. Why do you think the angels appeared to Mary but not John and Peter? Perhaps because Mary was still in unbelief that Christ had risen and she needed to be reassured.

Verse 13 – Then they said to her, “Woman, why are you weeping?” She said to them, “Because they have taken away my Lord, and I do not know where they have laid Him.”

Verse 14 – Now when she had said this, she turned around and saw Jesus standing there, and did not know that it was Jesus.

Verse 15 – Jesus said to her, “Woman, why are you weeping? Whom are you seeking?” she supposing Him to be the gardener, said to Him, “Sir, if You have carried Him away, tell me where You have laid Him, and I will take Him away.”

Mary didn’t expect this Man to be Jesus, so she didn’t recognize Him. she was in a state of panic because she thought someone had removed Jesus body.

There is a lesson here we could all learn: When in a crises or situation that panic’s us, don’t be so focused on the situation that you miss Jesus in your midst. Panic and worry is not from God. Shift your focus by keeping your eyes and heart on His promise, “Keep your mind set on Me, and I will keep you in perfect peace.” (Isaiah 26:3).  Try it. It works, every time!

Verse 16 – Jesus said to her, “Mary!” She turned and said to Him, “Rabbi!” (which is to say, Teacher).

Wow! When the Master called her name, she knew Him! Can you imagine the excitement? She went from grief to panic and in a second went to astonishment and excitement! Every believer has heard Jesus call their name, and when He called, we came.

Verse 17 – Jesus said to her, “Do not cling to Me, for I have not yet ascended to My Father, but go to My brethren and say to them, ‘I am ascending to My Father and your Father, and to My God and your God.’ ”

Verse 18 – Mary Magdalene came and told the disciples that she had seen the Lord, and that He had spoken these things to her.

Christ Appears to the Disciples

Verse 19 – Then, the same day at evening being the first day of the week, when the doors were shut where the disciples were assembled, for fear of the Jews, Jesus came and stood in the midst, and said to them, “Peace be with you.”

In Hebrew – Shalom is still used today. Peace is Jesus gift to His followers by virtue of His sacrificial death on the cross. When we allow Jesus in the midst of any situation, He will give us peace, knowing He is there.

Verse 20 – Now when He had said this, He showed them His hands and His side. Then the disciples were glad when they saw the Lord.

Verse 21 – Then Jesus said to them again, “Peace to you! As the Father has sent Me, I also send you.”

Verse 22 – And when He had said this, He breathed on them, and said to them, “Receive the Holy Spirit.”

This may have been a special filling of the Holy spirit for the disciples, a foretaste of what they would experience on the Day of Pentecost (Acts 2) and forever after. With this in-breathing came power to do God’s will on earth.

Verse 23 – “If you forgive the sins of any, they are forgiven them; if you retain the sins of any, they are retained.”

This is to be understood by the preaching of the Gospel – the Good News about Jesus so people’s sins might be forgiven. The disciples did not have the authority to forgive sin and neither does anyone else. Jesus gave them the privilege of telling new believers that their sins have been forgiven because they accepted Jesus. All believers have the same privilege.

Verse 24 – But Thomas, called Didymus, one of the twelve, was not with them when Jesus came.

Verse 25 – The other disciples therefore said to him, “We have seen the Lord.” But he said to them, “Unless I see in His hands the print of the nails, and put my finger into the print of the nails, and put my hand into His side, I will not believe.”

This is where the phrase, “Doubting Thomas” comes from.

Verse 26 – And after eight days His disciples were again inside, and Thomas with them. Jesus came, the doors shut, and stood in the midst, and said, “Peace to you!”

Verse 27 – Then He said to Thomas, “Reach your finger here, and look at My hands; and reach your hand here, and put it into My side. Do not be unbelieving, but believe.”

If doubt leads to questions, and questions lead to the truth, then the doubt has done a good work. However, if doubt leads to stubbornness, and stubbornness becomes a life-style of rebellion, then doubt has hardened your faith and caused unbelief.

Verse 28 – And Thomas answered and said to Him, “My Lord and my God!”

Verse 29 – Jesus said to him, “Thomas, because you have seen Me, you have believed. Blessed are those who have not seen and yet have believed.”

Don’t let your stubbornness always want more and more evidence of who Jesus is. It will destroy your very being.

Verse 30 – And truly Jesus did many other signs in the presence of His disciples, which are not written in this book;

Verse 31 – but these are written that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that believing you may have life in His name.

Do you believe?

 

 

 

 

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John – Chapter 19

Verse 1 – So then Pilate took Jesus and scourged Him.

The flogging should have killed Jesus, however, it didn’t. This was foretold in Isaiah 50:6 – “I gave My back to those who struck Me, and My cheeks to those who plucked out the beard; I did not hide My face from shame and spitting. Jesus allowed this for you and me. We were on His mind and heart when He went to the cross.

Verse 2 – And the soldiers twisted a crown of thorns and put it on His head, and they put on Him a purple robe.

Verse 3 – Then they said, “Hail, King of the Jews!” And they struck Him with their hands.

Verse 4 – Pilate then went out again, and said to them, “Behold, I am bringing Him out to you, that you may know that I find no fault in Him.”

Imagine how hard it was for all of heaven to restrain from rescuing Jesus. As all of heaven watched, their “Darling of heaven,” was being beat, spit on, and mocked, with no delivery in sight! The only way they were restrained, was by the power of the All Mighty.

Verse 5 – Then Jesus came out wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe. And Pilate said to them, “Behold the Man!”

Verse 6 – Therefore, when the chief priests and officers saw Him, they cried out, saying, “Crucify Him, Crucify Him!” Pilate said to them, “You take Him and crucify Him, for I find no fault in Him.”

Verse 7 – The Jews answered him, “We have a law, and according to our law He ought to die, because He made Himself the Son of God.”

Accusing Jesus of blasphemy would give credibility to their case in the eyes of the Jews. But if they had known the Scriptures, like they claimed, they would never have accused Him. However, these were evil and wicked men that saw themselves as the only spokes-people for God. And when that authority was jeopardized, they had to crush it.

Verse 8 – Therefore, when Pilate heard that saying, he was the more afraid,

Verse 9 – and went again into the Praetorium, and said to Jesus, “Where are You from?” But Jesus gave no answer.

Verse 10 – Then Pilate said to Him, “Are You not speaking to me? Do You not know that I have power to crucify You, and power to release You?”

Verse 11 – Jesus answered, “You could have no power at all against Me unless it had been given you from above. Therefore the one who delivered Me to you has the greater sin.”

Even though Pilate was responsible for his own decision, Caiaphas, Judas, and the others had premeditated His murder. These men were the ones who were truly on trial, not Jesus. One day they would have to answer to God for what they had done.

Verse 12 – From then on Pilate sought to release Him, but the Jews cried out, “If you let this Man go, you are not Caesar’s friend. Whoever makes himself a king speaks against Caesar.”

The Roman government was expected to keep the peace among the Jews. Pilate knew that this conflict should have stayed among the Jews and Jesus, but now they brought a political charge against Him, saying Jesus called Himself above Caesar. Now Pilate knows he has to make an appeasing choice.

Verse 13 – When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he brought Jesus out and sat down in the judgment seat in a place that is called The Pavement, but in Hebrew, Gabbatha.

Verse 14 – Now it was the Preparation Day of the Passover, and about the sixth hour. And he said to the Jews, “Behold your King!”

This Preparation Day, was the same day that the Passover was eaten. This would take place on the eve of the Sabbath.

Verse 15 – But they cried out, “Away with Him, away with Him! Crucify Him!” Pilate said to them, “Shall I crucify your King?” The chief priests answered, “We have no king but Caesar!”

By professing Caesar alone as their king, the Jewish leaders betrayed their natural heritage and denied their own messianic expectations based on the promises of Scripture.

Verse 16 – So he delivered Him to them to be crucified. So they took Jesus and led Him away.

Any time you might feel like this Christian life is not worth living for, go back to the Scriptures and read what all our Savior went through in order for you to live! No one at any time in your life would ever go through what He did for you to by-pass the punishment for your sin.

The Crucifixion of Christ

Verse 17 – And He, bearing His cross, went out to the place called the Place of a Skull, which is called in Hebrew, Golgotha,

Verse 18 – where they crucified Him, and two others with Him, one on either side, and Jesus in the center.

Verse 19 – Now Pilate wrote a title and put it on the cross. And the writing was; JESUS OF NAZARETH, THE KING OF THE JEWS.

Verse 20 – Then many of the Jews read this title, for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city; and it was written in Hebrew, Greek, and Latin.

The inscription, specified the crime for which He was executed. In mocking Him, they spoke the truth.

Verse 21 – Then the chief priests of the Jews said to Pilate, “Do not write, ‘The King of the Jews,’ but, ‘He said, “I am the King of the Jews.” ‘ ”

Verse 22 – Pilate answered, “What I have written, I have written.”

Verse 23 – Then the soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, took His garments and made four parts, to each soldier a part, and also the tunic. Now the tunic was without seam, woven from the top in one piece.

This tunic was woven from top to bottom without seams. It is the same as the tunics worn by the high priests.

Verse 24 – They said therefore among themselves, “Let us not tear it, but cast lots for it, whose it shall be,” that the Scripture might be fulfilled which says: “They divided My garments among them (Psalm 22:18), and for My clothing they cast lots.” Therefore the soldiers did these things.

Verse 25 – Now there stood by the cross of Jesus His mother, and His mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene.

Verse 26 – When Jesus therefore saw His mother, and the disciple whom He loved standing by, He said to His mother, “Woman, behold your Son!”

One disciple stood with these women at the cross, all others had fled. We know it’s John, because John refers to himself in his gospel as the disciple whom Jesus loved. This is not an arrogant statement. John simply stated a fact.

If any follower of Christ doesn’t know that Jesus loves them, then they need to re-read  the suffering He went through for their forgiveness.

Verse 27 – Then He said to the disciple, “Behold your mother! And from that hour that disciple took her to his own home.

Jesus made provision for His mother, who was almost certainly widowed and probably in her early fifties, with little or no personal income. The ironic thing is, Jesus had other brothers that would be capable of taking care of Mary but they weren’t there. He asked John, His beloved disciple to take care of her because He knew he would.

Verse 28 – After this Jesus, knowing that all things were now accomplished, that the Scripture might be fulfilled, said, “I thirst!”

Verse 29 – Now a vessel full of sour wine was sitting there; and they filled a sponge with sour wine, put it on hyssop, and put it to His mouth.

Verse 30 – So when Jesus had received the sour wine, He said, “It is finished!” And bowing His head, He gave up His spirit.

Jesus was the final sacrifice for sin. Wen He said, “It is finished,” it meant, “Paid in full!” He paid the full penalty for our sin. With His death, there was no more need for the shedding of an animal’s blood as a sacrifice for man’s sin. Now there would be access to All Mighty God, though His Son Jesus.

Verse 31 – Therefore, because it was the Preparation Day, that the bodies should not remain on the cross on the Sabbath (for the Sabbath was a high day), the Jews asked Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away.

Crucifixion was a long and suffering, painful death. One died by suffocation. Because this was a holy day, they needed to speed it up a bit if those on the cross were not dead already.

Verse 32 – Then the soldiers came and broke the legs of the first and of the other who was crucified with Him.

When they broke their legs, they wouldn’t be able to use them to push up in order to help them breathe.

Verse 33 – But when they came to Jesus and saw that He was already dead, they did not break His legs.

Verse 34 – But one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear, and immediately blood and water came out.

Verse 35 – And he who has seen has testified, and his testimony is true; and he knows that he is telling the truth, so that you may believe.

John inserted this verse to let the readers know, “He witnessed” Jesus death, so you might believe.

Verse 36 – For these things were done that the Scripture should be fulfilled. “Not one of His bones shall be broken.” (Psalm 34:20)

Verse 37 – And again another Scripture says, “They shall look on Him whom they pierced.” (Zechariah 12:10; 13:6)

The Burial of Christ

Verse 38 – After this, Joseph of Arimathea, being a disciple of Jesus, but secretly, for fear of the Jews, asked Pilate that he might take away the body of Jesus; and Pilate gave him permission. So he came and took the body of Jesus.

Joseph was a wealthy member of the Jewish ruling council.

Verse 39 – And Nicodemus, who at first came to Jesus by night, also came bringing a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about a hundred pounds.

These two men were both members of the Jewish council. Their lives were changed by Jesus and they came out of hiding. When confronted with Jesus and His death we should be changed to believe, proclaim, and act!

verse 40 – Then they took the body of Jesus, and bound it in strips of linen with the spices, as the custom of the Jews is to bury.

Verse 41 – Now in the place where He was crucified there was a garden, and in the garden a new tomb in which no one had yet been laid.

Verse 42 – So there they laid Jesus, because of the Jews Preparation Day, for the tomb was nearby.

They had to hurry because no work could be done as the Sabbath approached. The tomb was nearby, so that is where they laid Him. They then rolled a huge stone in front of the entrance.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

John – Chapter 18

 

 

The Arrest of Christ

Verse 1 – When Jesus had spoken these words, He went out with His disciples over the Brook Kidron, where there was a garden, which He and His disciples entered.

The Kidron Valley is mentioned frequently in the Old Testament. The garden mentioned is Gethsemane. Went into it, may suggest that it was a walled garden.

Verse 2 – And Judas, who betrayed Him, also knew the place; for Jesus often met there with His disciples.

Verse 3 – Then Judas, having received a detachment of troops, and officers from the chief priests and Pharisees, came there with lanterns, torches, and weapons.

Here is a mob, bringing weapons to arrest one unarmed man. Peter was the only one, out of twelve people, who had a weapon. This mob was either scared of what Jesus might do to them supernaturally or they were just plain cowards.

Verse 4 – Jesus therefore, knowing all things that would come upon Him, went forward and said to them, “Whom are you seeking?”

Jesus could have done what He had done many times before, and simply walked right past them without them seeing Him, but not this time. His divine appointed time had come.

Verse 5 – They answered Him, “Jesus of Nazareth.” Jesus said to them, “I am He.” And Judas, who betrayed Him, also stood with them.

Verse 6 – Then – when He said to them, “I am He.” – they drew back and fell to the ground.

This showed all those who had come to arrest Him, that He was the divine Son of God with all power and authority. It also showed that if He had not chosen to go with them voluntarily, they had no power to take Him!

Verse 7 – Then He asked them again, “Whom are you seeking?” And they said, “Jesus of Nazareth.”

Verse 8 – Jesus answered, “I have told you that I am He. Therefore, if you seek Me, let these go their way,”

Verse 9 – that the saying might be fulfilled which He spoke, “Of those whom You gave Me I have lost none.”

Verse 10 – Then Simon Peter, having a sword, drew it and stuck the high priest’s servant, and cut off his right ear. The servants name was Malchus.

Verse 11 – Then Jesus said to Peter, “Put your sword into the sheath. Shall I not drink the cup which My Father has given Me?”

The Bible never says that the Christian life is going to be easy. Doing the will of God never is. But it’s always the right way to go. We have to focus on the bigger purpose of what God wants to accomplish, as Jesus did.

Verse 12 – Then the detachment of troops (about 300) and the captain and the officers of the Jews arrested Jesus and bound Him.

Verse 13 – And they led Him away to Annas first, for he was the father-in-law of Caiaphas who was high priest that year.

In the middle of the night, when most of the people were sleeping, they take Jesus to the residence of the high priest, which was a palace and a courtyard. The courtyard was where the servants and soldiers gathered by fires.

Both Annas and Caiaphas were high priest, but Roman rulers had deposed Annas and appointed Caiaphas, Annas’ son-in-law to that position. According to Jewish law, the high priest position was held for life. However, Caiaphas always made the final decision.

Verse 14 – Now it was Caiaphas who gave counsel to the Jews that it was expedient that one man should die for the people.

Verse 15 – And Simon Peter followed Jesus, and so did another disciple. Now that disciple was known to the high priest, and went with Jesus into the courtyard of the high priest.

This other disciple was probably John because Peter and John were always together. It was said that John would deliver fish to the high priest, so they knew him and allowed him in the courtyard.

Verse 16 – But Peter stood at the door outside. Then the other disciple, who was known to the high priest, went out and spoke to her who kept the door, and brought Peter in.

Verse 17 – Then the servant girl who kept the door said to Peter, “You are not also one of this Man’s disciples, are you?” He said, “I am not.”

Verse 18 – And the servants and officers who had made a fire of coals stood there, for it was cold, and they warmed themselves. And Peter stood with them and warmed himself.

Verse 19 – The high priest then asked Jesus about His disciples and His doctrine.

This was Annas who questioned Him. He wanted to know what Jesus had been teaching. The political charges against Him would later be added.

Verse 20 – Jesus answered him, “I spoke openly to the world. I always taught in synagogues and in the temple, where the Jews always meet, and in secret I have said nothing.

Verse 21 – “Why do you ask Me? Ask those who have heard Me what I said to them. Indeed they know what I said to them.”

Most of the people were still in bed asleep, but there were some that stood there who had heard Him teach, but no one would come to His defense.

Verse 22 – And when He had said these things, one of the officers who stood by struck Jesus with the palm of his hand, saying, “Do You answer the high priest like that ?”

Verse 23 – Jesus answered him, “If I have spoken evil, bear witness of evil; but if well, why do you strike Me?”

Verse 24 – Then Annas sent Him bound to Caiaphas the high priest.

Verse 25 – Now Simon Peter stood and warmed himself. Therefore they said to Him, “You are not also one of His disciples, are you?” He denied it and said, “I am not!”

Caiaphas and Annas evidently lived at the same palace because Peter is till in the same courtyard that the other Gospels recorded.

Verse 26 – One of the servants of the high priest, a relative of him whose ear Peter cut off, said, “Did I not see you in the garden with Him?”

Verse 27 – Peter then denied again; and immediately a rooster crowed.

Peter is a perfect example of someone who wanted to do what was right, but just didn’t have the courage or strength to do it, because of his own safety. Don’t ever let a mistake stop you from repenting, accepting forgiveness, and continuing what God’s called you to do. Peter was used mightily after this incident and you can be used too! God has a way of turning things around for those who are humble.

Verse 28 – Then they led Jesus from Caiaphas to the Praetorium, and it was early morning. But they themselves did not go into the Praetorium, lest they should be defiled, but that they might eat Passover.

By Jewish law, entering the house of a Gentile would cause a Jewish person to be ceremonially defiled – unclean. If they were declared unclean, they would not be able to take part in the Passover meal.

They were more concerned about not being able to attend a religious festival, than plotting to have an innocent Man put to death. How evil is that?

Verse 29 – Pilate then went out to them and said, “What accusation do you bring against this Man?”

Pilate was the appointed governor over Judea. In order for the Jews to have someone executed, they had to have the Roman’s permission.

Verse 30 – They answered and said to him, “If He were not an evildoer, we would not have delivered Him up to you.”

Verse 31 – Then Pilate said to them, “You take Him and judge Him according to your law.” Therefore the Jews said to him, “It is not lawful for us to put Him to death,”

Verse 32 – that the saying of Jesus might be fulfilled which He spoke, signifying by what death He would die.

Pilate knew what had been going on between the Sanhedrin and Jesus. He also knew Jesus had done nothing wrong according to Jewish law. They simply wanted Pilate to take their word that Jesus was evil and needed to die.

Verse 33 – Then Pilate entered the Praetorium again, called Jesus, and said to Him, “Are You the King of the Jews?”

Verse 34 – Jesus answered him, “Are you speaking for yourself on this or did others tell you this about Me?”

Verse 35 – Pilate answered, “Am I a Jew? Your own nation and the chief priests have delivered You to me. What have You done?”

Verse 36 –  Jesus answered, “My kingdom is not of this world. If My kingdom were of this world, My servants would fight, so that I should not be delivered to the Jews; but now My kingdom is not from here.”

Verse 37 – Pilate therefore said to Him, “Are You a King then?” Jesus answered, “You say rightly that I am King. For this cause I was born and for this cause I have come into the world, that I should bear witness to the truth. Everyone who is of the truth hears My voice.”

Verse 38 – Pilate said to Him, “What is truth?” And when he had said this, he went out again to the Jews, and said to them, “I find no fault in Him at all.

When there is no basis for truth, there is no basis for moral right and wrong. Justice becomes whatever works or whatever helps those in power. In Jesus and His Word we have a standard for truth and for our moral behavior.

Verse 39 – “But you have a custom that I should release someone to you at the Passover. Do you therefore want me to release to you the King of the Jews?”

Pilate knew this was only a custom, not a law by God or man.

Verse 40 – Then they all cried again, saying, “Not this Man, but Barabbas!” Now Barabbas was a robber.

Barabbas was a rebel against Rome and he also had committed murder. What we see in our society today is no different. Even though someone is a criminal, gets caught in the act, has a weapon, and fires on authority, the people want justice for the criminal, and that was Barabbas. He had robbed and murdered, but yet the Jews wanted him released onto the streets again.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

John – Chapter 17

Verse 1 – Jesus spoke these words, lifted up His eyes to heaven, and said, “Father, the hour has come. Glorify Your Son, that Your Son also may glorify You,

Verse 2 – “as You have given Him authority over all flesh, that He should give eternal life to as many as You have given Him.

This entire chapter is Jesus prayer to the Father. His disciples are standing their, listening.

Verse 3 – “And this eternal life, that they may know You, the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom You have sent.

Contrary to what the “new age” believes and other religions, to know the Father is through the Son, Jesus Christ. This eternal life comes through a personal relationship with Christ.

Verse 4 – “I have glorified You on the earth. I have finished the work which You have given Me to do.

Jesus entire life, conversation, and actions, were all done for the Fathers will. That’s how He brought glory to the Father.

So, how do we bring glory to Christ in our own lives? By our life-style, conversation, and actions, and doing the Father’s will.

Verse 5 – “And now, O Father, glorify Me together with Yourself, with the glory which I had with You before the world was.

Jesus was and is one with God, but at this point when His mission was almost finished, Jesus was asking the Father to restore the original place of honor and authority. When Stephen was stoned to death and looked up and saw Jesus standing in heaven at the right hand of God he saw Jesus in His rightful place (Acts 7:56).

Christ Prays for His Disciples

Verse 6 – “I have manifested Your name to the men whom You have given Me out of the world. They were Yours, You gave them to Me, and they have kept Your word.

Verse 7 – “Now they have known that all things which You have given Me are from You.

Verse 8 – “For I have given to them the words which You have given Me; and they have received them, and have known surely that I came forth from You; and they have believed that You sent Me.

Are you starting to see that everything started with God and it all belongs to Him. Jesus was and is obedient to do the will of the Father. All glory and honor belong to Him. Jesus took nothing that wasn’t given to Him freely by the Father.

Verse 9 – “I pray for them. I do not pray for the world but for those whom You have given Me, for they are Yours.

Jesus’ prayer was for the disciples and all others that would believe in Him.

Verse 10 – “And all Mine are Yours, and Yours are Mine, and I am glorified in them.

Verse 11 – “Now I am no longer in the world, but these are in the world, and I come to You. Holy Father, keep through Your name those whom You have given Me; that they may be one as We are.

Jesus was asking the Father that these disciples would always stay in harmony with each other. Loving and teaching the doctrine of Jesus Christ, one in mind and soul.

Verse 12 – “While I was with them in the world, I kept them in Your name. Those whom You gave Me I have kept; and none of them is lost except the son of perdition, that the Scripture might be fulfilled.

Perdition means, a state of eternal punishment and damnation into which a sinful and unrepentant person passes after death. This was Judas Iscariot, the son of Satan, who was now about to betray Jesus, his Lord and Master.

Verse 13 – “But now I come to You, and these things I speak in the world, that they may have My joy fulfilled in themselves.

Verse 14 – “I have given them Your word; and the world has hated them because they are not of the world, just as I am not of the world.

When the Bible speaks of “the world,” it’s speaking of the lost. Those who don’t follow Christ. Christians values are different from the world’s values. There are certain things Christian’s won’t do and certain things we would never agree to, because it goes against God’s written word. There is no compromise in the foundational standard’s of God. What He said from the beginning still applies today.

Verse 15 – “I do not pray that You should take them out of the world, but that You should keep them from the evil one.

Verse 16 – “They are not of the world, just as I am not of the world.

Verse 17 – “Sanctify them by Your truth. Your word is truth.

Christians are sanctified by being set apart for sacred use, cleansed and made holy through believing and obeying the Word of God (Hebrews 4:12). Daily application of God’s Word has a purifying effect on our minds and hearts. Scripture points out sin and it motivates us to admit it to God.

Verse 18 – “As You sent Me into the world, I also have sent them into the world.

Verse 19 – “And for their sake’s I sanctify Myself, that they also may be sanctified by the truth.

Jesus didn’t need to be sanctified because He is God and is Holy. However, it simply means He was set apart for His divine work on earth.

Verse 20 – “I do not pray for these alone but also for those who will believe in Me through their word;

These disciples would bring the gospel to the lost world. Through the word they preached, the Gospel would be spread throughout the world. We have the New Testament because these men were obedient unto the Lord.

Verse 21 – “that they all may be one, as You, Father, are in Me, and I in You; that they also may be one in Us, that the world may believe that You sent Me.

Verse 22 – “And the glory which You gave Me I have given them, that they may be one just as We are one;

Verse 23 – “I in them, and You in Me; that they may be made perfect in one, and that the world may know that You have sent Me, and have loved them as You have loved Me.

Verse 24 – “Father, I desire that they also whom You gave Me may be with Me where I am, that they may behold My glory which You have given Me; for You loved Me before the foundation of the world.

Verse 25 – “O righteous Father! The world has not known You, but I have known You; and these have known that You sent Me.

Verse 26 – “And I have declared to them Your name, and will declare it, that the love with which You loved Me may be in them, and I in them.

Even though Jesus death and suffering was in the near future, Jesus declared God’s righteousness. Even though we, as Christians, go through trials and hardships while on this earth, God is still righteous and just in all He is. What we go though does not change or determine God’s character!

 

 

 

 

 

 

John – Chapter 16

Verse 1 – “These things I have spoken to you, that you should not be made to stumble.

Verse 2 – “They will put you out of the synagogues: yes, the time is coming that whoever kills you will think that he offers God service.

Saul, who later became Paul, under the authority of the high priest, went through the land hunting down and persecuting Christians, convinced that he was doing right by God.

Verse 3 – “And these things they will do to you because they have not known the Father nor Me.

Verse 4 – “But these things I have told you, that when the time comes, you may remember that I told you of them. And these things I did not say to you at the beginning, because I was with you.

Verse 5 – “But now I go away to Him who sent Me, and none of you asks Me, ‘Where are You going?’

Verse 6 – “But because I have said these things to you, sorrow has filled your heart.

Verse 7 – “Nevertheless I tell you the truth. It is to your advantage that I go away: for if I do not go away, the Helper will not come to you; but if I depart, I will send Him to you.

Jesus’ presence was limited to one place at a time while He walked on earth. It was necessary for Him to die and shed His blood for the forgiveness of sin and it was necessary for Him to rise, to defeat death. And because He ascended to heaven He was able to send His Spirit to live inside of every believer.

Verse 8 – “And when He has come, He will convict the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment;

Verse 9 – “of sin, because they do not believe in Me;

Unbelief or rejection of Jesus is sin and it is the sin that will send a person to hell for all eternity. Faith comes by hearing, and hearing by the Word of God. When a person hears the Gospel, they are convicted of their sin. Repent and believe.

Verse 10 – “of righteousness, because I go to My Father and you see Me no more;

Once you believe, Christ convinces you that you are covered in His righteousness, because of what He has done, not us.

Verse 11 – “of judgment, because the ruler of this world is judged.

Christ has all power and authority over heaven and earth, and that authority includes over Satan.

Verse 12 – “I still have many things to say to you, but you cannot hear them now.

Verse 13 – “However, when He, the Spirit of truth, has come, He will guide you into all truth; for He will not speak on His own authority, but whatever He hears He will speak; and He will tell you things to come.

The disciples didn’t fully understand this until the Holy Spirit descended on them at Pentecost. Then they were able to write the New Testament that we now have

Verse 14 – “He will glorify Me, for He will take of what is Mine and declare it to you.

Verse 15 – “All things that the Father has are Mine. Therefore I said that He will take of Mine and declare it to you.

The Predictions of Christ’s Death and Resurrection

Verse 16 – “A little while, and you will not see Me; and again a little while, and you will see Me, because I go to the Father.

Jesus is talking about the brief period between His death and resurrection.

Verse 17 – Then some of His disciples said among themselves, “What is this that He says to us, ‘A little while, and you will not see Me; and again a little while, and you will see Me’; and, ‘because I go the Father’?”

Verse 18 – They said therefore, “What is this that He says, ‘A little while’? We do not know what He is saying.”

Verse 19 – Now Jesus knew that they desired to ask Him, and He said to them, “Are you inquiring among yourselves about what I said, ‘A little while, and you will not see Me; and again a little while, and you will see Me’?

Verse 20 – “Most assuredly, I say to you that you will weep and lament, but the world will rejoice; and you will be sorrowful, but your sorrow will be turned into joy.

The world’s values are often the opposite of God’s values. This can cause Christians to feel like misfits. However, don’t lose focus of God’s promises, because one day it will have been worth it all.

Verse 21 – “A woman, when she is in labor, has sorrow because her hour has come; but as soon as she has given birth to the child, she no longer remembers the anguish, for joy that a human being has been born into the world.

Verse 22 – “Therefore you now have sorrow; but I will see you again and your heart will rejoice, and your joy no one will take from you.

Verse 23 – “And in that day you will ask Me nothing. Most assuredly, I say to you, whatever you ask the Father in My name He will give you.

“In that day,” when all imperfections shall be done away with, when saints will know as they are known, and see Jesus as He is, and need not ask any questions about Him.

Verse 42 – “Until now you have asked nothing in My name. Ask and you will receive, that your joy may be full.

The disciples or anyone else for that matter, had never prayed, “In Jesus name!”

Verse 25 – “These things I have spoken to you in figurative language; but the time is coming when I no longer speak to you in figurative language, but I will tell you plainly about the Father.

Verse 26 – “In that day you will ask in My name, and I do not say to you that I shall pray the Father for you;

Verse 27 – “for the Father Himself loves you because you have loved Me, and have believed that I came forth from God.

Verse 28 – “I came forth from the Father and have come into the world. Again, I leave the world and go to the Father.”

Verse 29 – His disciples said to Him, “See now You are speaking plainly, and using no figure of speech!

Verse 30 – “Now we are sure that You know all things, and have no need that anyone should question You. By this we believe that You came forth from God.”

This belief was only the first step toward great faith they would receive when the Holy Spirit came upon them.

Verse 31 – Jesus answered them, “Do you now believe?

Verse 32 – “Indeed the hour is coming, yes, has now come, that you will be scattered, each to his own, and will leave Me alone. And yet I am not alone, because the Father is with Me.

Verse 33 – “These things I have spoken to you, that in Me you may have peace. In the world you will have tribulation; but be of good cheer, I have overcome the world.

We can take to heart what Jesus said to His disciples. Jesus does not abandon us to our struggles and tribulations in this life! Jesus overcame every temptation known to man and if you have the power of the Holy Spirit living on the inside of you, you can too!

Our God will give you peace in the midst of the storm. He is always with the believer, guiding and protecting. He is our victory, in Jesus name.

 

John – Chapter 15

Jesus Is the vine

Verse 1 – “I am the true vine, and My Father is the vinedresser.

Verse 2 – “Every branch in Me that does not bear fruit He takes away; and every branch that bears fruit He prunes, that it may bear more fruit.

Christ is our life-line, just as roots need nourishment to survive, we need Christ to survive this life and the next.Vines have to be pruned of dead wood, just as Christians have to be pruned of dead things in their lives.

Verse 3 – “You are already clean because of the word which I have spoken to you.

There are two kinds of pruning: separating and cutting back branches. When we as Christians are pruned it will involve correction or discipline. This will strengthen our character and faith.

Verse 4 – “Abide in Me, and I in you. As the branch cannot bear fruit of itself, unless it abides in the vine, neither can you, unless you abide in Me.

We must continue to exercise faith and love toward Christ, cleaving to Him with full purpose of heart.

Verse 5 – “I am the vine, you are the branches. He who abides in Me, and I in him, bears much fruit; for without Me you can do nothing.

Fruit is not limited to soul winning. Many people try to be good, but Jesus says the only way to live a truly good life is to stay connected to Him. Apart from Christ our efforts are unfruitful.

Verse 6 – “If anyone does not abide in Me, he is cast out as a branch and is withered; and they gather them and throw them into the fire, and they are burned.

Jesus knows the pretenders, those who claim they are His, but their lifestyle is contrary to His word. They don’t abide in Him, so they will be cast into divine judgment and burned.

Verse 7 – “If you abide in Me, and My words abide in you, you will ask what you desire, and it shall be done for you.

That is so plain. When we hold fast to the truths of the Gospel, putting our faith and trust in Jesus alone, there is a privilege that we will enjoy. That being: whatever is for the glory of God, for spiritual profit and edification, and whatever is agreeable to the words and doctrines of Christ – His will. Every thing of this kind we ask in faith, and with a submission to the divine will, they may expect to receive.

Verse 8 – “By this My Father is glorified, that you bear much fruit; so you will be My disciples.

God is glorified when people come into a right relationship with Him and begin to bear much fruit in their lives.

Verse 9 – “As the Father loved Me, I also have loved you; abide in My love.

Verse 10 – “If you keep My commandments, you will abide in My love, just as I have kept My Father’s commandments and abide in His love.

Verse 11 – “These things I have spoken to you, that My joy may remain in you, and that your joy may be full.

Our circumstances should not change the mood of a Christian. We have no excuse to be moody or temperamental every other day. This joy that should be in every Christian is not temporary joy. It’s a joy that comes from knowing no matter what the circumstance is, Jesus is with us and will work everything out for our good.

If you are one of those Christians whose mood swings dictates how you treat others, “Grow up!” This world does not evolve around you and your problems. If God’s got this, then act like it.

The Relationship of Believers to Each Other

Verse 12 – “This is My commandment, that you love one another as I have loved you.

We need to think long and hard how we treat other believes, not to mention how we treat those who are lost, because they are watching.

Verse 13 – “Greater love has no one than this, than to lay down one’s life for his friends.

Verse 14 – “You are My friends if you do whatever I command you.

Obedience to Christ’ teachings will take you a lot further than disobedience will.

Verse 15 – “No longer do I call you servants, for a servant does not know what his master is doing; but I have called you friends, for all things that I heard from My Father I have made known to you.

Verse 16 – “You did not choose Me, but I chose you and appointed you that you should go and bear fruit, and that your fruit should remain, that whatever you ask the Father in My name He may give you.

Jesus connected bearing fruit to receiving what we ask in prayer in His name. We often say, “I found Jesus,” but Jesus says plainly that He chose us. Yes, we make that choice to receive Him or not, but His calling is present through the beckoning of the Holy Spirit.

Verse 17 – “These things I command you, that you love one another.

Verse 18 – “If the world hates you, you know that it hated Me before it hated you.

Verse 19 – “If you were of the world, the world love its own. Yet because you are not of the world, but I chose you out of the world, therefore the world hates you.

People of the world also will mock, ridicule, and despise, followers of Christ, but they also did the same to Him.

Verse 20 – “Remember the word that I said to you, ‘A servant is not greater than his master.’ If they persecuted Me, they will also persecute you. If they kept My word, they will keep yours also.

Verse 21 – “But all these things they will do to you for My sake, because they do not know Him who sent Me.

Persecution should not come from other Christians, but sometimes it does, and when it does come from other Christians, consider the source. Are they just talking the talk, but not walking the walk?

Verse 22 – “If I had not come and spoken to them, they would have no sin, but now they have no excuse for their sin.

The ignorance of the Jews is represented as inexcusable, since Christ had come, and had preached to them. If He had not come and told them He was the Messiah, they might have had an excuse for their ignorance. Same thing goes for all those who reject the Gospel of Jesus Christ, they will be without excuse for their sin.

Verse 23 – “He who hates Me hate My Father also.

Verse 24 – “If I had not done among them the works which no one else did, they would have no sin; but now they have seen and also hated both Me and My Father.

Verse 25 – “But this happened that the word might be fulfilled which is written in their law, ‘They hated Me without a cause.’ (Psalm 69:4)

Verse 26 – “But when the Helper comes, whom I shall send to you from the Father, the Spirit of truth who proceeds from the Father, He will testify of Me.

Verse 27 – “And you also will bear witness, because you have been with Me from the beginning.

These disciples had been with Jesus since the beginning of His public ministry, and what better witnesses could Jesus have. What has Christ done in your life? Do you share that with those who don’t know Him as Savior? What is in our heart, will come out of our mouth. As a witness for Christ, it could mean a life-changing event for someone else when spoken.

 

 

John – Chapter 14

Christ Comforts His Disciples

Verse 1 – “Let not your heart be troubled; you believe in God, believe also in Me.

Verse 2 – “In My Fathers house are many mansions; if it were not so, I would have told you. I go to prepare a place for you.

Verse 3 – “And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again and receive you to Myself; that where I am, there you may be also.

Verse 4 – “And where I go you know, and the way you know.”

Yes, Jesus was talking directly to the disciples, but these verses are also for us. If you believe in God, then also believe in Jesus, whom God sent. Jesus has gone to prepare a place and He is coming back.

Verse 5 – Thomas said to Him, “Lord, we do not know where You are going, and how can we know the way?”

Verse 6 – Jesus said to him, “I am the way, the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except through Me.

Jesus alone is able to provide access to God, because He alone paid the penalty for our sins. He is the only truth, having life in Himself, He is able to give eternal life to all those who believe in Him. Jesus is the one and only way to salvation. Contrary to what many people think, there is no mediator between man and God but One, the Lord Jesus Christ.

Verse 7 – “If you had known Me, you would have known My Father also; and from now on you know Him and have seen Him.”

The knowledge of the Father, and of Christ, go together, he that sees one, sees the other, he that believes one, believes in the other, and the knowledge of both is necessary to eternal life.

Verse 8 – Philip said to Him, “Lord, show us the Father, and it is sufficient for us.”

Verse 9 – Jesus said to him, “Have I been with you so long, and yet you have not known Me, Philip? He who has seen Me has seen the Father; so how can you say, ‘Show us the Father’?

Poor Philip. He just didn’t understand that Jesus is the visible, tangible, image of the invisible God.

Verse 10 – “Do you not believe that I am in the Father, and the Father in Me? The words that I speak to you I do not speak on My own authority; but the Father who dwells in Me does the work.

Verse 11 – “Believe Me that I am in the Father and the Father in Me, or else believe Me for the sake of the works themselves.

Verse 12 – “Most assuredly, I say to you, he who believes in Me, the works that I do he will do also; and greater works than these he will do, because I go to the Father.

These verses were not just to and for those twelve disciples, as some like to think. When the Gospel of Jesus Christ is preached, there will be evidence; the dead shall be raised, demons cast out, and diseases healed, all the power of the Holy Spirit, in the Name of Jesus. That same power lives on the inside of each believer. Do you believe?

Verse 13 – “And whatever you ask in My name, that I will do, that the Father may be glorified in the Son.

Jesus declares that He Himself, whether it be in assistance in preaching the Gospel, or for performance of miraculous operations in confirmation of it, or for any blessing whatsoever, for themselves or others.

Verse 14 – “If you ask anything in My name, I will do it.

When asking in Jesus name, we ask according to God’s character and will. God will not grant request contrary to His nature or His will. Selfish desires are out of the question, as if He’s a genie.

Verse 15 – “If you love Me, keep My  commandments.

Verse 16 – “And I will pray the Father, and He will give you another Helper, that He may abide with you forever,

Verse 17 – “even the Spirit of truth, whom the world cannot receive, because it neither sees Him nor knows Him; but you know Him, for He dwells with you and will be in you.

Verse 18 – “I will not leave you orphans; I will come to you.

To have the Holy Spirit living on the inside of every believer, is to have Jesus Himself.

Verse 19 – “A little while longer and the world will see Me no more, but you will see Me. Because I live, you will live also.

Verse 20 – “At that day you will know that I am in My Father, and you in Me, and I in you.

Verse 21 – “He who has My commandments and keeps them, it is he who loves Me. And he who loves Me will be loved by My Father, and I will love them and manifest Myself to him.

To him who has not the eternal revelation of the commandments written, but has them in their heart, receives Jesus, those He and the Father love. It’s not enough just to know God’s principles and standards, but we are to live them.

Verse 22 – Judas (not Iscariot) said to Him, “Lord, how is it that You manifest Yourself to us, and not to the world?”

Verse 23 – Jesus answered and said to him, “If anyone loves Me, he will keep My word; and My Father will love him, and we will come to him and make Our home with him.

If we say we love Christ, then we will obey what is written. His ordinances and commandments are not merely suggestions. That means that we don’t pick and choose which we will obey. Jesus saves the deepest revelations of Himself for those who love and obey him.

Verse 24 – “He who does not love Me does not keep My words; and the word which you hear is not Mine but the Father’s who sent Me.

Verse 25 – “These things I have spoken to you while being present with you.

Verse 26 – “But the Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in My name, He will teach you all things that I said to you.

Jesus tells His disciples that when the Holy Spirit, the Helper, comes upon them, He will bring to remembrance all that Jesus had taught them with understanding and revelation.

Verse 27 – “Peace I leave with you. My peace I give to you; not as the world gives do I give to you. Let not your heart be troubled, neither there let it be afraid.

Verse 28 – “You have heard Me say to you, ‘I am going away and coming back to you.’ If you loved Me, you would rejoice because I said, ‘I am going to My Father,’ for My Father is greater than I.

Verse 29 – “And now I have told you before it comes, that when it does come to pass, you may believe.

When we have confidence in God and His power, His Spirit will remove doubt and uncertainty in our hearts. Jesus says He will give us His peace, to settle our spirits, not as the world gives.

Verse 30 – “I will no longer talk much with you, for the ruler of this world is coming, and he has nothing in Me.

Because Jesus is sinless, Satan has no power over Him. When we as Christians align our lives with Christ, neither will Satan have any power over us. James 4:7 says, Therefore submit to God (in all your ways). Resist the devil and he will flee from you. Submitting to God is the key.

Verse 31 – “But that the world may know that I love the Father, and as the Father gave Me commandments, so I do. Arise, let us go from here.

There is no break in these chapters up to chapter 17. Jesus continues talking. They don’t actually leave this upper room until chapter 18 verse 1.