John – Chapter 20

The Resurrection of Christ

Verse 1 – On the first day of the week Mary Magdalene came to the tomb early, while it was still dark, and saw that the stone had been taken away from the tomb.

Verse 2 – Then she ran and came to Simon Peter, and to the other disciple, whom Jesus loved, and said to them, “They have taken away the Lord out of the tomb, and we do not know where they have laid Him.

From reading the other Gospels, we know there were two other women with Mary Magdalene that went to the tomb that Sunday morning. Matthew records that these women encountered an angel sitting on the stone to the entrance that told them He is risen. Mark records there was an angel inside that also told them that He had risen. No contradiction, just different views of what took place.

Verse 3 – Peter therefore went out, and the other disciple, and were going to the tomb.

Verse 4 – So they both ran together, and the other disciple outran Peter and came to the tomb first (John).

Verse 5 – And he stooping down and looking in, saw the linen clothes lying there; yet he did not go in.

Verse 6 – Then Simon Peter came, following him, and went into the tomb; and he saw the linen clothes lying there,

Verse 7 – and the handkerchief that had been around His head, not lying with the linen clothes, but folded together in a place by itself.

The grave-clothes were left as though Jesus passed right through them. By the cloth that was used to wrap Jesus’ head being folded, proved that grave robbers had not taken His body, because they would not have stopped and folded the cloth.

Verse 8 – Then the other disciple, who came to the tomb first went in also; and he saw and believed.

Verse 9 – For as yet they did not know the Scripture, that He must rise again from the dead.

Not until they saw with their own eyes, did they believe Jesus had risen. Jesus had told them many times, but the Holy Spirit had not come upon them as yet for them to have understanding. Now they knew.

Verse 10 – Then the disciples went away to their own homes.

Verse 11 – But Mary stood outside by the tomb weeping, and as she wept she stooped down and looked in the tomb.

Verse 12 – And she saw two angels in white sitting, one at the head and the other at the feet, where the body of Jesus had lain.

Peter and John had looked in the tomb and only saw the clothes, but no angels. Mary Magdalene looks in and sees two angels sitting where Jesus had laid. Why do you think the angels appeared to Mary but not John and Peter? Perhaps because Mary was still in unbelief that Christ had risen and she needed to be reassured.

Verse 13 – Then they said to her, “Woman, why are you weeping?” She said to them, “Because they have taken away my Lord, and I do not know where they have laid Him.”

Verse 14 – Now when she had said this, she turned around and saw Jesus standing there, and did not know that it was Jesus.

Verse 15 – Jesus said to her, “Woman, why are you weeping? Whom are you seeking?” she supposing Him to be the gardener, said to Him, “Sir, if You have carried Him away, tell me where You have laid Him, and I will take Him away.”

Mary didn’t expect this Man to be Jesus, so she didn’t recognize Him. she was in a state of panic because she thought someone had removed Jesus body.

There is a lesson here we could all learn: When in a crises or situation that panic’s us, don’t be so focused on the situation that you miss Jesus in your midst. Panic and worry is not from God. Shift your focus by keeping your eyes and heart on His promise, “Keep your mind set on Me, and I will keep you in perfect peace.” (Isaiah 26:3).  Try it. It works, every time!

Verse 16 – Jesus said to her, “Mary!” She turned and said to Him, “Rabbi!” (which is to say, Teacher).

Wow! When the Master called her name, she knew Him! Can you imagine the excitement? She went from grief to panic and in a second went to astonishment and excitement! Every believer has heard Jesus call their name, and when He called, we came.

Verse 17 – Jesus said to her, “Do not cling to Me, for I have not yet ascended to My Father, but go to My brethren and say to them, ‘I am ascending to My Father and your Father, and to My God and your God.’ ”

Verse 18 – Mary Magdalene came and told the disciples that she had seen the Lord, and that He had spoken these things to her.

Christ Appears to the Disciples

Verse 19 – Then, the same day at evening being the first day of the week, when the doors were shut where the disciples were assembled, for fear of the Jews, Jesus came and stood in the midst, and said to them, “Peace be with you.”

In Hebrew – Shalom is still used today. Peace is Jesus gift to His followers by virtue of His sacrificial death on the cross. When we allow Jesus in the midst of any situation, He will give us peace, knowing He is there.

Verse 20 – Now when He had said this, He showed them His hands and His side. Then the disciples were glad when they saw the Lord.

Verse 21 – Then Jesus said to them again, “Peace to you! As the Father has sent Me, I also send you.”

Verse 22 – And when He had said this, He breathed on them, and said to them, “Receive the Holy Spirit.”

This may have been a special filling of the Holy spirit for the disciples, a foretaste of what they would experience on the Day of Pentecost (Acts 2) and forever after. With this in-breathing came power to do God’s will on earth.

Verse 23 – “If you forgive the sins of any, they are forgiven them; if you retain the sins of any, they are retained.”

This is to be understood by the preaching of the Gospel – the Good News about Jesus so people’s sins might be forgiven. The disciples did not have the authority to forgive sin and neither does anyone else. Jesus gave them the privilege of telling new believers that their sins have been forgiven because they accepted Jesus. All believers have the same privilege.

Verse 24 – But Thomas, called Didymus, one of the twelve, was not with them when Jesus came.

Verse 25 – The other disciples therefore said to him, “We have seen the Lord.” But he said to them, “Unless I see in His hands the print of the nails, and put my finger into the print of the nails, and put my hand into His side, I will not believe.”

This is where the phrase, “Doubting Thomas” comes from.

Verse 26 – And after eight days His disciples were again inside, and Thomas with them. Jesus came, the doors shut, and stood in the midst, and said, “Peace to you!”

Verse 27 – Then He said to Thomas, “Reach your finger here, and look at My hands; and reach your hand here, and put it into My side. Do not be unbelieving, but believe.”

If doubt leads to questions, and questions lead to the truth, then the doubt has done a good work. However, if doubt leads to stubbornness, and stubbornness becomes a life-style of rebellion, then doubt has hardened your faith and caused unbelief.

Verse 28 – And Thomas answered and said to Him, “My Lord and my God!”

Verse 29 – Jesus said to him, “Thomas, because you have seen Me, you have believed. Blessed are those who have not seen and yet have believed.”

Don’t let your stubbornness always want more and more evidence of who Jesus is. It will destroy your very being.

Verse 30 – And truly Jesus did many other signs in the presence of His disciples, which are not written in this book;

Verse 31 – but these are written that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that believing you may have life in His name.

Do you believe?

 

 

 

 

John – Chapter 19

Verse 1 – So then Pilate took Jesus and scourged Him.

The flogging should have killed Jesus, however, it didn’t. This was foretold in Isaiah 50:6 – “I gave My back to those who struck Me, and My cheeks to those who plucked out the beard; I did not hide My face from shame and spitting. Jesus allowed this for you and me. We were on His mind and heart when He went to the cross.

Verse 2 – And the soldiers twisted a crown of thorns and put it on His head, and they put on Him a purple robe.

Verse 3 – Then they said, “Hail, King of the Jews!” And they struck Him with their hands.

Verse 4 – Pilate then went out again, and said to them, “Behold, I am bringing Him out to you, that you may know that I find no fault in Him.”

Imagine how hard it was for all of heaven to restrain from rescuing Jesus. As all of heaven watched, their “Darling of heaven,” was being beat, spit on, and mocked, with no delivery in sight! The only way they were restrained, was by the power of the All Mighty.

Verse 5 – Then Jesus came out wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe. And Pilate said to them, “Behold the Man!”

Verse 6 – Therefore, when the chief priests and officers saw Him, they cried out, saying, “Crucify Him, Crucify Him!” Pilate said to them, “You take Him and crucify Him, for I find no fault in Him.”

Verse 7 – The Jews answered him, “We have a law, and according to our law He ought to die, because He made Himself the Son of God.”

Accusing Jesus of blasphemy would give credibility to their case in the eyes of the Jews. But if they had known the Scriptures, like they claimed, they would never have accused Him. However, these were evil and wicked men that saw themselves as the only spokes-people for God. And when that authority was jeopardized, they had to crush it.

Verse 8 – Therefore, when Pilate heard that saying, he was the more afraid,

Verse 9 – and went again into the Praetorium, and said to Jesus, “Where are You from?” But Jesus gave no answer.

Verse 10 – Then Pilate said to Him, “Are You not speaking to me? Do You not know that I have power to crucify You, and power to release You?”

Verse 11 – Jesus answered, “You could have no power at all against Me unless it had been given you from above. Therefore the one who delivered Me to you has the greater sin.”

Even though Pilate was responsible for his own decision, Caiaphas, Judas, and the others had premeditated His murder. These men were the ones who were truly on trial, not Jesus. One day they would have to answer to God for what they had done.

Verse 12 – From then on Pilate sought to release Him, but the Jews cried out, “If you let this Man go, you are not Caesar’s friend. Whoever makes himself a king speaks against Caesar.”

The Roman government was expected to keep the peace among the Jews. Pilate knew that this conflict should have stayed among the Jews and Jesus, but now they brought a political charge against Him, saying Jesus called Himself above Caesar. Now Pilate knows he has to make an appeasing choice.

Verse 13 – When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he brought Jesus out and sat down in the judgment seat in a place that is called The Pavement, but in Hebrew, Gabbatha.

Verse 14 – Now it was the Preparation Day of the Passover, and about the sixth hour. And he said to the Jews, “Behold your King!”

This Preparation Day, was the same day that the Passover was eaten. This would take place on the eve of the Sabbath.

Verse 15 – But they cried out, “Away with Him, away with Him! Crucify Him!” Pilate said to them, “Shall I crucify your King?” The chief priests answered, “We have no king but Caesar!”

By professing Caesar alone as their king, the Jewish leaders betrayed their natural heritage and denied their own messianic expectations based on the promises of Scripture.

Verse 16 – So he delivered Him to them to be crucified. So they took Jesus and led Him away.

Any time you might feel like this Christian life is not worth living for, go back to the Scriptures and read what all our Savior went through in order for you to live! No one at any time in your life would ever go through what He did for you to by-pass the punishment for your sin.

The Crucifixion of Christ

Verse 17 – And He, bearing His cross, went out to the place called the Place of a Skull, which is called in Hebrew, Golgotha,

Verse 18 – where they crucified Him, and two others with Him, one on either side, and Jesus in the center.

Verse 19 – Now Pilate wrote a title and put it on the cross. And the writing was; JESUS OF NAZARETH, THE KING OF THE JEWS.

Verse 20 – Then many of the Jews read this title, for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city; and it was written in Hebrew, Greek, and Latin.

The inscription, specified the crime for which He was executed. In mocking Him, they spoke the truth.

Verse 21 – Then the chief priests of the Jews said to Pilate, “Do not write, ‘The King of the Jews,’ but, ‘He said, “I am the King of the Jews.” ‘ ”

Verse 22 – Pilate answered, “What I have written, I have written.”

Verse 23 – Then the soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, took His garments and made four parts, to each soldier a part, and also the tunic. Now the tunic was without seam, woven from the top in one piece.

This tunic was woven from top to bottom without seams. It is the same as the tunics worn by the high priests.

Verse 24 – They said therefore among themselves, “Let us not tear it, but cast lots for it, whose it shall be,” that the Scripture might be fulfilled which says: “They divided My garments among them (Psalm 22:18), and for My clothing they cast lots.” Therefore the soldiers did these things.

Verse 25 – Now there stood by the cross of Jesus His mother, and His mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene.

Verse 26 – When Jesus therefore saw His mother, and the disciple whom He loved standing by, He said to His mother, “Woman, behold your Son!”

One disciple stood with these women at the cross, all others had fled. We know it’s John, because John refers to himself in his gospel as the disciple whom Jesus loved. This is not an arrogant statement. John simply stated a fact.

If any follower of Christ doesn’t know that Jesus loves them, then they need to re-read  the suffering He went through for their forgiveness.

Verse 27 – Then He said to the disciple, “Behold your mother! And from that hour that disciple took her to his own home.

Jesus made provision for His mother, who was almost certainly widowed and probably in her early fifties, with little or no personal income. The ironic thing is, Jesus had other brothers that would be capable of taking care of Mary but they weren’t there. He asked John, His beloved disciple to take care of her because He knew he would.

Verse 28 – After this Jesus, knowing that all things were now accomplished, that the Scripture might be fulfilled, said, “I thirst!”

Verse 29 – Now a vessel full of sour wine was sitting there; and they filled a sponge with sour wine, put it on hyssop, and put it to His mouth.

Verse 30 – So when Jesus had received the sour wine, He said, “It is finished!” And bowing His head, He gave up His spirit.

Jesus was the final sacrifice for sin. Wen He said, “It is finished,” it meant, “Paid in full!” He paid the full penalty for our sin. With His death, there was no more need for the shedding of an animal’s blood as a sacrifice for man’s sin. Now there would be access to All Mighty God, though His Son Jesus.

Verse 31 – Therefore, because it was the Preparation Day, that the bodies should not remain on the cross on the Sabbath (for the Sabbath was a high day), the Jews asked Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away.

Crucifixion was a long and suffering, painful death. One died by suffocation. Because this was a holy day, they needed to speed it up a bit if those on the cross were not dead already.

Verse 32 – Then the soldiers came and broke the legs of the first and of the other who was crucified with Him.

When they broke their legs, they wouldn’t be able to use them to push up in order to help them breathe.

Verse 33 – But when they came to Jesus and saw that He was already dead, they did not break His legs.

Verse 34 – But one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear, and immediately blood and water came out.

Verse 35 – And he who has seen has testified, and his testimony is true; and he knows that he is telling the truth, so that you may believe.

John inserted this verse to let the readers know, “He witnessed” Jesus death, so you might believe.

Verse 36 – For these things were done that the Scripture should be fulfilled. “Not one of His bones shall be broken.” (Psalm 34:20)

Verse 37 – And again another Scripture says, “They shall look on Him whom they pierced.” (Zechariah 12:10; 13:6)

The Burial of Christ

Verse 38 – After this, Joseph of Arimathea, being a disciple of Jesus, but secretly, for fear of the Jews, asked Pilate that he might take away the body of Jesus; and Pilate gave him permission. So he came and took the body of Jesus.

Joseph was a wealthy member of the Jewish ruling council.

Verse 39 – And Nicodemus, who at first came to Jesus by night, also came bringing a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about a hundred pounds.

These two men were both members of the Jewish council. Their lives were changed by Jesus and they came out of hiding. When confronted with Jesus and His death we should be changed to believe, proclaim, and act!

verse 40 – Then they took the body of Jesus, and bound it in strips of linen with the spices, as the custom of the Jews is to bury.

Verse 41 – Now in the place where He was crucified there was a garden, and in the garden a new tomb in which no one had yet been laid.

Verse 42 – So there they laid Jesus, because of the Jews Preparation Day, for the tomb was nearby.

They had to hurry because no work could be done as the Sabbath approached. The tomb was nearby, so that is where they laid Him. They then rolled a huge stone in front of the entrance.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

John – Chapter 18

 

 

The Arrest of Christ

Verse 1 – When Jesus had spoken these words, He went out with His disciples over the Brook Kidron, where there was a garden, which He and His disciples entered.

The Kidron Valley is mentioned frequently in the Old Testament. The garden mentioned is Gethsemane. Went into it, may suggest that it was a walled garden.

Verse 2 – And Judas, who betrayed Him, also knew the place; for Jesus often met there with His disciples.

Verse 3 – Then Judas, having received a detachment of troops, and officers from the chief priests and Pharisees, came there with lanterns, torches, and weapons.

Here is a mob, bringing weapons to arrest one unarmed man. Peter was the only one, out of twelve people, who had a weapon. This mob was either scared of what Jesus might do to them supernaturally or they were just plain cowards.

Verse 4 – Jesus therefore, knowing all things that would come upon Him, went forward and said to them, “Whom are you seeking?”

Jesus could have done what He had done many times before, and simply walked right past them without them seeing Him, but not this time. His divine appointed time had come.

Verse 5 – They answered Him, “Jesus of Nazareth.” Jesus said to them, “I am He.” And Judas, who betrayed Him, also stood with them.

Verse 6 – Then – when He said to them, “I am He.” – they drew back and fell to the ground.

This showed all those who had come to arrest Him, that He was the divine Son of God with all power and authority. It also showed that if He had not chosen to go with them voluntarily, they had no power to take Him!

Verse 7 – Then He asked them again, “Whom are you seeking?” And they said, “Jesus of Nazareth.”

Verse 8 – Jesus answered, “I have told you that I am He. Therefore, if you seek Me, let these go their way,”

Verse 9 – that the saying might be fulfilled which He spoke, “Of those whom You gave Me I have lost none.”

Verse 10 – Then Simon Peter, having a sword, drew it and stuck the high priest’s servant, and cut off his right ear. The servants name was Malchus.

Verse 11 – Then Jesus said to Peter, “Put your sword into the sheath. Shall I not drink the cup which My Father has given Me?”

The Bible never says that the Christian life is going to be easy. Doing the will of God never is. But it’s always the right way to go. We have to focus on the bigger purpose of what God wants to accomplish, as Jesus did.

Verse 12 – Then the detachment of troops (about 300) and the captain and the officers of the Jews arrested Jesus and bound Him.

Verse 13 – And they led Him away to Annas first, for he was the father-in-law of Caiaphas who was high priest that year.

In the middle of the night, when most of the people were sleeping, they take Jesus to the residence of the high priest, which was a palace and a courtyard. The courtyard was where the servants and soldiers gathered by fires.

Both Annas and Caiaphas were high priest, but Roman rulers had deposed Annas and appointed Caiaphas, Annas’ son-in-law to that position. According to Jewish law, the high priest position was held for life. However, Caiaphas always made the final decision.

Verse 14 – Now it was Caiaphas who gave counsel to the Jews that it was expedient that one man should die for the people.

Verse 15 – And Simon Peter followed Jesus, and so did another disciple. Now that disciple was known to the high priest, and went with Jesus into the courtyard of the high priest.

This other disciple was probably John because Peter and John were always together. It was said that John would deliver fish to the high priest, so they knew him and allowed him in the courtyard.

Verse 16 – But Peter stood at the door outside. Then the other disciple, who was known to the high priest, went out and spoke to her who kept the door, and brought Peter in.

Verse 17 – Then the servant girl who kept the door said to Peter, “You are not also one of this Man’s disciples, are you?” He said, “I am not.”

Verse 18 – And the servants and officers who had made a fire of coals stood there, for it was cold, and they warmed themselves. And Peter stood with them and warmed himself.

Verse 19 – The high priest then asked Jesus about His disciples and His doctrine.

This was Annas who questioned Him. He wanted to know what Jesus had been teaching. The political charges against Him would later be added.

Verse 20 – Jesus answered him, “I spoke openly to the world. I always taught in synagogues and in the temple, where the Jews always meet, and in secret I have said nothing.

Verse 21 – “Why do you ask Me? Ask those who have heard Me what I said to them. Indeed they know what I said to them.”

Most of the people were still in bed asleep, but there were some that stood there who had heard Him teach, but no one would come to His defense.

Verse 22 – And when He had said these things, one of the officers who stood by struck Jesus with the palm of his hand, saying, “Do You answer the high priest like that ?”

Verse 23 – Jesus answered him, “If I have spoken evil, bear witness of evil; but if well, why do you strike Me?”

Verse 24 – Then Annas sent Him bound to Caiaphas the high priest.

Verse 25 – Now Simon Peter stood and warmed himself. Therefore they said to Him, “You are not also one of His disciples, are you?” He denied it and said, “I am not!”

Caiaphas and Annas evidently lived at the same palace because Peter is till in the same courtyard that the other Gospels recorded.

Verse 26 – One of the servants of the high priest, a relative of him whose ear Peter cut off, said, “Did I not see you in the garden with Him?”

Verse 27 – Peter then denied again; and immediately a rooster crowed.

Peter is a perfect example of someone who wanted to do what was right, but just didn’t have the courage or strength to do it, because of his own safety. Don’t ever let a mistake stop you from repenting, accepting forgiveness, and continuing what God’s called you to do. Peter was used mightily after this incident and you can be used too! God has a way of turning things around for those who are humble.

Verse 28 – Then they led Jesus from Caiaphas to the Praetorium, and it was early morning. But they themselves did not go into the Praetorium, lest they should be defiled, but that they might eat Passover.

By Jewish law, entering the house of a Gentile would cause a Jewish person to be ceremonially defiled – unclean. If they were declared unclean, they would not be able to take part in the Passover meal.

They were more concerned about not being able to attend a religious festival, than plotting to have an innocent Man put to death. How evil is that?

Verse 29 – Pilate then went out to them and said, “What accusation do you bring against this Man?”

Pilate was the appointed governor over Judea. In order for the Jews to have someone executed, they had to have the Roman’s permission.

Verse 30 – They answered and said to him, “If He were not an evildoer, we would not have delivered Him up to you.”

Verse 31 – Then Pilate said to them, “You take Him and judge Him according to your law.” Therefore the Jews said to him, “It is not lawful for us to put Him to death,”

Verse 32 – that the saying of Jesus might be fulfilled which He spoke, signifying by what death He would die.

Pilate knew what had been going on between the Sanhedrin and Jesus. He also knew Jesus had done nothing wrong according to Jewish law. They simply wanted Pilate to take their word that Jesus was evil and needed to die.

Verse 33 – Then Pilate entered the Praetorium again, called Jesus, and said to Him, “Are You the King of the Jews?”

Verse 34 – Jesus answered him, “Are you speaking for yourself on this or did others tell you this about Me?”

Verse 35 – Pilate answered, “Am I a Jew? Your own nation and the chief priests have delivered You to me. What have You done?”

Verse 36 –  Jesus answered, “My kingdom is not of this world. If My kingdom were of this world, My servants would fight, so that I should not be delivered to the Jews; but now My kingdom is not from here.”

Verse 37 – Pilate therefore said to Him, “Are You a King then?” Jesus answered, “You say rightly that I am King. For this cause I was born and for this cause I have come into the world, that I should bear witness to the truth. Everyone who is of the truth hears My voice.”

Verse 38 – Pilate said to Him, “What is truth?” And when he had said this, he went out again to the Jews, and said to them, “I find no fault in Him at all.

When there is no basis for truth, there is no basis for moral right and wrong. Justice becomes whatever works or whatever helps those in power. In Jesus and His Word we have a standard for truth and for our moral behavior.

Verse 39 – “But you have a custom that I should release someone to you at the Passover. Do you therefore want me to release to you the King of the Jews?”

Pilate knew this was only a custom, not a law by God or man.

Verse 40 – Then they all cried again, saying, “Not this Man, but Barabbas!” Now Barabbas was a robber.

Barabbas was a rebel against Rome and he also had committed murder. What we see in our society today is no different. Even though someone is a criminal, gets caught in the act, has a weapon, and fires on authority, the people want justice for the criminal, and that was Barabbas. He had robbed and murdered, but yet the Jews wanted him released onto the streets again.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

John – Chapter 17

Verse 1 – Jesus spoke these words, lifted up His eyes to heaven, and said, “Father, the hour has come. Glorify Your Son, that Your Son also may glorify You,

Verse 2 – “as You have given Him authority over all flesh, that He should give eternal life to as many as You have given Him.

This entire chapter is Jesus prayer to the Father. His disciples are standing their, listening.

Verse 3 – “And this eternal life, that they may know You, the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom You have sent.

Contrary to what the “new age” believes and other religions, to know the Father is through the Son, Jesus Christ. This eternal life comes through a personal relationship with Christ.

Verse 4 – “I have glorified You on the earth. I have finished the work which You have given Me to do.

Jesus entire life, conversation, and actions, were all done for the Fathers will. That’s how He brought glory to the Father.

So, how do we bring glory to Christ in our own lives? By our life-style, conversation, and actions, and doing the Father’s will.

Verse 5 – “And now, O Father, glorify Me together with Yourself, with the glory which I had with You before the world was.

Jesus was and is one with God, but at this point when His mission was almost finished, Jesus was asking the Father to restore the original place of honor and authority. When Stephen was stoned to death and looked up and saw Jesus standing in heaven at the right hand of God he saw Jesus in His rightful place (Acts 7:56).

Christ Prays for His Disciples

Verse 6 – “I have manifested Your name to the men whom You have given Me out of the world. They were Yours, You gave them to Me, and they have kept Your word.

Verse 7 – “Now they have known that all things which You have given Me are from You.

Verse 8 – “For I have given to them the words which You have given Me; and they have received them, and have known surely that I came forth from You; and they have believed that You sent Me.

Are you starting to see that everything started with God and it all belongs to Him. Jesus was and is obedient to do the will of the Father. All glory and honor belong to Him. Jesus took nothing that wasn’t given to Him freely by the Father.

Verse 9 – “I pray for them. I do not pray for the world but for those whom You have given Me, for they are Yours.

Jesus’ prayer was for the disciples and all others that would believe in Him.

Verse 10 – “And all Mine are Yours, and Yours are Mine, and I am glorified in them.

Verse 11 – “Now I am no longer in the world, but these are in the world, and I come to You. Holy Father, keep through Your name those whom You have given Me; that they may be one as We are.

Jesus was asking the Father that these disciples would always stay in harmony with each other. Loving and teaching the doctrine of Jesus Christ, one in mind and soul.

Verse 12 – “While I was with them in the world, I kept them in Your name. Those whom You gave Me I have kept; and none of them is lost except the son of perdition, that the Scripture might be fulfilled.

Perdition means, a state of eternal punishment and damnation into which a sinful and unrepentant person passes after death. This was Judas Iscariot, the son of Satan, who was now about to betray Jesus, his Lord and Master.

Verse 13 – “But now I come to You, and these things I speak in the world, that they may have My joy fulfilled in themselves.

Verse 14 – “I have given them Your word; and the world has hated them because they are not of the world, just as I am not of the world.

When the Bible speaks of “the world,” it’s speaking of the lost. Those who don’t follow Christ. Christians values are different from the world’s values. There are certain things Christian’s won’t do and certain things we would never agree to, because it goes against God’s written word. There is no compromise in the foundational standard’s of God. What He said from the beginning still applies today.

Verse 15 – “I do not pray that You should take them out of the world, but that You should keep them from the evil one.

Verse 16 – “They are not of the world, just as I am not of the world.

Verse 17 – “Sanctify them by Your truth. Your word is truth.

Christians are sanctified by being set apart for sacred use, cleansed and made holy through believing and obeying the Word of God (Hebrews 4:12). Daily application of God’s Word has a purifying effect on our minds and hearts. Scripture points out sin and it motivates us to admit it to God.

Verse 18 – “As You sent Me into the world, I also have sent them into the world.

Verse 19 – “And for their sake’s I sanctify Myself, that they also may be sanctified by the truth.

Jesus didn’t need to be sanctified because He is God and is Holy. However, it simply means He was set apart for His divine work on earth.

Verse 20 – “I do not pray for these alone but also for those who will believe in Me through their word;

These disciples would bring the gospel to the lost world. Through the word they preached, the Gospel would be spread throughout the world. We have the New Testament because these men were obedient unto the Lord.

Verse 21 – “that they all may be one, as You, Father, are in Me, and I in You; that they also may be one in Us, that the world may believe that You sent Me.

Verse 22 – “And the glory which You gave Me I have given them, that they may be one just as We are one;

Verse 23 – “I in them, and You in Me; that they may be made perfect in one, and that the world may know that You have sent Me, and have loved them as You have loved Me.

Verse 24 – “Father, I desire that they also whom You gave Me may be with Me where I am, that they may behold My glory which You have given Me; for You loved Me before the foundation of the world.

Verse 25 – “O righteous Father! The world has not known You, but I have known You; and these have known that You sent Me.

Verse 26 – “And I have declared to them Your name, and will declare it, that the love with which You loved Me may be in them, and I in them.

Even though Jesus death and suffering was in the near future, Jesus declared God’s righteousness. Even though we, as Christians, go through trials and hardships while on this earth, God is still righteous and just in all He is. What we go though does not change or determine God’s character!

 

 

 

 

 

 

John – Chapter 16

Verse 1 – “These things I have spoken to you, that you should not be made to stumble.

Verse 2 – “They will put you out of the synagogues: yes, the time is coming that whoever kills you will think that he offers God service.

Saul, who later became Paul, under the authority of the high priest, went through the land hunting down and persecuting Christians, convinced that he was doing right by God.

Verse 3 – “And these things they will do to you because they have not known the Father nor Me.

Verse 4 – “But these things I have told you, that when the time comes, you may remember that I told you of them. And these things I did not say to you at the beginning, because I was with you.

Verse 5 – “But now I go away to Him who sent Me, and none of you asks Me, ‘Where are You going?’

Verse 6 – “But because I have said these things to you, sorrow has filled your heart.

Verse 7 – “Nevertheless I tell you the truth. It is to your advantage that I go away: for if I do not go away, the Helper will not come to you; but if I depart, I will send Him to you.

Jesus’ presence was limited to one place at a time while He walked on earth. It was necessary for Him to die and shed His blood for the forgiveness of sin and it was necessary for Him to rise, to defeat death. And because He ascended to heaven He was able to send His Spirit to live inside of every believer.

Verse 8 – “And when He has come, He will convict the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment;

Verse 9 – “of sin, because they do not believe in Me;

Unbelief or rejection of Jesus is sin and it is the sin that will send a person to hell for all eternity. Faith comes by hearing, and hearing by the Word of God. When a person hears the Gospel, they are convicted of their sin. Repent and believe.

Verse 10 – “of righteousness, because I go to My Father and you see Me no more;

Once you believe, Christ convinces you that you are covered in His righteousness, because of what He has done, not us.

Verse 11 – “of judgment, because the ruler of this world is judged.

Christ has all power and authority over heaven and earth, and that authority includes over Satan.

Verse 12 – “I still have many things to say to you, but you cannot hear them now.

Verse 13 – “However, when He, the Spirit of truth, has come, He will guide you into all truth; for He will not speak on His own authority, but whatever He hears He will speak; and He will tell you things to come.

The disciples didn’t fully understand this until the Holy Spirit descended on them at Pentecost. Then they were able to write the New Testament that we now have

Verse 14 – “He will glorify Me, for He will take of what is Mine and declare it to you.

Verse 15 – “All things that the Father has are Mine. Therefore I said that He will take of Mine and declare it to you.

The Predictions of Christ’s Death and Resurrection

Verse 16 – “A little while, and you will not see Me; and again a little while, and you will see Me, because I go to the Father.

Jesus is talking about the brief period between His death and resurrection.

Verse 17 – Then some of His disciples said among themselves, “What is this that He says to us, ‘A little while, and you will not see Me; and again a little while, and you will see Me’; and, ‘because I go the Father’?”

Verse 18 – They said therefore, “What is this that He says, ‘A little while’? We do not know what He is saying.”

Verse 19 – Now Jesus knew that they desired to ask Him, and He said to them, “Are you inquiring among yourselves about what I said, ‘A little while, and you will not see Me; and again a little while, and you will see Me’?

Verse 20 – “Most assuredly, I say to you that you will weep and lament, but the world will rejoice; and you will be sorrowful, but your sorrow will be turned into joy.

The world’s values are often the opposite of God’s values. This can cause Christians to feel like misfits. However, don’t lose focus of God’s promises, because one day it will have been worth it all.

Verse 21 – “A woman, when she is in labor, has sorrow because her hour has come; but as soon as she has given birth to the child, she no longer remembers the anguish, for joy that a human being has been born into the world.

Verse 22 – “Therefore you now have sorrow; but I will see you again and your heart will rejoice, and your joy no one will take from you.

Verse 23 – “And in that day you will ask Me nothing. Most assuredly, I say to you, whatever you ask the Father in My name He will give you.

“In that day,” when all imperfections shall be done away with, when saints will know as they are known, and see Jesus as He is, and need not ask any questions about Him.

Verse 42 – “Until now you have asked nothing in My name. Ask and you will receive, that your joy may be full.

The disciples or anyone else for that matter, had never prayed, “In Jesus name!”

Verse 25 – “These things I have spoken to you in figurative language; but the time is coming when I no longer speak to you in figurative language, but I will tell you plainly about the Father.

Verse 26 – “In that day you will ask in My name, and I do not say to you that I shall pray the Father for you;

Verse 27 – “for the Father Himself loves you because you have loved Me, and have believed that I came forth from God.

Verse 28 – “I came forth from the Father and have come into the world. Again, I leave the world and go to the Father.”

Verse 29 – His disciples said to Him, “See now You are speaking plainly, and using no figure of speech!

Verse 30 – “Now we are sure that You know all things, and have no need that anyone should question You. By this we believe that You came forth from God.”

This belief was only the first step toward great faith they would receive when the Holy Spirit came upon them.

Verse 31 – Jesus answered them, “Do you now believe?

Verse 32 – “Indeed the hour is coming, yes, has now come, that you will be scattered, each to his own, and will leave Me alone. And yet I am not alone, because the Father is with Me.

Verse 33 – “These things I have spoken to you, that in Me you may have peace. In the world you will have tribulation; but be of good cheer, I have overcome the world.

We can take to heart what Jesus said to His disciples. Jesus does not abandon us to our struggles and tribulations in this life! Jesus overcame every temptation known to man and if you have the power of the Holy Spirit living on the inside of you, you can too!

Our God will give you peace in the midst of the storm. He is always with the believer, guiding and protecting. He is our victory, in Jesus name.

 

John – Chapter 15

Jesus Is the vine

Verse 1 – “I am the true vine, and My Father is the vinedresser.

Verse 2 – “Every branch in Me that does not bear fruit He takes away; and every branch that bears fruit He prunes, that it may bear more fruit.

Christ is our life-line, just as roots need nourishment to survive, we need Christ to survive this life and the next.Vines have to be pruned of dead wood, just as Christians have to be pruned of dead things in their lives.

Verse 3 – “You are already clean because of the word which I have spoken to you.

There are two kinds of pruning: separating and cutting back branches. When we as Christians are pruned it will involve correction or discipline. This will strengthen our character and faith.

Verse 4 – “Abide in Me, and I in you. As the branch cannot bear fruit of itself, unless it abides in the vine, neither can you, unless you abide in Me.

We must continue to exercise faith and love toward Christ, cleaving to Him with full purpose of heart.

Verse 5 – “I am the vine, you are the branches. He who abides in Me, and I in him, bears much fruit; for without Me you can do nothing.

Fruit is not limited to soul winning. Many people try to be good, but Jesus says the only way to live a truly good life is to stay connected to Him. Apart from Christ our efforts are unfruitful.

Verse 6 – “If anyone does not abide in Me, he is cast out as a branch and is withered; and they gather them and throw them into the fire, and they are burned.

Jesus knows the pretenders, those who claim they are His, but their lifestyle is contrary to His word. They don’t abide in Him, so they will be cast into divine judgment and burned.

Verse 7 – “If you abide in Me, and My words abide in you, you will ask what you desire, and it shall be done for you.

That is so plain. When we hold fast to the truths of the Gospel, putting our faith and trust in Jesus alone, there is a privilege that we will enjoy. That being: whatever is for the glory of God, for spiritual profit and edification, and whatever is agreeable to the words and doctrines of Christ – His will. Every thing of this kind we ask in faith, and with a submission to the divine will, they may expect to receive.

Verse 8 – “By this My Father is glorified, that you bear much fruit; so you will be My disciples.

God is glorified when people come into a right relationship with Him and begin to bear much fruit in their lives.

Verse 9 – “As the Father loved Me, I also have loved you; abide in My love.

Verse 10 – “If you keep My commandments, you will abide in My love, just as I have kept My Father’s commandments and abide in His love.

Verse 11 – “These things I have spoken to you, that My joy may remain in you, and that your joy may be full.

Our circumstances should not change the mood of a Christian. We have no excuse to be moody or temperamental every other day. This joy that should be in every Christian is not temporary joy. It’s a joy that comes from knowing no matter what the circumstance is, Jesus is with us and will work everything out for our good.

If you are one of those Christians whose mood swings dictates how you treat others, “Grow up!” This world does not evolve around you and your problems. If God’s got this, then act like it.

The Relationship of Believers to Each Other

Verse 12 – “This is My commandment, that you love one another as I have loved you.

We need to think long and hard how we treat other believes, not to mention how we treat those who are lost, because they are watching.

Verse 13 – “Greater love has no one than this, than to lay down one’s life for his friends.

Verse 14 – “You are My friends if you do whatever I command you.

Obedience to Christ’ teachings will take you a lot further than disobedience will.

Verse 15 – “No longer do I call you servants, for a servant does not know what his master is doing; but I have called you friends, for all things that I heard from My Father I have made known to you.

Verse 16 – “You did not choose Me, but I chose you and appointed you that you should go and bear fruit, and that your fruit should remain, that whatever you ask the Father in My name He may give you.

Jesus connected bearing fruit to receiving what we ask in prayer in His name. We often say, “I found Jesus,” but Jesus says plainly that He chose us. Yes, we make that choice to receive Him or not, but His calling is present through the beckoning of the Holy Spirit.

Verse 17 – “These things I command you, that you love one another.

Verse 18 – “If the world hates you, you know that it hated Me before it hated you.

Verse 19 – “If you were of the world, the world love its own. Yet because you are not of the world, but I chose you out of the world, therefore the world hates you.

People of the world also will mock, ridicule, and despise, followers of Christ, but they also did the same to Him.

Verse 20 – “Remember the word that I said to you, ‘A servant is not greater than his master.’ If they persecuted Me, they will also persecute you. If they kept My word, they will keep yours also.

Verse 21 – “But all these things they will do to you for My sake, because they do not know Him who sent Me.

Persecution should not come from other Christians, but sometimes it does, and when it does come from other Christians, consider the source. Are they just talking the talk, but not walking the walk?

Verse 22 – “If I had not come and spoken to them, they would have no sin, but now they have no excuse for their sin.

The ignorance of the Jews is represented as inexcusable, since Christ had come, and had preached to them. If He had not come and told them He was the Messiah, they might have had an excuse for their ignorance. Same thing goes for all those who reject the Gospel of Jesus Christ, they will be without excuse for their sin.

Verse 23 – “He who hates Me hate My Father also.

Verse 24 – “If I had not done among them the works which no one else did, they would have no sin; but now they have seen and also hated both Me and My Father.

Verse 25 – “But this happened that the word might be fulfilled which is written in their law, ‘They hated Me without a cause.’ (Psalm 69:4)

Verse 26 – “But when the Helper comes, whom I shall send to you from the Father, the Spirit of truth who proceeds from the Father, He will testify of Me.

Verse 27 – “And you also will bear witness, because you have been with Me from the beginning.

These disciples had been with Jesus since the beginning of His public ministry, and what better witnesses could Jesus have. What has Christ done in your life? Do you share that with those who don’t know Him as Savior? What is in our heart, will come out of our mouth. As a witness for Christ, it could mean a life-changing event for someone else when spoken.

 

 

John – Chapter 14

Christ Comforts His Disciples

Verse 1 – “Let not your heart be troubled; you believe in God, believe also in Me.

Verse 2 – “In My Fathers house are many mansions; if it were not so, I would have told you. I go to prepare a place for you.

Verse 3 – “And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again and receive you to Myself; that where I am, there you may be also.

Verse 4 – “And where I go you know, and the way you know.”

Yes, Jesus was talking directly to the disciples, but these verses are also for us. If you believe in God, then also believe in Jesus, whom God sent. Jesus has gone to prepare a place and He is coming back.

Verse 5 – Thomas said to Him, “Lord, we do not know where You are going, and how can we know the way?”

Verse 6 – Jesus said to him, “I am the way, the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except through Me.

Jesus alone is able to provide access to God, because He alone paid the penalty for our sins. He is the only truth, having life in Himself, He is able to give eternal life to all those who believe in Him. Jesus is the one and only way to salvation. Contrary to what many people think, there is no mediator between man and God but One, the Lord Jesus Christ.

Verse 7 – “If you had known Me, you would have known My Father also; and from now on you know Him and have seen Him.”

The knowledge of the Father, and of Christ, go together, he that sees one, sees the other, he that believes one, believes in the other, and the knowledge of both is necessary to eternal life.

Verse 8 – Philip said to Him, “Lord, show us the Father, and it is sufficient for us.”

Verse 9 – Jesus said to him, “Have I been with you so long, and yet you have not known Me, Philip? He who has seen Me has seen the Father; so how can you say, ‘Show us the Father’?

Poor Philip. He just didn’t understand that Jesus is the visible, tangible, image of the invisible God.

Verse 10 – “Do you not believe that I am in the Father, and the Father in Me? The words that I speak to you I do not speak on My own authority; but the Father who dwells in Me does the work.

Verse 11 – “Believe Me that I am in the Father and the Father in Me, or else believe Me for the sake of the works themselves.

Verse 12 – “Most assuredly, I say to you, he who believes in Me, the works that I do he will do also; and greater works than these he will do, because I go to the Father.

These verses were not just to and for those twelve disciples, as some like to think. When the Gospel of Jesus Christ is preached, there will be evidence; the dead shall be raised, demons cast out, and diseases healed, all the power of the Holy Spirit, in the Name of Jesus. That same power lives on the inside of each believer. Do you believe?

Verse 13 – “And whatever you ask in My name, that I will do, that the Father may be glorified in the Son.

Jesus declares that He Himself, whether it be in assistance in preaching the Gospel, or for performance of miraculous operations in confirmation of it, or for any blessing whatsoever, for themselves or others.

Verse 14 – “If you ask anything in My name, I will do it.

When asking in Jesus name, we ask according to God’s character and will. God will not grant request contrary to His nature or His will. Selfish desires are out of the question, as if He’s a genie.

Verse 15 – “If you love Me, keep My  commandments.

Verse 16 – “And I will pray the Father, and He will give you another Helper, that He may abide with you forever,

Verse 17 – “even the Spirit of truth, whom the world cannot receive, because it neither sees Him nor knows Him; but you know Him, for He dwells with you and will be in you.

Verse 18 – “I will not leave you orphans; I will come to you.

To have the Holy Spirit living on the inside of every believer, is to have Jesus Himself.

Verse 19 – “A little while longer and the world will see Me no more, but you will see Me. Because I live, you will live also.

Verse 20 – “At that day you will know that I am in My Father, and you in Me, and I in you.

Verse 21 – “He who has My commandments and keeps them, it is he who loves Me. And he who loves Me will be loved by My Father, and I will love them and manifest Myself to him.

To him who has not the eternal revelation of the commandments written, but has them in their heart, receives Jesus, those He and the Father love. It’s not enough just to know God’s principles and standards, but we are to live them.

Verse 22 – Judas (not Iscariot) said to Him, “Lord, how is it that You manifest Yourself to us, and not to the world?”

Verse 23 – Jesus answered and said to him, “If anyone loves Me, he will keep My word; and My Father will love him, and we will come to him and make Our home with him.

If we say we love Christ, then we will obey what is written. His ordinances and commandments are not merely suggestions. That means that we don’t pick and choose which we will obey. Jesus saves the deepest revelations of Himself for those who love and obey him.

Verse 24 – “He who does not love Me does not keep My words; and the word which you hear is not Mine but the Father’s who sent Me.

Verse 25 – “These things I have spoken to you while being present with you.

Verse 26 – “But the Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in My name, He will teach you all things that I said to you.

Jesus tells His disciples that when the Holy Spirit, the Helper, comes upon them, He will bring to remembrance all that Jesus had taught them with understanding and revelation.

Verse 27 – “Peace I leave with you. My peace I give to you; not as the world gives do I give to you. Let not your heart be troubled, neither there let it be afraid.

Verse 28 – “You have heard Me say to you, ‘I am going away and coming back to you.’ If you loved Me, you would rejoice because I said, ‘I am going to My Father,’ for My Father is greater than I.

Verse 29 – “And now I have told you before it comes, that when it does come to pass, you may believe.

When we have confidence in God and His power, His Spirit will remove doubt and uncertainty in our hearts. Jesus says He will give us His peace, to settle our spirits, not as the world gives.

Verse 30 – “I will no longer talk much with you, for the ruler of this world is coming, and he has nothing in Me.

Because Jesus is sinless, Satan has no power over Him. When we as Christians align our lives with Christ, neither will Satan have any power over us. James 4:7 says, Therefore submit to God (in all your ways). Resist the devil and he will flee from you. Submitting to God is the key.

Verse 31 – “But that the world may know that I love the Father, and as the Father gave Me commandments, so I do. Arise, let us go from here.

There is no break in these chapters up to chapter 17. Jesus continues talking. They don’t actually leave this upper room until chapter 18 verse 1.

 

 

 

 

 

John – Chapter 13

Christ Washes the Disciple’s Feet

Verse 1 – Now before the feast of the Passover, when Jesus knew that His hour had come that He should depart from this world to the Father, having loved His own who were in the world, He loved them to the end.

Verse 2 – And super being ended, the devil having already put it into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon’s son, to betray Him,

Verse 3 – Jesus, knowing that the Father had given all things into His hands, and that He had come from God and was going to God,

Verse 4 – rose from super and laid aside His garments, took a towel and girded Himself.

In these next few chapters, 13-17, Christ only has hours left with His disciples. He teaches them many things, but the first is that of a servant.

Verse 5 – After that, He poured water into a basin and began to wash the disciple’s feet, and to wipe them with the towel with which He was girded.

The custom of washing the feet, was done upon travelers or strangers, who had been on a journey. It was done by servants.

Verse 6 – Then He came to Simon Peter and Peter said to Him, “Lord, are you washing my feet?”

Verse 7 – Jesus answered and said to him, “What I am doing you do not understand now, but you will know after this.”

Verse 8 – Peter said to Him, “You shall never wash my feet! Jesus answered him, “If I do not wash you, you have no part with Me.”

Peter still didn’t understand that to be a leader one must be a servant.

Verse 9 – Simon Peter said to Him, “Lord, not my feet only, but also my hand and my head!”

Verse 10 – Jesus said to him, “He who is bathed needs only to wash his feet, but is completely clean; and you are clean, but not all of you.”

Verse 11 – For He knew who would betray Him; therefore He said, “You are not all clean.”

Jesus is talking about Judas not being clean. This must have sounded strange to the disciples. Jesus taking the position of a servant must have been strange also, but He was trying desperately to show them that they needed to have a servant’s heart in order to be leaders of His church.

Verse 12 – So when He had washed their feet, taken His garments, and sat down again, He said to them, “Do you know what I have done to you?

Verse 13 – “You call Me Teacher and Lord, and you say well, for so I am.

Verse 14 – “If I then, your Lord and Teacher, have washed your feet, you also ought to wash one another’s feet.

Verse 15 – “For I have given you an example, that you should do as I have done to you.

Jesus didn’t wash their feet just to get them to be nice to each other. He wanted them to carry on His mission after He was gone. These men were to move into the world serving God, serving each other, and serving all people to whom they took the message of salvation to.

Verse 16 – “Most assuredly, I say to you, a servant is not greater than his master; nor is he who is sent greater than he who sent him.

Verse 17 – “If you know these things, happy are you if you do them.

The duties they owed to Him, and to one another, love and respect to each other along with humility.

Verse 18 – “I do not speak concerning all of you. I know whom I have chosen; but that the Scripture may be fulfilled, ‘He who eats bread with Me has lifted up his heel against Me.’

Jesus quoted Psalm 41:9 – Even my own familiar friend in whom I trusted, who ate my bread, has lifted up his heel against me. Eating someone’s bread indicated close fellowship.

We’ve all been betrayed by a friend or family member at one time or another. It hurts deeply. However, we are not to seek revenge. Jesus didn’t, so neither should we. Leave them be, revenge is not ours to inflict. Judas was sorry afterwards for what he did, but never returned to Jesus to tell him he was sorry. He was swallowed up in his own misery and hanged himself.

Verse 19 – “Now I tell you before it comes, that when it does come to pass, you may believe that I am He.

“Omniscient” – the One who knows and declares things before they come to pass.

Verse 20 – “Most assuredly, I say to you, he who receives whomever I send receives Me; and he who receives Me receives Him who sent Me.”

Verse 21 – When Jesus had said these things, He was troubled in spirit, and testified and said, “Most assuredly, I say to you, one of you will betray Me.”

Verse 22 – Then the disciples looked at one another, perplexed about whom He spoke.

The 11 disciples didn’t have a clue who the betrayer was. Judas never openly showed any signs of betraying Jesus. We might have a suspicion sometimes of things people are doing behind our backs, but when we are blind-sided, it hurts even more.

Verse 23 – Now there was leaning on Jesus’ bosom one of His disciples, whom Jesus loved.

This is not a conceited recording by John. He simple stated a fact. Jesus didn’t love John any more than He loved the rest. John simple knew that Christ loved Him. Jesus loves each one of His children, know it and believe it!

Verse 24 – Simon Peter therefore motioned to him to ask who it was of whom He spoke.

Verse 25 – Then, leaning back on Jesus’ breast, he said to Him, “Lord, who is it?”

Verse 26 – Jesus answered, “It is he to whom I shall give a piece of bread when I have dipped it.” And having dipped the bread, He gave it to Judas Iscariot, the son of Simon.

Verse 27 – Now after the piece of bread, Satan entered him. Then Jesus said, “What you do, do quickly.”

Satan’s part in the betrayal of Jesus does not remove any responsibility from Judas. (“The devil made me do it,” doesn’t fly!)

Verse 28 – But no one at the table knew for what reason He said this to him.

Verse 29 – For some thought, because Judas had the money-box, that Jesus had said to him, “Buy those things we need for the feast,” or that he should give something to the poor.

Verse 30 – Having received the piece of bread, he then went out immediately. And it was night.

Judas immediately got up and left. I think it odd that none of disciples yelled, “Hey, where are you going, Judas?” I don’t believe they understood the significance of Judas’ actions.

Christ Announces His Departure

Verse 31 – So, when he had gone out, Jesus said, “Now the Son of Man is glorified, and God is glorified in Him.

Verse 32 – “If God is glorified in Him, God will also glorify Him in Himself, and glorify Him immediately.

God will not leave Jesus in the grave, nor suffer Him to see corruption.

Verse 33 – “Little children, I shall be with you a little while longer, You will seek Me; and as I said to the Jews, ‘Where I am going, you cannot come,’ so now I say to you.

Verse 34 – “By this all will know that you are My disciples, if you have love for one another.”

Love is more than a warm fuzzy feeling. It is an attitude that reveals itself in action. Doing for others when you don’t feel like it; giving when it’s a sacrifice to you; and not just loving those who love you back. It is all done by a supernatural power – the Holy Spirit, because this is not easy.

Verse 36 – Simon Peter said to Him, “Lord, where are You going?” Jesus answered him, “Where I am going you cannot follow Me now, but you shall follow Me afterward.”

Verse 37 – Peter said to Him, “Lord, why can I not follow You now? I will lay down my life for Your sake.”

Verse 38 – Jesus answered him, “Will you lay down your life for My sake? Most assuredly, I say to you, the rooster shall not crow till you have denied Me three time.

In our enthusiasm, it is easy to make promises and commitments. But Paul tells us not to think more highly of ourselves than we ought (Romans 12:3). Instead of bragging about what we do, or what we are going to do, just do it, step by step, as we continue to grow.

 

John – Chapter 12

Mary Anoint’s Christ

Verse 1 – Then, six days before the Passover, Jesus came to Bethany, where Lazarus was who had been dead, whom He raised from the dead.

Verse 2 – There they made Him a super; and Martha served, but Lazarus was one of those who sat at the table with Him.

After raising Lazarus from the dead, Jesus went to where Martha, Mary, and Lazarus, lived and ate super with them.

Verse 3 – Then Mary took a pound of very costly oil of spikenard, anointed the feet of Jesus, and wiped His feet with her hair. And the house was filled with the fragrance of the oil.

This nard, was a fragrant ointment imported from the mountains of India. It was expensive and worth a year’s wage.

Verse 4 – Then one of His disciples, Judas Iscariot, Simon’s son, who would betray Him, said,

Verse 5 – “Why was this fragrant oil not sold for three hundred denarii and given to the poor?”

Verse 6 – This he said, not that he cared for the poor, but because he was a thief, and had the money-box; and he used to take what was put in it.

Jesus knew this, but had not ever confronted Judas about it. Just because someone gets by with something for a while, doesn’t mean that God approves or doesn’t know it.

Verse 7 – Then Jesus said, “Let her alone; she has kept this for the day of My burial.

Verse 8 – “For the poor you have with you always, but Me you do not have always.”

This act does not mean that we ignore the poor and spend extravagantly for Christ. This was a unique act for ta specific occasion.

Verse 9 – Then a great many Jews knew that He was there; and they came, not for Jesus’ sake only, but that they might also see Lazarus, whom He had raised from the dead.

Verse 10 – But the chief priests took counsel that they might also put Lazarus to death,

Verse 11 – because on account of him many of the Jews went away and believed in Jesus.

One sin leads to another sin. They wanted Lazarus dead because he was a witness to Jesus power of the Holy Spirit.

The Triumphal Entry

Verse 12 – The next day a great multitude that had come to the feast, when they heard that Jesus was coming to Jerusalem,

Verse 13 – took branches of palm trees and went out to meet Him, and cried out: “Hosanna! ‘Blessed is He who comes in the name of the LORD!’ The King of Israel!”

Jesus began His last week on earth by riding into Jerusalem on a donkey. Jesus picked this time, so that all of Israel would see Him, and He could proclaim His mission to many. However, after they found out His true mission, many turned against Him. It soon became apparent that Jesus was not going to destroy the Roman government.

Verse 14 – Then Jesus, when He found a young donkey, sat on it; as it is written:

Verse 15 – “Fear not, daughter of Zion; behold, your King is coming, sitting on a donkey’s colt.”

Verse 16 – His disciples did not understand these things at first; but when Jesus was glorified, then they remembered that these things were written about Him and that they had done these things to Him.

After Jesus’ resurrection, the disciples understood the prophecies that they had missed while Jesus was with them. When they recalled Jesus actions and words, they took on new meanings. Do you ever look back on your life and see why things worked out the way the did? Did you see God’s hand in it along the way?

Verse 17 – Therefore the people, who were with Him when He called Lazarus out of the tomb and raised him from the dead, bore witness.

Verse 18 – For this reason the people also met Him, because they heard that He had done this sign.

Devotion based only on curiosity, or popularity fades quickly.

Verse 19 – The Pharisees therefore said among themselves, “You see that you are accomplishing nothing. Look, the world has gone after Him!”

All their schemes, crafty councils, and their threats to throw people out of the synagogue for following Jesus, had amounted to nothing.

Verse 20 – Now there were certain Greeks among those who came up to worship at the feast.

Verse 21 – Then they came to Philip, who was from Bethsaida of Galilee, and asked him, saying, “Sir, we wish to see Jesus.”

These Greeks were probably converts to the Jewish faith. They may have went to Philip because he had a Greek name.

Verse 22 – Philip came and told Andrew, and in turn Andrew and Philip told Jesus.

Verse 23 – But Jesus answered them, saying, “The hour has come that the Son of Man should be glorified.

Verse 24 – “Most assuredly, I say to you, unless a grain of wheat falls into the ground and dies, it remains alone; but if it dies, it produces much grain.

Verse 25 – “He who loves his life will lose it, and he who hates his life in this world will keep it from eternal life.

This is a beautiful picture of the necessary sacrifice of Jesus. Unless a kernel of wheat is buried in the ground, it will not become a blade of wheat, producing many more seeds.

We must be so committed to living for Christ that our lives on our own, mean nothing in comparison to eternity. This does not mean that we are careless or destructive with our lives. We disown our self-centeredness. We release control of our own lives and submit to control under Christ, bringing eternal life.

Verse 26 – “If anyone serves Me, let him follow Me; and where I am, there My servant will be also. If anyone serves Me, him My Father will honor.

Verse 27 – “Now My soul is troubled, and what shall I say? ‘Father, save Me from this hour’? But for this purpose I came to this hour.

Verse 28 – “Father, glorify Your name.” Then a voice came from heaven, saying, “I have both glorified it and will glorify it again.”

This is one of three times a heavenly voice sounded; Jesus baptism, the transfiguration, and now. “I have both glorified it,” meaning in the incarnation, ministry, obedience, and miracles of Christ, and raising Lazarus from the dead. “And will glorify it again,” by carrying Jesus through His sufferings and death, and by raising Him from the dead, and setting Him at the right hand of the Father.

Verse 29 – Therefore the people who stood by and heard it, said that it had thundered. Others said, “An angel has spoken to Him.”

Verse 30 – Jesus answered and said, “This voice did not come because of Me, but for your sake.

Verse 31 – “Now is the judgment of this world; now the ruler of this world will be cast out.

Satan was the ruler of this world until Christ’ resurrection. His resurrection shattered Satan’s deadly power. Please remember that. Satan has no power over the believer. He only has what we allow him to have. He was defeated at the cross!

Verse 32 – “And I, if I am lifted up from the earth, will draw all peoples to Myself.”

Verse 33 – This He said, signifying by what death He would die.

Verse 34 – The people answered Him, “We have heard from the law that the Christ remains forever; and how can You say, ‘The Son of Man must be lifted up’? Who is this Son of Man?

From the people’s understanding of Scripture, they thought the Messiah would never physically die. There were other passages that said He would. What Jesus was saying did not fit with their concept of who the Messiah was.

Verse 35 – Then Jesus said to them, “A little while longer the light is with you. Walk while you have the light, lest darkness does not know where he is going.

Verse 36 – “While you have the light, believe in the light, that you may become sons of light.” These things Jesus spoke, and departed, and was hidden from them.

Like a light shinning in a dark place, He would be that Light, pointing the way they should walk. If they walked in the Light, they would become “sons of light.”

Verse 37 – But although He had done so many signs before them, they did not believe in Him,

Verse 38 – that the word of Isaiah the prophet might be fulfilled, which he spoke: “Lord, who has believed our report? And to whom has the arm of the LORD been revealed?”

Thousands had heard and seen Jesus’ miracles, but many still did not believe. Our responsibility is to be a witness. It’s their responsibility to respond.

Verse 39 – Therefore they could not believe, because Isaiah said again,

Verse 40 – “He has blinded their eyes and hardened their heart, lest they should see with their eyes and understand with their heart, lest they should turn, so that I should heal them.”

There is a point when people have resisted God for so long, that the heart becomes as hard as a rock. This is only one scripture that pertains to a hardening of the heart towards God, but a good one is Romans 1:24 – Therefore God also gave them up to uncleanness, in the lust of their hearts, to dishonor their bodies among themselves,…

Verse 41 – These things Isaiah said when he saw His glory and spoke of Him.

Verse 42 – Nevertheless even among the rulers many believed in Him, but because of the Pharisees they did not confess Him, lest they should be put out of the synagogue;

Verse 43 – for they loved the praise of men more than the praise of God.

Verse 44 – Then Jesus cried out and said, “He who believes in Me believes not in Me but in Him who sent Me.

Here again is another verse showing only One mediator between man and God – the Lord Jesus Christ!

Verse 45 – “And he who sees Me sees Him who sent Me.

Verse 46 – “I have come as a light into the world, that whoever believes in Me should not abide in darkness.

Verse 47 – “And if anyone hears My words and does not believe, I do not judge him; for I did not come to judge the world but to save the world.

Verse 48 – “He who rejects Me, and does not receive My words, has that which judges him – the word that I have spoken will judge him in the last day.

The first time He came, was to save. The second coming, He will judge people for how they lived on earth. Christ’s words that we would not accept and obey Him, will condemn us. We are to decide now whether we want an eternal life with Him, or damnation in hell by rejecting Him.

Verse 49 – “For I have not spoken on My own authority; but the Father who sent Me gave Me a command, what I should say and what I should speak.

Verse 50 – “And I know that His command is everlasting life. Therefore, whatever I speak, just as the Father has told Me, so I speak.”

 

John – Chapter 11

Verse 1 – Now a certain man was sick, Lazarus of Bethany, the town of Mary and her sister Martha.

Bethany was about two miles east of Jerusalem on the road to Jericho. It was near enough to Jerusalem for Jesus and His disciples to still be in danger, but far enough away so as not to attract too much attention.

Verse 2 – It was the Mary who anointed the Lord with fragrant oil and wiped His feet with her hair, whose brother Lazarus was sick.

Verse 3 – Therefore the sisters sent to Him, saying, “Lord, behold, he whom You love is sick.”

Verse 4 – When Jesus heard that, He said, “This sickness is not unto death, but for the glory of God, that the Son of God may be glorified through it.”

Any trial, hardship, or crises that a believer faces can ultimately bring glory to God, because He can take what was meant for evil, and turn it around for good (Romans 8:28).

Verse 5 – Now Jesus loved Martha and her sister and Lazarus.

Verse 6 – So, when He heard that he was sick, He stayed two more days in the place where He was.

When Jesus heard that Lazarus was sick, He intentionally stayed where He was two more days. Isn’t that odd? Not really, for someone who knows all things. God’s timing is always perfect. This should be a great example to us when the answer to our prayers is delayed.

Jesus needed Lazarus to die, be in the grave a while, to show the greatest of miracles, raising Lazarus from the dead. Which do you think would be the greatest praise, healing Lazarus, or raising him from the dead?

Verse 7 – Then after this He said to the disciples, “Let us go to Judea again.”

Verse 8 – The disciples said to Him, “Rabbi, lately the Jews sought to stone You, and are You going there again?”

Verse 9 – Jesus answered, “Are there not twelve hours in a day? If anyone walks in the day, he does not stumble, because he sees the light of the world.

Verse 10 – “But if one walks in the night, he stumbles, because the light is not in him.”

Day symbolizes the knowledge of God’s will, and night the absence of this knowledge. When we move ahead, on our own in darkness, we are likely to stumble. Jesus wasn’t going to Lazarus until the Father told Him to go.

Verse 11 – These things He said, and after that He said to them, “Our friend Lazarus sleeps, but I go that I may wake him up.” (There are no dead with the righteous, merely asleep.)

Verse 12 – Then His disciples said, “Lord, if he sleeps he will get well.

Verse 13 – However, Jesus spoke of his death, but they thought that He was speaking about rest in sleep.

Verse 14 – Then Jesus said to them plainly, “Lazarus is dead.”

Verse 15 – “And I am glad for your sake’s that I was not there, that you may believe. Nevertheless let us go to him.

If Jesus had been there at Lazarus’ bedside, He would have merely healed him. But Lazarus had to die so that Jesus could show His disciples and others His power over death. Jesus not only raised Himself from the dead, but will raise every believer when the time comes.

Verse 16 – Then Thomas, who is called Didymus, said to his fellow disciples, “Let us also go, that we may die with Him.”

The disciples knew that going back to Judea would be dangerous, so they all agreed that if Jesus was killed, they would die with Him.

Verse 17 – So when Jesus came, He found that he had already been in the tomb four days.

Decomposition begins several minutes after death, so you can imagine what kind of shape Lazarus would be in after four days.

Verse 18 – Now Bethany was near Jerusalem, about two miles away.

Verse 19 – And many of the Jews had joined the women around Martha and Mary, to comfort them concerning their brother.

Verse 20 – Then Martha, as soon as she heard that Jesus was coming, went and met Him, but Mary was sitting in the house.

Verse 21 – Then Martha said to Jesus, “Lord, if you had been here my brother would not have died.

Verse 22 – “But even now I know that whatever You ask of God, God will give You.”

Martha knows Jesus has the power to heal and she also knows if Jesus chose to, He could raise Lazarus, if He only asked God.

Verse 23 – Jesus said to her, “Your brother will rise again.”

Verse 24 – Martha said to Him, “I know that he will rise again in the resurrection at the last day.”

Verse 25 – Jesus said to her, “I am the resurrection and the life. He who believes in Me, though he may die, he shall live.

Verse 26 – “And whoever lives and believes in Me shall never die. Do you believe this?”

Jesus has power over life and death. He also has power to forgive sin. Whoever believes in Him has a spiritual life that death cannot conquer or diminish in any way.

Verse 27 – She said to Him, “Yes, Lord, I believe that You are the Christ, the Son of God, who is come into the world.”

Martha’s statement is the exact same statement He wants from all of us.

Verse 28 – And when she had said these things, she went her way and secretly called Mary her sister, saying, “The Teacher has come and is calling for you.”

Verse 29 – As soon as she heard that, she arose quickly and came to Him.

Verse 30 – Now Jesus had not yet come into town, but was in the place where Martha met Him.

Verse 31 – Then the Jews who were with her in the house, and comforting her, when they saw that Mary rose up quickly and went out, followed her, saying, “She is going to the tomb to weep there.”

Verse 32 – Then, when Mary came where Jesus was, and saw Him, she fell down at His feet, saying to Him, “Lord, if You had been here, my brother would not have died.”

Verse 33 – Therefore, when Jesus saw her weeping, and the Jews who came with her weeping, He groaned in the spirit and was troubled.

Verse 34 – And He said, “Where have you laid him? They said to Him, “Lord, come and see.”

Verse 35 – Jesus wept.

There are two possible reasons why Jesus wept, or perhaps a combination of both. No doubt He was heart-broken for these people who loved Lazarus, and He felt their deep loss, but also, I think a part of Him wept because of their unbelief.

Verse 36 – Then the Jews said, “See how He loved him!”

Verse 37 – And some of them said, “Could not this Man, who opened the eyes of the blind, also have kept this man from dying?”

Verse 38 – Then Jesus, again groaning in Himself, came to the tomb. It was a cave, and a stone lay against it.

Jesus groaned within Himself because there was so much doubt spoken. Now they even doubted whether He really opened the eyes of the blind man.

When we let doubt rush in where there should be faith in what Jesus can do, I believe it breaks His heart. We have to learn to allow our faith in God to rise up in every difficult situation. Our God can do the impossible!

Verse 39 – Jesus said, “Take away the stone.” Martha, the sister of him who was dead, said to Him, “Lord, by this time there is stench, for he has been dead four days.”

While the Jews used spices at burials, this did not prevent decomposition of the body.

Verse 40 – Jesus said to her, “Did I not say to you that if you would believe you would see the glory of God?”

Verse 41 – Then they took away the stone from the place where the dead man was lying. And Jesus lifted up His eyes and said, “Father, I thank You that You have heard Me.

When you pray, do you start with thanksgiving?

Verse 42 – “And I know that You always hear Me, but because of the people who are standing by I said this, that they may believe that You sent Me.”

Verse 43 – Now when He had said these things, He cried out with a loud voice, “Lazarus, come forth!”

Sometimes these tombs had more than one body in them. If Jesus had not specifically called Lazarus name, they all would have come out! Even the dead hear the shepherds voice.

Verse 44 – And he who had died came out bound hand and foot with grave-clothes, and his face was wrapped with cloth. Jesus said to them, “Loose him, and let him go.”

Jesus also raised Jairus’ daughter and a widow’s son. John doesn’t record Lazarus’ reaction or anyone else. But you can imagine what it was like.

Verse 45 – Then many of the Jews who had come to Mary, and had seen the things Jesus did, believed in Him.

Verse 46 – But some of them went away to the Pharisees and told them the things Jesus did.

Verse 47 – Then the chief priests and the Pharisees gathered a council and said, “What shall we do? For this Man works many signs.

Verse 48 – “If we let Him alone like this, everyone will believe in Him, and the Romans will come and take away both our place and nation.”

“If we let Him alone,” the people will accept Him as Messiah, and proclaiming Him King. Then the Romans will interpret this as rebellion and count it against Caesar and his government.

Verse 49 – And one of them, Caiaphas, being high priest that year, said to them, “You know nothing at all,

Verse 50 – “nor do you consider that it is expedient for us that one man should die for the people, and not that the whole nation should perish.”

Verse 51 – Now this he did not say on his own authority; but being high priest that year he prophesied that Jesus would die for the nation,

Verse 52 – and not for the nation only, but also that He would gather together in one the children of God who were scattered abroad.

Those who were scattered abroad – Gentiles. Caiaphas’ thinking was, why should the entire nation of Israel die for this one Man. Why not kill this one Man, and the whole nation would live. Little did he know that this fit into God’s plan for salvation of the whole world.

Verse 53 – Then from that day on they plotted to put Him to death.

Verse 54 – Therefore Jesus no longer walked openly among the Jews, but went from there into the country near the wilderness, to a city called Ephraim, and there remained with His disciples.

Verse 55 – And the Passover of the Jews was near, and many went from the country up to Jerusalem before the Passover, to purity themselves.

This was the fourth Passover of Jesus ministry.

Verse 56 – Then they sought Jesus, and spoke among themselves as they stood in the temple, “What do yo think – that He will not come to the feast?”

Verse 57 – Now both the chief priests and the Pharisees had given a command, that if anyone knew where He was, He should report it, that they might seize Him.

Do you recognize Jesus’ presence when He is in your midst? These that wanted to kill Him didn’t, even though they were supposed to know the Scripture and all the prophecies of the coming Messiah. So why didn’t they know whom was in their midst? Pride over road their hearts and when that happens to a person, they are blind to the things of God – truth!