A Woman Is Caught in Adultery
Verse 1 – But Jesus went to the Mount of Olives.
Verse 2 – But early in the morning He came again into the temple, and all the people came to Him; and He sat down and taught them.
Verse 3 – Then the scribes and Pharisees brought to Him a woman caught in adultery. And when they had set her in the midst,
Verse 4 – they said to Him, “Teacher, this woman was caught in adultery, in the very act.
Verse 5 – “Now Moses, in the law, commanded us that such should be stoned. But what do You say?”
Let’s look at this situation more intently. Remember the festival had just ended and there were booths, tents set up throughout the city, so it would have been easy to suddenly jerk back a flap and catch someone in the act. My question is, “What were these men doing looking in on two people in the first place?” We would call them perverts today.
Second, you can’t commit adultery by yourself. Where was the man she had been caught with? Should not the man also have been arrested also? This whole thing looks suspicious, like it was set up to catch Jesus in ignoring the law.
If Jesus said stone her, they would report Him to the Roman government. They were the only ones who had the authority for an execution. If Jesus let her go , He would be breaking Moses laws. (catch 22)
Verse 6 – This they said, testing Him, that they might have something of which to accuse Him. But Jesus stooped down and wrote on the ground with His finger, as though He did not hear.
Remember, Jesus is in the temple teaching, so this was not merely dirt that He was writing on, these were hard tiles of stone!
Verse 7 – So when they continued asking Him, He raised Himself up and said to them, “He who is without sin among you, let him throw a stone at her first.”
I’m sure a crowd had gathered by then. Perhaps Jesus wrote the accuser’s names, along with a sin they themselves had committed.
We should take a good look at our own lives before we start wagging a finger at someone else.
Verse 8 – And again He stooped down and wrote on the ground.
Verse 9 – Then those who heard it, being convicted by their conscience, went out one by one, beginning with the oldest even to the last. And Jesus was left alone, and the woman standing in the midst.
They were embarrassed and guilty. This verse clarifies that they were still in the temple, because it says, “They went out, one by one.” If they were already outside, they simply would have left. That was a miracle that a lot of people miss.
Verse 10 – When Jesus had raised Himself up and saw no one but the woman, He said to her, “Woman, where are those accusers of yours? Has no one condemned you?”
Verse 11 – She said, “No one Lord.” and Jesus said to her, “Neither do I condemn you; go and sin no more.”
Satan is called the accuser of men, so don’t do his job! Jesus met her sin with forgiveness and instruction to sin no more. True repentance will be a visible change in behavior after the mind has changed towards God.
Verse 12 – Then Jesus spoke to them again, saying, “I am the light of the world. He who follows Me shall not walk in darkness, but have the light of life.”
Verse 13 – The Pharisees therefore said to Him, “You bear witness of Yourself; Your witness is not true.”
Verse 14 – Jesus answered and said to them “Even if I bear witness of Myself, My witness is true, for I know where I came from and where I am going; but you do not know where I come from and where I am going.
Verse 15 – “You judge according to the flesh; I judge no one.
Verse 16 – “And yet if I do judge, My judgment is true; for I am not alone, but I am with the Father who sent Me.
Verse 17 – “It is also written in your law that the testimony of two men is true.
Verse 18 – “I am One who bears witness of Myself, and the Father who sent Me bears witness of Me.”
The Pharisees argued that Jesus claim was legally invalid because He had no other witness. Jesus told them that His confirming witness was God Himself. Two was the number required by law of a witness (Deuteronomy 19:15).
Verse 19 – Then they said to Him, “Where is Your Father? Jesus answered, “You know neither Me nor My Father. If you had known Me, you would have known My Father also.”
Do you know that hatred will blind you to truth. These Pharisees knew not God, so neither did they recognize the Messiah. No one can know the Father, bu to whom the son reveals him. You can’t know One without the other.
Verse 20 – These words Jesus spoke in the treasury, as He taught in the temple; and no one laid hands on Him, for His hour had not yet come.
Verse 21 – Then Jesus said to them again, “I am going away, and you will seek Me, and will die in your sin. Where I go you cannot come.”
They will die in their sin of unbelief and rejection of the true Messiah. They will not have eternal life because they rejected Jesus.
Verse 22 – So the Jews said, “Will He kill Himself, because He says, “Where I go you cannot come’?”
Verse 23 – And He said to them, “You are from beneath; I am from above. You are of this word; I am not of this world.
Verse 24 – “Therefore I said to you that you will die in your sins; for if you do not believe that I am He, you will die in your sins.”
And that means; when a person dies without Christ, they take every sin they’ve ever committed, to the grave with them. On the day of Judgment, they are raised to give an account before the “Great White Throne.” The only way to avoid this terrible judgment, is to receive Christ’s forgiveness and have your sins washed in His blood.
Verse 25 – Then they said to Him, “Who are You?” And Jesus said to them, “Just what I have been saying to you from the beginning.
Verse 26 – “I have many things to say and to judge concerning you, but He who sent Me is true; and I speak to the world those things which I heard from Him.”
Verse 27 – They did not understand that He spoke to them of the Father.
Verse 28 – Then Jesus said to them, “When you lift up the Son of Man, then you will know that I am He and that I do nothing of Myself; but as My Father taught Me, I speak these things.
Verse 29 – “And He who sent Me is with Me. The Father has not left Me alone, for I always do those things that please Him.”
Verse 30 – As He spoke these words, many believed in Him.
Faith comes by hearing the Word of God, and so they believed.
Verse 31 – Then Jesus said to those Jews who believed Him, “If you abide in My words, you are My disciples indeed.
Genuine disciples of Christ will continue in His word. However, there are those who start out, but then fall back on reading His word. I’ve known people who have been saved for years and never pick up the word of God. They expect to only learn from someone else. True disciples will hold fast and continue as evidence of being disciples indeed.
Verse 32 – “And you shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free.”
When the word of God comes, it will break those chains of guilt, condemnation, and shame, to a new life of mercy and grace, and forgiveness. shouldn’t we show the same to others? Jesus shows us the way to eternal life through Him.
Verse 33 – They answered Him, “We are Abraham’s descendants, and have never been in bondage to anyone. How can You say, ‘You can make us free’?”
That wasn’t exactly true. They had been in bondage to Egypt, Babylon, Assyria, and now the Roman government. But Jesus was not talking about physical bondage, it was spiritual bondage.
Verse 34 – Jesus answered them, “Most assuredly, I say to you, whoever commits sin is a slave of sin.
Verse 35 – “And a slave does not abide in the house forever, but a son abides forever.
Sin has a way of enslaving us, controlling us, dominating us, and dictating our actions. The slave of sin will be exposed and will not be able to stay in the house. But the true son is not excused, but forgiven and abides in the house forever.
Verse 36 – “Therefore if the Son makes you free, you shall be free indeed.
Verse 37 – “I know you are Abraham’s descendants, but you seek to kill Me, because My word has no place in you.
Verse 38 – “I speak what I have seen with My Father, and you do what you have seen with your father.”
Jesus just plainly told them that their father was the devil.
Verse 39 – They answered and said to Him, “Abraham is our father.” Jesus said to them, “If you were Abraham’s children, you would do the works of Abraham.
Verse 40 – “But now you seek to kill Me, a Man who has told you the truth which I heard from God. Abraham did not do this.
Verse 41 – “You do the deeds of your father.” Then they said to Him, “We were not born of fornication; we have one Father – God.”
Jesus made a distinction between hereditary children and true children. These religious leaders were hereditary children of Abraham and claimed to be children of God. Jesus was explaining to them that only those born of God through faith in Him are God’s children. That principle still stands today.
Verse 42 – Jesus said to them, “If God were your Father, you would love Me, for I proceeded forth and came from God; nor have I come of Myself, but He sent Me.
Verse 43 – “Why do you not understand My speech? Because you are not able to listen to My word.
Satan used their stubbornness, pride, and prejudices to keep them from believing in Jesus. Hatred will blind your heart from hearing the truth.
Verse 44 – “You are of your father the devil, and the desires of your father you want to do. He was a murderer from the beginning, and does not stand in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaks a lie, he speaks from his own resources, for he is a liar and the father of it.
Verse 45 – “But because I tell you the truth, you do not believe Me.
The attitudes and actions of these leaders clearly identified them as followers of Satan. Their hatred of the truth, their lies, and their murderous intentions indicated how much control the devil had over them. They were the devil’s tools.
Our actions and by what comes out of our mouth’s, shows what’s truly in the heart and whose we belong to, whether God or the devil. There are no grey areas.
Verse 46 – “Which of you convicts Me of sin? And if I tell the truth, why do you not believe Me?
Verse 47 – “He who is of God hears God’s words; therefore you do not hear, because you are not of God.”
No one could accuse Jesus of one single sin. Jesus proved He was God in the flesh by His sinless life. He is the only perfect example for us to follow.
Verse 48 – Then the Jews answered and said to Him, “Do we not say rightly that You are a Samaritan and have a demon?”
To call a man a Samaritan, was to call them a heretic, or an excommunicated person. They charged Samaritan’s with corrupting the Scriptures and with worshiping idols.
Verse 49 – Jesus answered, “I do not have a demon; but I honor My Father, and you dishonor Me.
Verse 50 – “And I do not seek My own glory; there is One who seeks and judges.
Verse 51 – “Most assuredly, I say to you, if anyone keeps My word he shall never see death.”
Jesus is talking about a second death here, the eternal death. Those who die without Christ will be raised unto judgment one day and then will be thrown into the lake of fire for all eternity. However, those born-again die, raise again, and live an eternity with Christ.
Verse 52 – Then the Jews said to Him, “Now we know that You have a demon! Abraham is dead, and the prophets; and You say, ‘If anyone keeps My word he shall never taste death.’
Verse 53 – “Are You greater than our father Abraham, who is dead? And the prophets are dead. Whom do You make Yourself out to be?”
And that’s what it’s like, talking to people who refuse to have their hearts and mind open to the truth. We, as Jesus did, plainly tell them that Jesus is the Christ, God in the flesh, and they still won’t see, they will die in their sin.
Verse 4 – Jesus answered, “If I honor Myself, My honor is nothing. It is My Father who honors Me, of whom you say that He is your God.
Verse 55 – “Yet you have not known Him, but I know Him. And if I say, ‘I do not know Him,’ I shall be a liar like you; but I do know Him and keep His word.
Verse 56 – “Your father Abraham rejoiced to see My day, and he saw it and was glad.”
God had told Abraham that through him, all nations would be blessed (Genesis 12:1-7). Abraham was able to see through the eyes of faith that Jesus would be his descendant and bless all people though Jesus’ death and resurrection for salvation.
Verse 57 – Then the Jews said to Him, “You are not yet fifty years old, and have You seen Abraham?”
Verse 58 – Jesus said to them, “Most assuredly, I say to you, before Abraham was, I AM.”
This is one of the most powerful statements ever uttered by Jesus. When He said He existed before Abraham was born, He undeniably proclaimed His divinity. Then Jesus applied God’s Holy name – I AM!
Verse 59 – Then they took up stones to throw at Him; but Jesus hid Himself and went out of the temple, going through the midst of them, and so passed by.
The religious leaders were so mad at what Jesus had said, they wanted to stone Him to death for claiming to be God, and once again, Jesus walked right out without them being able to see Him, because His time had not yet come.