Verse 1 – So then Pilate took Jesus and scourged Him.
The flogging should have killed Jesus, however, it didn’t. This was foretold in Isaiah 50:6 – “I gave My back to those who struck Me, and My cheeks to those who plucked out the beard; I did not hide My face from shame and spitting. Jesus allowed this for you and me. We were on His mind and heart when He went to the cross.
Verse 2 – And the soldiers twisted a crown of thorns and put it on His head, and they put on Him a purple robe.
Verse 3 – Then they said, “Hail, King of the Jews!” And they struck Him with their hands.
Verse 4 – Pilate then went out again, and said to them, “Behold, I am bringing Him out to you, that you may know that I find no fault in Him.”
Imagine how hard it was for all of heaven to restrain from rescuing Jesus. As all of heaven watched, their “Darling of heaven,” was being beat, spit on, and mocked, with no delivery in sight! The only way they were restrained, was by the power of the All Mighty.
Verse 5 – Then Jesus came out wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe. And Pilate said to them, “Behold the Man!”
Verse 6 – Therefore, when the chief priests and officers saw Him, they cried out, saying, “Crucify Him, Crucify Him!” Pilate said to them, “You take Him and crucify Him, for I find no fault in Him.”
Verse 7 – The Jews answered him, “We have a law, and according to our law He ought to die, because He made Himself the Son of God.”
Accusing Jesus of blasphemy would give credibility to their case in the eyes of the Jews. But if they had known the Scriptures, like they claimed, they would never have accused Him. However, these were evil and wicked men that saw themselves as the only spokes-people for God. And when that authority was jeopardized, they had to crush it.
Verse 8 – Therefore, when Pilate heard that saying, he was the more afraid,
Verse 9 – and went again into the Praetorium, and said to Jesus, “Where are You from?” But Jesus gave no answer.
Verse 10 – Then Pilate said to Him, “Are You not speaking to me? Do You not know that I have power to crucify You, and power to release You?”
Verse 11 – Jesus answered, “You could have no power at all against Me unless it had been given you from above. Therefore the one who delivered Me to you has the greater sin.”
Even though Pilate was responsible for his own decision, Caiaphas, Judas, and the others had premeditated His murder. These men were the ones who were truly on trial, not Jesus. One day they would have to answer to God for what they had done.
Verse 12 – From then on Pilate sought to release Him, but the Jews cried out, “If you let this Man go, you are not Caesar’s friend. Whoever makes himself a king speaks against Caesar.”
The Roman government was expected to keep the peace among the Jews. Pilate knew that this conflict should have stayed among the Jews and Jesus, but now they brought a political charge against Him, saying Jesus called Himself above Caesar. Now Pilate knows he has to make an appeasing choice.
Verse 13 – When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he brought Jesus out and sat down in the judgment seat in a place that is called The Pavement, but in Hebrew, Gabbatha.
Verse 14 – Now it was the Preparation Day of the Passover, and about the sixth hour. And he said to the Jews, “Behold your King!”
This Preparation Day, was the same day that the Passover was eaten. This would take place on the eve of the Sabbath.
Verse 15 – But they cried out, “Away with Him, away with Him! Crucify Him!” Pilate said to them, “Shall I crucify your King?” The chief priests answered, “We have no king but Caesar!”
By professing Caesar alone as their king, the Jewish leaders betrayed their natural heritage and denied their own messianic expectations based on the promises of Scripture.
Verse 16 – So he delivered Him to them to be crucified. So they took Jesus and led Him away.
Any time you might feel like this Christian life is not worth living for, go back to the Scriptures and read what all our Savior went through in order for you to live! No one at any time in your life would ever go through what He did for you to by-pass the punishment for your sin.
The Crucifixion of Christ
Verse 17 – And He, bearing His cross, went out to the place called the Place of a Skull, which is called in Hebrew, Golgotha,
Verse 18 – where they crucified Him, and two others with Him, one on either side, and Jesus in the center.
Verse 19 – Now Pilate wrote a title and put it on the cross. And the writing was; JESUS OF NAZARETH, THE KING OF THE JEWS.
Verse 20 – Then many of the Jews read this title, for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city; and it was written in Hebrew, Greek, and Latin.
The inscription, specified the crime for which He was executed. In mocking Him, they spoke the truth.
Verse 21 – Then the chief priests of the Jews said to Pilate, “Do not write, ‘The King of the Jews,’ but, ‘He said, “I am the King of the Jews.” ‘ ”
Verse 22 – Pilate answered, “What I have written, I have written.”
Verse 23 – Then the soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, took His garments and made four parts, to each soldier a part, and also the tunic. Now the tunic was without seam, woven from the top in one piece.
This tunic was woven from top to bottom without seams. It is the same as the tunics worn by the high priests.
Verse 24 – They said therefore among themselves, “Let us not tear it, but cast lots for it, whose it shall be,” that the Scripture might be fulfilled which says: “They divided My garments among them (Psalm 22:18), and for My clothing they cast lots.” Therefore the soldiers did these things.
Verse 25 – Now there stood by the cross of Jesus His mother, and His mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene.
Verse 26 – When Jesus therefore saw His mother, and the disciple whom He loved standing by, He said to His mother, “Woman, behold your Son!”
One disciple stood with these women at the cross, all others had fled. We know it’s John, because John refers to himself in his gospel as the disciple whom Jesus loved. This is not an arrogant statement. John simply stated a fact.
If any follower of Christ doesn’t know that Jesus loves them, then they need to re-read the suffering He went through for their forgiveness.
Verse 27 – Then He said to the disciple, “Behold your mother! And from that hour that disciple took her to his own home.
Jesus made provision for His mother, who was almost certainly widowed and probably in her early fifties, with little or no personal income. The ironic thing is, Jesus had other brothers that would be capable of taking care of Mary but they weren’t there. He asked John, His beloved disciple to take care of her because He knew he would.
Verse 28 – After this Jesus, knowing that all things were now accomplished, that the Scripture might be fulfilled, said, “I thirst!”
Verse 29 – Now a vessel full of sour wine was sitting there; and they filled a sponge with sour wine, put it on hyssop, and put it to His mouth.
Verse 30 – So when Jesus had received the sour wine, He said, “It is finished!” And bowing His head, He gave up His spirit.
Jesus was the final sacrifice for sin. Wen He said, “It is finished,” it meant, “Paid in full!” He paid the full penalty for our sin. With His death, there was no more need for the shedding of an animal’s blood as a sacrifice for man’s sin. Now there would be access to All Mighty God, though His Son Jesus.
Verse 31 – Therefore, because it was the Preparation Day, that the bodies should not remain on the cross on the Sabbath (for the Sabbath was a high day), the Jews asked Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away.
Crucifixion was a long and suffering, painful death. One died by suffocation. Because this was a holy day, they needed to speed it up a bit if those on the cross were not dead already.
Verse 32 – Then the soldiers came and broke the legs of the first and of the other who was crucified with Him.
When they broke their legs, they wouldn’t be able to use them to push up in order to help them breathe.
Verse 33 – But when they came to Jesus and saw that He was already dead, they did not break His legs.
Verse 34 – But one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear, and immediately blood and water came out.
Verse 35 – And he who has seen has testified, and his testimony is true; and he knows that he is telling the truth, so that you may believe.
John inserted this verse to let the readers know, “He witnessed” Jesus death, so you might believe.
Verse 36 – For these things were done that the Scripture should be fulfilled. “Not one of His bones shall be broken.” (Psalm 34:20)
Verse 37 – And again another Scripture says, “They shall look on Him whom they pierced.” (Zechariah 12:10; 13:6)
The Burial of Christ
Verse 38 – After this, Joseph of Arimathea, being a disciple of Jesus, but secretly, for fear of the Jews, asked Pilate that he might take away the body of Jesus; and Pilate gave him permission. So he came and took the body of Jesus.
Joseph was a wealthy member of the Jewish ruling council.
Verse 39 – And Nicodemus, who at first came to Jesus by night, also came bringing a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about a hundred pounds.
These two men were both members of the Jewish council. Their lives were changed by Jesus and they came out of hiding. When confronted with Jesus and His death we should be changed to believe, proclaim, and act!
verse 40 – Then they took the body of Jesus, and bound it in strips of linen with the spices, as the custom of the Jews is to bury.
Verse 41 – Now in the place where He was crucified there was a garden, and in the garden a new tomb in which no one had yet been laid.
Verse 42 – So there they laid Jesus, because of the Jews Preparation Day, for the tomb was nearby.
They had to hurry because no work could be done as the Sabbath approached. The tomb was nearby, so that is where they laid Him. They then rolled a huge stone in front of the entrance.