John – Chapter 20

The Resurrection of Christ

Verse 1 – On the first day of the week Mary Magdalene came to the tomb early, while it was still dark, and saw that the stone had been taken away from the tomb.

Verse 2 – Then she ran and came to Simon Peter, and to the other disciple, whom Jesus loved, and said to them, “They have taken away the Lord out of the tomb, and we do not know where they have laid Him.

From reading the other Gospels, we know there were two other women with Mary Magdalene that went to the tomb that Sunday morning. Matthew records that these women encountered an angel sitting on the stone to the entrance that told them He is risen. Mark records there was an angel inside that also told them that He had risen. No contradiction, just different views of what took place.

Verse 3 – Peter therefore went out, and the other disciple, and were going to the tomb.

Verse 4 – So they both ran together, and the other disciple outran Peter and came to the tomb first (John).

Verse 5 – And he stooping down and looking in, saw the linen clothes lying there; yet he did not go in.

Verse 6 – Then Simon Peter came, following him, and went into the tomb; and he saw the linen clothes lying there,

Verse 7 – and the handkerchief that had been around His head, not lying with the linen clothes, but folded together in a place by itself.

The grave-clothes were left as though Jesus passed right through them. By the cloth that was used to wrap Jesus’ head being folded, proved that grave robbers had not taken His body, because they would not have stopped and folded the cloth.

Verse 8 – Then the other disciple, who came to the tomb first went in also; and he saw and believed.

Verse 9 – For as yet they did not know the Scripture, that He must rise again from the dead.

Not until they saw with their own eyes, did they believe Jesus had risen. Jesus had told them many times, but the Holy Spirit had not come upon them as yet for them to have understanding. Now they knew.

Verse 10 – Then the disciples went away to their own homes.

Verse 11 – But Mary stood outside by the tomb weeping, and as she wept she stooped down and looked in the tomb.

Verse 12 – And she saw two angels in white sitting, one at the head and the other at the feet, where the body of Jesus had lain.

Peter and John had looked in the tomb and only saw the clothes, but no angels. Mary Magdalene looks in and sees two angels sitting where Jesus had laid. Why do you think the angels appeared to Mary but not John and Peter? Perhaps because Mary was still in unbelief that Christ had risen and she needed to be reassured.

Verse 13 – Then they said to her, “Woman, why are you weeping?” She said to them, “Because they have taken away my Lord, and I do not know where they have laid Him.”

Verse 14 – Now when she had said this, she turned around and saw Jesus standing there, and did not know that it was Jesus.

Verse 15 – Jesus said to her, “Woman, why are you weeping? Whom are you seeking?” she supposing Him to be the gardener, said to Him, “Sir, if You have carried Him away, tell me where You have laid Him, and I will take Him away.”

Mary didn’t expect this Man to be Jesus, so she didn’t recognize Him. she was in a state of panic because she thought someone had removed Jesus body.

There is a lesson here we could all learn: When in a crises or situation that panic’s us, don’t be so focused on the situation that you miss Jesus in your midst. Panic and worry is not from God. Shift your focus by keeping your eyes and heart on His promise, “Keep your mind set on Me, and I will keep you in perfect peace.” (Isaiah 26:3).  Try it. It works, every time!

Verse 16 – Jesus said to her, “Mary!” She turned and said to Him, “Rabbi!” (which is to say, Teacher).

Wow! When the Master called her name, she knew Him! Can you imagine the excitement? She went from grief to panic and in a second went to astonishment and excitement! Every believer has heard Jesus call their name, and when He called, we came.

Verse 17 – Jesus said to her, “Do not cling to Me, for I have not yet ascended to My Father, but go to My brethren and say to them, ‘I am ascending to My Father and your Father, and to My God and your God.’ ”

Verse 18 – Mary Magdalene came and told the disciples that she had seen the Lord, and that He had spoken these things to her.

Christ Appears to the Disciples

Verse 19 – Then, the same day at evening being the first day of the week, when the doors were shut where the disciples were assembled, for fear of the Jews, Jesus came and stood in the midst, and said to them, “Peace be with you.”

In Hebrew – Shalom is still used today. Peace is Jesus gift to His followers by virtue of His sacrificial death on the cross. When we allow Jesus in the midst of any situation, He will give us peace, knowing He is there.

Verse 20 – Now when He had said this, He showed them His hands and His side. Then the disciples were glad when they saw the Lord.

Verse 21 – Then Jesus said to them again, “Peace to you! As the Father has sent Me, I also send you.”

Verse 22 – And when He had said this, He breathed on them, and said to them, “Receive the Holy Spirit.”

This may have been a special filling of the Holy spirit for the disciples, a foretaste of what they would experience on the Day of Pentecost (Acts 2) and forever after. With this in-breathing came power to do God’s will on earth.

Verse 23 – “If you forgive the sins of any, they are forgiven them; if you retain the sins of any, they are retained.”

This is to be understood by the preaching of the Gospel – the Good News about Jesus so people’s sins might be forgiven. The disciples did not have the authority to forgive sin and neither does anyone else. Jesus gave them the privilege of telling new believers that their sins have been forgiven because they accepted Jesus. All believers have the same privilege.

Verse 24 – But Thomas, called Didymus, one of the twelve, was not with them when Jesus came.

Verse 25 – The other disciples therefore said to him, “We have seen the Lord.” But he said to them, “Unless I see in His hands the print of the nails, and put my finger into the print of the nails, and put my hand into His side, I will not believe.”

This is where the phrase, “Doubting Thomas” comes from.

Verse 26 – And after eight days His disciples were again inside, and Thomas with them. Jesus came, the doors shut, and stood in the midst, and said, “Peace to you!”

Verse 27 – Then He said to Thomas, “Reach your finger here, and look at My hands; and reach your hand here, and put it into My side. Do not be unbelieving, but believe.”

If doubt leads to questions, and questions lead to the truth, then the doubt has done a good work. However, if doubt leads to stubbornness, and stubbornness becomes a life-style of rebellion, then doubt has hardened your faith and caused unbelief.

Verse 28 – And Thomas answered and said to Him, “My Lord and my God!”

Verse 29 – Jesus said to him, “Thomas, because you have seen Me, you have believed. Blessed are those who have not seen and yet have believed.”

Don’t let your stubbornness always want more and more evidence of who Jesus is. It will destroy your very being.

Verse 30 – And truly Jesus did many other signs in the presence of His disciples, which are not written in this book;

Verse 31 – but these are written that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that believing you may have life in His name.

Do you believe?





This entry was posted in John.

One comment on “John – Chapter 20

  1. I have always loved this scripture. The women were there doing the work that they thought needed to be done, namely completing the preparation for His body. I love how Mary Magdalene and the others, even in their grief, remained faithful to their task. I so glad hat we can cling to Him now, adn I look forward to His return. I thank God for using the women, for it was many years that I thought women had no usefulness in the church and I questioned coming forth with my calling. Good job of presenting the Scriptures. Thank you.

    Liked by 1 person

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