Fifty days from the time Israel left Egypt, to the day the law was given on Mount Sinai, is called “The Day of Pentecost.” Pen-ti, means five and cost means to the tenth power, fifty. Jesus died on Passover, was with the disciples 40 days, ascended to heaven, and 10 days later is the Day of Pentecost, 50 days.
Filling With the Holy spirit
Verse 1 – Now when the Day of Pentecost had fully come, they were all with one accord in one place.
Verse 2 – And suddenly there came a sound from heaven, as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled the whole house where they were sitting.
Verse 3 – Then there appeared to them divided tongues, as of fire, and one sat upon each of them.
Divided tongues just means “individual tongues,”sat on each of them. Glossy, a Greek word meaning tongues and language. This was the baptism by fire that John the Baptist spoke of in Matthew 3:11.
Verse 4 – And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance.
There were 120 in that room and all were filled and began to speak. They began to speak in different languages of the wonderful works of God. These are the new tongues that Christ told them they would speak in Mark 16:7.
They did not utter or speak of anything of themselves. They spoke of the wonderful works of God in a very orderly and distinct manner, so as to be heard and understood by the people. God is not the author of confusion.
Verse 5 – Now there were dwelling in Jerusalem Jews, devout men, from every nation under heaven.
Verse 6 – And when this sound occurred, the multitude came together, and were confused, because everyone heard them speak in his own language.
Verse 7 – Then they were all amazed, and marveled, saying to one another, “Look, are not all these who speak Galileans?
Verse 8 – “And how is it that we hear, each in our own language in which we were born?
This was a powerful example to show that all nations and races of people were included in God’s plan of salvation.
Verse 9 – “Parthians and Meds and Elamites, those dwelling in Mesopotamia, Judea and Cappadocia, Pontus and Asia,
Verse 10 – “Phrygia and Pamphylia, Egypt, and the parts of Libya adjoining Cyrene, visitors from Rome, both Jews and proselytes.
Proselytes had once been Gentiles, but had been circumcised and had embraced the Jewish religion, who spoke Latin.
Verse 11 – “Cretans and Arabs – we hear them speaking in our own tongues the wonderful works of God.”
They heard them speak of redemption, pardon, atonement, justification, and salvation, brought by the Messiah by His obedience, suffering, and death, and also His resurrection. These are the wonderful works of God that they heard that day.
Verse 12 – So they were all amazed and perplexed, saying to one another, “Whatever could this mean?”
Verse 13 – Others mocking said, “They are full of new wine.”
Those who mocked may have been the scribes and Pharisees. and maybe their hearts were so hardened that they only heard gibberish.
Peter Explains Pentecost
Verse 14 – But Peter, standing up with the eleven, raised his voice and said to them, “Men of Judea and all who dwell in Jerusalem, let this be known to you, and heed my words.
Verse 15 – “For these are not drunk, as you suppose, since it is only the third hour of the day (9:00 am).
Verse 16 – “But this is what was spoken by the prophet Joel:
Verse 17 – ‘And it shall come to pass in the last days, says God, that I will pour out of My Spirit on all flesh; your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your young men shall see visions, your old men shall dream dreams.
Verse 18 – And on My menservants and on My maidservants I will pour out My Spirit in those days; and they shall prophesy.
Contrary to what the Jews had thought, His Spirit was for all.
Verse 19 – I will show wonders in heaven above and signs in the earth beneath: Blood and fire and vapor of smoke.
Verse 20 – The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the coming of the great and notable day of the Lord.
In verse 17, Peter quoted the prophet Joel, “And it shall come to pass in the last days,” meaning, the days between Christ’ resurrection and His second coming. We are living in those last days. Some of the events have not taken place yet.
Verse 21 – And it shall come to pass that whoever calls on the name of the LORD shall be saved.’
Verse 22 – “Men of Israel, hear these words: Jesus of Nazareth, a Man attested by God to you by miracles, wonders, and signs which God did through Him in your midst, as you yourselves also know –
Verse 23 – “Him being delivered by the determined counsel and foreknowledge of God, you have taken by lawless hands, have crucified and put to death;
Even though Christ’s crucifixion was God’s plan for His perfect sacrifice, Peter let these people know that it was by their own lawless hearts and hands that they killed Jesus.
Verse 24 – “whom God raised up, having loosed the pains of death, because it was not possible that He should be held by it.
The resurrection of Jesus Christ is the foundational event of Christianity and the bases of the Gospel. First, it was God who raised Jesus from the dead. Second, Jesus was literally dead before the resurrection, not just injured. Notice also that Peter personifies death as an actual force that holds the deceased in its embrace. Third, death’s power was overcome by Christ’ resurrection, which means believers should no longer fear death. The grave could not hold Christ and neither will it hold you!
Verse 25 – “For David says concerning Him: ‘I foresaw the LORD always before my face, for He is at my right hand, that I may not be shaken;
Verse 26 – Therefore my heart rejoiced, and my tongue was glad; moreover my flesh will also rest in hope,
Verse 27 – Because You will not leave my soul in Hades, nor will You allow Your Holy One to see corruption.
Verse 28 – You have made known to me the ways of life; You will make me full of joy in Your presence.
Peter quoted from Psalm 16:8-11, written by David. Peter explained that David was not writing about himself, because David died and was buried. Instead, he wrote as a prophet, who spoke of the Messiah who would be resurrected. Jesus’ body was not left to decay but was resurrected and glorified.
Verse 29 – “Men and brethren, let me speak freely to you of the patriarch David, that he is both dead and buried, and his tomb is with us to this day.
Verse 30 – “Therefore, being a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him that of the fruit of his body, according to the flesh, He would raise up the Christ to sit on his (David’s) throne,
Verse 31 – “he, foreseeing this, spoke concerning the resurrection of the Christ, that His soul was not left in Hades, nor did His flesh see corruption.
God had promised David that here would be a descendant on his throne forever – Jesus.
Verse 32 – “This Jesus God has raised up, of which we are witnesses.
Verse 33 – “Therefore being exalted to the right hand of God, and having received from the Father the promise of the Holy Spirit. He poured out this which you now see and hear.
Verse 34 – “For David did not ascend into heaven, but he says himself: ‘The LORD said to my Lord, “Sit at My right hand,
Verse 35 – till I make Your enemies Your footstool.” ‘
Peter is telling the people, David is not the one who ascended to heaven, Jesus is. The evidence they see and hear now was done by the Holy Spirit, the Promise that Jesus made, would happen after He ascended to heaven.
Verse 36 – “Therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly that God has made this Jesus, whom you crucified, both Lord and Christ.”
Peter plainly stated, as a matter of fact, that God made this same Jesus, whom the Jews crucified, both Lord and Messiah, Lord of Lords, and King of Kings, and had invested in Him all power and authority, and made Him manifest by the Holy Spirit, which he (Peter) had received and now poured forth the same.
Verse 37 – Now when they heard this, they were cut to the heart, and said to Peter and the rest of the apostles, “Men and brethren, what shall we do?”
Wouldn’t it be awesome if preachers would preach like that today and we’d be filled with a filling of the Holy Spirit that no one could contain? We don’t need motivational speakers today! We need men that will preach the Gospel, as it is written, so that the lost will be convicted by the Holy Spirit and truly be saved! It is not enough to be just sorry for sin. A person must receive that forgiveness and then live like their forgiven.
Verse 38 – Then Peter said to them, “Repent, and let every one of you be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins; and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.
Verse 39 – “For the promise is to you and to your children, and to all who afar off, as many as the Lord our God will call.”
We are the “afar” off. If you are a believer, then you were called by God! Repenting is the part that some just don’t get. Turn from sin and change the direction of one’s life from being selfish and rebellious against God’s laws. People know the difference between right and wrong, they just don’t want to do it. The Bible says it’s because they love darkness more than light. Light will expose. The Holy Spirit will guide each believer in every walk of life. He can be trusted and must be obeyed.
Verse 40 – And with many other words he testified and exhorted them saying, “Be saved fro this perverse generation.”
Verse 41 – Then those who gladly received his word were baptized; and that day about three thousand souls were added to them.
How many of those standing there that day, do you think were already believers? Do you think because they were already saved, that they simply left and went to get something to eat, or do you think they stayed and celebrated with the others? You might think that’s an odd question, but it’s what I see today in many churches. Instead of praying for the lost and being excited when they come to Christ for salvation, many simply leave the sanctuary, because they don’t care and want to be the first to get out of the parking lot. “Disgraceful!!”
That day around 3,000 were saved and baptized, and you can’t convince me that it was dead in those streets! People were praising God like never before. I imagine there were a lot of healing’s going on also. When praises go up, blessing come down. People today need to repent of their attitudes of the lost being saved and rejoice with them.
Practices of the Early Church
Verse 42 – And they continued steadfastly in the apostle’s doctrine and fellowship, in the breaking of bread, and in prayers.
These that were saved, continued in teaching, learning, worshiping, prayer, and what we call communion, the breaking of bread which involved fellowship with other believers.
Verse 43 – Then fear came upon every soul, and many wonders and signs were done through the apostles.
These signs and wonders such as casting out demons, healing the sick, causing the lame to walk, which were promised by Christ when He said, “And greater works shall you do.” Evidence and manifestations are present when the true Gospel of Jesus Christ is preached.
Verse 44 – Now all who believed were together, and had all things in common,
Verse 45 – and sold their possessions and goods, and divide them among all, as anyone had need.
You don’t see that today. People have so much “stuff,” just sitting in their homes. Some could sit Sunday after Sunday next to someone who was in need, and they’d never know it. Why? Because of the value people put on their stuff.
Verse 46 – So continuing daily with one accord in the temple, and breaking bread from house to house, they ate their food with gladness and simplicity of heart,
Verse 47 – praising God and having favor with all the people. And the Lord added to the church daily those who were being saved.
A healthy church will continue to grow in numbers. When the focus on preaching stays on Christ, then the Holy Spirit can do a work among the hearers. Preach something else, and you will get a hum drum message that accomplishes nothing!