Christ Is Superior to Moses in His Work
Verse 1 – Therefore, holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling, consider the Apostle and High Priest of our confession, Christ Jesus,
Verse 2 – who was faithful to Him who appointed Him, as Moses also was faithful in all His house.
“Apostle” in this context refers to Jesus as sent by God.” The apostle was saying here that, the Lord Jesus, under the new dispensation, filled the place of Moses and of the high priest under the old and that the office of “apostle” and high priest, instead of being now separated, as it was between Moses and Aaron under the old dispensation, was now blended and complete in the Messiah.
“Who was faithful,” to God in all His ways as was entrusted to Him. And also Moses, as he was faithful to the Jewish people, which were called a “household”, or the family of God, and Moses was appointed to preside over it, and was faithful in the functions of his office there.
Verse 3 – For this One has been counted worthy of more glory than Moses, inasmuch as He built the house has more honor than the house.
The architect is worthy of more respect than the house itself, or He who is the founder of a family is worthy of more honor than the family of which He is founder. Christ is the head of the church, the body of believers, and the family of God.
Verse 4 – Every house is built by someone, but He who built all things is God.
Christ, in His divine character, was the Author of both the Jewish and the Christian dispensations, and He must, therefore, have a rank far superior to that of Moses – which was the point which the apostle designed to illustrate. In the beginning He laid the foundation of the earth, and was the agent int he creation of all things. He presides, therefore, over everything.
Verse 5 – And Moses indeed was faithful in all His house as a servant, for a testimony of those things which would be spoken afterward,
Verse 6 – but Christ as a Son over His own house whose house we are if we hold fast the confidence and the rejoicing of the hope firm to the end.
And there is that little word again, “If.” So what does it mean to “hold fast?” The only evidence which one belongs to the family of Christ, is that they have confidence in the truth till the end. On the other hand: If they do not hold fast to this confidence in Christ, then they never belonged to His family, because they did not persevere to the end.
The Danger of Hardening the Heart
Verse 7 – Therefore, as the Holy Spirit says: “Today, if you hear His voice,
Verse 8 – do not harden your hearts as in the rebellion, in the day of trial in the wilderness,
Verse 9 – where your fathers tested Me, proved Me, and saw My works forty years.
We should all regard the solemn warnings in the Old Testament against sin, and against the dangers of apostasy, as addressed by the Holy Spirit to us. These warnings still apply today.
A hard heart is where the conscience is seared and insensible; where truth makes no impression; where no religious effect is produced by afflictions; where preaching is listened to without interest, and where the mind is unaffected by the appeal of friends.
Just as the Israelites tested God in the wilderness, don’t refuse to listen to the prompting of the Holy Spirit when being tested or tried, because this will cause a hardening of the heart.
Verse 10 – Therefore I was angry with that generation, and said, ‘They always go astray in their heart, and they have not known My ways.’
verse 11 – So I swore in My wrath they shall not enter My rest.’ ”
“My rest” is the land of Canaan. That entire generation, with the exception of Joshua and Caleb, died in the wilderness.
Verse 12 – Beware, brethren, lest there be in any of you an evil heart of unbelief in departing from the living God;
Disobedience, unbelief, and rebellion in us will as certainly, exclude us from heaven as their rebellion did from the promised land.
Verse 13 – but exhort one another daily, while it is called “Today,” lest any of you be hardened through the deceitfulness of sin.
Verse 14 – For we have become partakers of Christ if we hold the beginning of our confidence steadfast to the end,
That same confidence that we had when we first believed is the same confidence that we need to hold fast until the end. We do not waver in the foundational truths. Be careful of how far you “backslide!”
Verse 15 – while it is said: “Today, if you hear His voice, do not harden your hearts as in the rebellion.”
Verse 16 – For who, having heard, rebelled? Indeed, was it not all who came out of Egypt, led by Moses?
Verse 17 – Now with whom was He angry forty years? Was it not with those who sinned, whose corpses fell in the wilderness?
Verse 18 – And to whom did He swear that they would not enter His rest, but those who did not obey?
Verse 19 – So we see that they could not enter in because of unbelief.
The rest is our promise of eternal life in Christ. Rebellion and disobedience are the same as unbelief. And God says unbelief is an evil heart. Trusting in one’s self and one’s own works is also unbelief!