Verse 1 – For every high priest takes from among men is appointed for men in things pertaining to God, that he may offer both gifts and sacrifices for sins.
The Jews had one high priest who was regarded as the successor of Aaron. The high priest was to be of the family of Aaron, Exodus 29:9, though in later times the office was frequently conferred on others. The high priest was the head of religious affairs, and was the ordinary judge of all that pertained to religion and even of the general justice of the Hebrew commonwealth.
He had the privilege of entering the most holy place once a year, on the great day of atonement, to make a sacrifice for the sins of the people.
Verse 2 – He can have compassion on those who are ignorant and going astray, since he himself is also beset by weakness.
Verse 3 – Because of this he is required as for the people, so also for himself, to offer for sins.
Verse 4 – And no man takes this honor to himself, but he who is called by God, just as Aaron was.
Verse 5 – So also Christ did not glorify Himself to become High Priest, but it was He who said to Him: “You are My Son, today I have begotten You.”
Verse 6 – As He also says in another place: “You are Priest forever according to the order of Melchizedek”,
Verse 7 – who, in the days of His flesh, when He had offered up prayers and supplications, with vehement cries and tears to Him who was able to save Him from death, and was heard because of His godly fear,
Verse 8 – though He was a Son, yet He learned obedience by the things which He suffered.
Melchizedek was a priest of Salem which is now called Jerusalem. (His profile is found in Genesis 14:18.) Jesus had all the qualifications for high priest, and more. Christ’s priesthood was on a much higher level than Aaron’s. Unlike Aaron, Christ learned obedience through suffering and the salvation that He brought was and is eternal.
Jesus chose to obey the Father’s will even though it led to death. Because Jesus obeyed perfectly, He can help us today.
Verse 9 – And having been perfected, He became the author of eternal salvation to all who obey Him,
Verse 10 – called by God as High Priest “according to the order of Melchizedek,”
Verse 11 – of whom we have much to say, and hard to explain, since you have become dull of hearing.
The Apostle knew that what he was saying about Melchizedek being a type of Redeemer, required a familiar acquaintance of the Scriptures, and a strong elevated faith. A young convert could hardly be expected to understand this. But he was talking to the more mature Hebrew Christians when he said, “You have become dull of hearing.”
Imagine today if you could ask over half of the Christians, “Who was Melchizedek,”? and they wouldn’t know.
Verse 12 – For though by this time you ought to be teachers, you need someone to teach you again the first principles of the oracles of God; and you have come to need milk and not solid food.
In other words: “You have been a Christian long enough to be expected to understand such doctrines.” This verse proves that to whom the author wrote, and they were not recent converts. They should have been instructing others by now.
Needing milk instead of solid food shows that they were ignorant of some of the very elements of the gospel.
Of the oracles of God – of the Scriptures of what God had spoken about he Messiah.
How sad it is today, when I try to talk about the deeper things of God with other Christians, and they are clueless. Some are ignorant of the basic foundations. No wonder their lives don’t show a spirit filled life.
Verse 13 – For everyone who partakes only of milk is unskilled in the word of righteousness, for he is a babe.
Verse 14 – But solid food belongs to those who are of full age, that is, those who by reason of use have their senses exercised to discern both good and evil.
In order to grow from an infant Christian to a mature Christian, we all have to learn discernment of the spirits when we are about to be tempted. Also, knowing the difference when to use Scripture correctly and incorrectly.