Let me start by saying that “Jesus never lost the keys!” However, He gave His keys to Adam and Adam lost the keys. And Jesus got them back, but what keys did He get back?
Jesus Holds the Key of Death
Revelation 1:17 – And when I saw Him, I fell at His feet as dead. But He laid His right hand on me, saying to me, “Do not be afraid; I am the First and the Last. (Verse 18) “I am He who lives, and was dead, and behold, I am alive forevermore. Amen. And I have the keys of Hades and of Death.”
Hades in Greek literally means “the abode of the dead.” Every saint that died before Christ went to a waiting place. During the three days that Christ was in the tomb, He went to Hades, took the keys from Satan and took the saints to heaven. Do you remember reading about the Old Testament saints being seen walking around Jerusalem that day? That took place when Jesus stopped to talk to Mary at the tomb. (Matthew 27:52, 53)
Then Jesus led them all to heaven. Do you think maybe they were singing this Psalm as they went? Psalm 24:7 – Lift up your heads, O you gates! And be lifted up you everlasting doors! And the King of glory shall come in. And the Old Testament saints were in heaven and Jesus sat down at the right hand of the Father.
Everything that needed to be done for our salvation was done – finished! We no longer have to fear death, spiritual or physical, because Jesus overcame both. Ther is no fear of death for the believer. The fear of death is the number one fear that people have.
When the Bible says that Jesus holds the keys to Hades and Death, He doesn’t hold those keys to lock people in. Before Christ, we were already locked in. He holds those keys to set us free!
Jesus Also Holds the Key of David
Revelation 3:7 – “And to the angel of the church in Philadelphia write, ‘These things says He who is holy, He who is true, “He who has the key of David, He who opens and no one shuts and shuts and no one opens.” ‘:
What Jesus said there, is an Old Testament passage from Isaiah 22. Isaiah 22 is the story of a bad steward. Keep in mind, a steward is not an owner. Also, keep in mind that Adam lost the stewardship of the world to Satan. Satan is the “bad” steward and Jesus is the good Steward.
Isaiah 22:15 – Thus says the LORD God of hosts: “Go proceed to this steward, to Shebna, who is over the house, and say: (Verse 16) ‘What have you here, and whom have you here, that you have hewn a sepulcher here, as he who hews himself a sepulcher on high, who carves a tomb for himself in a rock?
(Verse 17) Indeed, the LORD will throw away violently, O mighty man, and will surely seize you. (Verse 18) He will surely turn violently and toss you like a ball into a large country; there you shall die, and there your glorious chariots shall be the shame of your masters house. (Verse 19) So I will drive you out of your office, and from your position, he will pull you down.
(Verse 20) ‘Then it shall be in that day, that I will call My servant Eliakim the son of Hilkiah; (Eliakim means “God raises up”; Hilkiah means “Jehovah is my portion.”) (Verse 21) I will clothe him with your robe and strengthen him with your belt; I will commit your responsibility into his hand. He shall be a father to the inhabitants of Jerusalem and to the house of Judah.
(Verse 22) The key of the house of David I will lay on his shoulder; so he shall open, and no one shall shut; and he shall shut and no one shall open. (Verse 23) I will fasten him as a peg in a secure place, and he will become a glorious throne to his father’s house.
(Verse 24) They will hang on him all the glory of his father’s house, the offspring, and the issue, all vessels of small quantity, from the cups to all the pitchers. (Verse 25) ‘In that day, says the LORD of hosts, ‘the peg that is fastened in the secure place will be removed and be cut down and fall, and the burden that was on it will be cut off; for the LORD has spoken.’ “
Shebna was supposed to be a steward over all that the owner had. Isaiah approaches Shebna while he is building a tomb for himself. He’s building this tomb where royalty builds their tombs. The higher the tomb the higher the position the person had. And Isaiah asks him what he’s doing. Then Isaiah tells him that he’s going to be cast down.
Now, look at what God said to Satan in Isaiah 14:12 – “How you are fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! How you are cut down to the ground, you who weaken the nations! (Verse 13) For you have said in your heart: ‘I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God; I will also sit on the mount of the congregation on the farthest sides of the north; (Verse 14) I will ascend above the heights of the clouds, I will be like the Most High.’ (Verse 15) Yet you shall be brought down to Sheol, to the lowest depths of the Pit.” Shebna is a prophetic picture of Satan.
This is all a picture of what’s to come. One day God is going to violently hurl Satan into the lake of fire. Isaiah 22:19 – “So I will drive you out of office, and from your position, he will pull you down.’ ” “He” in this passage is the King of Assyria that Shebna was making a deal with. Assyria wanted the land of Israel. Shebna was making a deal to sell the people of God into bondage!
This is exactly what Satan does to God’s people. He lies, he’s deceitful by telling people they will be happier if they would do such and such. But if people listen to him, they will have a life of bondage instead of freedom that Christ gives. Shebna’s life didn’t end well because history tells us that the king of Assyria bore holes in Shebna’s feet, put ropes through the hoes and drug him by his horse! We know the end that God has for Satan too.
Then in Isaiah 22:21, Isaiah says the key of David’s house will be laid on his shoulder. But there’s another prophecy that the “government” shall be on His shoulder.
Here’s the amazing thing about this “key.” It was a massive key that had a hook on the end to go over the shoulder. It was a master key that if it opened a door no other key could fit that same lock. If it locked a door, no other key could open it.
Jesus has this key! If Jesus opens a door for you, there is not a man or a demon that can close that door! And if Jesus closes a door, such as our sin, our shame, our past, our bondage, and any open door where the enemy used to come in and takes us captive, no demon in hell can open that door! That’s the key of David! Jesus holds the keys but:
He is Also the Door
John 10:9 – “I am the door. If anyone enters by Me, he will be saved.”
Isaiah 22:23 – “I will fasten him as a peg in a secure place, and he will become a glorious throne to his father’s house. (Verse 24) They will hang on him all the glory of his father’s house, the offspring, and the posterity, all the vessels of small quantity, from cups to all the pitchers.”
The word “peg” in Hebrew is actually the word “nail.” He’s going to be a “nail” that’s fastened in the wall. This was a spike. This is like putting a spike in the wall of a house and putting the plaster around it so they could hang anything on it and it wouldn’t rip the plaster.
This “nail” or spike which is much larger, represents Jesus being able to hold and handle the heaviest burden we could put on Him! He’s the Door, He holds the keys, and He’s the “peg” that can handle any burden we have, even the small quantity from cups to all the pitchers. No matter how small, we still get to hang it on Jesus.
The “offspring” and the “posterity” – In the Hebrew posterity literally means “Broken vessels fit to be thrown away.” That was us before we came to Christ.
Then this prophecy takes a turn: But there’s going to come a day when that “nail” is going to be removed and fall to the ground so that it will not have to bear the burdens that it bears anymore. Do you realize the only burden that Jesus has ever bore was our sin?
So here’s what God was saying in that passage, “There is going to come a day when My precious Son will be removed, fall to the ground, He’s come to the earth, He has to die, but when He does He won’t have to carry that burden anymore!
Jesus is not still carrying our burden for sin. Colossians says that He nailed our sins to the cross! He left our sins on the cross!
Remember where they put the key? On His shoulder. What did Jesus carry on the way to His death on His shoulder? The cross. The cross is the “Key!” The cross is the key to unlock us from Hades and from Death and to close every door that the enemy has put in our lives! And also to open every door that God has for us.