1 Corinthians – Chapter 2

The design of this chapter is to show that the gospel does not depend on the human wisdom or the philosophy of men.

Verse 1 –  And I, brethren, when I came to you, I did not come with excellence of speech or of wisdom declaring to you the testimony of God.

Paul is referring to the first visit to Corinth during his second missionary journey when he founded the church at Corinth.

Verse 2 – For I determined not to know anything among you accept Jesus Christ and Him crucified.

Paul didn’t give any attention to the laws and traditions of the Jews except Christ’s death, burial, and resurrection – the Cross.

Verse 3 – I was with you in weakness, in fear, and in much trembling.

In weakness – in feebleness, not in my own power, and not trusting in my own strength. In fear and trembling – Paul was sensible in that he had many enemies to encounter.

Verse 4 – And my speech and my preaching were not with persuasive words of human wisdom but in demonstration of the Spirit and of power,

Verse 5 – that your faith should not be in the wisdom of men but in the power of God.

Paul was a brilliant scholar and he could have overwhelmed his listeners with intellectual arguments, instead he shared the message of Jesus Christ by allowing the Holy Spirit to guide his words. Any time the true gospel of Christ, that is led by the Holy Spirit is preached, there will be a demonstration of the spirit’s saving power.

The Gospel Is Heavenly Wisdom

Verse 6 – However, we speak wisdom among those who are mature, yet not the wisdom of this age, nor of the rulers of this age, who are coming to nothing.

Those whose plans fail, whose wisdom vanishes, and who themselves, with all their pomp and splendor, come to nothing in the grave. However, all God’s wisdom and plans will stand.

verse 7 – But we speak the wisdom of God in a mystery, the hidden wisdom which God ordained before the ages for our glory,

Verse 8 – which none of the rulers of this age knew; for had they known, they would not have crucified the Lord of glory.

The rulers of this age: the high priest, king Herod, Pilate, the Pharisees and the Sadducee. Their ignorance arose from not understanding the prophecies, and from an unwillingness to be convinced that Jesus of Nazareth had been truly sent by God.

Had they seen the hidden wisdom in that plan – had they understood the glory of His character, the truth respecting His incarnation, and the fact that Jesus was the long-expected Messiah of the nation, they would not have crucified Him.

Verse 9 – But as it is written: “Eye has not seen, nor ear heard, nor have entered into the heart of man the things which God has prepared for those who love Him.” (Isaiah 64:4; 65:17)

This reference to Isaiah is not word for word, but the meaning is the same. “Eye has not seen” – this is the same as saying that no one had ever fully perceived and understood the value and beauty of those things which God has prepared for His people. The same is with ear has not heard by not hearing anything such as the gospel of Christ. God holds promises and things in reserve for those who love Him. The Bible says Christ came to give us an abundant life. We can’t imagine all the good things He has in store for “those who love Him.”

Verse 10 – But God has revealed them to us through His Spirit. For the Spirit searches all things, yes, the deep things of God.

If you are not a believer then you don’t have God’s Spirit and you are not going to understand the things of God. Only the believer can get revelation of the deep things of God.

verse 11 – For what man knows the things of a man except the spirit of man which is in him? Even so no one knows the things of God except the Spirit of God.

Verse 12 – Now we have received, not the spirit of the world, but he Spirit who is from God, that we might know the things that have been freely given to us by God.

The Holy Spirit is a person, He is Jesus. He should never be referred to as “It.” He is part of the God-head, Father, Son, and Holy Ghost. The Spirit knows all things just as Jesus knows all things, just as God knows all things.

Verse 13 – These things we also speak, not in words which man’s wisdom teaches but which the Holy Spirit teaches, comparing spiritual things with spiritual.

If you have God’s Spirit, He will make you capable of understanding spiritual things.

Verse 14 – But the natural man does not receive the things of the Spirit of God, for they are foolishness to him; nor can he know them, because they are spiritually discerned.

The “natural man,” is the unbeliever. They do not have the Spirit of God, therefore they do not welcome, embrace, or receive what comes from God’s spirit. They are not able to understand the gospel unless the Spirit first convicts their heart and they receive Him.

Verse 15 – But he who is spiritual judges all things, yet he himself is rightly judged by no one.

Verse 16 – For “Who has known the mind of the LORD that he may instruct Him?” But we have the mind of Christ.

Through the Holy Spirit, having the mind of Christ, we can begin to think as Christ thinks and know what the Spirit wills for our lives.




1 Chronicles – Chapter 29

1 Chronicles chapter 29

Verse 1 – It is possible to become obsessed with a church building and neglect the people of God. But neglecting the building where God’s people gather is also wrong. Every church building can be a visible witness for God. It should be inviting to all.

verses 3-5 – David acknowledged that all he had, came from God. It all belonged to Him. We may not have David’s wealth, but we can develop a willingness to give. God isn’t interested so much in the material substance we contribute, as He is in our devotion to Him, of which our offering is an expression.

Verses 6-9 – This attitude of willingness to give is described by Paul in 2 Corinthians 9:7: “Each man should give what he has decided in his heart, not reluctantly or under compulsion, for God loves a cheerful giver.” We give generously because we are thankful of what God has done.

Verses 14-17 – David focuses on some important truths. It’s impossible to out-give God. The things we give is simply giving it back to God because He owns everything anyway. God knows who is giving willingly and who is giving to be seen by others.

Verse 25 – Solomon’s wealth surpassed any king before him, and after. David’s legacy resulted from his relationship with the Lord. Any money or power we leave to our children are far less valuable than the spiritual legacy we pass on to them.

Verse 30 – Few men or women in the Bible were as close to God as David was. His daily contact with God increased his capacity to worship and strengthen his desire to build God’s temple. By looking at David’s life, we see how important it is to stay connected to God. If we don’t, our lives can deteriorate (spiritually, mentally, and socially) when we fail to stay well grounded in God.

1 Chronicles – Chapter 28

1 Chronicles chapter 28

Verse 1 – The last two chapters of 1 Chronicles present the transition from David to Solomon as King of Israel. There is no mention of Adonijah’s conspiracy or the rest of David’s family (1 Kings 1;2). Instead the focus is positive–Gods plans for Israel and His promise to David’s descendants.

Verses 4-6 – David knew he was king only because God had willed, and by the same sovereign will God had now chosen Solomon as successor. The Kingdom of Israel belonged to the Lord. Israel’s king, then was God’s deputy, commissioned to carry out God’s will for the nation. Therefore, God could choose the person He wanted without following customary lines of succession. David was not Saul’s heir, and Solomon was not David’s oldest son.

Verse 7 – Having been called by the Lord to be king, Solomon must demonstrate his divine calling by keeping God’s commands and ordinances.

Verse 8 – For the first time since God had given the promise to Abraham (Genesis 15:8), Israel was living in the entire territory that God had set aside for them. With a faithful king sitting on the throne, this state of affairs could last forever if they kept all of God’s commands.

Verse 9 – David reminded Solomon, “The Lord searches the heart…Nothing can be hidden from God.” David told Solomon to be completely open with God because He knows the motives behind the actions.

Verse 10 – For hundreds of years sacrifices had been permitted anywhere in the country under the direction of many different priests. With the coming temple, sacrifices would be restricted to Jerusalem only and priests who had been specifically designated for that purpose.

Verse 20 – David advised Solomon not to be frightened about the size of his task. Sometimes fear can immobilize us. But if the Lord be with us, who can be against us.

1 Chronicles – Chapter 27

1 Chronicles chapter 27

Verse 1 – The most important category of classification here is that there were 12 divisions composed of 24,000 soldiers each. Each of those units was on duty for one month out of the year during times of peace. During times of war, obviously everyone would be mobile.

Verses 5, 6 – Benaiah was the most honored of the thirty (11:22), and he was in charge of the Philistine mercenaries (18:17).

Verse 17 – One person was in charge of the tribe of Levi at large, but the descendants of Aaron-the priests-were represented separately by Zadok.

Verse 24 – The book of the annals of King David was a historical document kept in the royal archives with other officials records. It no longer exists. See 1 Kings 14:19.

Verses 33, 34 – When Absalom rebelled against David, Ahithophel betrayed David and joined the rebellion. Hushai pretended loyalty to Absalom, and his advice caused Absalom’s downfall. Ahithophel ended his life with suicide (2 Samuel 17:23).

1 Chronicles – Chapter 26

1 Chronicals chatper26

Verse 1 – There were 4,000 gatekeepers (23:4, 5). They were all Levites.

Verses 4-8 – Obed-edom was a gatekeeper by profession, though he joined the musicians during the transport of the ark to Jerusalem

Verse 12 – The service of the gatekeepers was just as significant as the duties of those who led worship.

Verses 14, 15 – The selection of leaders for each gate was made in context of family membership. Both son and father were placed in command of their gates.

Verse 16 – The Shallecheth was the gate designed for disposal of refuse and materials left over from animal sacrifices.

Verses 17, 18 – Obviously the storehouses needed protection, and guards were also installed outside the temple grounds, specifically on the road leading to the temple.

Verses 26, 27 – Even though all these arrangements were being made, there was still no temple. A large portion of the money that was given was from the plunder from the battles David had fought. Even the soldiers gave their portion as dedication to God.

Verse 29 – One other group of Levites needed to be organized were the officers and judges who would enforce the divine law in Israel.

Verse 32 – The tribes on the eastern side of the Jordan River were the Reubenites, Gadites, and half of Manasseh. They were already becoming isolated from the rest of Israel. Only at the very end of his reign was David able to provide a suitable teacher for these more remote tribes.

1 Chronicles – Chapter 25

1 Chronicles chapter 25

Verses 1-7 – Music was a huge and important part of worship as it is today. David took it to an organized higher level. This involved many ways to contribute to the worship in the tabernacle. Some prophesied (25:1), some led in thanksgiving and praise (25:3), and others played instruments (25:6, 7). God wants all to participate in worship.

Verses 9-31 – The musicians were divided into 24 groups to match the 24  Levites (24:7-25). This division of labor gave order to the planning of temple work.

1 Chronicles – Chapter 24

1 Chronicles chapter 24

Verse 1 – The temple service was highly structured. Among all the divisions established at this time. The most important one was for priests, who were divided into 24 segments. These 24 groupings were based on Aaron’s two surviving sons, Eleazar and Ithamar.

Verse 2 – The scripture only mentions that Nadad and Abihu were dead and had no descendents, but avoided sharing the details of them dieing prematurely because they defiled the temple.

Verse 3 – Zadok served the tabernacle at Gibeon and Abiathar was in charge of the ark in Jerusalem.

Verse 4 – Since Eleazar’s descendants outnumbered those of Ithamar by a ratio of two to one, it made sense that of the 24 divisions, Eleazar should get 16 shifts, and Ithamar only eight.

Verses 7-19 – Each of these 24 groups of priests served two-week shifts each year at the temple. The rest of the time they served in their hometowns. This system was still in place in Jesus day (Luke 1:5-9). Zachariah was a member of the Abijah division. During this shift at the temple an angel appeared to him and predicted that he would have a son, John.

1 Chronicles – Chapter 23

1 Chronicles chapter 23

Verse 1 – While David was still living, he made Solomon king over Israel. I believe David knew he was about to die. Therefore, he organized everything, including the priests, to be in place when he did pass. Most of the kings of other nations were either killed in battle or were murdered and another was then crowned after the fact. God always warns or tells his own what is about to happen. However there was a major dispute over David making Solomon king (1 Kings 1-2).

Verse 3 – This time when David took a census, it was only for the Levites, those set apart for serving God in the temple. This census was not based on pride or self-sufficiency as was the previous census of fighting men. With a total of 38,000 men, everyone would be able to lead a normal life at home for most of the year and only spend a short time in Jerusalem pursuing temple duties.

Verse 12 – Kohath’s clan included the priestly line of Aaron. Other members of this clan challenged Aaron’s exclusive right to the priesthood only to find themselves swallowed up by the earth as God’s punishment (Numbers 16).

Verse 14 – Basically all that is stated about Moses is that he was “the man of God.” A man or woman of God is one whose life reflects God’s presence, priorities, and power.

Verses 21, 22 – The line of Eleazar continued by virtue of his daughters and the sons of Kish marrying one another.

Verse 25 – David declared that rest had come to Israel because there would now be a permanent place for the ark and for worship.

Verses 28-32 – Both priests and Levites came from the tribe of Levi, but priests also had to be descendants of Aaron.

1 Chronicles – Chapter 22

1 Chronicles chapter 22

Verse 1 – Since the threshing floor of Ornan had become the place where David worshiped the Lord, he declared that on this exact site the temple would be built.

Verses 2-4 – David had the foreigners living in the land to work as slaves to do the heavy labor of cutting stones for the temple and the foundation walls.

Verse 5 – This is the first time we learn that Solomon would succeed David and build the temple.

Verses 6-10 – The name Solomon means “man of peace.” David was making the preparations for Solomon to build God’s house. David had graciously accepted the “no” from God. Parents soon realize that if they have not taught their children right from wrong and brought them up to make good decisions, they soon will have a life of bad choices.

Verses 18, 19 – David emphasized that after all the wars he had fought, there would now be a period of rest and peace in the land. This was God’s perfect timing to build the temple. David instructs the leaders to set their heart and soul towards seeking God. Would that not be great to seek God in every decision we make in life? If more born again believers would do this, we wouldn’t have so much division in the church. We all need to get “self” out of the way and seek the “One” who’s decisions are always perfect.

1 Chronicles – Chapter 21

1 Chronicles chapter 21

Verse 1 – The census itself was not an infraction of God’s law (Numbers 1:2; 26:2). David succumbed to the sin of pride. The law stipulated that each man who was counted had to donate a half-shekel to the temple treasury (Exodus 30:11-16). God had decreed that a census taken without these provisions would be punished by a plague.

There is a fine line between feeling confident because you rely on God’s power and becoming proud because you have been used by God for a great purpose. Evan Joab realized the census was wrong. Often our motives, not the action itself, contain the sin.

Verse 6 – Joab refused to include the tribes of Levi and Benjamin. Perhaps he did not want God’s judgment to fall on the tribe of priest or the tribe in whose territory the tabernacle stood.

Verse 8 – Evan before the effects of the punishment were apparent, David realized he had done wrong; he pleaded with God to forgive him.

Verses 9-13 – Gad and Nathan were the two prophets associated with David. Both of them had the unpleasant duty of announcing divine punishment on the king they served (2 Samuel 12:7). Gad presented David with three options for punishment: (1) three years of famine, (2) three months of devastation by his enemies, or (3) three days of…plague on the land. David chose the plague.

Verses 13, 14 – Sin has a domino effect; once a sin is committed, a series of consequences follows. (The consequences of that sin have already been set in motion.) David plead for mercy and God responded by stopping the angel before his mission of death was complete.

David had wanted to know how many men he had at his disposal. By divine retribution he wound up with 70,000 fewer than he had before the census was taken.

Verses 15-17 – This angel was fully visible, hovering above the threshing floor of Ornan. David and the elders of Israel saw the angel floating in a menacing posture with his sword…stretched out.

Verses 20-24 – Ornan and his four sons received two shocks: they saw the hovering angel, and the king himself showed up on their property. David asked Ornan to sell him this location at full price because he was afraid the Lord wouldn’t stop the plague if he didn’t pay the full price.

Verses 26, 27 – The angel apparently continued to hover over while the sacrifice was being prepared. God sent fire from heaven to show acceptance. Then the angel stopped threatening Jerusalem.