2 Corinthians – Chapter 10

Verse 1 – Now I, Paul, myself am pleading with you by the meekness and gentleness of Christ – who in presence am lowly among you, but being absent am bold toward you.

There were still some among the Corinthians who had spoken with contempt of Paul’s authority and his claims of being an apostle.

Verse 2 – But I beg you that when I am present I may not be bold with that confidence by which I intended to be bold against some, who think of us as if we walked according to the flesh.

Some thought that Paul was guided by personal interests and worldly views.

Verse 3 – For though we walk in the flesh, we do not war according to the flesh.

Though Paul dwelt in a mortal body like the others, and must take care of temporary needs, the battles he faced were not with others.

Verse 4 – For the weapons of our warfare are not carnal but mighty in God for pulling down strongholds,

The weapons of our battles we face; the weapons used for victory. Our weapons are not carnal – meaning, we don’t fight Satan with emotions, skills, wealth, beauty, or anything external.

Verse 5 – casting down arguments and every high thing that exalts itself against the knowledge of God, bringing everything into captivity to the obedience of Christ,

False teachings and error have to be denounced and thrown out because God’s word is true and that only is our guidance. As we study God’s word, we are less likely to err in our obedience to Christ.

Verse 6 – and being ready to punish all disobedience when your obedience is fulfilled.

Verse 7 – Do you look at things according to the outward appearance? If anyone is convinced in himself that he is Christ’s, let him again consider this in himself, that just as he is Christ’s , even so we are Christ’s.

Paul is still talking about the false teachers which had come into the church. They laid claim to special honor in the work of ministry, because they were superior in personal appearance, in rank, manners, or eloquence compared to Paul.

Verse 8 – For even if I should boast somewhat more about our authority, which the Lord gave us for edification and not for your destruction, I shall not be ashamed –

Verse 9 – lest I seem to terrify you by letters.

Verse 10 – “For his letters,” they say, “are weighty and powerful, and his speech contemptible.”

Paul’s enemies were saying that his letters were powerful, but what he said was despised. Many times people will not be so concerned with how eloquent a message is given, but what the content is about. Those who refuse to come to Christ don’t like criticism of how they are living their life!

Verse 11 – Let such a person consider this, that what we are in word by letters when we are absent, such we will also be in deed when we are present.

If the situation required it, Paul would not hesitate to exercise his god – given authority. That doesn’t mean to humiliate the members or beat them up every Sunday either.

Verse 12 – For we dare not class ourselves or compare ourselves with those who commend themselves. But they, measuring themselves by themselves, and comparing themselves among themselves, are not wise.

Do you compare yourself with others? That’s what these false teachers were doing. They thought because they spoke more eloquently than Paul did, their message was better than his. Compare yourself to Christ only and you will see how short we fail, and that without Christ’s strength, we couldn’t’ teach anything.

Verse 13 – We, however, will not boast beyond measure, but within limits of the sphere which God appointed us – a sphere which especially includes you.

Verse 14 – For we are not extending ourselves beyond our sphere (thus not reaching you), for it was to you that we came with the gospel of Christ;

Verse 15 – not boasting of things beyond measure, that is, in other men’s labors, but having hope, that as your faith is increased, we shall be greatly enlarged by you in our sphere,

Verse 16 – to preach the gospel in regions beyond you, and not to boast in another man’s sphere of accomplishments.

Paul understood his ministry as essentially that of a pioneer church planter. He didn’t boast on what another apostle had built.

Verse 17 – But “He who glories, let him glory in the LORD.” (Jeremiah 9:24)

Verse 18 – For not he who commends himself is approved, but whom the Lord commends.

If we as Christians have anything to brag about, it’s what the Lord has done for us or through us but the focus is always on the Lord receiving the credit.



2 Corinthians – Chapter 9

Verse 1 – Now concerning the ministering to the saints, it is superfluous for me to write to you:

Verse 2 – for I know your willingness, about which I boast to you to the Macedonians, that Achaia was ready a year ago; and your zeal has stirred up the majority.

Verse 3 – Yet I have sent the brethren, lest our boasting of you should be in vain in this respect, that, as I said, you may be ready;

Verse 4 – lest the Macedonians come with me and find you unprepared, we (not to mention you) should be ashamed of this confident boasting.

Paul was appealing to the Corinthians sense of integrity to keep their promise of a generous gift.

Verse 5 – Therefore I thought it necessary to exhort the brethren to go to you ahead of time, and prepare your bountiful gift beforehand, which you had previously promised that it may be ready as a matter of generosity and not as a grudging obligation.

There’s a great lesson here about preparing one’s heart before giving. Don’t do it out of pressure or obligation. Do it because your mind and heart is already set on doing it.

Verse 6 – But this I say: He who sows sparingly will reap sparingly, and he who sows bountifully will also reap bountifully.

Money can become a seed that we either plant sparingly or abundantly. What and how much we plant will be the harvest results.

Verse 7 – So let each one give as he purposes in his heart , not grudgingly or of necessity; for God loves a cheerful giver.

Our giving should flow from the heart of love for God and others, rather than from a feeling of duty.

Verse 8 – And God is able to make all grace abound toward you that you, always having all-sufficiency in all things may have an abundance for every good work.

Look what God will do for a generous heart: all grace will abound in every way in everything we need for every good work – there will always be enough. d\Do you have faith to believe that? God is able!

Verse 9 – As it is written: “He has dispersed abroad, He has given to the poor; His righteousness remains forever.”

This quotation is from Psalm 112:9. Throughout the Bible God commands His people to give to those in need.

Verse 10 – Now may He who supplies seed to the sower, and bread for food, supply and multiply the seed you have sown and increase the fruits of your righteousness,

When we invest in what God has given us in the first place, He will provide us with even more to give. The very seed that the farmer has to sow, all started with God creating it.

Verse 11 – while you are enriched in everything for all liberty, which causes thanksgiving through us to God.

Verse 12 – For the administration of this service not only supplies the needs of the saints, but also is abounding through many thanksgivings to God,

Verse 13 – while, through the proof of this ministry, they glorify God for the obedience of your confession to the gospel of Christ, and for your liberal sharing with them and all men,

Verse 14 – and by their prayer for you, who long for you because of the exceeding grace of God in you.

The impact of the Corinthians gift to believers in Jerusalem would go far beyond Jerusalem. When Christians are generous, it demonstrates the grace of God in them.

Verse 15 – Thanks be to God for His indescribable gift!

Giving ought to be an expression of appreciation to God for sending Christ!



2 Corinthians – Chapter 7

Verse 1 – Therefore, having these promises, beloved, let us cleanse ourselves from all filthiness of the flesh and spirit, perfecting holiness in the fear of God.

So, what is filthiness of the flesh? I think most people know. It doesn’t have to be spelled out. We are to turn away from sinning and turn toward God.

Paul’s Meeting With Titus

Verse 2 – Open your hearts to us. We have wronged no one, we have corrupted no one, we have defrauded no one.

Verse 3 – I do not say this to condemn; for I have said before that you are in our hearts, to die together and to live together.

Verse 4 – Great is my boldness of speech toward you, great is my boasting on your behalf. I am filled with comfort. I am exceedingly joyful in all our tribulations.

How could Paul say that he was exceedingly joyful in their tribulations? Can we say that when we go through hardships? Bringing the gospel and telling others about Jesus was their goal. And when preaching God’s Word, there was no greater joy for them. Oh, that we Christians would be that excited about telling others about what Jesus has done. If we were, maybe the trials we go through would be so much easier!

Verse 5 – For indeed when we came to Macedonia, our flesh had no rest, but we were troubled on every side. Outside were conflicts, inside were fears.

Verse 6 – Nevertheless God, who comforts the downcast, comforted us by the coming of Titus,

Verse 7 – and not only by his coming, but also by the consolation with which he was comforted in you, when he told us of your earnest desire, your mourning, your zeal for me, so that I rejoiced even more.

Corinthians’ Response to Paul’s Letter

Verse 8 – For even if I made you sorry with my letter, I do not regret it, though I did regret it. For I perceive that the same epistle made you sorry, though only for a while.

Paul is referring to his third letter to the Corinthian church, which was lost. (not the church, the letter). After that letter, the Corinthians began to repent and change, though only for a while.

Verse 9 – Now I rejoice, not that you were made sorry, but that your sorrow led to repentance. For you were made sorry in a godly manner, that you might suffer loss from us in nothing.

When people are brought to repentance under the preaching of the gospel, ministers, like Paul, receive no pleasure in having to do the correcting. This sorrow from the Corinthians, led to change and reformation. True repentance is not just a sorrowful moment because of the consequences of sin. It is an obvious change that others will see. You can’t fake true repentance.

Verse 10 – For godly sorrow produces repentance to salvation, not to be regretted; but the sorrow of the world leads to death.

Do some people honestly think that God doesn’t know when a heart truly changes toward Him? Godly sorrow brings repentance that leads to salvation, sorrow for our sins, and the result is changed behavior and attitudes towards others and the things of God. If you don’t see someone’s behavior change after they tell you they were saved, then they are lying, plain and simple. You can not follow Christ and keep on willfully and intentionally sinning.

Think of the repentance of Peter and Judas. Peter repented for denying Christ and he was restored. Judas had worldly sorrow and committed suicide. Judas only regretted what he had done to his shame and guilt, but not enough to ask for forgiveness. One brings restoration and joy, the other brings death.

True repentance will bring a change to one’s life permanently. It is not a mere regret that soon passes away. One who truly seeks God will never regret that decision.

Verse 11 – For observe this very thing, that you sorrowed in a good manner: What diligence it produced in you, what clearing of yourselves, what indignation, what fear, what vehement desire, what zeal, what vindication! In all things you proved yourselves to be clear in this matter.

There was clear evidence that the Corinthians had changed! Most people get defensive when confronted with their sin. We are to accept correction as a tool for our growth.

Repenting is not just stopping some things you have been doing, and then later on when the newness wears off, you go back to the same person you used to be. Things are supposed to change for the better. One’s attitude changes; the behavior changes; there is a strong desire to be pleasing to God and His standards. Your will for your life will change to what God wants for your life. You will study the Holy Scripture to find out everything you can about our Lord and then try to imitate Him. And you definitely will treat others better than you used to. You cannot be the same ole hateful rotten self and call yourself a Christian.

Verse 12 – Therefore, although I wrote to you, I did not do it for the sake of him who had done the wrong, nor for the sake of him who suffered wrong, but that our care for you in the sight of God might appear to you.

This correction was not merely for the individual who was sinning, but for the benefit of the entire church.

Verse 13 – Therefore we have been comforted in your comfort. and we rejoiced exceedingly more for the joy of Titus, because his spirit has been refreshed by you all.

Verse 14 – For if in anything I have boasted to him about you, I am not ashamed. But as we spoke all things to you in truth, even so our boasting to Titus was found true.

Verse 15 – And his affections are greater for you as he remembers the obedience of you all, how with fear and trembling you received him.

Verse 16 – Therefore I rejoice that I have confidence in you in everything.

We all need to be corrected at some point in our Christian walk. How we respond to that correction will determine whether we truly desire to be “Christ-like” or not!




2 Corinthians – Chapter 6

Giving No Offense in the Ministry

Verse 1 – We then, as workers together with Him also plead with you not to receive the grace of God in vain.

If a person does not embrace God’s grace and mercy, then it becomes of no use to them – in vain. As believers, we should cherish the grace that God gives, not merely hearing and do nothing.

Verse 2  – For He says: “In an acceptable time I have heard you, and in the day of salvation I have helped you.” Behold, now is the acceptable time; behold, now is the day of salvation.

When a person hears the Good News of the gospel of Christ, they need to immediately respond. A time will come when it will not be an acceptable time with God. Because we cannot know our future, we have no assurance that we will live another day or even another hour. So, the time of salvation is now!

Verse 3 – We give no offense in anything, that our ministry may not be blamed.

As a Christian, don’t ever let your actions cause another to reject Christ.

Verse 4 – But in all things we commend ourselves as ministers of God; in much patience, in tribulation, in needs, in distress.

Verse 5 – in stripes, in imprisonments, in tumults, in labors, in sleeplessness, in fastings;

Verse 6 – by purity, by knowledge, by longsuffering, by kindness, by the Holy Spirit, by sincere love,

Verse 7 – by the word of truth, by the power of God, by the armor of righteousness on the right hand and on the left,

Verse 8 – by honor and dishonor, by evil report and good report; as deceivers, and yet true;

Verse 9 – as unknown, and yet well-known; as dying, and behold we live; as chastened, and yet not killed;

Verse 10 – as sorrowful, yet always rejoicing; as poor, yet making many rich; as having nothing, and yet possessing all things.

Whether people praised Paul or condemned him, he stayed faithful. It doesn’t matter what the circumstances are, we should never lose our faith int he ONE who is always faithful to God and us.

Verse 11 – O Corinthians! We have spoken openly to you, our heart is wide open.

Verse 12 – You are not restricted by us, but you are restricted by your own affections!

Paul told them that there was no restrictions on his love for them. However, the Corinthians has allowed false teachers in and that in turn caused some to turn against Paul.

Verse 13 – Now in return for the same (I speak as to Children), you also be open.

Paul asked only that they return the love and devoutness to him that he had shown them.

Verse 14 – Do not be unequally yoked together with unbelievers. For what fellowship has righteousness with lawlessness? And what communion has light with darkness?

Paul very strongly urges believers not to enter into a binding relationship with unbelievers. The Christian is always weakened of their commitments to God. Marriages are a disaster when this happens.

Verse 15 – And what accord has Christ with Beliah? Or what part has a believer with an unbeliever?

Beliah is a Hebrew term translated “wicked men” or “perverted men.” There can be no compromise with darkness. In this verse “Beliah” refers to Satan.

Verse 16 – And what agreement has the temple of God with idols? For you are the temple of the living God. As God has said: “I will dwell in them and walk among them. I will be their God, and they will be My people.”

Plain and simple: Don’t pollute your body by hooking up with the devil.

Verse 17 – Therefore “Come out from among them and be separate, says the Lord. Do not touch what is unclean, and I will receive you.”

Verse 18 – “I will be a Father to you, and you shall be My sons and daughters, says the LORD Al Mighty.”

If you are a Christian, don’t act like the lost, like the world does. Our practices; our standards; our principles, passions, desires, and behavior is to be different according to God. If they are not, then maybe some need to get a good dose of the Holy Ghost and have a new beginning!

2 Corinthians – Chapter 5

Verse 1 – For we know that if our earthly house, this tent, is destroyed, we have a building from God, a house not made with hands, eternal in the heavens.

Whether we are cremated, buried int he ground, or buried at sea, God is going to make us a new body. No matter how we die or what condition the body was in when we died, our Lord will make all Christians a new body!

Verse 2 – For in this we groan, earnestly desiring to be clothed with our habitation which is from heaven,

Verse 3 – if indeed, having been clothed, we shall not be found naked.

The word “naked” is a reference to being disembodied. We will put on as clothes, a new body.

Verse 4 – For we who are in this tent groan, being burdened, not because we want to be unclothed, but further clothed, that mortality may be swallowed up by life.

We do not desire to depart merely because we suffer much in this earthly body, but that we know when we are resurrected we will have a body of immortality, never to be destroyed again.

Verse 5 – Now He who has prepared us for this very thing is God, who also has given us the Spirit as a guarantee.

The Holy Spirit living inside each Christian is a guarantee of the resurrection with a new body.

Verse 6 – Therefore we are always confident, knowing that while we are at home in the body we are absent from the Lord.

Verse 7 – For we walk by faith, not by sight.

Verse 8 – We are confident, yes, well pleased rather to be absent from the body and to be present with the Lord.

While in this body, we are absent from he Lord, so we take it by “faith” that when this body is gone, we are in the presence of the Lord with our new resurrected bodies. We walk by faith with the confidence and expectation of the things to come.

Verse 9 – Therefore we make it our aim, whether present or absent, to be well pleasing to Him.

Verse 10 – For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ, that each one may receive the things done in the body, according to what was done, whether good or bad.

God’s gracious gift of salvation does not free us from the requirement for faithful obedience. All Christians must give an account for how they lived.

Verse 11 – Knowing, therefore, the terror of the Lord, we persuade men; but we are well-known to God, and I also trust are well-known in your consciences.

Verse 12 – For we do not commend ourselves again to you, but give you opportunity to glory on our behalf, that you may have something to answer those who glory in appearance and not in heart.

Christ has all power and is appointed to execute judgment – the believers to the “judgment seat of Christ,” on how they did according to their works – the lost stand before the “Great White Throne Judgment,” to give an account of why they didn’t believe! That’s going to be pure terror.

Now verse 12, refers to those who preach the gospel for a gain other than for souls. They will also give an account for that.

Verse 13 – For if we are beside ourselves, it is for God; or if we are of sound mind, it is for you.

Verse 14 – For the love of Christ constrains us, because we judge thus: that if One died for all, then all died;

Christ did die for all mankind, but all have not accepted. Everything that Paul did to bring the gospel message was looked at by the lost as insane, but not to the believer.

Verse 15 – and He died for all, that those who live should live no longer live for themselves, but for Him who died for them and rose again.

Because Christ died for us, we are also dead to our old life. We should no longer live to ourselves or to sin.

Verse 16 – Therefore, form now on, we regard no one according to the flesh. Even though we have known Christ according to the flesh, yet now we know Him thus no longer.

Paul says from now on after his eyes were opened about Christ, he no longer judged or was influenced by the flesh. After being born-again just as Paul, we take on a new way of looking at people. We also have a new perspective of Christ our Lord.

Verse 17 – Therefore, if anyone is in Christ, he is a new creation; old things have passed away, behold, all things have become new.

The term “new creation,” or “new creature,” as some texts read, is a spiritual transformation that occurs within the inner man (woman) when a person believes in Christ as Savior. They are brand new with a new family, a new set of values, new motives, new passions, and a new eternal destination.

Little by little, a person will start to renew their mind by reading God’s word, and watch as their hearts change along with their actions and behavior.

Verse 18 – Now all things are of God, who has reconciled us to Himself through Jesus Christ, and has given us the ministry of reconciliation,

By the renewing of our hearts, we are no longer God’s enemies. Sin is blotted out, forgiveness is given and we can approach our Lord as if we have never sinned. We are brought back-reconciliation.

Verse 19 – that is, that God was in Christ, reconciling the world to Himself, not imputing their trespasses to them, and has committed to us the word of reconciliation.

This is proof that God designed the plan of salvation should be adopted to all people. Man did not seek it. This shows the strength of God’s love.

“Not imputing their trespasses to them” – Believers are pardoned at salvation. Why? Because Jesus took our sin and the punishment that we deserved, which was death!

Verse 20 – Therefore we are ambassadors for Christ, as though God were pleading through us; we implore you on Christ’s behalf, be reconciled to God.

Verse 21 – For He made Him who knew no sin to be sin for us, that we might become the righteousness of God in Him.

The punishment for sin is death. Christ was our innocent, perfect, sacrifice for sin. Therefore , your sin has been paid for, in full, but only if you believe and receive!



2 Corinthians – Chapter 4

Christ is the Theme of Ministry

Verse 1 – Therefore, since we have this ministry, as we have received mercy, we do not lose heart.

Verse 2 – But we have renounced the hidden things of shame, not walking in craftiness nor handling the word of God deceitfully, but by manifestation of the truth commending ourselves to every man’s conscience in the sight of God.

When we tell others about Christ be sure not to distort the message to please your audience.

Verse 3 – But even if our gospel is veiled, it is veiled to those who are perishing,

This does not mean that the gospel message is intentionally hidden from some. It means there are those who hear the gospel and don’t see the beauty in the message and count it as foolishness. If they don’t unhardened their hearts they will perish.

Verse 4 – whose minds the god of this age has blinded, who do not believe, lest the light of the gospel of the glory of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine on them.

Verse 5 – For we do not preach ourselves, but Christ Jesus the Lord, and ourselves your servants for Jesus sake.

Verse 6 – For it is the God who commanded light to shine out of darkness who has shone in our hearts to give the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ.

Light given by God, results in human response to gospel knowledge, which in turn results in glory of Christ – God’s glory.

Verse 7 – But we have the treasure in earthen vessels, that the excellence of the power may be of God and not of us.

The valuable message of salvation in Christ has been entrusted by God to frail and fallible human beings. Though we are weak, God uses us to spread His Good News, and He gives us power to do His work.

Trials Abound in the Ministry

Verse 8 – We are hard pressed on every side, yet not crushed; we are perplexed, but not in despair;

Verse 9 – persecuted, but not forsaken’ struck down, but not destroyed –

Verse 10 – always carrying about in the body the dying of the Lord Jesus, that the life of Jesus also may be manifested in our body.

Paul reminds the Corinthians of the trials and persecutions they went through in order to bring the gospel to them. However, after each description he says they were not crushed, were not in despair, not forsaken, and not destroyed. Because Jesus was persecuted, crucified, died, and rose again, so would they!

Verse 11 – For we who live are always delivered to death for Jesus sake, that the life of Jesus also may be manifested in our mortal flesh.

Verse 12 – So then death is working in us, but life in you.

Paul and many of the other apostles would end up giving their lives for the gospel, and they knew it.

Verse 13 – But since we have the same spirit of faith, according to what is written, “I believed and therefore I spoke,” we also believed and therefore spoke,

Verse 14 – knowing that He who raised up the Lord Jesus will also raise us up with Jesus, and will present us with you.

Psalm 116:10 is quoted here. David believed and therefore spoke confidence in God when he prayed. Do you? The confidence comes when we have faith because we believe. We believe in Christ who is willing and able to do all we could ever hope for. When you declare something, you speak it “out loud.” We let all the words loose in the atmosphere and watch things change. You let the enemy of God know that you know God is able!

Verse 15 – For all things are for your sakes, that grace, having spread through the many, may cause thanksgiving to abound to the glory of God.

All the things the apostles went through was designed to promote their salvation, and ours too. Grace will abound because of the great sacrifices these apostles made. If we are thankful and grateful for the mercy and grace that God has given, then we need to act like it, by treating others like Christ treats us!

Verse 16 – Therefore we do not lose heart. Even though our outward man is perishing, yet the inward man is being renewed day by day.

The apostle Paul’s life is a great example why we Christians never, ever, should give up hope.

Verse 17 – For our light affliction, which is but for a moment, is working for us a far more exceeding and eternal weight of glory,

Verse 18 – while we do not look at the things which are seen, but at the things which are not seen: For the things which are seen are temporary, but the things which are not seen are eternal.

The trials and hardships that we go through are only temporary. They may seem like they last longer than we think they should, but nothing compares to an eternity with Christ! It will all be worth it in the end.


2 Corinthians – Chapter 3

Changed Lives Prove Ministry

Verse 1 – Do we begin again to commend ourselves? Or do we need, as some others, epistles of commendation to you or letters of commendation from you?

The false teachers at Corinth had been originally introduced there, by recommendatory letters from abroad. These were letters of introduction and were common among Greeks, Romans, and the Jews. Paul was asking did he need to send letters introducing himself when they already knew him.

Verse 2 – You are our epistle written in our hearts, known and read by men;

Verse 3 – you are manifestly an epistle of Christ, ministered by us, written not with ink but by the Spirit of the living God, not on tablets of stone but on tablets of flesh, that is, of the heart.

The spiritual transformation of the Corinthians were endorsement enough for Paul. Literal letters, written with ink on paper or even on stone tablets, could not compare with changed lives.

Verse 4 – And we have such trust through Christ toward God.

Verse 5 – Not that we are sufficient of ourselves to think of anything as being from ourselves, but our sufficiency is from God,

Verse 6 – who also made us sufficient as ministers of the new covenant, not of the letter but of the Spirit; for the letter kills, but the Spirit gives life.

Trying to keep the Old Testament laws to be approved by God will end in death. No one could or can keep the law perfectly, except Christ. Only by believing in the Lord Jesus Christ can a person receive eternal life through the Holy Spirit. The law made people realize their sin, but could not give a pardon. However, the spirit gives new life to all those who believe in Jesus Christ.

Verse 7 – But if the ministry of death, written and engraved on stones, was glorious, so that the children of Israel could not look steadily at the face of Moses because of the glory of his countenance, which glory was passing away,

Verse 8 – how will the ministry of the Spirit not be more glorious?

The sacrifice of Jesus Christ is far superior to the Old Testament system of sacrifice.

Verse 9 – For if the ministry of condemnation had glory, the ministry of righteousness exceeds much more glory.

Verse 10 – For even what was made glorious had no glory in this respect, because of the glory that excels.

Verse 11 – For if what is passing away was glorious, what remains is much more glorious.

Verse 12 – Therefore, since we have such hope, we use great boldness of speech –

Verse 13 – unlike Moses, who put a veil over his face so that the children of Israel could not look steadily at the end of what was passing away.

Paul concluded that the main purpose of Moses’ veil was to prevent the Israelites from observing the fading of the old-covenant glory. The law was never designed to be permanent.

Verse 14 – But their minds were hardened. For until this day the same veil remains unlifted in the reading of the Old Testament, because the veil is taken away in Christ.

Paul implies that even the first-century Jews who had not believed the gospel were unable to recognize the fading temporary nature of the old covenant even when the Scripture was read.

Verse 15 – But even to this day , when Moses is read, a veil lies on their heart.

Paul is talking about a spiritual impairment. One of the great difficulties Jews have had historically in coming to Jesus as Messiah, is to acknowledge that He has surpassed the fading old-covenant.

Verse 16 – Nevertheless when one turns to the Lord, the veil is taken away.

Verse 17 – Now the Lord is the Spirit; and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty.

Those who were trying to be saved by keeping the Old Testament law were soon caught up in rules and ceremonies. But now through the Holy Spirit, God provides freedom from sin and condemnation (Romans 8:11).

Verse 18 – But we all, with unveiled face, beholding as in a mirror the glory of the Lord, are being transformed into the same image from glory to glory, just as the Spirit of the Lord.

The glory that the Spirit imparts to the believer is more excellent and lasts longer than the glory that Moses experienced. Through the gospel, we see the truth about Christ, and it transforms us morally as we understand and apply it. Becoming Christlike is a progressive experience. The more closely we follow Christ and His teachings, the more we will be like Him.


2 Corinthians – Chapter 2

Verse 1 – But I determined this within myself, that I would not come again to you in sorrow.

Verse 2 – For if I make you sorrowful, then who is he who makes me glad but the one who is made sorrowful by me?

Paul had already made one trip to Corinth that had grieved him. He had to correct them in their division over his authority.

Verse 3 – And I wrote this very thing to you, lest, when I came, I should have sorrow over those from whom I ought to have joy, having confidence in you all.

Verse 4 – For out of much affliction and anguish of heart I wrote to you, with many tears, not that you should be grieved, but that you might know the love which I have so abundantly for you.

Paul’s Appeal to Forgive

Verse 5 – But if anyone has caused grief, he has not grieved me, but all of you to some extent-not to be too severe.

Verse 6 – This punishment which was inflicted by the majority is sufficient for such a man,

Verse 7 – so that, on the contrary, you ought rather to forgive and comfort him, lest perhaps such a one be swallowed up with too much sorrow.

The man that was in the church with his father’s wife, had suffered enough punishment. It was time to restore him. The punishment had accomplished what was intended, He had been humbled and repented.

After this punishment of putting this man out of the church, they needed to forgive him and allow him back into their fellowship.

Verse 8 – Therefore I urge you to reaffirm your love to him.

Verse 9 – For to this end I also wrote, that I might put you to the test, whether you are obedient in all things.

Verse 10 – Now whom you forgive anything, I also forgive. For if indeed I have forgiven anything, I have forgiven that one for your sakes in the presence of Christ,

Verse 11 – lest Satan should take advantage of us; for we are not ignorant of his devices.

The whole point of church discipline is to correct lovingly and restore that person to fellowship. But when it’s done out of personal anger or hostility, it can cause the person being disciplined to become bitter and leave the church entirely.

Verse 12 – Furthermore, when I came to Troas to preach Christ’s gospel, and a door was opened to me by the Lord,

Verse 13 – I had no rest in my spirit, because I did not find Titus my brother, but taking my leave of them, I departed to Macedonia.

Titus was one of the men responsible for collecting the money for Jerusalem., but on Paul’s way to Macedonia, he hoped to meet up with Titus in Troas. When Paul didn’t find Titus in Troas, he worried something had happened to him and went on to Macedonia. Paul found Titus there and sent this letter to Corinth by him.

Christ Causes Us to Triumph

Verse 14 – Now thanks be to God who always leads us in triumph in Christ, and through us diffuses the fragrance of His knowledge in every place.

In the middle of telling them about his trip to Macedonia, Paul thanks God for his ministry and his relationship with the believers in Corinth, despite difficulties.

Verse 15 – For we are to God the fragrance of Christ among those who are being saved and among those who are perishing.

Like a sweet fragrance, the laborers were acceptable to God.

Verse 16 – To the one we are the aroma of death to death, and to the other the aroma of life to life. And who is sufficient for these things?

Verse 17 – For we are not, as so many, peddling the word of God; but of sincerity, but as from God, we speak in the sight of God in Christ.

Those who peddle the word of God, were the false apostles in Corinth, whose motive was primarily financial prosperity. Accountability for the message of Christ lays with the One who was the source of the message. If the messenger is truly called by Christ, there will be evidence and results of the lost being truly saved!


2 Corinthians – Chapter 1

Introduction: The main theme of 2 Corinthians is Paul’s defense of his apostolic credentials and authority. Certain false apostles had mounted an effective campaign against Paul in the church at Corinth and Paul was forced to take a number of steps to overcome the opposition. Of all Paul’s letters, none is more personally revealing of his heart than 2 Corinthians.

Chapter 1

Paul’s Thanksgiving to God

Verse 1 – Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, and Timothy our brother, to the church of God which is at Corinth, with all the saints who are in all Achaia.

Paul wrote several letters to the Corinthian church, and the first letter was lost. The second letter was 1 Corinthians, the third letter was 2 Corinthians. In 1 Corinthians, Paul wrote to deal with divisions in the church, which were not dissolved, so he went there. He then planed to visit a third time, but delayed it and wrote 2 Corinthians.

Verse 2 – Grace to you and peace from God our Father and Lord Jesus Christ.

Verse 3 – Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of mercies and God of all comfort,

Verse 4 – who comforts us in all our tribulation, that we may be able to comfort those who are in any trouble, with the comfort with which we ourselves are comforted by God.

Believers are to be channels in which mercies and blessings are passed on to others. We are a conduit.

Verse 5 – For as the sufferings of Christ abound in us so our consolation also abounds through Christ.

Do you remember when Christ appeared to Paul the first time, and He asked him why he was persecuting Him. That showed that when Paul was persecuting believers, Christ also suffered.

verse 6 – Now if we are afflicted, it is for your consolation and salvation, which is effective for enduring the same suffering which we also suffer. Or if we are comforted, it is for your consolation and salvation.

Verse 7 – And our hope for you is steadfast, because we know that as you are partakers of the sufferings, so also you will partake of the consolation.

Paul and his companions suffered many things in order to bring the gospel and salvation to the Corinthians, but they were comforted by God, just as the Corinthians would be comforted when they suffered.

Paul’s Trouble in Asia

Verse 8 – For we do not want you to be ignorant, brethren, of our trouble which came to us in Asia: that were burdened beyond measure, above strength, so that we despaired even of life.

Paul was almost killed in Lystra, but made a miraculous recovery. This could also have been when Demetrius and his friends, mentioned in Acts 19, and Paul was compelled to leave the city.

Verse 9 – Yes, we had the sentence of death in ourselves, that we should not trust in ourselves but in God who raises the dead,

Verse 10 – who delivered us from so great a death, and does deliver us in whom we trust that He will still deliver us,

Verse 11 – you also helping together in prayer for us, that thanks may be given by many persons on our behalf for the gift granted to us through many.

Satan will always challenge those who are making an impact on God’s kingdom. That is why we need the prayers of others. We cannot do the things we are called to do in our own strength.

Paul’s Original Plan

Verse 12 – For our boasting is this: the testimony of our conscience that we conducted ourselves in the world in simplicity and godly sincerity, not with fleshly wisdom but by the grace of God, and more abundantly toward you.

Verse 13 – For we are not writing any other things to you than what you read or understand. Now I trust you will understand, even to the end.

Sincerity and purity are possible only by grace. This letter of 2 Corinthians is a reminder that the Spirit inspired authors of Scripture intended to write what average believers could understand.

Verse 14 – (as also you have understood us in part), that we are your boast as you also are ours, in the day of the Lord Jesus.

Verse 15 – And in this confidence I intended to come to you before, that you might have a second benefit –

Verse 16 – to pass by way of you to Macedonia, to come again from Macedonia to you, and be helped by you on my way to Judea.

Verse 17 – Therefore, when I was planning this, did I do it lightly? Or the things I plan, do I plan according to the flesh, that with me there should be Yes, Yes, and No, No?

Verse 18 – But as God is faithful, our word to you was not Yes and No.

verse 19 – For the Son of God, Jesus Christ, who was preached among you by us – by me, Silvanus, and Timothy – was not Yes and Noe, but in Him was Yes.

All of God’s promises are Yes, meaning they are always true, faithful, and do come to pass! Paul wanted to be as faithful in his ministry as Christ was in His.

Verse 20 – For all the promises of God in Him are Yes, and in Him Amen, to the gory of God through us.

Everyone of God’s promises in Scripture is fulfilled directly or indirectly in Christ. Amen means “so be it” or “this is true!” God’s glory is displayed in Christ as well as believer’s confession of Him!

Verse 21 – Now He who establishes us with you in Christ and has anointed us in God,

verse 22 – who also has sealed us and given us the Spirit in our hearts as a deposit.

Paul’s change of Plans

Verse 23 – Moreover I call God as witness against my soul, that to spare you I came no more to Corinth.

Verse 24 – Not that we have dominion over your faith, but are fellow workers for your joy; for by faith you stand.

By calling on God, Paul says he is telling the truth.