2 Samuel – Chapter 24

2 Samuel chapter 24

Verse 1-3 – This particular sin that brought God’s wrath is not given. God did not cause David to sin, but He does allow people to reveal the sinfulness of their hearts by their actions. First Chronicles 21:1 says Satan incited David to count the people. David’s sin may have been pride and ambition in counting the people so that he could glory in the size of his nation and army. Even Joab knew a census was wrong, but David didn’t heed his advice. We do the same thing when we put our security in our money, positions, and our possessions.
Verse 10 – David’s conscience troubled him, revealing again that the work of God in his heart was not in vain. He confessed his sin and waited on the Lords response.
Verses 12-14 – God dealt with the whole nation through David. God gave David three choices. Each was a form of punishment God had told of in His law: Deuteronomy 28:20—disease; Deuteronomy 28:23, 24—famine; Deuteronomy 28:25, 26—war.
Verse 17 – David pleaded with God to strike only him and his family, but sin often has consequences that affect others.
Verse 18 – Many believe that this is the threshing floor where David built the altar and is the location where Abraham nearly sacrificed his son Isaac (Genesis 22:1-18). After David’s death, Solomon built the temple on this spot. Centuries later, Jesus would teach and preach here.
Verse 25 – The book of 2 Samuel describes David’s reign. Since the Israelites first entered the promise land under Joshua, they had been struggling to unite the nation and drive out the wicked inhabitants. Now after more than 400 years, Israel was finally at peace. Even though David sinned, God called him a “Man after God’s own heart. The Book of Psalms gives us a deeper insight into David’s love for God.

2 Samuel – Chapter 23

2 Samuel chapter 23

Verse 1 – The words “These are the last words of David” is not intended chronologically. Perhaps the section contains David’s last recorded public statement or testimony to God’s work through his life.
Verse 5 – “My house” denotes David’s family. God’s everlasting covenant with David’s house was ordered and secured in every detail.
Verses 6, 7 – David’s experience had taught him that the wicked had no future in God’s plan.
Verses 9, 10 – Eleazar displayed tenacity as he attacked the Philistines, yet the Lord brought the victory. The troops later returned later to plunder the dead—a means of securing extra payment for their military service.
Verse 12 – The Philistines and other enemies often came up Judah’s valleys to raid food supplies.
Verse 15 – Probably David’s wish came not only from his thirst, but from his desire that his hometown would once again know the peace that allowed people to drink from the well at the city gate freely.
Verse 16 – David poured out the water as an offering to God because he was so moved by the sacrifice it represented. David would not drink this water that represented the lives of his soldiers. Instead, he offered it to God.
Verse 18 – Abishai, Joab’s brother, played a leading role in David’s rise to power and kingship.
Verse 34 – According to 11:3 in 2 Samuel, Eliam was Bathsheba’s father. If this is the same Eliam, then Ahithophel, counselor to David and Absalom (15:31), would be Bathsheba’s grandfather.
Verse 39 – The text intentionally ends with the mention of Uriah the Hittite. Uriah was another foreigner among David’s mighty men. He gave his life for David under the most evil of circumstances (11:14-17).

2 Samuel – Chapter 22

2 Samuel chapter 22

David was a skilled musician who played his harp for Saul, instituted the music programs in the temple, and wrote more of the book of Psalms than anyone else. This royal hymn of thanksgiving is almost identical to Psalm 18.
Verse 3 – David calls God “the horn of my salvation” referring to the strength and defensive protection animals have in their horns.
Verses 22-24 – David was not denying that he had ever sinned. Psalm 51 shows his anguish over his sin against Uriah and Bathsheba. However, David understood God’s faithfulness and was writing this hymn from God’s perspective. He knew that God had made him clean again—“whiter than snow,” (Psalm 51:7) with a “pure heart” (Psalm 51:10). Through the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ, we are made clean and perfect. God replaced our sin with purity through Christ.

2 Samuel – Chapter 21

2 Samuel chapter 21

Verse 1 – Agriculture at that time was completely dependent upon natural conditions. There were no irrigation, sprinklers, fertilizers, or pesticides. Even moderate variations in rainfall or insect activity could destroy an entire harvest.
Verses 1-14 – Although the Bible does not record Saul’s act of killing the Gibeonites, it was a serious crime making him guilty of their blood. Saul had broke the vow that the Israelites made to the Gibeonites (Joshua 9:16-20). Either David was following the custom of treating the family as a unit, or Saul’s sons were guilty of helping Saul kill the Gibeonites.
Verses 16-18 – By calling these men “descendants of Rapha” the writer was saying that they were giants.

2 Samuel – Chapter 20

2 Samuel chapter 20

Verse 1 – Sheba, son of Bichri, is not mentioned outside of this account. The Bible says he was a rebel.
Verse 2 – Once you stir a crowd up, they are hard to reason with. Following Sheba seemed to be the right thing to do at that moment, but the men of Judah escorted David all the way to Jerusalem.
Verse 3 – David compassionately provided for these 10 concubines that had slept with Absalom while David was gone but was never with them again.
Verses 4, 5 – Amasa, the new head of David’s army (19:13), was commanded to gather the men of Judah to crush Sheba’s revolt.
Verse 6 – Abishai was David’s next choice to lead the attack against Sheba.
Verse 8 – Gibeon was about four miles northwest of Jerusalem and Joab was present but not in charge. His sword fell out of its sheath, probably a deceptive move by Joab so Amasa would not see him as drawing his sword.
Verses 9, 10 – When Joab grabbed Amasa’s beard, Amasa wouldn’t be looking at Joab’s hand with the sword in it. Once again, Joab’s murderous act went unpunished. It may seem that sin and treachery often go unpunished, but God’s justice is not limited to this life’s rewards.
Verses 11-13 – After Joab covered and hid Amasa’s body, one of Joab’s men rallied everyone to follow Joab as their self-proclaimed, reappointed leader.
Verses 14, 15 – Sheba retreated far north. Besieging a city generally involved surrounding it, cutting off its food supply, building an assault ramp, and constructing battering rams to break down the city’s wall.
Verses 17-21 – When this woman spoke, Joab proceeded with caution. She was trying to handle a desperate situation without violence. The people didn’t want their city destroyed over one man.
Verse 22 – Once this woman talked to the people within the city walls, they found Sheba and cut off his head. When they threw the head over the wall, the revolt ended.

2 Samuel – Chapter 19

2 Samuel chapter 19

2 Samuel Chapter 19
Verses 4-7 – Joab’s actions are a helpful example to us when personal confrontation is necessary. Joab told David to go out and encourage his soldiers, lest they abandon him.
Restoration of David
Verse 8 – David sat at the gateway (city gate) because that was where business was conducted and judgment rendered. His presence there showed that he was over his mourning and back in control.
Verse 13 – This appointment of Amasa was a shrewd political move. Amasa had been Absalom’s commander. By replacing Joab, he accomplished two things. He secured the allegiance with the rebels in Israel, and he punished Joab for his previous crimes. All of these moves would help unite the kingdom.
Verses 19, 20 – By admitting his wrong and asking David’s forgiveness Shimei was trying to save his own life. His plan worked for a while. This day was of celebration, not execution. However, we read in 1 Kings 2:8, 9 that David advised Solomon to execute Shimei.
Verses 24-30 – David could not be certain if Mephibosheth or Ziba was in the right, and scripture leaves the question unanswered.
Verses 31-33 – Barzillai was a very wealthy man and had provided for David and his family. David wanted to reward Barzillai for his kindness.
Verse 37 – Barzillai considered himself too old to enjoy royal privileges and preferred to remain in his own city near his family tomb. But he introduced Kimham, who was apparently a close relative, to benefit from David’s offer.
Verse 39 – though Barzillai returned to his home, David never forgot him, later instructing Solomon to continue to show kindness to Barzillai’s household (1 Kings 2:7).
Verse 41 – Tensions between Judah and the other tribes that were evident earlier in Israel’s history now boiled to the surface again as the delegation from Israel challenged the king on the protocol for restoring him to Jerusalem.
Verse 43 – The men of Judah responded even more harshly and ended the conversation, but the tension between the tribes grew stronger.

2 Samuel – Chapter 18

2 Samuel chapter 18

Verse 1 – David took command as he had in his former days.
Verse 5 – The text makes it clear that David gave specific instructions about Absalom’s treatment, and it emphasizes that all the people heard the king’s orders.
Verse 11 – Joab once again decided to take matters into his own hands for what he believed to be the kings own good.
Verses 12-14 – This man had caught Joab in his hypocrisy. Joab could not answer, but only dismissed him.
Verse 19 – Ahimaaz had been David’s trusted messenger throughout the ordeal. May be he wanted to reach David first to break the news of Absalom’s death gently.
Verse 20 – Sometimes a solitary runner indicated good news and two runners together indicated bad news.
Verse 27 – David’s recognition of Ahimaaz brought the king hope that all is well.
Verses 32, 33 – David’s victory of winning the Kingdome back came with a heavy price of losing his son, Absalom. The gate chamber over the gate provided isolation for David though others could hear the sound of his wailing. Perhaps this is what we call today, “Bitter sweet.” On one side is victory but on the other, sadness over what was lost.

2 Samuel – Chapter 17

2 Samuel chapter 17

Verse 3 – Ahithophel thought if David could be killed quickly, all the people would accept Absalom’s kingship.
Verse 6 – Hushai had to convince Absalom to delay in pressing the attack against David.
Verse 11 – Hushai flattered Absalom and it became his own trap. Hushai predicted great glory for Absalom if he personally led the entire army against David. “Pride goes before destruction” (Proverbs 16:18) is an appropriate comment on Absalom’s ambitions. Hushai’s proposal was much more extensive and time consuming, giving David, and his forces time to regroup.
Verse 14 – The Lord guided the fateful discussion to answer David’s prayer (15:31).
Verse 15 – Now that he knew Absalom’s strategy, Hushai moved quickly to relay the information to Zadok and Abiathar (15:27-29).
Verse 19 – The woman scattered grain to make it look like the cover had not been recently disturbed.
Verse 23 – Ahithophel knew that since his advice had not been followed, David would regain the throne. In addition, when David was reestablished, Ahithophel would be considered a traitor. Thus, he committed suicide.
Verse 25 – Joab and Amasa were David’s nephews and Absalom’s cousins. Because Joab had left Jerusalem with David (see 18:5), Amasa took his place as commander of Israel’s troops.
Verse 27 – Machir had cared for Mephibosheth before David brought Mephibosheth to his palace (9:4).
Verse 28, 29 – These provisions restored the bodies and spirits of the kings group. These provisions came from other people that the Lord directed. The Lord through other people sends your blessings and provisions.

2 Samuel – Chapter 16

2 Samuel chapter 16

Verses 3, 4 – Should our first response be to believe someone when they tell you something about someone else? Saul was Mephibosheth’s grandfather. Most likely Ziba was lying, hoping to receive a reward from David. David believed Ziba’s charge against Mephibosheth without checking into it or even being skeptical. Don’t be hasty to accept someone’s condemnation of another, especially when the accuser may profit from others downfall.

Verses 5-14 – Maintaining your composure in the face of unjustified criticism can be a trying experience and an emotional drain, but if you can’t stop criticism, it is best to ignore it. If you are in the right, God will vindicate you.

Verse 21 – By Absalom placing a tent on top of the house, all of Israel could see what he was doing. “In the sight of all Israel” fulfilled God’s word to David through the prophet Nathan (12:11).

2 Samuel – Chapter 15

2 Samuel chapter 15

Verse 1 – By gathering chariots, horses, and men, Absalom was positioning himself to win the hearts of the people.

Verse 2 – The city gate was the place where business transactions took place.

Verse 3 – Absalom falsely sympathized with the people’s grievances to gain their trust.

Verses 5, 6 – Absalom prevented people from bowing to him, and greeted them with a kiss instead. Maybe this was to show they were equal with him.

Verse 7 – Three out of four Bibles that I use says after “40” years. One says “4” years, so I believe it was actually 40 long years that Absalom taunted and plotted against his father, David. Perhaps God gave Absalom 40 years to change.

Verse 9 – Absalom went to Hebron because it was his hometown (3:2, 3). Hebron was David’s first capital as well and there Absalom could expect to find loyal friends who would be proud of him.

Verse 14 – Is this the same David that slew Goliath? It takes courage to fight but it also takes courage to swallow pride and protect the innocent. If David had stayed and fought Absalom both could have possibly been killed. David didn’t want a great battle to take place in Jerusalem and it end up destroyed.

Verse 16 – This verse says that David intended to return because he left 10 concubines to keep his house.

Verses 17-21 – David had many loyal non-Israelites in his army. David’s integrity still garnered respect.

Verses 24-26 – The priest and Levites were also loyal to David. David determined that the ark of God properly belonged in Jerusalem, God’s city. It would be up to God either to restore David to his throne in Jerusalem or not. The king was content to leave the matter in God’s hands.

Verse 27 – David created a spy network that included Zadok, Abiathar, and their respective sons Ahimaaz and Jonathan.

Verse 29 – Absalom would probably assume that Zadok and Abiathar had stopped supporting David.

Verse 32 – Hushai would end up being the answer to David’s prayer.

Verse 37 – Hushai and Absalom arrived in Jerusalem at the same time.