2 Samuel – Chapter 14

2Samuel chapter 14

Verses 1-3 – Joab devised a plan that would help heal the family and let David focus more on matters of the kingdom. Tekoa was seven miles southwest of Jerusalem. Joab thought it was far enough away that David wouldn’t recognize anyone from there.

Verses 7, 8 – If the town people attempted to execute the brother who had killed his brother, the heir to this woman’s family would be cut off from any inheritance. David assured this woman he would protect her son.

Verse 11 – The law provided a way to avenge murder. Numbers 35:9-12, records how cities of refuge protected people from revenge and how blood avengers were to pursue murderers. This woman was asking for the king’s protection against any claim against her.

Verse 13 – This woman drew a parallel between her situation and David’s.

Verse 14 – The woman also appealed to God’s grace and mercy with trying to restore the one banished.

Verses 18-21 – David suspected the woman had collaborated with a member of the royal family. When the woman confessed, David recognized Joab’s ploy.

Verse 24 – David gave Absalom permission to return to his own house but he didn’t want to see him. In other words, “Absalom, you can come home, but don’t come around here or the rest of your family.” This decision infuriated Absalom.

Deceit of Absalom

Verses 25-28 – Scripture gives a detailed description of Absalom’s appearance. He was very handsome, may have been what we would call today “striking.” His hair was cut every year, weighing five pounds. He gave the appearance of a leader. Absalom named his daughter Tamar after his sister. Perhaps to remind the people of what Amnon did to Tamar. This would make him feel justified in killing his brother. Can you imagine living in the same area for two years and never being able to see your father, the king? Anger was about to turn into rage.

Verse 30 – Absalom sent for Joab twice, but he didn’t come. What do immature spoiled children do when they are being ignored? They usually act up or do something bad to get attention, right? Absalom was going to take matters into his own hands as he did when he killed his brother. Therefore, he set Joab’s fields on fire to get his attention.

Verses 31-33 – Absalom got his way. Joab came to see him. Then went back to David and asked if Absalom could come to the king. Here’s where the real problem lies: David only made half-hearted efforts to correct his children. He didn’t punish Amnon for raping his sister Tamar or deal with Absalom for killing Amnon. When we ignore sin, we experience greater pain than if we had dealt with it immediately.

2 Samuel – Chapter 13

2 Samuel chapter 13

Verse 1 – David had several wives by this time. Both Absalom and Tamar had Maacah as their mother. Amon’s mother was Ahinoam. Therefore, Tamar was Amon’s half sister. It doesn’t matter, it was still wrong for Amon to lust after her.

Verse 2 – Amon was frustrated because he knew he couldn’t take Tamar as his wife.

Verse 5 – Jonadab devised a plan in which Amon could be with Tamar. Manipulation is clear in this situation.

Verse 11 – Sleep with me is literally “lie with me.”

Verse 12 – Three times Tamar urged her brother not to violate her. This was a serious sin (Deuteronomy 22:25-29). This crime would bring shame to both.

Verse 15 – When scripture say’s that Amon hated her afterwards was proof that his feelings for her had been only lust. Here’s the difference; love is patient; love is kind; and love does not demand its own way. Lust requires immediate satisfaction; is harsh; lust demands its own way. Lust results in self-disgust and hatred of the other person.

Verse 16 – Rape was strictly forbidden (Deuteronomy 22:28, 29). By sending Tamar away as Amon did, made it look like to the servants, that Tamar had been the aggressor. Amon’s actions destroyed her chances of marriage because she was no longer a virgin.

Verse 20 – Absalom tried to comfort Tamar and persuade her not to turn this into a public scandal. A desolate woman would be one who would never marry and had no means of support.

Verse 21 – David was furious, but apparently did nothing. He knew he couldn’t force the tow to marry because it was against Moses law.

Verse 22 – Absalom didn’t say anything to Amon because he was plotting revenge.

Verses 23-39 – Two years was a long time to wait on revenge but Absalom knew the opportunity would come and it did. Amon was next in line to be king (1 Chronicles 3:1). After Absalom had Amon killed, he fled to Geshur. David wanted Absalom to come back but he never sent word for him to do so.

2 Samuel – Chapter 11

chapter 11david and bathsheba

This next chapter starts a dire set of consequences from one bad decision after another that David made.

Verse 1 – Spring was a good time to go to war because the roads were dry, making travel easier for troop movements, supply wagons, and chariots. This siege against Ammon put an end to their power. From this time on, the Ammonites were subject to Israel. The first wrong decision David made was staying in Jerusalem while his army went to battle. This first act started a snowball of bad choices. Bad decision 1) David had abandon his purpose of clearing out Israel’s enemies by staying home. (2) David focused on his own desires instead of Israel’s as a whole. (3) When temptation came, he indulged instead of fleeing. (4) He sinned deliberately (11:4). (5) He tried to cover up his sin by deceiving others (11:6-15). (6) He committed murder as the cover up continued (11:15, 17). David’s sin didn’t just involve himself, it reached many others. James 1:14, 15, states that when sin becomes full blown it will destroy resulting in death. The deeper the mess we get in, the less likely we are to admit having caused it.

Verse 3, 4 – At the root of most temptations is a real need or desire that we’re not willing to trust God to fill. Most people want what they want “right now.” Maturity comes when we are willing to wait on God’s timing through God’s wisdom.

Verses 6-13 – I wonder if David had that sickening feeling in the pit of his stomach, when he found out Bathsheba was pregnant. I don’t imagine David’s army would have felt too proud of their king if they knew that while they were out fighting for Israel, David was home committing adultery. So instead of dealing with what he had done, David concocts a plan to make Uriah sleep with his own wife Bathsheba. The only way to deal with sin is to confront it head on – admit, and repent. The consequences won’t just go away by themselves.

Verse 15 – Now David gets Joab, the leader of his army, involved. Joab didn’t know why Uriah had to die, but it was obvious David wanted him killed.

Verse 25 – David’s response to Uriah’s death seems flippant and insensitive. David had become callous to his own sin. Feelings are not reliable guides for determining right and wrong. Deliberate repeated sin, will make one dull and insensitive to God’s way. Reasoning with what you are doing or what you did, will make you hard-hearted toward the things of God.

2 Samuel – Chapter 10

2samuel chapter 10

Verses 1-6 – Have you ever tried to do something nice for someone and only got ridicule from them instead? This is what happened to David. He had no ulterior motive towards Hanun. However, Hanun listened to the advice of wicked counsel. The Israelites beards were a sign of maturity and authority to their culture, so when they were half shaved off it made them ashamed, not to mention their clothing cut out on the backside exposing their behinds. Instead of Hanun admitting he had been wrong, he decided to prepare for war against the Israelites.

Verse 12 – Although Joab said, “Let us fight bravely,” he also said, “The Lord will do what is good in his sight.” There should be a balance between our actions and our faith in God. We use our minds and our resources to obey God, while at the same time trusting God for the outcome.

Verses 15-19 – The people of Ammon weren’t as brave as they had thought. They hadn’t considered the consequences of war for the actions they had taken. The Syrians knew they were defeated also. They gathered together with the Syrians who were gathered beyond the River Jordan. David killed seven hundred charioteers and forty thousand horsemen of the Syrians. What was left of the Syrians, fled. When all the kings who were servants to Hadadezer saw they were defeated, they made peace with Israel. The Syrians were afraid to ever help the people of Ammon anymore.

2 Samuel – Chapter 9

2samuel chapter 9

Most kings in David’s day tried to wipe out the family of their rivals in order to prevent any descendants from seeking the throne. David showed kindness to Mephibosheth, whose father was Jonathan and whose grandfather was King Saul. David showed kindness; to Gods previously anointed king; political reasons-to unite Judah and Israel; and to keep his vow he made to show kindness to all of Jonathan’s descendants (Samuel 20:14-17).

Verse 3 – How Mephibosheth became crippled is recorded in 4:4. Mephibosheth was five years old when Saul and Jonathan died.

Verses 5, 6 – When God graciously offers us forgiveness of sin and a place in heaven, we may feel unworthy, but we will receive these gifts if we accept them. None of us deserves this gift, but trusting in and through Jesus Christ, we receive this promise (Ephesians 2:8, 9).

Verse 7 – David shows integrity when he was kind to Mephibosheth. His generous provision for Jonathan’s son goes beyond any political benefit he might have received. Each time we show compassion, our character is strengthened.

2 Samuel – Chapter 8

2samuel chapter 8

Verses 1-8 – Part of God’s covenant with David included the promise that the Israelites’ enemies would be defeated and would no longer oppressed them. God fulfilled this promise by helping David defeat these opposing nations: (1) The Moabites, descendants from Lot. (2) King Hadadezer of Zobah. (3) The Edomites, descendants of Esau.

Verse 6 – 6 – The tribute was the tax levied on conquered nations. The tax helped to support Israel’s’ government and demonstrated that the conquered nation was under Israel’s control.

Verse 15 – David pleased the people not because he tried to please them, but because he pleased God. Don’t waste time striving to be accepted in the public’s eye, instead do what is right and pleasing to God and you will have the favor with people.

2 Samuel – Chapter 7

2 Samuel chapter 7

David is Forbidden to Build God a House

This chapter records the covenant God made with David, promising to carry on David’s line forever. This promise would be fully realized in the birth of Jesus Christ. Although the word covenant is not specifically stated here, it is used elsewhere to describe this occasion (23:5; Psalm 89: 3, 4, 28, 34-37).

Verse 2 – This is the first time Nathan the prophet is mentioned. God made sure that a prophet was living during the reign of each of the kings of Israel. However, most of the kings rejected the prophets God sent. In earlier years, judges and priests had the role of prophets. Samuel served as judge, priest, and prophet, bridging the gap between the judges and the monarchy.

Verse 5 – In this message from Nathan, God told David that his job was to unify and lead Israel and destroy its enemies. This huge task would require David to shed a great deal of blood. In 1 Chronicles 28:3, we learn that God did not want His temple built by a warrior. Therefore, David made plans and collected the materials so that his son Solomon could begin work on the temple as soon as he became king (1Kings 5-7). Sometimes God says no to the plans we have made. When He does, we should utilize the other opportunities He gives us.

Verses 8-16 – God’s answer of no to David in him building His temple, was not a rejection of David. In fact, God was planning to do something even greater in David’s life than allowing him the prestige of building the temple. Although God turned down David’s request, he promised to continue the house (or dynasty) of David forever. When there is a “no,” from God in our plans, sometimes God is directing us to a greater purpose. His ways are better; His ways are perfect.

Verses 18-23 – These verses record David’s gratefulness and his humble acceptance that these blessings were not only for him but also for his descendants in order that Israel might benefit from them. Through the nation of Israel, the whole world would be blessed (Genesis 12:1-3).

2 Samuel – Chapter 6

2 Samuel chapter 6

Incorrect Transportation of the Ark

Verse 3 – The ark of God was Israel’s national treasure and was ordinarily kept in the tabernacle. When the ark was returned to Israel after a brief Philistine captivity (1 Samuel 4:1-7:2), it was kept in Abinadab’s home for 20 years. David wanted to bring the ark to Jerusalem to ensure God’s blessing on the entire nation.

Verses 6, 7 – Uzzah was only trying to protect the ark, so was God’s anger just? According to Numbers 4:5-15, the ark was to be moved only by the Levites They were to never touch the ark. To touch it was a capital offense under Hebrew law. God’s action was directed at both David and Uzzah. Uzzah, though sincere in his desire to protect the ark, had to face the consequences of the sin of touching it. In addition, Uzzah may not have been a Levite. The next time David tried to bring the ark to Jerusalem, he was careful to handle it correctly (1 Chronicles 15:1-15).

Verses 8-12 – David became angry because a well-meaning man had been killed and a joyous return of the ark had been spoiled. However, he knew that the fault was his for transporting the ark carelessly. After cooling down, he had the ark put into temporary storage while he waited to see if the Lord would allow him to bring it to Jerusalem. The fact that God blessed the home of Obed-Edom was a sign to David that he could try once again to move the ark to Jerusalem.

Correct Transportation of the Ark

Verses 16, 17 – Michal was David’s first wife, but here she is called daughter of Saul, possibly to show how similar her attitude was to her fathers. Maybe she thought this display of emotion by David was not fitting for a King. Burnt offerings marked a dedication to God, while fellowship offerings were sacrificed meals shared by priests and worshipers.

Verse 20 – As a daughter of a king herself, Michal may have wanted King David to be more aloof from the common people.

Verse 21 – David responded sharply. David’s mention of whole family was a subtle jab at Michal as well.

Verse 22 – Michal apparently did not think David should humble himself by celebrating as he did, but David insisted that he had acted appropriately and would continue to do so.

Verse 23 – Some suggest Michal’s childlessness was the result of God’s direct judgment but the text is not clear about this. Her childlessness may have been due to the tension she placed on her and David’s marriage.

2 Samuel – Chapter 5

2 Samuel chapter 5

David is Anointed Over Israel

Verses 3, 4 – This was the third time David was anointed king; first, privately by Samuel (1 Samuel 16:13); then anointed king over Judah 92:4), finally he was crowned over all Israel. Although the kingdom would be divided again in less than 75 years, David’s dynasty would reign over Judah, the southern kingdom, for over 400 years.

Verses 4, 5 – David did not become king over all Israel until he was 37 years old. Even though God had promised him to be king many years before, he had to wait patiently for the fulfillment of God’s promise. We all have promises and dreams that our God has promised us, but God will build your character while you wait on His timing. Preparation to handle the task God has given us is everything.

Verse 6 – Jerusalem was located on a high ridge near the center of the united Israelite kingdom. It stood on the border of the territory of the tribes of Benjamin and Judah. It was still occupied by the Jebusites, a Canaanite expelled from the land (Judges 1:21).

Verses 6, 8 – The Jebusites boasted of their security behind the walls of Jerusalem also called Zion. But David caught them by surprise by entering the city through the water tunnel. Real security only comes in a true relationship with God and cannot be taken away.

Verse 12 – David knew that his greatness came only from God. Although David was famous, successful, and well liked, he gave God first place in his life and served the people according to God’s purposes. Do you seek greatness from God or from people?

Verse 17 – “The stronghold” is the mountain stronghold in the Desert of Judah that David used when defending himself against Saul (23:14 and 1 Chronicles 12:8). The oppression by the Philistines began in the days of Sampson (Judges 13-16). Because the Philistines occupied much of Israel’s northern territory, they apparently did not bother David while he was king of Judah to the south. But when they learned that David was planning to unite all Israel, they tried to stop him.

Verses 19-25 – David fought his battles the way God instructed him. In each instance, he (1) asked if he should fight or not, (2) followed instructions carefully, and (3) gave God glory. After David became king, his first order of business was to subdue his enemies-a task the nation had failed to complete when they first entered the land (judges 2:1-4).

2 Samuel – Chapter 4

2 Samuel chapter 4

Verse 1 – Ish-Bosheth had no courage of his own-rather it was Abner who had the courage. When Abner died, Ish-Bosheth was left with nothing except fear. Fear can paralyze us, but faith and trust in Jesus Christ can overcome fear (2 Timothy 1:6-8; Hebrews 13:6). If God is on your side, whom can you fear?

Verse 4 – The rest of Mephibosheth’s story is told in chapter 9; 16:1-4 and 19:24-30.

Verse 11 – David called Ish-Bosheth an “innocent man.” Being Saul’s son, Ish-Bosheth knew he should be king but his only downfall was weakness. David knew God had promised the kingdom to him and he knew that God would fulfill His promise. When David learned of the murder of Ish-Bosheth, he was angry. He wanted to unite all of Israel not drive a wedge between the supporters of those who favored Ish-Bosheth. In order to show this, he had the murders executed and gave Ish-Bosheth a proper burial.