2 Timothy – Chapter 4

Verse 1 – I charge you therefore before God and the Lord Jesus Christ, who will judge the living and the dead at His appearing and His kingdom:

Verse 2 – Preach the word! Be ready in season and out of season. Convince, rebuke, exhort, with all longsuffering and teaching.

In season: When it can be conveniently done, when all things are favorable, when there were no obstructions or hindrances.

Out of season: Seek opportunities to preach the gospel, even when it’s not convenient. He will not confine himself to a certain place and time.

Convenience – to use such arguments as to convince people of the truth, and of their own need of it.

Rebuke – to show a person their error of doing wrong and that there will be consequences.

Exhort – always encourage not to give up even when it looks bad.

Verse 3 – For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine, but according to their own desires, because they have itching ears, they will heap up for themselves teachers;

Verse 4 – and they will turn their ears away from the truth, and be turned aside to fables.

Paul warned of a time when people would not want to hear sound doctrine. They are more or less seeking something comfortable, and something that satisfies their feelings. They don’t want their feelings offended, carnal desires. There are some that will run after the teachers and preachers that will tell them what they want to hear – “itchy ears.”

Verse 5 – But you be watchful in all things, endure afflictions, do the work of an evangelist, fulfill the ministry.

Paul told Timothy to be vigilant against error and against sin and faithful in telling people the truth.

Verse 6 – For I am already being poured out as a drink offering and the time of my departure is at hand.

Paul had put his life on the line for the sake of the gospel.

Verse 7 – I have fought the good fight, I have finished the race, I have kept the faith.

Often in the Christian life, we find ourselves in a spiritual fight to keep strong in our faith towards God. When the enemy attacks, doubts can swoop in. However, with each battle that is won, don’t ever forget whom goes before us. The battle is not ours. Paul had maintained his faith in all that he had endured, as if he had been in a race.

Verse 8 – Finally, there is laid up for me the crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous Judge, will give to me on the Day, and not to me only but also to all who have loved His appearing.

Paul’s situation in Prison

Verse 9 – Be diligent to come to me quickly;

Verse 10 – for Demas has forsaken me, having loved this present world, and has departed for Thessalonica Crescens for Galatia, Titus for Dalmatia.

Verse 11 – Only Luke is with me. Get Mark and bring him with you, for he is useful to me for ministry.

Verse 12 – And Tychicus I have sent to Ephesus.

Verse 13 – Bring the cloak that I left with Carpus at Troas when you come – and the books, especially the parchments.

So Demas left because he didn’t want to give his life for the sake of the gospel. Luke, the author of the book of Luke, is still with Paul. Paul wanted Timothy to pick up John Mark on the way to him, the nephew of Barnabas.

Verse 14 – Alexander the copper-smith did me much harm. May the Lord repay him according to his works.

This might be the same Alexander mentioned in 1 Timothy 1:20 and Acts 19:33. Perhaps Alexander was a witness against Paul at his trial. As for Paul saying, “May the Lord repay him according to his works,” Paul is not seeking revenge. He’s simply saying that Alexander will get what he deserves by a just God.

Verse 15 – You also must beware of him, for he has greatly resisted our words.

This verse makes it clear that it wasn’t a private wrong that Paul was talking about, but the harm was because Alexander was teaching publicly in error, not according to Scripture.

Verse 16 – At my first defense no one stood with me, but all forsook me. May it not be charged against them.

Paul had many friends in Rome, but it seems no one stood up for him when he was on trial.

Verse 17 – But the Lord stood with me and strengthened me, so that the message might be preached fully through me, and that all the Gentiles might hear. And I was delivered out of the mouth of the lion.

Paul’s trial was before a pagan tribunal. His trial gave him an opportunity of testifying to the truth of Christianity before the Gentile rulers.

Verse 18 – And the Lord will deliver me from every evil work and preserve me for His heavenly kingdom. To Him be glory forever and ever. Amen!

Paul’s Closing Greeting

Verse 19 – Greet Prisca and Aquila, and the household of Onesiphorus.

Verse 20 – Erastus stayed in Corinth, but Trophimus I have left in Miletus sick.

Verse 21 – Do your utmost to come before winter. Eubulus greets you, as well as Pudens, Linus, Claudia,m and all the brethren.

Verse 22 – The Lord Jesus Christ be with your spirit. Grace be with you. Amen.



2 Timothy – Chapter 3

Verse 1 – But know this, that in the last days perilous times will come:

Verse 2 – For men will be lovers of themselves, lovers of money, boasters, proud, blasphemers, disobedient to parents, unthankful, unholy,

Verse 3 – unloving, unforgiving, slanderers, without self-control, brutal, despisers of good,

Verse 4 – traitors, headstrong, haughty, lovers of pleasure rather than lovers of God,

Verse 5 – having a form of godliness but denying its power. And from such people turn away.

The “last days” started after Christ’s resurrection when the Holy Spirit came upon believers at Pentecost and will continue till Christ’s second coming.

What Paul listed is a good description of the world we live in today. Greed is profound and there seems to be no shame. People are proud of their sin, lewd behavior right in your face. They put their debauchery in a parade and call it “Pride!”

Now for “having a form of godliness but denying its power: These are your “faker’s.” They go to church, know Christian doctrine, and they use Christian cliché’s, but they have never committed their lives to Christ. They continue in sin with their same attitude and behaviors. Those types of people, Paul said to turn away from.

Verse 6 – For of this sort are those who creeps into households and make captives of gullible women loaded down with sins led away by various lusts,

Remember, Satan started his work of temptation with Eve, not Adam. That’s true for his adversaries also. Women can be flattered, easily turned by religious instructors. Actually any person that is not committed to the Lord can be led astray with promises and false doctrine.

Verse 7 – always learning and never able to come to the knowledge of the truth.

Have you ever sat with someone in Bible study that never seems to grasp the gospel? They never put what they’ve learned into practice.

Verse 8 – Now as Jannes and Jambres resisted Moses, so do these also resist the truth: men of corrupt minds, disapproved concerning the faith;

Verse 9 – but they will progress no further, for their folly will be manifest to all, as theirs also was.

According to tradition, Jannes and Jambres were the two magicians who counterfeited Moses miracles before Pharaoh. Just as Moses exposed and defeated them, God would overthrow the false teachers in the Ephesian church.

Verse 10 – But you have carefully followed my doctrine, manner of life, purpose, faith, longsuffering, love, perseverance,

Verse 11 – persecutions, afflictions, which happened to me at Antioch, at Iconium, at Lystra – what persecutions I endured. And out of them all the Lord delivered me.

Verse 12 – Yes, and all who desire to live godly in Christ Jesus will suffer persecution.

As a true Christian, we will be made fun of; mocked; ridiculed, and sometimes hurt or killed, however, God is whom we need to please, not man.

Verse 13 – But evil men and impostors will grow worse and worse, deceiving and being deceived.

Verse 14 – But as for you, continue in the things which you have learned and been assured of knowing from whom you have learned them,

Verse 15 – and that from childhood you have known the Holy Scriptures, which are able to make wise for salvation through faith which is in Christi Jesus.

Verse 16 – All Scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness,

Verse 17 – that the man of God may be complete, thoroughly equipped for every good work.

The Bible is not a collection of stories and fables. The Holy Spirit of God, revealed to certain believes, by inspiration what to write. Scripture is completely trustworthy because God was in total control of its writing. The Bible is “God-breathed.”


2 Timothy – Chapter 2

Verse 1 – You therefore, my son, be strong in the grace that is in Christ Jesus.

Verse 2 – And the things that you have heard from me among many witnesses, commit these to faithful men who will be able to teach others also.

Timothy was to teach to ministers, that he ordained, what Paul had taught him.

Verse 3 – You therefore must endure hardship as a good soldier of Jesus Christ.

Verse 4 – No one engaged in warfare entangles himself with the affairs of this life, that he may please him who enlisted him as a soldier.

If you are called and ordained to be a minister, that will be a person’s full time job. The personal business to make a living is forgotten, just as a soldier does when he goes off to war. Paul was telling Timothy, that you can’t juggle both. One will get more attention than the other.

Verse 5 – And also if anyone competes in athletics, he is not crowned unless he competes according to the rules.

In other words: If you want to be a successful minister, by souls being won for Christ, then follow the instructions that Paul gave in Scripture.

Verse 6 – The hard-working farmer must be first to partake of the crops.

When a farm labors to plant, there is a waiting period of nourishing the crop. When a preacher preaches the gospel there will be neutering that will follow also. Just as the farmer gets to eat his own crop, the minister will be victorious in winning people for the glory of God.

Verse 7 – Consider what I say, and may the Lord give you understanding in all things.

Verse 8 – Remember that Jesus Christ, of the seed of David, was raised from the dead according to my gospel,

Verse 9 – for which I suffer trouble as an evildoer even to the point of chains; but the word of God is not chained.

Verse 10 – Therefore I endure all things for the sake of the elect, that they also may obtain the salvation which is in Christ Jesus with eternal glory.

Verse 11 – This is a faithful saying: For if we died with Him, we shall also live with Him.

Verse 12 – If we endure, we shall also reign with Him. If we deny Him, He also will deny us.

Verse 13 – If we are faithless, He remains faithful; He cannot deny Himself.

At sometime or another, all Christians have had doubts, because of the circumstances they went through. Christ doesn’t leave us at these times. He remains faithful. Denying Christ is an entirely different subject. A true denial of Christ will leave a person without hope on that great and final day.

Verse 14 – Remind them of these things, charging them before the Lord not to strive about words to no profit, to the ruin of the hearers.

Paul reminds Timothy to tell other believers not to argue over unimportant details. This doesn’t benefit anyone.

Verse 15 – Be diligent to present yourself approved to God, a worker who does not need to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth.

Because God will examine what kind of workers we have been for Him, we should build our lives on His Word and build His Word into our lives. Believers who try to live a victorious life without studying God’s Word, will have a defeated miserable life.

Verse 16 – But shun profane and vane babblings, for they will increase to more ungodliness.

Verse 17 – And their message will spread like cancer. Hymenaeus and Philetus are of this sort,

Verse 18 – who have strayed concerning the truth, saying that the resurrection is already past; and they overthrow the faith of some.

Paul had already turned Hymenaeus over to Satan because of his false teaching concerning the resurrection and was destroying the faith of some. These false teachers were denying the resurrection of the body. They taught that when a person became a Christian, they were spiritually reborn, and that would be the only resurrection that there would be. To them, resurrection was symbolic and spiritual not physical.

We don’t shape the doctrine to match our opinions. Our beliefs have to line up with Scripture.

Verse 19 – Nevertheless the solid foundation of God stands, having this seal: “That the Lord knows those who are His,” and “Let everyone who names the name of Christ depart from iniquity.

No one can deceive God about their faith or anything else, for that matter. I personally believe that it takes a lot more effort to deceive and live a life of lies, than it does to just go ahead and live a life doing what is right, according to God’s word.

Verse 20 – But in a great house there are not only vessels of gold and silver, but also of wood and clay, some for honor and some for dishonor.

Every church has people with different gifts for use, no two people are alike, just like in a house, different vessels, different uses.

Verse 21 – Therefore if anyone cleanses himself from the latter, he will be a vessel for honor, sanctified and useful for the Master, prepared for every good work.

Living a holy life, ready to submit to God’s will for all good works.

Verse 22 – Flee also youthful lusts, but pursue righteousness, faith, love, peace with those who call on the Lord out of a pure heart.

verse 23 – But avoid foolish and ignorant disputes, knowing that they generate strife.

Verse 24 – And a servant of the Lord must not quarrel but be gentle to all, able to teach, patient,

Verse 25 – in humility correcting those who are in opposition, if God perhaps will grant them repentance, so that they may know the truth,

When someone is teaching the truth to people which have learned in error, we can only hope that they will repent and believe the truth. They have to admit first, that they believed in error.

Verse 26 – and that they may come to their senses and escape the snare of the devil, having been taken captive by him to do his will.

We all will become a better teacher if we don’t start with criticizing what people are doing wrong first. We are to be gentle , respectful, loving and kind, when we teach God’s word or correct error.



2 Timothy – Chapter 1

Prison is the last place from which to expect a letter of encouragement, but that is where Paul wrote 2 Timothy.

Verse 1 – Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, according to the promise of life which is in Christ Jesus,

Verse 2 – To Timothy, my beloved son: Grace, mercy, and peace from God the Father and Christ Jesus our Lord.

Verse 3 – I thank God, whom I serve with a pure conscience, as my forefathers did, as without ceasing I remember you in my prayers night and day,

Verse 4 – greatly desiring to see you, being mindful of your tears, that I may be filled with joy,

Verse 5 – when I call to remembrance the genuine faith that is in you, which dwelt first in your grandmother Lois and your mother Eunice, and I am persuaded is in you also.

Timothy’s mother and grandmother, Eunice and Lois, were early Christian converts, possibly through Paul’s ministry in their home city of Lystra (Acts 16:1). They had communicated their strong Christian faith to Timothy. Nothing is said about Timothy’s father, except that he is Greek, but it’s implied that he is not a believer.

Reminder of Timothy’s Responsibility

Verse 6 – Therefore I remind you to stir up the gift of God which is in you through the laying on of hands.

Any gift that God gives us, needs to be cultivated by our own personal care. Clearly Timothy’s spiritual gift had been given to him when Paul and the elders had laid their hands on him and set him apart for ministry.

Verse 7 – For God has not given us a spirit of fear, but of power and of love and of a sound mind.

Timothy was experiencing great opposition to his message as a leader. His youth; his association with non believers alike. Paul urged him to be bold. We should not allow people to intimidate us when sharing the gospel. If we practice what we preach, that will help with boldness.

Verse 8 – Therefore do not be ashamed of the testimony of our Lord, nor of me His prisoner, but share with me in the suffering for the gospel according to the power of God,

Verse 9 – who has saved us and called us with a holy calling, not according to our works, but according to His own purpose and grace which was given to us in Christ Jesus before time began.

Nothing we do could have caused God to call us. He did not choose us because of the good works we would perform after we became a Christian, but according to His own purpose and grace, Romans 9:11-13, which was given to us in Christ Jesus, before the world began.

Verse 10 – But has now been revealed by the appearing of our Savior Jesus Christ, who has abolished death and brought life and immorality to light through the gospel,

Verse 11 – to which I was appointed a preacher, an apostle, and a teacher of the Gentiles.

So certain that death will be abolished, that he spoke as if  it is already done! Through the gospel, death will cease to reign, and over those who are saved there will be no such thing as we now understand by dying.

Verse 12 – For this reason I also suffer these things; nevertheless I am not ashamed, for I know whom I have believed and am persuaded that He is able to keep what I have committed to Him until that Day.

Even though Paul was in prison He trusted God in his eternal life. Did we not have to trust Christ in order to believe? Then why would we not trust in all other things He has promised the believer, even in death? We are confident in our eternal life because we trust in Him!

Verse 13 – Hold fast the pattern of sound words which you have heard from me, in faith and love which are in Christ Jesus.

Verse 14 – That good thing which was committed to you, keep by the Holy Spirit who dwells in us.

“That good things, which was committed to you,” is sound Christian doctrine with which Timothy had been instructed, and which he was required to transmit to others. The Holy Spirit will guide us into all truth.

Verse 15 – This you know, that all those in Asia have turned away from me, among whom are Phygellus and Hermogenes.

We know nothing of these two individuals, except what is mentioned here. It would seem, though, they were prominent people, and those from whom Paul would expect better treatment from them. Don’t let others remembrance of you be that you turned away from following Christ.

Verse 16 – The Lord grant mercy to the household of Onesiphorus, for he often refreshed me, and was not ashamed of my chain;

Verse 17 – but when he arrived in Rome, he sought me out very diligently and found me.

Verse 18 – The Lord grant to him that he may find mercy from the Lord in that Day – and you know very well how many ways he ministered to me at Ephesus.