A New Heaven and A New Earth
Verse 1 – And I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away. Also there was no more sea.
The Greek word “Parerchomal” translated “pass away,” does not mean “termination of existence” or “annihilation,” but means to pass from one condition of existence to another.”
The Apostle Paul in his letter to Titus, (Titus 3:5), speaking of “Regeneration” of men, uses the same word that Jesus used when in Matthew 19:28. He promised His disciples that in the “Regeneration,” that is the New Earth, they should sit on twelve thrones judging the “Twelve Tribes” of Israel. This is simply a renewing process by which it is brought back to the condition of man spiritually as before the “Fall.”
Verse 2 – Then I, John saw the holy city, New Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband.
Our first viewing of this New Holy City, will be like a man standing at the altar and sees his future wife coming down to meet her husband for the first time. It will be total amazement!
Verse 3 – And I heard a loud voice from heaven saying, “Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men and He will dwell with them, and they shall be His people, and God Himself will be with them and be their God.
While living on earth as believers, God’s Holy Spirit lives “in us.” When the New Jerusalem comes down, God will live among us!
Verse 4 – “And God will wipe away every tear from their eyes, there shall be no more death, nor sorrow, nor crying; and there shall be no more pain, for the former things have passed away.”
The old order of things have passed away, is a reminder that God will bring an end to sin and death. Everything associated with human sorrow will be gone!
Verse 5 – Then He who sat on the throne said, “Behold, I make all things new.” And He said to me, “Write, for these words are true and faithful.”
Verse 6 – And He said to me, “It is done! I am the Alpha and the Omega, the Beginning and the End. I will give of the fountain of the water of life freely to him who thirsts.
All those who have thirsted for righteousness and salvation will thirst no more. This fountain of flowing water will satisfy, and satisfy abundantly.
Verse 7 – “He who overcomes shall inherit all things, and I will be his God and he shall be My son.
Verse 8 – “But the cowardly, unbelieving, abominable, murderers, sexually immoral, sorcerers, idolaters, and all liars shall have their part in the lake which burns with fire and brimstone, which is the second death.”
1)The cowardly – those who were too embarrassed, ashamed, or afraid to accept Jesus because of what people would say or do to them.
2) The unbelieving – those who had no interest in God, Jesus, or anything He stood for. They totally rejected God’s Son as the only way.
3) The abominable – those who took the Mark of the beast, drunkenness, drugs for pleasure, lusts for vile and evil things.
4) Murderers – this doesn’t have to be explained.
5) The sexually immoral – fornicator, sex outside of marriage, adulterers, homosexuals, and rapists.
6) Sorcerers – those who practice astrology by drawing up their charts and horoscopes, Satan worshipers, witches, and warlocks.
7) Idolaters – those who worship anyone or anything other than the True God of Israel.
8) Liars – those who deceive with false doctrine, falsely accuse Christians, falsely claim to be Christians, or add to or take away from Scripture.
However, we all can be forgiven of practicing these things, but they must be put under the blood of Jesus Christ and accept Him as Lord of all.
Verse 9 – Then one of the seven angels who had the seven bowls filled with the seven last plagues came to me and talked with me, saying, “Come, I will show you the bride, the Lamb’s wife.”
We already have established that the “bride” is the Church, but here the angel refers to the city as the bride of the Lamb. In God’s eyes, the Holy City and the Holy People are synonymous. The physical identity of the Holy City will include rivers, trees, streets, and mansions, but the true identity of the city will be the Lamb and His bride.
Verse 10 – And he carried me away in the Spirit to a great and high mountain, and showed me the great city, the holy Jerusalem, descending out of heaven from God,
Verse 11 – having the glory of God. and her light was like a most precious stone, like a jasper stone, clear as crystal.
The presence of God in the Holy City will cause it to shine with His glory.
Jasper is the first stone int he breastplate of the High Priest. It is a symbol of purity and holiness.
Verse 12 – Also she had great and high walls with twelve gates, and twelve angels at the gates, and names written on them, which are the names of the twelve tribes of the children of Israel:
Verse 13 – three gates on the east, three gates o the north, three gates on the south, and three gates on the west.
No one knows why the Holy City will need angels to guard the gates into the city because all sin and corruption is gone. Maybe they are not guarding it at all. Maybe they are always there to make sure the gates stay open. The Bible only says that they are there.
Verse 14 – Now the wall of the city had twelve foundations, and on them were the names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb.
Verse 15 – And he who talked with me had a gold reed to measure the city, its gates, and its wall.
The measuring stick in John’s day was approximately ten feet long and the most common material used in heaven seems to be gold.
Verse 16 – And the city is laid out as a square, and its length is as great as its breadth. And he measured the city with the reed: twelve thousand furlongs. Its length, breadth, and height are equal.
Verse 17 – Then he measured its wall: one hundred and forty-four cubits, according to the measure of a man, that is an angel.
Verse 18 – And the construction of its walls was of jasper, and the city was pure gold, like clear glass.
People will be able to see through into the Holy City, and the light of God will beam out of the it.
Verse 19 – And the foundations of the wall of the city were adorned with all kinds of precious stones: the first foundation was jasper, the second sapphire, the third chalcedony, the fourth emerald,
Verse 20 – the fifth sardonyx, the sixth sardius, the seventh, chrysolite, the eighth beryl, the ninth topaz, the tenth chrysophrase, the eleventh jacinth, and the twelfth amethyst.
Verse 21 – And the twelve gates were twelve pearls: each individual gate was of one pearl. and the street of the city was pure gold, like transparent glass.
With only twelve gates to this extensive city, and each gate being more than 300 miles apart, we know the gates will need to be huge. Each gate will consist of a single gigantic pearl. The street that runs through the city is pure gold!
Verse 22 – But I saw no temple in it, for the Lord God Almighty and the Lamb are its temple.
Verse 23 – And the city had no need of the sun or of the moon to shine in it, for the glory of God illuminated it, and the Lamb is its light.
The sun and the moon are the two great luminaries of the world, which God has made the one to rule the day, and the other to rule night. In this city there will be no need for either. Light in Scripture, signifies knowledge and comfort. In this city, God and Christ will fill their saints with knowledge and joy that cannot be expressed.
Verse 24 – And the nations of those who are saved shall walk in the light, and the kings of the earth bring their glory and honor into it.
The new earth will be populated with the children of Israel, and the descendants of those who did not follow Satan in his final rebellion after the Millennium. The inhabitants of the new will travel to the Holy City – not to live but to worship.
Verse 25 – Its gates shall not be shut at all by day (there shall be no night there).
Verse 26 – And they shall bring the glory and the honor of the nations into it.
Verse 27 – But there shall by no means enter it anything that defiles, or causes abomination or a lie, but only those who are written in the Lamb’s Book of Life.
Verse 27 is a mystery to me: Why would this warning be given if everyone at this time is without sin and their names are written in the Lamb’s Book of Life, or they would have been sent to the Lake of Fire with Satan and his angels? Maybe there were those born during the Millennium that didn’t follow Satan and they repopulated the earth. If so, this would explain the angels guarding each gate. (Just my thought on this.